Search Indigenous Plant Attributes

Searching for plants with the Vlei or vlei margin attribute.

Please input one or more keywords (separated by spaces) and then click the search button.

Search Result:


  1. Phoenix reclinata

    Phoenix reclinata is a very hardy, evergreen, palm with shiny, light to dark green, long arching leaves that become spiny close to the stem.  

    The Palm Swift glues its nest to the fronds. It bears showy, creamy-white pollen-laden male flowers from August to October. (male and female flowers on separate plants).  Female flowers are yellowish.

    The luminous orange-brown fruit are borne in large hanging zig-zagged branches during late summer.

  2. Crinum macowanii

    Crinum macowanii is a very hardy, deciduous, large bulbous plant with long strap-like leaves that have undulating margins and can reach up to 1 metre.

    It bears a head of spectacular, huge trumpet-like flowers that are sweetly scented from October to February.

  3. Lobelia alata

    Lobelia anceps is a hardy, fast growing ground-cover with small bright green leaves.

  4. Aristida junciformis

    Aristada junciformis is a handsome, very hardy, thick tufted grass with copious wispy seed heads that sway beautifully in the wind.

    The seeds persist on the plant for an extended period from November. to May, and the culms are slow to yellow with the onset of winter, making this a good landscape grass.

    A particularly good species for providing habitat for Vlei Rats and other grassland or wetland wildlife. Will grow well in wet, clay soil, as well as under normal garden conditions.

    It is also well utilized in the making of brooms.

    Size up to 60cm

  5. Andropogon eucomis

    Andropogon eucomis is a very hardy, small upright growing grass with bright green foliage that is concentrated at the base of the plant.

    The glistening white seed heads are borne at the tip of reddish stems from November to May.

    This widespread grass is ornamental and easy to manage in the garden.

  6. Isolepis cernua

    Isolepis cernua is an evergreen, wide-spread, fountain-like, bright green, little flowering sedge that has silvery flower heads on the tips of long stems that make it look like a spray of fibre-optic threads.

    Although frost hardy, it requires damp growing conditions.  It grows in marshy areas, so needs plenty of water, and will be at its best at the edge of a water feature or in a container that will hold moisture.

    Plant in full sun to light shade.

  7. Haplocarpha scaposa

    Haplocarpha scaposa is a very hardy, fast growing, deciduous perennial plant with a basal rosette of attractive large, grey-green leaves that have white woolly undersides.

    In its first season it starts to bear large yellow flowers on long stalks resembling the well-known Barberton Daisy.

    It blooms from September to March (remove the old flower stems before they seed).

    It attracts insects to the garden.

  8. Aloe cooperi

    Aloe cooperi is a very hardy, stemless Aloe with long, narrow, yellow-green leaves arranged in a fan shape and distinctively keeled with white spots beneath.

    It has spikes of apricot or yellow coloured, tubular flowers from December to March.

    The flowers attract nectar feeding birds such as Sunbirds and White Eyes.

    It grows solitary or in small groups and thrives in a variety of soil types and unusually for an Aloe, grows in marshy places.

    It is also very frost tolerant and grows in cold areas.

    The flowers and leaves can be cooked and eaten.

  9. Gunnera perpensa

    Gunnera perpensa is a very hardy, deciduous marsh plant, with large tuberous roots that have a nitrogen fixing, symbiotic relationship with blue-green algae. It has beautiful big, round, bluish-green leaves that are carried on long stems and arise from a central point on the roots.

    The tiny brown flowers are densely packed in gracefully-drooping spikes from September to February.

  10. Chironia laxa

    Chironia laxa is a hardy, evergreen, many-branched, low-growing, rounded shrublet with slender, linear little leaves.

    This delightful plant bears an abundance of satiny, bright pink flowers with centrally-massed, yellow stamens from November to March.

  11. Eragrostis capensis

    Eragrostis capensis is a very hardy, evergreen to semi-deciduous, densely-tufted, small perennial grass.

  12. Chironia linoides

    Chironia linoides is a hardy, evergreen, many-branched, semi-succulent, low-growing, rounded, although lax, shrublet with slender, linear, little, blue-green leaves.

    This delightful plant bears an abundance of satiny, bright pink flowers with centrally-massed, yellow stamens from December to February.

  13. Elegia capensis

    Elegia capensis is a hardy, evergreen restio is a large, ornamental form plant for water features.It produces tall stems with soft-feathery leaves at regular intervals along its length.

    The golden-brown flowers are carried at the tip of the tall stems in Octocber and November.It is a beautiful form plant that whispers in the wind.Prune back old stems regularly and thin out if it gets too large.

    Plant in ponds or beside water features or streams.If not in a pond, plant in rich but well-drained soil (as standing water can become stagnant) and water well in winter.

    It will grow in sun or semi-shade.

    Size: up to 2m

  14. Falkia repens

    Falkia repens is a hardy, evergreen, flat, mat-forming, perennial groundcover with lovely rounded leaves.

