Search Indigenous Plant Attributes

Searching for plants with the Frost Hardy attribute.

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  1. Acacia karroo

    Acacia karroo (= Vachellia karroo) is a very hardy, semi-deciduous, fast-growing and drought-resistant tree.

    Abundant, fragrant, yellow puffball flowers light up the landscape, and adorn the tree intermittently (in response to rain) throughout summer.

  2. Acacia rehmanniana

    Acacia rehmanniana (=Vachellia rehmanniana) is a hardy, drought resistant, semi-deciduous Acacia with small, attractive grey-green, velvety leaves.

    The beautiful red bark on the young stems glows in the sunlight while the mature bark has dark brown rough strips with a red background.

    Try to plant the tree where it either catches the rising or setting sun, when the glowing stems are a sight to behold.

  3. Acacia sieberiana woodii

    The Acacia sieberiana woodii (=Vachellia sieberiana) is a hardy (protect from frost when young) large, semi-deciduous, flat-topped Acacia is fast growing.

  4. Acacia tortilis

    Acacia tortilis (=Vachellia tortilis) is a hardy, deciduous, drought resistant, slow growing umbrella-shaped Acacia.

  5. Ziziphus mucronata

    Ziziphus mucronata is a very hardy, deciduous, small to medium sized tree with both hook and straight thorns. The glossy leaves turn a beautiful, golden yellow in autumn.

    It has attractive, small, yellowish flowers from October to January and hard, round, reddish-brown berries with a sweet, powdery pulp, which are known to be used as a kind of porridge.

  6. Aloe barberae bainesii

    Aloe barberae (bainesii) is a surprisingly hardy, large, evergreen, tree-like Aloe, which can tolerate high rainfall.

  7. Croton gratissimus

    Croton gratissimus is a hardy, deciduous, small to medium sized, drought resistant tree with lovely pale grey bark.

  8. Berchemia zeyheri

    Berchemia zeyheri is a hardy, neatly shaped, deciduous tree with a straight stem and smooth grey bark.

  9. Acacia caffra

    Acacia caffra (=Senegalia caffra) is a very hardy, deciduous, drought resistant, graceful tree with feathery foliage that gives the tree a weeping shape.

  10. Heteromorpha trifoliata abyssinica

    Heteromorpha trifoliata is a slender, very hardy, deciduous, drought resistant, fast growing tree.

  11. Indigofera frutescens

    Indigofera frutescens is a hardy, semi-deciduous, graceful, small tree with delicate compound leaves and attractive bark.

  12. Kiggelaria africana

    Kiggelaria africana is a very hardy, evergreen to semi-deciduous, fast growing, medium to large sized tree which has very variable leaves.

    Small, yellow flowers are borne from August to January, sexes are on separate trees, with solitary, larger, pendulous female flowers and smaller male flowers in clusters.

  13. Acacia davyi

    Acacia davyi (=Vachellia Davyi) is a hardy, drought resistant, deciduous, small Acacia with distinctive yellow or light brown, corky bark on the stems and branches.

    It has clusters of bright yellow puffball flowers on the ends of the branches from December to February, which attract insects to the garden.

  14. Aloe marlothii

    Aloe marlothii is a very hardy, large, upright, single-stemmed Aloe with a rosette of large, fleshy, thorny leaves.

  15. Euclea crispa

    Euclea crispa is a very hardy, drought resistant, small evergreen tree has a white stem and beautiful blue-green or olive-green leaves.

  16. Buddleja saligna

    Buddleja saligna is a very hardy, evergreen, fast growing, drought resistant tree with silver-grey leaves and beautiful twisted bark that looks almost woven.

    It bears profuse panicles of sweetly scented, white flowers from August to January that attract insects and birds.

  17. Calpurnia aurea

    Calpurnia aurea is a hardy, evergreen, fast growing, graceful shrub or small tree with bright, emerald green foliage.

  18. Canthium gilfillanii

    Canthium gilfillanii is a very hardy, evergreen, drought resistant tree with interesting, angular branching patterns and beautiful silver bark.

    It has small greenish flowers from August to December. which attract insects.

  19. Catha edulis

    Catha edulis is a small, hardy, fast-growing, evergreen to semi deciduous tree that has a lovely slender shape.

    The glossy green leaves and young branches droop, giving the tree a graceful, weeping look.

  20. Celtis africana

    Celtis africana is a very hardy, deciduous, graceful, drought resistant, large tree.

  21. Combretum erythrophyllum

    Combretum erythrophyllum is a very hardy, fast growing, deciduous, drought resistant, medium to large tree with dense foliage that has yellow to red autumn colours.

    It bears inconspicuous, whitish puffball flowers from September to November, that are wonderfully fragrant.

  22. Combretum krausii

    Combretum krausii is a hardy, fast growing, semi-deciduous tree with glossy dark green leaves that turn vivid red and purple in autumn.

  23. Cordia caffra

    Cordia caffra is a hardy, fast growing small to medium sized deciduous tree with attractive, distinctive, mottled and flaky bark.

    The attractive, drooping, glossy leaves have long petioles and wave in the slightest breeze, adding movement to the garden.

    It has creamy-white, sweetly scented flowers in September and October that attract insects to the garden.

  24. Cussonia paniculata

    Cussonia paniculata is a very hardy, semi-deciduous, drought resistant tree. This is an ideal form plant with a truly indigenous look.

    The beautiful grey-green leaves are large and leathery and clustered at the ends of the branches.

    The spikes of flowers are borne in large, robust branched flowering stems from January to March.

  25. Dais cotinifolia

    Dais cotinifolia is  a very hardy, fast growing, deciduous, small tree with attractive slightly blue green leaves.

    In spring it has scattered pink leaves in the crown adding to the interest.

  26. Deinbollia oblongifolia

    Deinbollia oblongifolia is a hardy, briefly deciduous, shrub or small tree with large decorative, dark green leaves crowded at the ends of the branches.

    The pyramids of white flowers, which stand out above the leaves, are borne from March to June and are followed by white, fruit that is much favoured by birds.

    Lichens readily grow on the bark giving it a lovely mottled effect.

    One of the best plants for attracting butterflies, moths, other insects and birds to the garden.

    An attractive garden plant for shady areas that also makes a good container plant for indoors.

    Traditionally the seeds are used to make soap, the leaves eaten as spinach and the roots used medicinally.

    Size 1.5

  27. Diospyros whyteana

    Diospyros whyteana is a large, hardy, very decorative, evergreen shrub or small tree with glossy, almost mirror-like, dark green leaves.

    The clusters of small, fragrant, bell-like white flowers are borne from July to October The fruits are red when ripe, enclosed by bladder-like structures.

  28. Dombeya rotundifolia

    Dombeya rotundifolia is a very hardy, deciduous, drought and fire resistant, upright tree. It has round, leathery, rough leaves, and attractive, rough, fissured bark which is utilized by Woodpeckers.

    This is one of the first trees to bloom in spring where it stands out on the bare hillsides in snowy white patches. Showy clusters of sweetly scented white flowers start blooming in profusion on the bare branches in July and continue well into September before the leaves appear.

  29. Euclea natalensis

    Euclea natalensis is a hardy, evergreen, very attractive shrub or small to medium sized tree (depending on where in grows).

  30. Agathosma ovata

    Agathosma ovata is a very hardy, evergreen, small shrub that has small dainty, leathery leaves that are aromatic, and when crushed they have a lovely citrus scent.

    It bears profuse sprays of star-shaped, pale pink to white flowers that almost obscure the leaves at their peak flowering time in winter, although they have a few flowers throughout the year. They attract a myriad of insects to the garden.

    Makes a good cut flower and container plant.

  31. Gymnosporia buxifolia

    Gymnosporia buxifolia is a very hardy, drought resistant, semi-deciduous, small tree or large shrub. It is armed with formidable long, straight spines.

    Blooms profusely with white flowers that cover the branches from August to March.

  32. Harpephyllum caffrum

    Harpephyllum caffrum is a fairly hardy, large evergreen tree. It has attractive dark foliage with the odd red leaf in the crown.

    The small yellowish-green flowers are borne in terminal sprays from October to February. Male and female flowers are on separate trees, therefore only female plants bear fruit

    Fleshy red berries follow the flowers and attract many fruit eating birds to the garden.

  33. Heteropyxis canescens

    Heteropyxis canescens is a rare, hardy, small, semi-deciduous tree that occurs in forested ravines and riverine forests in a restricted area of Mpumalanga and Swaziland.

    It has beautiful, sparkling, beige bark that flakes off in patches leaving attractive blotches.

    The quite large, decorative leaves have interesting venation and smell of lavender when crushed.

  34. Apodytes dimidiata

    Apodytes dimidiata is a hardy, evergreen, beautifully shaped, fairly fast growing tree with dense, glossy, dark green foliage.

    Densely clustered spikes of strongly scented, snow-white flowers that are borne from September to April, especially after good rains.

  35. Ochna natalitia

    Ochna natalitia is a hardy, semi-deciduous, large shrub with glossy leaves that flush red in spring.

  36. Freylinia tropica Blue

    Freylinia tropica "Blue" is a very hardy, evergreen, slender shrub that has spreading branches, smooth grey bark and shiny, bright green leaves.

    It blooms profusely in late winter when little else is flowering but does bear some bright blue flowers throughout the year.

    It makes a good screen plant and can be clipped into a formal hedge or used in an informal hedge. It also makes a beautiful container plant.

    It grows in sun or semi-shade.

    Attracts insects and butterflies to the garden.

    Size 1 to 3m

  37. Olea europaea africana

    Olea europaea africana is a very hardy, evergreen, drought resistant tree with gorgeous silvery foliage and a rounded crown.

    It bears scented, greenish flowers from October to December followed by delicious edible small black Olives (these can be eaten directly from the tree and need no treatment to make them edible).

    It is an excellent bird and insect tree that is much favoured by wildlife.Birds love to probe under the rough dark bark for insects.

  38. Olinia emarginata

    Olinia emarginata is a very frost-hardy, evergreen small to medium sized tree that can grow into a huge tree in forest situations.

  39. Pappea capensis

    Pappea capensis is a hardy, evergreen, very attractive, small to medium sized, neatly shaped, dense tree.

  40. Pittosporum viridiflorum

    Pittosporum viridiflorum is a very hardy, evergreen, small to medium-sized, well-shaped tree with glossy leaves that have a resinous smell when crushed.

    The bark has small pits in it and is an attractive feature of this tree. It is grey in young trees and becomes darker, rough and slightly fissured in mature specimens, and smells slightly of liquorice.

    The dense clusters of sweetly scented, cream flowers are borne from September to November and are followed by brilliant red, sticky fruit in yellow-green capsules, that attracts birds.

    A beautiful garden tree, which can be grown in sun or semi-shade, and can be used in forest and bush clumps as well as being used as a hedge plant. Wonderful shade tree, and with its non-aggressive root system is ideal for small gardens and containers.

    Size 3 to 10m

  41. Podocarpus elongatus

    Podocarpus elongatus is the smallest of the Yellowwood trees and is very hardy and evergreen.

    It has attractive narrow, blue-green leaves and is slow growing.

    The female cones develop into fleshy, bright red, edible fruits with 1 or 2 seeds that mature rapidly.

  42. Ptaeroxylon obliquum

    Ptaeroxylon obliquum is hardy, drought resistant, medium sized to large, fairly fast growing and evergreen or deciduous (depending on the conditions).

