Ficus ingens

Ficus ingens


Common Names

Red-leaved Rock Fig (english)
Rooiblaarvy (afrikaans)
Tshikululu (venda)
Motlhatsa (tswana)
umGonswane (zulu)
uLuzi (xhosa)


Genus Ficus
Species ingens
SA Plant Number 55
Basionym Ficus ingens


Ficus ingens is a fairly hardy, drought resistant fig with a grey to yellowish grey bark. It can grow into a large tree in warm areas but in cold areas will hug the tops of rocks where it grows more or less as a scrambler.

It has crooked branches and the roots spread over rocks. The first flush of leaves in spring is bright, glossy red hence the common name. In spring they look like flames all along the tops of the rocks when the sun shines on them.

The pinkish fig, which is actually an inverted flower, is edible but unpalatable and borne from June to December.

Do not plant figs near walls, pools, pipes or paving as they have an aggressive root system.This makes a beautiful specimen tree in warmer areas with dense shade for those hot summer days.

In colder areas plant in among rocks where their gnarled and twisted stems and roots make for an ideal focal point. A must for a wildlife garden.

Size 1 to 12m


Butterfly Host Plant:

Ficus ingens is the larval host plant for the Common Fig Tree Blue and the Lesser Fig Tree Blue butterflies.



Limpopo, North West, Gauteng, Mpumalanga, KwaZulu Natal, Eastern Cape

Forest, Thicket

Rugged Mountainsides


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