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cussonia spicata leaves 4

Cussonia spicata

Cabbage Tree (english)
Kiepersol (afrikaans)
Musenzke (venda)
Umsenge (xhosa)
Umsenge (zulu)


Genus Cussonia
Specie spicata
SA Plant Number 564
Basionym Cussonia spicata

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Cussonia spicata is a fast growing, mostly evergreen, fairly hardy, decorative tree with attractive corky bark that makes a lovely form plant.

The large bright green leaves are crowded at the tips of the branches.

Small greenish flowers are borne on robust erect candle-like spikes from April to June. The fruits that turn black when ripe attract birds.

It is the host plant to Charaxes butterflies and emperor moths.

It becomes frost resistant if protected when young, especially from cold winds. Good container plant or garden subject, but do not plant close to walls as it has aggressive, fleshy, swollen roots.

The roots were used as a source of moisture in times of drought. It has many medicinal uses.

Size 3 to 10m


Host plant:
Host to Emperor Moth larvae and Charaxes Butterfly larvae



Limpopo, North West Province, Gauteng, Mpumalanga, KwaZulu Natal,  Eastern Cape, Western Cape


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