  43. Crinum macowanii

    Crinum macowanii is a very hardy, deciduous, large bulbous plant with long strap-like leaves that have undulating margins and can reach up to 1 metre.

    It bears a head of spectacular, huge trumpet-like flowers that are sweetly scented from October to February.

  44. Searsia chirindensis

    Searsia (Rhus) chirindensis is a hardy, deciduous, fast growing tree that is sometimes multi-stemmed and has a spreading rounded crown. The bark is rough and darker on the mature main stems, and smooth and somewhat shiny on the young stems. Both sometimes have woody spines, but particularly the young stems.

    The large glossy, dark green leaves are tri-foliate and reddish when young and turn beautiful red autumn colours.

    Sprays of small flowers are borne from August to March. (male and female flowers on separate plants, therefore only female plants bear fruit). These are followed by heavy bunches of round fleshy, pink to red-brown fruit that attracts birds.They are said to be edible but are sour.

    Plant in full sun or semi-shade for a lovely spreading shade tree. It needs regular pruning to maintain its beautiful mushroom shape. If left un-pruned it makes a good addition to a tall shrubby back-planting or screen.

    It is used both for furniture and in traditional medicine.

    Size 3 to 20m

  45. Searsia lancea

    Searsia (=Rhus) lancea is a very hardy, evergreen, drought resistant tree with a graceful, weeping form. The dark, fissured bark contrasts beautifully with the long, thin, bright, trifoliate leaves.

    The inconspicuous yellow-green flowers (male and female flowers on separate plants, therefore only female plants bear fruit) from June to September attract insects and are followed by bunches of edible fruit that attract birds. The small flowers are borne in abundance and give the tree a lacy look when in bloom.

    An excellent garden subject that thrives in clay soils and is fast growing if watered regularly. Having said that it is also drought hardy. Extremely popular street tree and a good avenue tree.  Makes a great climbing tree for children if the lower branches are not pruned off.

    Plant in sun or semi-shade in virtually any soil type.

     Size up to 8m

  46. Searsia leptodictya

    Searsia (=Rhus) leptodictya is a very hardy, evergreen, drought resistant, small, decorative tree with a drooping crown of bright green foliage. The bark on young stems is reddish brown, becoming darker and rougher as the tree matures. The lovely reddish wood is used to make beautiful small pieces of furniture.

    The inconspicuous flowers (male and female flowers on separate plants, therefore only female plants bear fruit) are borne from January to April. These are followed by bunches of edible fruit which attract birds to the garden.

    It grows in most soil types and makes a beautiful, graceful tree that is ideal for a small garden in sun or semi-shade. It is also beautiful as a small avenue tree.

    A valuable fodder tree especially in times of drought.

    Size 3 to 4m

  47. Searsia pendulina

    Searsia (=Rhus pendulina) is a very hardy, very fast growing, drought resistant, semi-deciduous shade tree with a willow-like habit. The leaves are a dull green and bark is light grey-brown and smooth on young branches, becoming rough and scaly as the branches mature.

    The sprays of inconspicuous flowers (male and female flowers on separate plants, therefore only female plants bear fruit) that attract insects are borne from September to January These are followed by bunches of fruit that attract birds.

    Do not plant near walls, pools, pipes or paving as it has an aggressive shallow root system.

    This is not a particularly long lived tree but is useful as a quick growing screening tree. Interplant with a longer living tree to ensure a permanent screen.

    It throws pretty, delicately dappled shade.

    Size up to 10m

  48. Rothmannia capensis

    Rothmannia capensis is a hardy, evergreen, small to medium sized tree.

  49. Vepris lanceolata

    Vepris lanceolata is a hardy, evergreen, very attractive tree with apple green foliage.

  50. Salix mucronata woodii

    Salix mucronata woodii is a very hardy, deciduous, small willow with graceful, drooping branches that grows along riverbanks and in wet areas.

    The lovely bi-coloured leaves look beautiful when the soft sinuous branches move in the slightest breeze and the leaves flutter.

  51. Schotia afra

    Schotia afra is a hardy, small, much branched, gnarled, evergreen small tree with characterful twisted, pale branches and a charcoal grey trunk.

  52. Agapanthus praecox Blue

    Agapanthus praecox Blue is a well-known hardy, evergreen plant has attractive strap-like leaves and umbels of sky-blue flowers that are borne on long stalks from December to April.

  53. Leucosidea sericea

    Leucosidea sericea is a decorative, very hardy, evergreen, fast growing, low branching small, tree with aromatic leaves that have silvery hairs.

    The yellowish-green flowers that are borne from August to December are sticky with nectar and held in candle-like spikes. The flowers attract many insects with their pollen and nectar.

    It has attractive, dark, fissured, peeling stem bark. One can make the most of this by pruning them up to have clean stems or trunks and lower branches. It makes a beautiful specimen tree in a small garden.

    Requires regular watering or plant in damp areas to keep it looking good.

  54. Grewia occidentalis

    Grewia occidentalis is a very hardy, fast growing, evergreen shrub with attractive, rough, glossy, quite dark green leaves and trailing stems.

    It bears gorgeous star-like pink flowers with a cluster of prominent, bright yellow stamens from October to January

     It also bears distinctive, edible fruits that are clustered together in a square or cross shape.

  55. Agapanthus hybrid Nana Blue

    Agapanthus hybrid nana blue is a hardy, evergreen perennial has narrow strap-like leaves.

  56. Agapanthus praecox White

    Agapanthus praecox white is a well-known hardy, evergreen plant that has attractive strap-like leaves and umbels of white flowers that are borne on long stalks from December to April.

    They make good cut flowers.

  57. Boophane disticha

    Boophane disticha is a very, hardy, deciduous plant with a huge bulb.  In warm areas the bulb is held above the soil while in colder areas it is kept below ground level as a protection against frost.

    The grey-leaves are held in a twisted fan shape and are most attractive. (the species name disticha means in 2 rows, referring to the leaves).

    The large deep pink to red flower head appears in early spring before the leaves. Fire induces this plant to flower. Once the flowers have been pollinated each flower stalk elongates and carries the seed on the end to form a tumbleweed.  This is the plants strategy for distributing its seeds.

    Plant in full sun or semi-shade with an exposed bulb.

    Extensively used in traditional medicine but with caution as it is poisonous.

    Size 45cm

  58. Crinum graminicola

    Crinum graminicola is a very hardy, deciduous bulbous plant that has large, robust grey-green strap-like leaves and a huge bulb.

    It bears huge umbels of deep pink, pendulous, lily-like flowers on a long stem from October to February.

  59. Scilla natalensis

    Scilla natalensis is a very hardy, deciduous, bulbous plant with a basal rosette of attractive, broad, grey-green leaves.

    The long flowering spikes carry flowers in shades of misty blue and are borne from September to December.

    Plant in full sun or light shade, either solitary as a form plant or in clumps to make a show when flowering. Bulbs should be planted half above the ground.

    It is ideal for rockeries and is a lovely container plant. Makes a wonderful display when planted with Bulbine natalensis that flowers at the same time with yellow flower spikes.

    One of our most important medicinal plants.

    Size 30 to 40cm

  60. Pelargonium sidoides

    Pelargonium sidoides is a hardy, evergreen (in culitvation) perennial that has thickened underground root-like branches. These are an adaptation to surviving grassland fires. The leaves are somewhat "frilly" and a beautiful grey-green. They are faintly aromatic and are arranged in a rosette.

    The beautiful maroon flowers are borne mostly in spring, and are very decorative.

    Can easily be propagated from cuttings.  Plant in full sun, and in composted, well-drained soil. Makes a great container plant.

    Size up to 20cm

  61. Anthericum saundersiae

    Anthericum saundersiae is a hardy, evergreen, clump forming, grass-like perennial that bears sprays of white flowers and seeds all year round.

    It grows in sun or shade and this makes it a good plant for the difficult areas that are in shade for part of the year.

  62. Aristida junciformis

    Aristada junciformis is a handsome, very hardy, thick tufted grass with copious wispy seed heads that sway beautifully in the wind.

    The seeds persist on the plant for an extended period from November. to May, and the culms are slow to yellow with the onset of winter, making this a good landscape grass.

    A particularly good species for providing habitat for Vlei Rats and other grassland or wetland wildlife. Will grow well in wet, clay soil, as well as under normal garden conditions.

    It is also well utilized in the making of brooms.

    Size up to 60cm

  63. Andropogon eucomis

    Andropogon eucomis is a very hardy, small upright growing grass with bright green foliage that is concentrated at the base of the plant.

    The glistening white seed heads are borne at the tip of reddish stems from November to May.

    This widespread grass is ornamental and easy to manage in the garden.

  64. Aloe arborescens

    Aloe arborescens is a very hardy, drought-resistant, large, branched Aloe with narrow, curved, bluish-grey leaves that form rosettes.

  65. Isolepis cernua

    Isolepis cernua is an evergreen, wide-spread, fountain-like, bright green, little flowering sedge that has silvery flower heads on the tips of long stems that make it look like a spray of fibre-optic threads.

    Although frost hardy, it requires damp growing conditions.  It grows in marshy areas, so needs plenty of water, and will be at its best at the edge of a water feature or in a container that will hold moisture.

    Plant in full sun to light shade.

  66. Arctotis arctoides

    Arctotis arctoides is a hardy, mat forming ground cover with lovely matt green leaves with wavy margins that have white felted undersides.

  67. Aloe arborescens Yellow

    Aloe arborescens yellow is a  very hardy, drought resistant, branched Aloe with narrow curved, bluish-grey leaves that form rosettes.

    Three to four flowering stems of yellow flowers arise from each rosette and bloom all winter.

  68. Bowiea volubilis

    Bowiea volubilis is a hardy, deciduous, bulbous plant that has two thin, strap-like leaves.

    It climbs by means of its large much-branched inflorescence, the branchlets of which grow downwards.

  69. Halleria elliptica

    Halleria elliptica is a hardy evergreen shrub, with very showy, orange-red, broadly tubular flowers in summer and winter.

    The olive green foliage turns purple in winter which contrasts beautifully with the orange-red flowers.

  70. Haplocarpha scaposa

    Haplocarpha scaposa is a very hardy, fast growing, deciduous perennial plant with a basal rosette of attractive large, grey-green leaves that have white woolly undersides.

    In its first season it starts to bear large yellow flowers on long stalks resembling the well-known Barberton Daisy.

    It blooms from September to March (remove the old flower stems before they seed).

    It attracts insects to the garden.

  71. Aloe ciliaris

    Aloe ciliaris is a hardy, climbing Aloe with stems climbing up to 5m if they are supported, but otherwise makes a lovely, clump forming sprawling shrub. 

    The leaves are in loose rosettes around the stem and fringed with white hairs.

  72. Aloe cooperi

    Aloe cooperi is a very hardy, stemless Aloe with long, narrow, yellow-green leaves arranged in a fan shape and distinctively keeled with white spots beneath.

    It has spikes of apricot or yellow coloured, tubular flowers from December to March.

    The flowers attract nectar feeding birds such as Sunbirds and White Eyes.

    It grows solitary or in small groups and thrives in a variety of soil types and unusually for an Aloe, grows in marshy places.

    It is also very frost tolerant and grows in cold areas.

    The flowers and leaves can be cooked and eaten.

  73. Aloe cryptopoda wickensii

    Aloe cryptopoda wickensii is a hardy Aloe that has a single, large stemless, densely packed rosette of grey-green succulent leaves.

