Acacia karroo

Acacia karroo

Common Names

Soetdoring (afrikaans)
Sweet Thorn (english)
Muunga (venda)
Mooka (tswana)
Umunga (zulu)


Genus Acacia
Species karroo
SA Plant Number 172
Basionym Acacia karroo


Acacia karroo is a very hardy, semi-deciduous, fast growing and drought resistant tree.

Abundant, fragrant, yellow, puffball flowers that light up the landscape and adorn the tree intermittently (in response to rain) throughout summer and it can flower up to 6 times a year.

The roots are nitrogen fixers and make this tree ideal for planting on disturbed and poor soils. For the environmentally conscious this tree is a must.

Children chew the gum, which is also used as glue. It has many medicinal and household uses. As this tree occurs naturally in Sub Saharan Africa the size and hardiness is very variable; as a rule of thumb the darker the bark the more frost hardy the plant.

This also makes the size of the tree hard to predict in horticulture unless it is known exactly where the seed comes from.

Size 4 to 15m


Butterflies, birds & bush babies:
It is a host to various butterflies and attracts a multitude of insects and therefore also attracts many birds. It is also favoured by bush babies.



Limpopo, North West Province, Gauteng, Mpumalanga, KwaZulu Natal, Free State, Northern Cape, Eastern Cape, Western Cape


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