    It bear large, white to pinkish paper-like flowers (like miniature poppies) from September. to December.

  15. Searsia pyroides

    Seasia (=Rhus) pyroides is a very hardy, deciduous, drought-resistant tree that tolerates extreme conditions of drought and cold and makes a wonderful pioneer. Depending on how harsh the conditions are it can grow anything from 1m in very dry cold conditions and up to 6m in more temperate conditions. 

    Large, stout, woody thorns are borne along the stems which make this a good addition to a security hedge. The bark on mature stems is dark brown. It has attractive, velvety, light grey-green, trifoliate leaves that turn a lovely shade of yellow in autumn.

    The inconspicuous sprays of tiny white flowers are borne from August to March, and attract insects and birds. These are followed by a profusion of large attractive bunches of edible fruit that turn reddish brown. They are so heavy that they make the tips of the thin branchlets droop, giving the female plants a ‘weeping’ shape when in fruit. 

    Only female plants bear fruit as male and female flowers are on separate plants. The profusion of fruit attracts birds to the garden. In fact, I battle to collect seeds on the many specimens on the farm as the birds seem to beat me to them most of the time.

    It is the host plant to the Foxtrot Copper butterfly. In natural areas elephant, impala and kudu browse on the tree. For cattle farmers, it makes a useful fodder tree.

    Plant in sun or semi-shade.

    Size: 2 to 6m

  16. Kniphofia uvaria

    Kniphofia uvaria is a hardy, evergreen, herbaceous perennial found in marshes, on streambanks and in mountain grassland.The long, strap-like leaves are folded in a clump and are quite hard.

    The beautiful flower spikes are borne on long stems in December and January.The buds are orange, then open in succession into yellow flowers.

    These attract pollinating insects and butterflies as well as Sunbirds to the garden.Plant in a water garden or amongst grasses for the natural look.

    They are also beautiful when planted en masse especially when in flower.Grows best in full sun with plenty of water.

    Size: up to 1m

  17. Juncus inflexus

    Juncus inflexus is a very hardy, evergreen, tufted, perennial rush with stiff, erect, grey-green stems.

    In spring and summer, brown, dry, scaly flowers are crowded at the tips of these stems. The little seeds that follow the flowers are reddish to golden brown.

    This rush is used traditionally to weave baskets.

    This is a wetland plant that will add a feeling of authenticity when planted on the edges of a pond. It can also be used in boggy areas, among wet pebbles and in grey-water systems.

    Plant in full sun and prune and remove dead stems once a year.

    Size: up to 1m

  18. Freylinia lanceolata

    Freylinia lanceolata is a very hardy, evergreen, fast growing, graceful shrub with a lovely weeping shape. The long, drooping lanceolate leaves add to the shape. Bunches of creamy-yellow, fragrant, tubular flowers, appear in profusion from May to August when little else is flowering.

    A few flowers will appear sporadically during the rest of the year. The flowers smell of honey and their nectar attracts a myriad of butterflies and other insects. It can be clipped into a formal hedge but does need a lot of maintenance. Prune regularly to keep looking neat.

    It grows well in a sunny garden although it does tolerate partial shade. It grows naturally along streams and enjoys wet conditions, but also grows well in a normally irrigated garden.

  19. Erythrina zeyheri

    Erythrina zeyheri is a very hardy, deciduous underground tree that appears to be a shrub above ground. Their common name is very appropriate as they have a huge rootstock underground. The large, light green leaves have three leaflets that are covered in rough hairs and short, sharp, recurved spines.

    From October to January it produces spikes of brilliant scarlet, tubular flowers, which are followed by black seed pods that contain a few red seeds.

    Early settlers used the root to treat asthma. Makes a striking container plant (for a large container to accommodate the expansive rootstock). A lovely and unusual addition to a Highveld grassy garden.

    Plant in full sun in well drained soil.

    Size: 30 t0 60m above ground

  20. Crinum campanulatum

    Crinum campanulatum is a hardy, evergreen or deciduous, clump-forming, rare, bulbous plant with narrow strap-shaped, bright green leaves. This plant grows in water or waterlogged soils and can be seasonally dry.

    It bears magnificent, clusters of trumpet-shaped, cerise flowers in spring and summer.

    It grows in vlei areas but should be kept relatively dry in winter. Excellent for a pond or water garden. Can be grown in shallow water in full sun or very light shade.

    Protect from Amaryllis caterpillar by hand removal of worms.

    Size: 30cm Flowering stem up to 1m

  21. Nerine platypetala

    This Wakkerstroom endemic is a very hardy, deciduous bulbous plant with bright green almost grass-like leaves.

    From September to November, it bears umbels with clusters of very pretty pink flowers, on a long stem held well above the plant that nod in the wind. They attract pollinating insects.

    This little known species is semi aquatic and can be used in shallow ponds, areas at the edges of ponds or in marshy conditions. Even though they are deciduous they do not require a dry period as they grow on the edges of perennial marshes.

    Size: flowering stem up to 40cm