    The flowers are variable and may be red, yellow or bi-coloured, with yellow and red flowers. Depending on conditions, flowering time can vary between May and July.

    This popular, easy garden plant provides a spectacular display when in full flower.

  74. Lantana rugosa

    Lantana rugosa is a hardy, evergreen, much branched perennial shrub with rough stems and leaves.The leaves are small (the drier the conditions, the smaller the leaves), bright green and aromatic when crushed. Little clusters of pinky purple flowers are borne from September to May, and are followed by clustered, juicy, purple fruit. An excellent addition to the wildlife garden.
    The flowers attract many pollinating insects, including butterflies. The fruit is eaten by people, monkeys and birds. It has a number of traditional medicinal uses.
    Plant in  well drained soil, and full sun to semi shade. It will flower and fruit best in full sun, but the more shade and water it receives, the larger the leaves will be. Prune well after flowering for it to maintain a good shape, otherwise it can become scraggly.
    Size up to 1.5m

  75. Melinis repens

    Melinis repens is a hardy, tufted, weakly perennial grass with greyish green leaves.It has beautiful plumes of hairy, pink flowers that become pale, almost white as they mature. Flowers and seeds from September to June.

    This is the grass you see along the roads shining in the sun. It generally grows in disturbed areas, regardless of soil type.It is a good soil stabiliser interplanted with other perennial grasses or groundcovers.

    The seeds attract seed eating birds.

    Plant in sun or semi-shade.

  76. Cenchrus ciliaris

    Cenchrus ciliaris is a tufted, shrubby perennial grass with bright green to blue-green leaves that are up to a metre long.
    The grass culms are jointed, and roots often arise at these joints or nodes.

    The flower spikes are bristly and cat-tail like, carried on stalks just above the leaves.

  77. Lapeirousia sandersonii

    Lapeirousia sandersonii is a very hardy deciduous bulbous plant with narrow pleated leaves.

    It bears branched stems of spectacular mauve flowers with dark purple streaks in delicate, many flowered heads that are borne from November to March.
    They attract tiny insects to the garden.

    This beautiful grassland plant can be planted amongst grasses in rockeries and in containers.
    You can also plant a group together in a cottage garden but make sure they are planted in an area where their beauty can be appreciated.
    Plant in full sun to very light shade in well composted, well drained soil.

    This plant is seldom offered for sale as seed is quite hard to come by.

    Size 20cm to 30cm

  78. Melinis nerviglumis

    Melinis nerviglumis is a very hardy, semi-deciduous, dense, tufted, perennial grass with beautiful grey leaves.

    The gorgeous plumes of shiny fluffy pink to red seeds appear all year round and attract small seed eating birds.

    It makes an attractive addition to a grassland garden planted in sun or semi-shade.
    Planted en masse, with the sun shining on the fluffy spikes, they are a wonderful sight.

    Plant in full sun or semi-shade, in well drained soil. As with all grasses it should be cut back in late winter and raked to keep it healthy.

    Size 35 to 80cm

  79. Pogonarthria squarrosa

    Pogonarthria squarrosa is a very hardy, semi-deciduous, tufted perennial grass. The short brown racemes of flowers curve upwards, making a herringbone pattern, thus the common name. 

    The flowers are borne from November to May and attract small seed eating birds. Plant in groups to get the full effect of the flowers and seed heads. 

    A beautiful garden plant that should be pruned down to about 5cm above ground level and raked every year in late winter.

    It makes an attractive addition to a grassland garden, and as it is not a very robust grass, it lends itself to being planted in between wildflowers. Plant in sun or semi-shade, in well drained soil.

    Size 30 to 50 cm

  80. Lippia javanica

    Lippia javanica is a very hardy, evergreen, erect, small shrub with aromatic leaves.

  81. Tulbaghia violacea

    Tulbaghia violacea is a very hardy, evergreen, tuft forming bulbous plant, with semi-succulent, strap-like, grey-green leaves that are garlic scented when bruised.

    Long stalks carrying umbels of delicate lilac to pink flowers are borne mainly from January to April. It will however bloom on and off almost all year in cultivation.

    The flowers are sweetly scented at night and make excellent cut flowers. Use in the garden as a companion plant, particularly to deter aphids.

    When sitting outside whack some of the leaves on your table or chair and this will deter flies and mosquitoes.

    Used medicinally. It can also be used as a garlic substitute in salads, soups and stews. The flowers are a decorative addition to a salad.

    An excellent groundcover for difficult areas as it can thrive in very poor soils and with very little watering.

  82. Leonotis leonurus

    Leonotis leonurus is a very hardy, drought and frost resistant, evergreen perennial shrub.

    This well-loved, decorative shrub has masses of showy, compact clusters of orange or white, velvety flowers repeated in circles up the length of every long stalk from February. to July. 

    An important food and nectar plant for sunbirds, bees and butterflies during autumn and winter.

    Plant in sun or semi-shade and cut back severely after flowering for best results and mass flowering the next season.

    It has been grown as a garden plant in Europe since the 1600s.

    It is extensively used as a traditional medicinal and magical herb.

  83. Gazania Gazoo Fire Mix

    Gazania gazoo fire mix is a hardy, evergreen, drought resistant, sun loving groundcovers with glossy leaves.

    This vigorous Gazania produces extremely large flowers on strong stems in spring and summer.

  84. Jamesbrittenia grandiflora

    Jamesbrittenia grandiflora is a hardy, evergreen, fast-growing small shrub with multiple stems.

  85. Petalidium oblongifolium

    Petalidium oblongifolium is a very hardy, evergreen, drought resistant small shrub with firm, broadly lanceolate silver-grey leaves that point upwards.

    It bears attractive blue flowers on and off all year round.

  86. Cyrtanthus mackenii

    Cyrtanthus mackenii is a hardy, evergreen bulbous plant that has attractive glossy, dark green, narrow, strap-like leaves.

    It bears umbels of narrow tubular flowers, in profusion, from July to February. in a variety of colours ranging from white and yellow to pink and even red.

    It prefers semi-shade and moist, compost rich soil.

    It is a beautiful addition to any garden, and makes a wonderful container subject.

    Size 20cm

  87. Malephora purpureo-crocea

    Malephora purpurea-crocea is a hardy, evergreen, spreading, succulent groundcover that has pale-green to blue-green, triangular leaves.

    It bears the most beautiful, glistening coppery-orange flowers with a purple underside, which open in bright sunlight.  The flowers are borne en masse in spring, but there are some flowers on this lovely succulent all year round.

    Attracts butterflies and bees.

    Use it in dry areas in the garden, as they flourish with very little care, and will rot if overwatered.  Plant in a succulent bed, rockery or container.

    Remove the dead flowers regularly to encourage further flowering.  Plant in full sun in very well-drained soil and water sparingly.

    The dispersal of seeds in the Mesembryanthemaceae family is fascinating.  If you put a few drops of water on the top of the tough seed capsule it opens to disperse the seed.

    In nature, this happens after rain has wet the capsule, giving the seeds a better chance at germination.  They always hold some seeds back, and when it dries out, the capsule closes, waiting for the next rain.

    Size: 20cm

  88. Lampranthus aureus Yellow

    Lampranthus aureus "Yellow" is an extremely hardy, evergreen, succulent, spreading shrublet.
    It has an attractive, neat shape and masses of small, grey-green, succulent, finger-like leaves.

    From about Aug.,

  89. Scabiosa columbaria Pink

    Scabiosa columbaria "Butterfly Pink" is a hardy, evergreen, soft, clump-forming, herbaceous perennial with attractive, deeply-lobed, grey-green foliage.

    This hybrid, free-flowering perennial has large, showy, pink flowers carried on slender erect stems all year round.

  90. Jasminum multipartitum

    Jasminum multipartitum is a very hardy, evergreen, fast-growing creeper or scrambler with small, glossy, dark-green foliage.

    It bears masses of fragrant, white (with deep pink undersides), star-shaped flowers, from August to January.

  91. Jasminum stenolobum

    Jasminum stenolobum is a hardy, evergreen, scandent, bushy shrub or climber, with glossy, dark-green leaves.

    Masses of large, fragrant, white, star-shaped flowers with a pink underside are borne from August to January.

  92. Scadoxus puniceus

    Scadoxus puniceus is a very hardy, deciduous, beautiful, bulbous plant that varies hugely in size, depending on where it comes from. The large, glossy leaves have wavy margins and are speckled at the base.

    It bears a large inflorescence of red, powder-puff-like flowers on a long stem, which appears before the leaves, from July to October.

  93. Scadoxus puniceus Tall Natal Form

    This form of Scadoxus puniceus is much taller, more robust and has larger flowers with a less intense red colour than our Highveld form.

    It is a very hardy, deciduous, beautiful, bulbous plant that varies hugely in size, depending on where it comes from.

  94. Delosperma lydenbergense

    Delosperma lydenbergense is a hardy, evergreen, fast-growing, prostrate, succulent groundcover.

  95. Gladiolus crassifolius

    Gladiolus crassifolius is a very hardy, deciduous, bulbous plant with erect, robust leaves that have a yellow midrib and margin and are carried in a fan (crassifolius = thick-leaved).

    The tall spikes of flowers are borne mainly in spring and summer. The flower colour is very variable, but they all have a dark blotch in the throat. 

    This is a particularly beautiful plant for a grassland garden with its rigid flowers held up above the waving grasses. The insects that visit the flowers attract birds to the garden.

    Used in traditional medicine.

    Plant in compost-rich soil in sun or light shade.

    Size: up to 75cm

  96. Pelargonium ionidiflorum

    Pelargonium ionidiflorum is a very hardy, evergreen, drought-resistant perennial with beautiful, incised leaves.

    It bears clusters of gorgeous, violet-pink flowers with wine-red markings all year round.

  97. Polygala fruticosa Petite

    Polygala fruticosa "Petite" is a hardy, evergreen, shrublet that has shiny, grey-green, heart-shaped leaves that have red margins. The young leaves are a shiny, coppery pink.

    The clusters of gorgeous, magenta, pea-shaped flowers appear from August to May and attract bees and other pollinating insects to the garden.

    This beautiful plant is great in a mixed border, rockeries, Terraforce walls or containers. Used in traditional medicine.

    Plant in compost-rich soil in full sun or semi-shade and water well when planting and until settled. Thereafter it will tolerate quite dry conditions.

    Size: 0.4

  98. Hypericum revolutum

    Hypericum revolutum is a hardy, evergreen, medium-sized to large, fast-growing, moisture-loving shrub with reddish-brown, scaly bark.

  99. Polygala myrtifolia Riviersonderend

    Polygala myrtifolia "Riviersonderend" has narrow almost needle-like leaves. This is a hardy, evergreen, drought-resistant shrub.

    The magenta flowers are borne in lax terminal heads throughout summer and autumn, and attract Carpenter Bees, butterflies and other tiny, pollinating insects to the garden. The seeds are relished by Laughing Doves.

    This graceful form is an ideal alternative for the garden that is too small for the large tree-like form of the Polygala myrtifolia. It makes a beautiful, floriferous screening plant. A useful garden and container plant.

    Prune lightly and regularly.

    Plant in well-drained soil in a sunny or lightly shaded position.

    Size: 1m up to 2m

  100. Cotula sericea

    Cotula sericea is a hardy, evergreen, fast-growing, flat, sprawling groundcover with really beautiful, grey-green leaves that have fine hairs that give this plant a soft silky texture.

    The single, bright-yellow, button-like flowers are carried on long stems above the leaves.

  101. Gunnera perpensa

    Gunnera perpensa is a very hardy, deciduous marsh plant, with large tuberous roots that have a nitrogen fixing, symbiotic relationship with blue-green algae. It has beautiful big, round, bluish-green leaves that are carried on long stems and arise from a central point on the roots.

    The tiny brown flowers are densely packed in gracefully-drooping spikes from September to February.

  102. Chironia laxa

    Chironia laxa is a hardy, evergreen, many-branched, low-growing, rounded shrublet with slender, linear little leaves.

    This delightful plant bears an abundance of satiny, bright pink flowers with centrally-massed, yellow stamens from November to March.

  103. Salvia namaensis

    Salvia namaensis is a perennial, evergreen small shrub that is both drought and frost hardy.

    It has fine, dissected little leaves that are lime green, tough and aromatic. They, as well as the young branches are covered in tiny little hairs. Young branches are reddish purple.

    The small white to pale mauve flowers are borne in spring and summer. Many insects including bees and butterflies are attracted to the flowers.

    Plant in full sun, in well composted, well drained soil. Lovely contrasting foliage for bold-leaved plants with the same growing conditions. Makes a good container plant, but prune fairly regularly.

    Size to about 1m

  104. Nerine laticoma

    Nerine laticoma is a very hardy, deciduous, bulbous plant with a tuft of broad, glossy, strap-shaped leaves and quite a large bulb.

    From January to March, each bulb sends up a long, flowering stem that has a rounded head of absolutely beautiful pink flowers that attract pollinating insects.

  105. Eragrostis capensis

    Eragrostis capensis is a very hardy, evergreen to semi-deciduous, densely-tufted, small perennial grass.

  106. Kalanchoe sexangularis

    Kalanchoe sexangularis is a hardy, evergreen, robust, drought-resistant succulent shrublet with attractive, broad leaves that fold lengthwise and curve towards the stem.

    They turn ruby-red in winter and all year round if planted in full sun, adding colour to the garden.

  107. Chlorophytum krookianum

    Chlorophytum krookianum is a robust, hardy, deciduous, perennial groundcover with a rosette of large broad, soft, grey green, strap-like leaves.

    The flowering stem is long and strong (up to 2m) with a large branched flowering head covered with shiny, white, starry flowers from December. to April.

    It occurs naturally in grasslands where its large flowering head is carried well above the grasses.

    It is ideally suited to full sun in mixed borders or grassland gardens.

    Attracts insects and thus birds to the garden.

    Size 30 to 50cm

  108. Eucomis zambeziaca

    Eucomis zambeziaca is a hardy, deciduous, rare, bulbous plant that has a rosette of attractive, broad, strap-like leaves with wavy margins.

    During summer, it bears cylindrical spikes of glossy, white flowers with a tuft of green leaves on top, similar to a pineapple.

  109. Aloe castanea

    Aloe castanea is a hardy, very distinctive, tree-shaped Aloe that has spreading branches and long, succulent leaves that can reach up to 1m long.

    It bears unusual, curled, snake-like inflorescences from June to August.

  110. Acokanthera oppositifolia

    Acokanthera oppositifolia ia a hardy, evergreen, drought-resistant, medium to large upright, woody, shrub with brown, deeply fissured bark on the old wood.

  111. Helichrysum splendidum

    Helichrysum splendidum is a hardy, evergreen, small, sprawling shrub that grows in moist though well-drained areas.

  112. Aloe ferox

    Aloe ferox is a hardy, drought-resistant, single stemmed Aloe with a crown rosette of large, fleshy, succulent bluish-green leaves that have thorny margins.

  113. Asparagus laricinus

    Asparagus laricinus is a very hardy, evergreen, shrubby Asparagus with fine, feathery foliage and silvery, zigzag branchlets.

    It has a myriad of tiny, white, nectar-rich flowers in spring and summer that are fragrant and attract insects and birds.

  114. Gomphostigma virgatum

    Gomphostigma virgatum is an extremely hardy, evergreen, water-loving, graceful perennial or shrub with small, elongated, attractive grey leaves.

    It blooms profusely almost all year round with spikes of white flowers.

  115. Aloe fosteri

    Aloe fosteri is a hardy, stemless Aloe with leaves that have a grey, powdery surface and white, almost “H-shaped” markings on the upper surface.

    The blue-grey, branched flowering stalk bears brightly-coloured flowers, varying from yellow to orange and even scarlet.

  116. Gladiolus dalenii

    Gladiolus dalenii is a very hardy, deciduous, summer-growing perennial with a corm that gives rise to a fan of erect, grey-green leaves.

    The tall, erect, flowering stem has large, hooded flowers varying from intense orange-red to yellow, pale-green and speckled-brown.

  117. Aloe striatula

    Aloe striatula is a very hardy, robust, shrub-like, scrambling Aloe that has attractive, smooth, glossy, dark-green, curved leaves, carried on sturdy stems.

    The spikes of flowers are bright-yellow or orange on unbranched, flowering stems. It flowers from November to March and attracts insects and Sunbirds to the garden.

    An excellent plant for an exclusion zone of a bird garden or planted as a hedge.

    This Aloe can tolerate extremely low temperatures.It will grow in sun or semi-shade.

    Size: 7 to 1m

  118. Aloe greatheadii

    Aloe greatheadii var. davyana is a very hardy, fairly robust, drought-resistant, stemless Aloe that grows singly or in groups. The leaves are shiny green with white spots arranged in bands. They have sharp, dark-brown teeth along the leaf margins.

    The plant itself may be a bit drab but it is spectacular when in flower. Pale-pink to bright-red, attractive flowers are arranged on a branched flowering stem in June and July and attract insects and Sunbirds.

  119. Hypoestes aristata

    Hypoestes aristata is a hardy, evergreen, small to medium sized, rounded shrub with grey-green leaves that have lighter veins giving them a variegated look.

    It bears abundant spikes that are densely packed with 2-lipped deep purple flowers with darker purple spots in the middle of winter, from March to August, when very little else is in flower.

    The flowers attract butterflies and other insects to the garden which is a boon to the insect eating birds.

  120. Carpobrotus muirii

    Carpobrotus muirii is a hardy, evergreen, succulent, drought-resistant, spreading groundcover that has narrow, triangular-shaped, fleshy leaves.

    It bears large, vygie-like, purple flowers in spring and summer (August. to February).The large fruits are edible and used in curries, jams and preserves.

    This plant provides habitat for lizards and toads, attracts butterflies and is good tortoise food.It also has many medicinal uses.This plant is becoming increasingly rare due to habitat destruction.It is useful for retaining soil on exposed embankments and for soil stabilisation as it grows fast and roots at the nodes.

    Although this is a Western Cape plant it grows well in Gauteng.Plant in well-drained soil in full sun.

    Size: 15cm

  121. Cotyledon barbeyi

    Cotyledon barbeyi is a hardy, evergreen, branched, succulent shrub with very variable leaves, the one we grow at Random Harvest has finger-like, fleshy leaves.

    It bears masses of long-lasting, pendulous, satiny, red, tubular flowers in clusters at the tip of the flowering stalks from Mar. to Sept.They attract birds and bees.Reputed to be toxic to livestock.

    This drought-hardy shrub makes a good addition to a succulent garden or rockery and is lovely in a container.

    Plant in well-drained soil in full sun or semi-shade.

    Size: 1m

  122. Kniphofia praecox

    Kniphofia praecox is a very hardy, herbaceous perennial which is thought to be a garden hybrid.

  123. Cotyledon orbiculata flanaganii

    Cotyledon orbiculata (var. flanaganii) is a hardy, evergreen, drought-resistant, stemless, succulent groundcover is the Karoo form of Cotyledon orbiculata and has finger-like leaves that are edged with red.

    The umbels of pendulous, apricot-coloured flowers grow on long stalks and are borne in mid-summer.The flowers attract insects and Sunbirds to the garden.

    This versatile plant looks great in containers, in pockets in a rock garden or planted en masse.Also useful for planting in retaining walls and on embankments.

    Plant in sun or semi-shade in well-drained soil.

    Size: 30 cm

  124. Crassula expansa

    Crassula expansa is a hardy, evergreen, succulent, delicate-looking but vigorous groundcover with tiny, bright-green, slightly fleshy, finger-like leaves. 

    This pretty plant bears masses of tiny, star-like, white flowers from November to April. 

    Suitable for containers and for planting between stepping-stones.It thrives in those difficult, dry, dark shade areas under trees. 

    It grows well in either semi-shade or shade in well-drained soil. 

    Size: 15cm

  125. Crassula multicava Purple

    Crassula multicava 'Purple' is a hardy, evergreen, mat-forming, broad-leaved succulent plant. The leaves are purple on the underside, making this an attractive, colourful plant all year round, even when not in flower.

    From May to November it bears many sprays of dainty, star-shaped, pink flowers that attract a whole host of tiny insects.

  126. Crassula ovata

    Crassula ovata is a hardy, evergreen, erect, succulent shrublet of which two subspecies are recognised.It has a tree-like appearance, with a single, light-brown to greyish-brown main stem, from which many small branches arise.The small, fleshy, dark-green leaves are slightly flattened and narrow.

    The tiny, honey-scented, creamy-white to pink flowers are carried in many rounded inflorescences on the plant almost all year round but mainly April to September.The flowers attract a whole host of tiny insects which are the staple diet of lizards and frogs.

    Used in traditional medicine.It is beautiful planted in amongst rocks or in a container.

    Plant in sun or semi-shade in well-drained soil.

    Size: up to 1m

  127. Crassula sarcocaulis

    Crassula sarcocaulis is a hardy, evergreen, erect, succulent shrublet with a number of varieties.It has small, dark- to bright-green, narrow, very succulent leaves.

    The creamy-white flowers are carried in a round inflorescence almost all year round.The flowers attract a whole host of tiny insects which are the staple diet of lizards and frogs.

    It is beautiful planted in amongst rocks or in a container and also makes a great, easy-to-grow bonsai subject.Used in traditional medicine.

    It grows in sun or semi-shade.

    Size: 60 cm

  128. Crassula spathulata

    Crassula spathulata is a very hardy, evergreen, succulent, creeping, fast-growing, mat-forming groundcover with glossy, almost lime-green, round little leaves. When grown in sun and not watered much, the leaves turn a pinky-red on the margins.

    Sprays of tiny, pink and white flowers are borne in spring and summer. The flowers are visited by many tiny pollinating insects.

    It can be planted as a living mulch to help keep moisture in and weeds out. Mass plant under trees and along borders as well as in containers and hanging baskets where it will cascade happily over the edges. This pretty plant is tough, easy to grow and rewarding. One of its many uses is that it helps to stabilise banks.

    Grows well in shade and sun and, although it is a succulent, it thrives in a normally irrigated garden.

    Size: 10 to 15 cm

  129. Crassula tetragona

    Crassula tetragona is a hardy, evergreen, succulent shrub with rows of bright-green, sword-shaped leaves.These are evenly arranged in crossed, opposite pairs along the stems, which are held upright in a vertical position.

    In summer and early autumn, it bears masses of tiny, creamy-white flowers in an inflorescence carried above the shrub.

    The compact, upright habit makes this an attractive plant.Makes a beautiful bonsai, or container plant in drier spots in the garden.

    Plant in sun or semi-shade.

    Size: up to 1m

  130. Curio rowleyanus

    Curio [=Senecio] rowleyanus is a hardy, evergreen, mat-forming, succulent groundcover with long creeping, trailing stems.Pea-like, perfectly round leaves with a translucent stripe spaced along their entire length hang along the stems, hence the common name ‘String of Pearls’.When the stems lie on the ground they will root at the nodes and spread into quite large patches.

    From spring to autumn it bears masses of pretty, brush-like white flowers on and off that attract tiny, pollinating insects.The flowers are faintly cinnamon-scented.

    A beautiful plant for hanging baskets, window boxes or a variety of other containers, where the dense bunches of trailing stems hang gracefully over the edge.

    Plant in semi-shade in well-drained soil.

    Size: 1m Trailing stems

  131. Juncus effusus

    Juncus effusus - Mat-Rush is a very hardy, evergreen, tufted, perennial rush grows in wet areas as well as in a normally irrigated garden.The grass-like leaves are very variable, with some plants having robust, upright leaves whilst others have slender graceful leaves.

    The flowers are small, dry and scaly and crowded at the tips of the long thin stems in spring and summer.The flowering stems are beautiful in a vase.

    Traditionally used for weaving sleeping mats and baskets.The little seeds are golden brown. It is a useful addition to a wetland garden and to help filter water.

    It should be planted in well-watered, sunny areas.

    Size: 1m

  132. Tulbaghia simmleri

    Tulbaghia simmleri is a hardy, fast growing, deciduous, bulbous plant with attractive, grey-green, fleshy, strap-like leaves that die back in winter.

    Umbels of deep lilac, sweetly scented flowers are borne on long stems and make an excellent cut flower. It flowers from late summer (May) into early spring (September).

    Plant in well-drained, compost rich soil in shade or sun.

  133. Freylinia tropica

    Freylina tropica is a very hardy, evergreen, slender shrub that has spreading branches, smooth grey bark and shiny, bright green leaves.

    It blooms profusely in late winter when little else is flowering but does bear white or lilac flowers throughout the year.

    Attracts insects and butterflies to the garden.

  134. Pelargonium quercifolium Royal Oak

    Pelargonium quercifolium "Royal Oak" is a hardy, drought resistant shrublet with striking, oak-like foliage that is worth planting just for its beautiful maroon veined leaves. The foliage is balsam-scented.

    It also bears gorgeous dark pink to red flowers almost all year round. The flowers attract insects to the garden.

    Looks beautiful in either a mixed bed, mass planted or as a container plant. Plant in full sun or half day shade and, importantly, plant them in well-drained soil.

    Size 30 to 50cm

  135. Strelitzia juncea

    Strelitzia juncea is a lovely addition to the garden. This hardy, evergreen plant forms a bushy clump of tough, cylindrical leaves. The interesting leaves and shape make this a stunning accent and container plant.

    The brilliant orange and shimmering peacock-blue flowers have an interesting structure resembling an exotic bird, and flower from May to October.

    The beautiful, flowers attract a number of different bird species to the garden. The nectar attracts sunbirds while the black seeds with an orange aril attracts many seed eating birds to the garden. Use both the long lasting flowers and leaves for flower arranging.

    Plant in well-drained, rich soil in full sun or partial shade.

    Size up to 1.5m

  136. Pelargonium salmoneum

    Pelargonium salmoneum is an evergreen, extremely drought hardy, semi-succulent Pelargonium which has yellowish green leaves.

    As its name suggests, the flowers are a bright, salmon pink. They are held above the leaves on a flowering stalk that bears up to 20 flowers. Peak flowering times are between June and December.

    It makes an excellent container plant and does very well in open ground in the garden as well. It is the perfect height as a "mid-shrub", to plant taller shrubs behind it and shorter bedding plants in the front.

    Size up to 75cm

  137. Gazania Gazoo

    Gazania gazoo Citrus Mix is a hardy, evergreen, drought resistant, sun loving groundcover with glossy leaves.

    This vigorous Gazania produces large flowers on strong stems in spring and summer. They are free flowering with a long flowering season.

    This hybrid mixture of orange and yellow flowers even open under low light conditions. Needs well-drained soil and moderate water.

    Ideal for a rockery and for stabilizing soil on banks as well as for mass planting and containers.

    Size 15 to 30cm

  138. Albuca shawii

    Albuca shawii is a hardy, deciduous bulb with very thin, dark-green leaves that are covered in short, sticky hairs.The leaves have a faint smell of liquorice when crushed.

    The flowering spikes bear a spray of beautiful, nodding, delicately-scented yellow and green flowers from September to February.

    A beautiful addition to a rockery, short grassland garden or meadow of delicate, bulbous plants.

    They prefer full sun but can take light semi-shade. Plant in well-drained, loamy soil and do not over-water. If planting in a grassland, make sure that they are not swamped by too many tall grasses.

    Size: up to 40cm

  139. Salvia Beautiful Blue

    Salvia 'Beautiful Blue' is a very hardy, evergreen, small shrub with aromatic, bright-green leaves that grow in clumps along the stems.

    Clusters of sky-blue, funnel-shaped flowers are borne en masse from June to December. When the flowers fall off, the decorative calyx remains and is an added feature.

    The flowers of Wild Sage can be used as a good cut flower. It is an attractive, easy plant to grow. As with all Salvia’s they attract pollinating insects and Sunbirds to the garden.

    Plant in well-drained soil in full sun or semi-shade and water well in winter. This tough plant tolerates very dry conditions and should not be over-watered. Prune back hard once a year.

    Size: 0,5 to 0,75m

  140. Carissa macrocarpa Green Carpet

    Carissa macrocarpa "Green Carpet" is a hardy, evergreen, drought-resistant, dense, spiny, dwarf spreading shrublet with leathery, dark-green, glossy leaves.

    It has beautiful, quite large, scented, white flowers and large edible red fruits on and off throughout the year.

    It attracts butterflies and fruit-eating birds to the garden. The fruits make a delicious jelly that is sold as ‘Amatungulu Jelly’. This useful plant can be used to cover large areas or clipped into an attractive small formal hedge. It also looks great in a container.

    Erect shoots should be clipped to keep the dwarf habit. Plant in shade, semi-shade or sun, in well-drained, well-composted soil.

    Size: up to 40cm

  141. Zanthoxylum capense

    Zanthoxylum capense is a hardy, deciduous to semi-deciduous small to medium-sized tree, with smooth, dark grey bark and broad, cone-shaped knobs that are topped with a short spine. The leaves are divided into leaflets, that are shiny and dark green above, and paler beneath. When crushed they are somewhat brittle and have a strong Citrus scent.

    From October to February, the tiny, white, scented flowers are clustered at the ends of the branches. The male and female flowers are borne on separate trees. Female trees develop clusters of tiny orange-red fruits that split to release oil-rich black seeds. The fruit is edible but cause a burning sensation in the mouth.

    Both flowers and fruit attract many insects and birds to the garden. It is a host plant to the Citrus Swallowtail and other Swallowtail Butterflies. This tree is widely used in traditional medicine remedies, and the wood is used for implements.

    It makes an excellent container plant, or part of a forest garden or plant singly as a specimen tree to prune up and expose the interesting, knobbly stem.

    Plant in semi-shade or full sun, in well-drained, compost rich soil.

    Size: 2 to 15m

  142. Thunbergia natalensis

    Thunbergia natalensis is a hardy, deciduous, herbaceous shrublet with large, attractive, heart-shaped leaves that sometimes have wavy margins.

    From October to March, it bears beautiful, sky-blue, trumpet-shaped flowers with yellow centres. They attract insects to the garden.

    Traditionally it is used as a charm to ensure a happy marriage.

    It is a particularly useful size for planting under trees and shrubs.

    Plant in well-drained soil in shady or semi-shade areas of the garden for a splash of colour under trees.

    Size 0,5 to 1m

  143. Ochna serrulata

    Ochna serrulata is a hardy, small, semi-deciduous shrub with glossy, mirror-like leaves that flush red in spring.

    The profuse, bright yellow, scented flowers are borne from September to December.

    The flowers are short lived but are followed by black fruit on an enlarged red calyx that looks like a flower and persists on the shrub for months.

    As with Ochna natalitia this plant deserves pride of place in any garden. The seeds attract birds to the garden.

  144. Ehretia rigida

    Ehretia rigida is a very hardy, deciduous, drought resistant, attractive shrub with an interesting shape.

  145. Elegia capensis

    Elegia capensis is a hardy, evergreen restio is a large, ornamental form plant for water features.It produces tall stems with soft-feathery leaves at regular intervals along its length.

    The golden-brown flowers are carried at the tip of the tall stems in Octocber and November.It is a beautiful form plant that whispers in the wind.Prune back old stems regularly and thin out if it gets too large.

    Plant in ponds or beside water features or streams.If not in a pond, plant in rich but well-drained soil (as standing water can become stagnant) and water well in winter.

    It will grow in sun or semi-shade.

    Size: up to 2m

  146. Eriocephalus africanus

    Eriocephalus africanus is a hardy, attractive, fast growing evergreen, aromatic, small shrub, with fine, soft, grey, heavily scented leaves.  

    It flowers from autumn to winter with white, daisy-like flowers that have a purple centre and are followed by attractive, white, woolly seed heads.  

    Plant in a well-drained, sunny position and ensure it is well watered.

  147. Erythrophysa transvaalensis

    Erythrophysa transvaalensis is a rare, hardy, semi-deciduous, drought resistant shrub or small tree is mostly multi-stemmed.

  148. Eucomis autumnalis

    Eucomis autumnalis is a very hardy, bulbous, deciduous plant with a rosette of attractive, broad strap-like leaves.

    The spikes of greenish-white flowers have a tuft of green bracts on top which gives the flower the look of a pineapple or - with a bit of imagination - little green men from Mars.

  149. Eucomis comosa

    Eucomis comosa is a very hardy, deciduous, bulbous plant with a rosette of attractive, broad, strap-like leaves with a maroon cast.

    The spikes of sweetly scented, pink or maroon star-shaped flowers with attractive purple ovaries are borne from October. to February.

    It grows best in full sun in either damp or dry spots.

  150. Eucomis vandermerwii

    Eucomis vandermerwii  is a very hardy, deciduous bulb with a rosette of beautiful leaves that are tinged wine red, have masses of dark maroon spots and wavy edges.

    In summer it bears spikes of long lasting wine red flowers topped with dark green, maroon blotched Pineapple-like bracts.

  151. Eumorphia prostrata

    Eumorphia prostrata is a hardy, mounding shrub with beautiful, soft, fine silver foliage.

    From September to December is bears small daisy-like white flowers.

  152. Euphorbia mauritanica

    Euphorbia mauritanica very hardy, evergreen, quick-growing, well-rounded shrub with thin, cylindrical, grey-green stems.The many stems that sway beautifully in the wind arise from a thick rootstock.

    Each stem produces a small, yellow flower at the tip, and the entire bush appears butter-yellow for 2 or 3 months from August to October.Attracts pollinating insects.

    Excellent feature plant for rockeries and mixed succulent beds.It makes a particularly attractive container plant.It is very tolerant of a wide range of conditions and is particularly useful for difficult gardens which have low rainfall and harsh, cold conditions.

    Plant in well-drained soil in sun or semi-shade.Water moderately.

    Size: up to 1.5m

  153. Euphorbia tirucalli Firesticks

    Euphorbia tirucalli 'Firesticks' is a  hardy, evergreen, tough, drought-resistant, succulent shrub or small tree with rarely-seen, tiny leaves that fall very early as this plant uses its green stems to photosynthesise.In this form the tips of the branches turn yellow, red and orange giving the impression that the tips of the plant are on fire.

    Tiny, yellow flowers appear from September to December at the end of the new growth.These flowers attract masses of insects and butterflies.

    The seed capsules that follow are prized by everything from ants to birds and even monkeys.The dense branches make ideal nesting sites for birds.Traditionally it is utilised as a living hedge to provide a nocturnal kraal for livestock.The plant is reputedly an effective banisher of moles. Although it is thornless, the dense, angular structure of the branchlets makes it fairly impenetrable, especially in older specimens.

  154. Euryops pectinatus

    Euryops pectinatus is a very hardy, attractive, fast growing, evergreen, free flowering shrub that has soft grey-green foliage.

    It bears bright yellow daisies all year round but in profusion in spring.

    It grows best in well-drained, well-composted soil in the full sun and flowers most of the year if deadheaded regularly. Water well in winter as this is its main growing season.

    The flowers attract butterflies and insects to the garden.It makes a particularly beautiful, informal hedge.

    Size 1m x 1m

  155. Euryops virgineus

    Euryops virgineus is a very hardy, fast growing, evergreen shrub that is both drought and wind resistant.

    It has attractive, dense, fine bright green leaves and is covered in masses of small, golden-yellow flowers in winter and early spring.

    The sweetly scented flowers attract insects to the garden.

    Plant in full sun and prune back at least once a year after flowering and make sure it is watered in winter .

  156. Falkia repens

    Falkia repens is a hardy, evergreen, flat, mat-forming, perennial groundcover with lovely rounded leaves.

    It bear large, white to pinkish paper-like flowers (like miniature poppies) from September. to December.

  157. Felicia bergeriana

    Felicia bergeriana is a hardy, attractive, clump-forming perennial develops to a dense carpet of bright green leaves.

    The masses of blue daisies are borne on long stems nearly all year round and attract butterflies to the garden.

    Remove the dead flowers regularly to encourage flowering.

    Plant in full sun in compost rich but well-drained soil.

  158. Felicia erigeroides

    Felicia erigeroides is a very hardy, mound-forming, evergreen perennial has small, bright green leaves and delicate pink to lilac flowers.

    It flowers profusely from July to September. but does have some flowers all year round if deadheaded after flowering.

  159. Felicia filifolia

    Felicia filifolia is an extremely hardy, evergreen, small shrub with fine, bright-green, aromatic, needle-like leaves.

    It is a magnificent sight from July to September, when it is covered in such prolific mauve, daisy-type flowers that you cannot see the leaves.

  160. Geranium incanum

    Geranium incanum is a hardy, fast growing, evergreen groundcover has beautiful, fine, feathery foliage.

    It bears masses of purple flowers nearly all year round that attract insects to the garden.

    It is a very versatile plant that does well planted on banks, in hanging baskets and containers.

  161. Gerbera jamesonii

    Gerbera jamesonni is a well-known and well-loved hardy indigenous groundcover.

    This hardy, semi-deciduous perennial has a basal rosette of leaves and large daisy-like flowers carried on long stems above the plant with a broad spectrum of colour from yellow through orange and red variations.

    It blooms almost all year round but flushes from September. to April.

  162. Gomphocarpus fruticosus

    Gomphocarpus fruticosus is a very hardy, deciduous perennial shrub with clusters of complex, yellow-green flowers that are borne intermittently throughout the year.


    These are followed by inflated, oval, yellow-green seedpods covered with soft green hairs that pop to release silky seeds that are carried off by the wind.

    It is the host for the African Monarch butterfly and is thus a good element for a butterfly garden.

  163. Hermannia pinnata

    Hermannia pinnata is a hardy, evergreen, drought resistant-flat growing groundcover with finely textured, light green foliage.

    It bears masses of beautiful, nodding, apricot coloured, bell-like flowers that are carried on relatively long stalks above the plant in early summer. Unusually for a groundcover, the flowers are wonderfully fragrant.

  164. Hermannia saccifera

    Hermannia saccifera is a hardy, compact, low, spreading, evergreen, drought resistant groundcover has shiny bright green leaves.

    Masses of bright yellow, pendulous, bell-like flowers are borne in early spring and make a wonderful show.

  165. Hesperantha coccinea

    Hesperantha coccinea [=Schizostylis] is a very hardy, mostly evergreen, bulbous plant with a fan of bright-green, strap-like leaves.

    It bears showy spikes of large, star-shaped flowers that cluster at the tips of slender stems from December to April. The colors vary from bright-scarlet to soft, pale pink.

    It attracts insects to the garden and is a butterfly host plant.If left for a few years, it forms large clumps and is a sight to behold. Seeing them flowering en masse along streams in the foothills of the Drakensberg is amazing.

  166. Hypoestes aristata Little Pink

    Hypoestes aristata little pink is a hardy, evergreen, small to medium sized, rounded shrub with grey-green leaves that have lighter veins giving them a variegated look.

    It bears abundant spikes that are densely packed with 2-lipped pink flowers with purple spots in the middle of winter, from March to August.,

  167. Hypoxis hemerocallidea

    Hypoxis hemerocallidea is a very hardy, deciduous, bulbous plant with folded, strap-like leaves that are hairy and arranged in a triangular fashion.

    The spikes of bright, yellow star shaped flowers rise through the centre of the plant on short spikes.

    It flowers from very early spring to midsummer August. to April.

  168. Hypoxis rigidula

    Hypoxis rigidula is a  hardy, deciduous tuberous plant has attractive, graceful slightly twisted grey green, hairy leaves.

    The spikes of beautiful, golden star-shaped flowers are borne from August. to March.

    They attract insects to the garden and in the wild are utilised by many different creatures.

  169. Melianthus comosus

    Melianthus comosus is a very hardy, evergreen, drought resistant fast growing shrub with attractive divided, strongly aromatic leaves.

    The sprays of scarlet flowers are sweet smelling and have abundant nectar which attracts insects, bees, butterflies, Sunbirds and Cape White eyes.

    It is a really beautiful sight when in flower from October to December.

    It also has attractive papery pods.

  170. Othonna capensis

    Othonna capensis a hardy, evergreen, fast-growing, drought-resistant, creeping groundcover.It has narrow, cylindrical, succulent, grey-green leaves that are arranged spirally on trailing stems.

    It produces masses of yellow, daisy-like flowers from October to June. These attract a myriad of butterflies to the garden during summer and well into winter.

    Planted in containers, rockeries or mass-planted, this is a rewarding little plant. It can also be used to stabilise banks as it roots at the nodes.

    It grows best in full sun in well-drained soil.

    Size: 7 to 10cm

  171. Pelargonium gibbosum

    Pelargonium gibbosum is a hardy bushy shrublet with attractive slightly succulent blue-green leaves that is dormant in summer.

    It flowers profusely in winter with umbels of yellow flowers, which is an unusual flower colour for Pelargonium species.

    The flowers are strongly scented at night.

    This unusual plant develops a thick swollen base which is attractive particularly when planted in containers, but because of the root system needs to be a fairly large container.

    It is called Gouty Pelargonium because of the swollen nodes along the stems.

    Plant in well drained, sandy soil and take care not to overwater in summer as it is from the Western Cape and therefore winter growing.

    Size 30 to 50cm

  172. Pelargonium peltatum

    Pelargonium peltatum is a hardy, evergreen rambling pelargonium with smooth, fleshy leaves that have five points.

    The flowers are a beautiful pale pink to mauve with darker streaks in the middle and bloom for most of the year.

    The rambling, zig-zag stems make it ideal for hanging baskets, cascading over walls or used as an edging plant in a bed or even supported as a climber.

    Prune to keep in shape, Plant in well-drained soil in full sun or semi-shade.

    The many hybrid ‘Ivy Geraniums were developed from this rewarding and popular garden plant.

    Size Up to 2m

  173. Plectroniella armata

    Plectroniella armata is a hardy multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub or small tree with smooth grey bark and straight hard spines.

    The attractive glossy leaves are dark green on top and pale green below.

  174. Polygala myrtifolia

    Polygala myrtifolia is a hardy, large, evergreen shrub with glossy green leaves.

    It bears abundant, mauve pea-like flowers almost all year round with a flush in late winter.

    It makes a decorative small tree if pruned into a standard and makes a beautiful floriferous screening plant. It can also be pruned into a formal hedge.

    Attracts Carpenter Bees to the garden.

    The seeds are relished by laughing doves and other seed-eating birds.

    Grows in sun or semi-shade but flowers best in full sun and makes an excellent container plant.

    Size 1 to 4m 

  175. Portulacaria afra

    Portulacaria afra is a hardy, evergreen, neatly shaped, small tree or shrub with pretty round, succulent leaves and ruby red branches.

    The leaves have a pleasant acid flavour and can be used in salads.

    From October to January, after rain, it is covered in clear pink to rosy mauve, nectar rich flowers - a wonderful sight. The papery 3-winged ornamental fruits resemble pinkish lanterns.

    Plant in well-drained soil in sun or shade.

    Useful for binding soil.

  176. Psychotria capensis

    Psychotria capensis is a fairly hardy, evergreen shrub or small tree that is nicely shaped with leathery, glossy leaves.

    It is a great foliage plant.

  177. Raphionacme velutina

    Raphionacme velutina is a very hardy, deciduous, multi-stemmed herbaceous plant with weakly-erect stems arising from a large, tuberous caudex, which is sometimes flattened. The small, elongated, hairy, grey-green leaves are folded upwards in well-spaced, opposite pairs.

    In spring and summer, it bears interesting, yellow-green, star-shaped flowers with purple stamens along the length of the stems.

    Plant in a grassland or succulent garden. To make a beautiful container plant, expose the tuber. Be careful not to over water as it may rot.

    t will grow best in sun or semi-shade, in well-drained but well-composted soil.

    Size: 20cm

  178. Rhamnus prinoides

    Rhamnus prinoides is a very hardy, evergreen, very fast growing, large shrub with beautiful glossy almost mirror-like leaves.

    The small inconspicuous greenish-yellow flowers are borne all year round and attract insects. 

    The black berries which follow provide food for fruit eating birds almost all year round.

  179. Rhoicissus tomentosa

    Rhoicissus tomentose is a hardy, evergreen, robust, woody climber with rough, greyish-brown bark. The ornamental, almost circular to kidney-shaped, dark-green leaves are interspersed with velvety tendrils. 

    The young leaves are hairy and a rich copper or purple colour while the old leaves turn crimson before falling. Dense heads of greenish flowers are borne from October to January. These are followed by large, purple, grape-like berries with white spots, which are another great feature of this climber.

    The fruit is edible and much sought after by birds and other wildlife. It is the host plant of the Silver Striped Hawkmoth. This robust climber will cover a pergola, can be trained up and over walls or planted in a container and pruned regularly to keep it bushy and show off its wonderful foliage.

    Plant in compost-rich soil in sun, semi-shade or shade.

    Size: up to 20m in canopy

  180. Rhoicissus tridentata

    Rhoicissus tridentata is a very hardy, deciduous, fast-growing, drought-resistant, vigorous climber or scrambling shrub with attractive, dark-green foliage that turns red in autumn.

    The small, greenish-yellow flowers are borne in tight clusters on a densely-hairy inflorescence from November to April. The decorative clusters of edible, red, grape-like berries become black and attract birds to the garden. 

    It has many medicinal and traditional uses. The trailing stems are lovely in flower arrangements. Ideal for screening on a fence or cascading down a bank. It also makes a good subject for a large hanging basket.

    Plant in well-drained soil in sun, semi-shade or shade.

    Size: 1 to 3m

  181. Salvia africana caerulea

    Salvia africana caerulea is a very hardy, evergreen small to medium sized shrub with aromatic grey leaves that have many medicinal properties and can be used in cooking.

    It bears spikes of attractive, blue to purple flowers from August to December that have copious nectar and attract birds and bees, (for which the flower is specially adapted), to the garden.

    This plant is attractive and easy to grow.

    It will add both texture and colour to the garden.

  182. Sansevieria aethiopica

    Sansevieria aethiopica is a hardy, evergreen, succulent plant that is very variable in size and shape, and that spreads from shooting, subterranean, horizontal stems. Rosettes of erect, mottled leaves form dense stands under vegetation.

    At irregular periods during the year a tall, flowering stem carries scented, creamy, whitish-yellow, tubular flowers that open towards the evening. These are followed by reddish-orange berries that attract birds.


    Extensively used as a medicinal plant.Makes a beautiful form plant.

    Particularly good for planting in dry, dark, shady areas under trees.

  183. Sansevieria hyacinthoides

    Sansevieria hyacinthoides is a hardy, evergreen, drought-resistant, succulent plant with rigid, tongue-shaped, succulent leaves.The leaves are grey-green with darker, mottled markings.

    This drought-resistant, attractive form plant bears, in spring and summer, gorgeous spikes of showy, white flowers that attract bees and other insects.The flowers are followed by orange berries that attract birds.

    Extensively used in traditional medicine.Makes an attractive container plant that requires little care. 

    It makes a lovely show in those difficult, dry, shady areas under trees or in amongst rocks. 

    Size: 30 to 50cm

  184. Sansevieria pearsonii

    Sansevieria pearsonii is a hardy, evergreen succulent with a fan of cylindrical, hard, ribbed leaves that overlap near the base. The leaves end with a hard, sharp spine. 

    It bears a tall spike of pinkish-brown flowers on and off for most of the year. The scented flowers generally open at night. The orange berries that follow are relished by birds. 

    This plant multiplies at the base by producing offshoots, and forms large clumps which add a structural element to a shady, dry garden or rockery. It also makes an attractive container plant.

    Plant in semi-shade or shade in well-drained, sandy soil. Water sparingly.

    Size: up to 1m

  185. Scabiosa columbaria Blue

    Scabiosa columbaria  blue is a hardy, evergreen, soft, clump-forming, herbaceous perennial with attractive, deeply lobed, grey green foliage. 

    This hybrid, free flowering perennial has large, showy flowers that are carried on slender erect stems all year round.

    A lovely plant for mass planting in full sun.

  186. Schrebera alata

    Schrebera alata is a fairly hardy, evergreen, scrambling shrub or small tree that branches low and has a sparse narrow crown.

  187. Sclerochiton harveyanus

    Sclerochiton harveyanus is a hardy, evergreen, shade loving, small to medium sized scandent shrub.

    It has attractive, slightly variegated, small, almost heart-shaped leaves that add texture to the garden.

  188. Sclerochiton kirkii

    Sclerochiton kirkii is a hardy, upright, evergreen shrub with bright green, glossy foliage.

    It bears clusters of beautiful large sky-blue flowers which look like a hand in summer and autumn. 

    Plant in semi shade or shade in compost rich soil.

  189. Sclerochiton odoratissimus

    Sclerochiton odoratissimun is a hardy, evergreen, small, shrub with attractive, glossy, small dark green leaves.

    It bears masses of pretty white flowers that are streaked with red or purple lines and are wonderfully fragrant in late summer and autumn.

    The flowers are like little hands facing the sun.

  190. Scutia myrtina

    Scutia myrtina is a hardy, evergreen, drought resistant, thorny shrub with beautiful glossy, tiny leaves.

    The new growth of leaves is a pretty bronze colour.

  191. Sideroxylon inerme

    Sideroxylon inerme is a hardy, evergreen, small to medium or large tree with a beautiful, round, dark-green, lush crown. A feature of this tree is the grey-brown bark that cracks into rectangles. The leathery, dark-green leaves are smooth and shiny and turn red with age.

    From November to April it bears small greenish-white, strongly-scented flowers which Mousebirds love to eat. The flowers are followed by attractive, juicy, black berries that attract birds and other wildlife to the garden.

    This species has been declared a protected tree and some old specimens are National Monuments. It has many traditional and medicinal uses.

    The White Milkwood makes a good garden and container subject, and grows well on the Highveld in sun or semi-shade if protected from wind.

    Size: 4 to 15m

  192. Bauhinia tomentosa

    Bauhinia tomentosa is a hardy, fast growing, drought resistant, deciduous, scandent shrub with deeply lobed leaves, like butterfly wings.

    It bears masses of lemon yellow, bell-like flowers with a purple blotch at the base of one petal and flowers throughout summer.

    Plant in full sun or partial shade.

  193. Searsia pyroides

    Seasia (=Rhus) pyroides is a very hardy, deciduous, drought-resistant tree that tolerates extreme conditions of drought and cold and makes a wonderful pioneer. Depending on how harsh the conditions are it can grow anything from 1m in very dry cold conditions and up to 6m in more temperate conditions. 

    Large, stout, woody thorns are borne along the stems which make this a good addition to a security hedge. The bark on mature stems is dark brown. It has attractive, velvety, light grey-green, trifoliate leaves that turn a lovely shade of yellow in autumn.

    The inconspicuous sprays of tiny white flowers are borne from August to March, and attract insects and birds. These are followed by a profusion of large attractive bunches of edible fruit that turn reddish brown. They are so heavy that they make the tips of the thin branchlets droop, giving the female plants a ‘weeping’ shape when in fruit. 

    Only female plants bear fruit as male and female flowers are on separate plants. The profusion of fruit attracts birds to the garden. In fact, I battle to collect seeds on the many specimens on the farm as the birds seem to beat me to them most of the time.

    It is the host plant to the Foxtrot Copper butterfly. In natural areas elephant, impala and kudu browse on the tree. For cattle farmers, it makes a useful fodder tree.

    Plant in sun or semi-shade.

    Size: 2 to 6m

  194. Nymphoides indica

    Nymphoides indica is a semi-deciduous, floating plant with rhizomes and long, slender stems ending in almost circular leaves floating flat on the surface of the water.

    From October to May it has abundant, small, fluffy, yellow flowers at the edge of each leaf and is a pretty sight floating on the surface of a pond.

    It is also suitable for a very small pond.

  195. Eragrostis gummiflua

    Eragrostis gummiflua is a very hardy, evergreen to semi-deciduous, perennial grass with sparse, hard, tough leaves.

    It bears attractive, large racemes of pink to purple flowers and seeds on stiff branches from November to May.

    Parts of this grass are quite sticky, hence the common name.

    Plant in a meadow garden where its attractive seed-heads add texture. It is quite unpalatable to grazers. This hard grass is used to make durable brooms.

    As with all grasses, to keep it healthy, it should be cut back once a year and raked to remove the thatch. Plant in sun or semi-shade in well-drained, sandy or gravelly soils. Water well to keep it looking its best.

    Size: Flowering stem up to 90cm

  196. Mentha longifolia

    Mentha longifolia is a hardy, evergreen to semi-deciduous, perennial herb which grows in damp areas and has long, thin, bright-green leaves with slightly serrated margins. When crushed they are strongly mint-scented.

    It has slender spikes of white to pale-mauve flowers from December to February. It is an essential element of a butterfly garden and also attracts other pollinating insects and thus insectiverous birds to the garden.

    Makes a delicious herbal tea and can be added to cordials and other cold drinks.

    Excellent for moist areas of the garden or wetland features. It spreads rapidly, so cut off excess shoots and prune regularly to keep in shape. Although it does best in full sun it tolerates a little light shade.

    Size: up to 1m

  197. Acacia burkei

    Acacia burkei (=Senegalia burkei) is a hardy, deciduous, medium sized Acacia that has attractive, large round leaflets.

    Spikes of white flowers from October to January are followed by bright red seed pods.

    This beautiful specimen tree gives dense shade, but is a little slow growing.

  198. Eragrostis superba

    Eragrostis superba is a hardy, evergreen to semi-deciduous, perennial grass that has attractive, bright-green leaves, mostly concentrated at the base of the tuft.

    It flowers from September to May and has a spikelet of beautiful, large, golden, heart-shaped seeds.

    An attractive garden subject.

    As with all grasses, to keep it healthy, it should be cut back once a year and raked to remove the thatch. Plant in sun or semi-shade. It grows in moist areas and will tolerate most soil types.

    Size: 35 to 40cm

  199. Aristida congesta barbicollis

    Aristida congesta subsp. barbicollisis a very hardy, evergreen to semi-deciduous, delicate, perennial, tufted grass with long, white hairs where the leaf meets the stem.

    It bears delicate, twisted spikelets at the tips of branches from October to May.

    This tough, pioneer grass can be used to stabilise soil or cover bare patches to protect the soil. It is pretty planted amongst flowering plants in a meadow garden or in a grassland garden.

    As with all grasses it should be cut back once a year and raked to remove the thatch. It is unfussy about the soil type it is planted in, and will thrive in all but waterlogged soils in sun or semi-shade.

    Size: Flowering stem up to 80cm

  200. Miscanthus capensis

    Miscanthus capensisis a very hardy, evergreen, clump-forming, large grass that has beautiful autumn colours.

    The flowering stalks are topped with plumes of pink seed-heads in late summer and early autumn. The clumps of leaves are about 1m tall and the flowering stalks are up to 2m tall.

    Weavers choose this grass above other plants for nesting material. They use the leaves to weave the nest and the seed to line it.

    Use as a backdrop to a garden bed or as a screening plant in narrow beds. It is effective planted as a single, sculptural, feature plant in a garden. Plant into window-box type containers where they can be used as a screen on a balcony. This tall grass is beautiful moving in the lightest of breezes in the garden.

    As with all grasses, to keep it healthy, it should be cut back once a year and raked to remove the thatch. Plant in sun or semi-shade in damp or normal garden conditions.

    Size: Flowering stem up to 2m

  201. Haemanthus albiflos

    Haemanthus albiflos is a hardy, evergreen, shade-loving, bulbous plant with mainly broad, glossy, green, strap-like leaves, although they are very variable and can sometimes be hairy. The upper half of the bulb is bright-green and is exposed above ground.

    The beautiful ‘paintbrush’-type inflorescence is borne from April to September. It has a papery, green calyx encasing a head of many long, thin, white flowers that are yellow-tipped with pollen. The orange-red berries that follow are an attractive feature.

    The pollen attracts bees and butterflies to the garden while birds love the succulent berries. It is also used in traditional medicine.

    This plant makes a wonderful container plant as it likes to be pot-bound. Use as an indoor plant as well. This is a shade-loving plant and, if left undisturbed, will flower and thrive in those dark, difficult areas of the garden.

    Plant in well-drained, compost-rich soil. Remember when planting out to leave the top half of the bulb exposed.

    Size: 20 to 25cm

  202. Acacia hebeclada

    Acacia hebeclada (=Vachellia hebeclada) is a hardy, small to medium-sized, spreading, deciduous tree or large shrub with paired, sharp spines. The dark brown to grey bark is fissured and flaking.Birds, such as the Red-billed Wood Hoopoe, enjoy probing under the bark for insects.

    The blue-green leaves are hairy and catch the sun. Mostly creamy-white, but sometimes pale-yellow, large, round puffball flowers, are scented and borne in large attractive clusters at the nodes of the leaves.

    They adorn the tree from July to September and offer up a bounty of pollen and nectar to the numerous small pollinating insects and insectivorous birds that visit them. As the shoots age their colour changes giving the crown a lovely mottled look.

    The large, distinctive pods stand upright and persist on the plant for a few seasons, hence the common name ‘Candle Thorn’. An ideal addition to a security hedge because of its height and ferocious thorns.

    It is often referred to as ‘The House of the Lion’ as lions often shelter under it in the hot dry areas where this tree occurs.

    Size: 4 to 7m

  203. Silene bellidioides

    Silene bellidioides is a very hardy, evergreen, perennial plant with tall, erect, sticky stems and rosettes of leaves at the base.

    From October to April, the plant produces one or more flowering stems that have a few branches with flowers positioned at the tips of each branch. The flower petals are white or pale pink and deeply divided. The long, tubular flower calyx is pale green, striped with dark-red veins. The beautiful, scented flowers open in the evening, and shine like neon lights at night, attracting moths to pollinate them.

    Traditionally, this plant is used as a love-potion.

    It is an excellent addition to a sunny grassland garden.

    Plant in full sun or semi-shade in well-drained soil.

    Size: up to 30cm

  204. Volkameria glabra

    Volkameria glabra (=Clerodendrum glabrum)  is a very hardy, semi-deciduous, fast-growing, small tree or large shrub with a dense crown. It has shiny, dark-green leaves that are pungent when crushed.

    From December to June it bears profuse, dense clusters of white to pinkish flowers that have long stamens. In some specimens the flowers are wonderfully scented, whilst in others the scent can be pungent.These are followed by tightly packed yellowish-white berries that attract birds to the garden.

    An important host plant of moths and butterflies – an absolute must for a butterfly garden. The flowers also attract a whole host of pollinating insects and the nectar in the flowers is an important food source for bees.

    It is extensively used for medicinal and traditional purposes.

    Plant in sun or semi-shade in well-composted soil.

    Size: 2 to 6m

  205. Helichrysum petiolare

    Helichrysum petiolare is a hardy, evergreen, dense, very fast growing perennial with beautiful, silvery-grey velvety, rounded, aromatic leaves. A lovely foliage and textural plant.

    It has cream flowers from November to January which can be used in dry arrangements.

    The lovely grey colour of the foliage adds colour and texture to a mixed border.

    It can also be pruned into a small hedge.

    The leaves are used as bedding hence the common name. Campers believe the smell aids a peaceful nights sleep.

    Needs to be pruned regularly to keep in shape.

    A good plant in sun or semi-shade in larger gardens in well-drained soil.

    Size 30 to 50cm

  206. Carissa edulis

    Carissa edulis is a hardy, much-branched, evergreen, fast growing shrub or climber that has glossy, leathery leaves, which are sometimes hairy and have red growing tips. The hard rigid spines are almost always single.

    Masses of beautiful, white flowers tinged with pink appear from September to December. These are followed by edible fruit that turns purplish-black when ripe, and because it is so sweet and juicy, makes a good jam or jelly.

    The fruits attract birds to the garden.

    It makes a good hedging plant, whether pruned to keep compact or left to grow freely. It needs to be controlled in a smaller garden but can be allowed to grow wild if you have the space where it will scramble through the trees.

    Can be grown in semi-shade, but prefers full sun and flowers more profusely in the sun.

    Size 1 to 3m

  207. Macledium zeyheri

    Macledium (=Dicoma) zeyheri is a very hardy, unusual perennial plant with leathery leaves that are white felted below and cobwebby stems.

    It bears purplish flowers with spiky silver bracts that are also tinged with purple and look like miniature Proteas from January to May. They are long lasting and make good cut flowers.

    The seeds are much favoured by insects.

    Plant in a rockery or in a grassland garden. For an unusual talking point, plant in containers.

    Plant in well-drained, compost rich soil in sun or semi shade and water well in summer.

    Size 15 to 20cm

  208. Chasmanthe floribunda

    Chasmanthe floribunda is a hardy, summer-deciduous, winter-growing, bulbous plant with tall, sword-shaped, light-green leaves arranged in a fan-shape.

  209. Crassula swaziensis

    Crassula swaziensis is a hardy, semi prostrate succulent perennial plant with attractive grey-green, round leaves that are arranged in rosettes.

    The dense flat-topped inflorescences of masses of small white flowers that are tinged pink are borne from January to April. They attract a whole host of tiny insects.

    Plant in well-drained soil in a rockery in the shade of other plants and grasses.

  210. Thunbergia neglecta

    Thunbergia neglecta is a very hardy, evergreen, low-growing, scrambling perennial with attractive, heart-shaped leaves.

    In summer it bears beautiful, round, open, creamy-yellow flowers with a darker-yellow centre. They attract insects to the garden. Pretty planted in a grassland garden scrambling through the grasses, out of a hanging basket, creeping up a trellis or tumbling over retaining walls.

    Prune after flowering to keep in shape and ensure masses of flowers in the next season.

    It is fast-growing, requires well-drained soil and only moderate water. It can be planted in sun or semi-shade.

    Size: up to 1m

  211. Crinum bulbispermum White

    Crinum bulbispermum white is a very hardy, deciduous bulbous plant with robust, grey leaves that can grow up to 800mm long.

    It bears long stemmed, umbels of large, showy, lily-like, fragrant pure white flowers throughout spring and summer.

  212. Watsonia angusta

    Watsonia angusta is a very hardy, evergreen, bulbous plant with grey-green strap-like leaves.

    It bears spikes of orangey-red flowers from November to January that add fiery spikes to the garden.

    The flowers attract Sunbirds and insects to the garden.

    It makes a good accent plant but is also beautiful for mass planting and retaining soil on banks.

    Plant on banks to help with soil retention.

    It grows and flowers best when it has compost rich soil, sufficient water (it tolerates marshy conditions), and sun although it tolerates semi-shade as well.

    Size 0.5

  213. Hypoestes aristata White

    Hypoestes aristata white is a hardy, evergreen, small to medium sized, rounded shrub with grey-green leaves that have lighter veins giving them a variegated look.

    It bears abundant spikes of 2-lipped white flowers in the middle of winter, from March to August, when very little else is in flower.

    The flowers attract butterflies and other insects to the garden which is a boon to the insect eating birds.

  214. Podocarpus latifolius

    Podocarpus latifolius is a very hardy, evergreen, large, beautifully-shaped tree. It is slow growing, but makes an outstanding shade or specimen tree for bigger gardens. The yellowish to greyish-brown bark flakes off in thin, vertical strips. It has beautiful dark-green leaves that are carried more or less horizontally.

    The sweet, edible, fleshy, reddish-purple, female cones carry 1 or 2 seeds that ripen from green to pink to red during December and February.

  215. Nuxia floribunda

    Nuxia floribunda is a hardy, evergreen, fast-growing, neat and attractive tree that is quite small in drier conditions, but if its roots find water it can get quite big.

    Pale grey, smooth bark contrasts beautifully with the glossy, dark-green leaves that turn quite purple in winter.

    Its huge heads of showy, sweetly-scented, white flowers cover the tree from May to September. The flowers attract a whole host of small pollinating insects, moths and butterflies that in turn attract birds.

    It has many magical and medicinal uses.

    It grows well in a container, and is also a lovely tree with which to create a small forested area in the garden.

    Plant in either full sun or semi-shade and water regularly.

    Size: 3 to 10m

  216. Kleinia galpinii

    Kleinia galpinii is a hardy, attractive, evergreen succulent plant has flattened, grey-green leaves that arise from a fleshy stem.These grow from a tuberous rootstock.

    The clusters of bright-orange or scarlet flowers are carried on a long, flowering stems from January to August.The flowers attract insects to the garden.

    This long-flowering plant will brighten up a rockery or mixed flowerbed.

    Plant in well-drained soil in full sun or light shade.

  217. Kleinia fulgens

    Kleinia fulgens is a hardy, attractive, evergreen succulent plant with a creeping, tuberous rootstock. It has broad, flattened, slightly fleshy stalkless leaves that arise directly from a fleshy stem. They are grey-green with a purple margin.

    The clusters of bright-orange or scarlet flowers are carried on long, flowering stems from January to August. The flowers attract pollinating insects to the garden.

    This long-flowering plant will brighten up a rockery or mixed flowerbed.

    Plant in well-drained soil in full sun or light shade.

    Size: 30cm to 60cm

  218. Syncolostemon densiflorus

    Syncolostemon densiflorus is a hardy, evergreen, medium-sized, herbaceous, multi-stemmed shrub. It has velvety, white stems with bright-green leaves.

  219. Erythrina humeana

    Erythrina humeana is a hardy, deciduous, fairly fast-growing shrub or small tree with dark olive-green, trifoliate leaves.

    The long-lasting, gorgeous, brilliant red, long flower spikes are carried above the leaves on slender stalks.

  220. Delosperma echinatum

    Delosperma echinatum (Pickle Plant) is a hardy, evergreen, small, partially-upright shrublet that has barrel-shaped short (25mm) leaves, hence its common name pickle plant. The light-green leaves have short, white, bristly hairs and attractive water vesicles (tiny bladders), that will add texture to your plantings.

    It bears masses of small, white or yellow, glistening flowers in spring.

    This drought-resistant plant makes a good addition to a rockery, succulent or grass garden and does particularly well in containers.

    Plant in well-drained soil in sun or light shade. It should be allowed to dry out between waterings.

    Size: up to 45cm

  221. Kniphofia uvaria

    Kniphofia uvaria is a hardy, evergreen, herbaceous perennial found in marshes, on streambanks and in mountain grassland.The long, strap-like leaves are folded in a clump and are quite hard.

    The beautiful flower spikes are borne on long stems in December and January.The buds are orange, then open in succession into yellow flowers.

    These attract pollinating insects and butterflies as well as Sunbirds to the garden.Plant in a water garden or amongst grasses for the natural look.

    They are also beautiful when planted en masse especially when in flower.Grows best in full sun with plenty of water.

    Size: up to 1m

  222. Polygala virgata

    Polygala virgata is a very hardy, evergreen, fast-growing, slender shrub with long, narrow, dark-green leaves.

    From October to July it bears tall terminal spikes of massed purple to mauve pea-like flowers that attract insects.

    Although not particularly long-lived, they readily seed themselves around the garden. The flower spikes last well as cut flowers. Used medicinally.

    For the best effect, plant 3 or more of these slender shrubs together, in sun or semi-shade, in compost-rich soil. Prune from when they are young to encourage them to bush out; this will help create an amazing display of flowers.

    Size: 1.5

  223. Sutherlandia frutescens

    Sutherlandia frutescens (=Lessertia frutescens) is a very hardy, evergreen, fast growing, sun-loving shrub with lovely silver-grey foliage. The striking, large, luminous orange pea-like flowers are borne from September to December.

    They attract Sunbirds and insects to the garden. These are followed by inflated green to pink, papery pods that are so light they are dispersed by wind. The pods and flowers are decorative in a vase. It is an important medicinal plant and has traditional uses as well.

    This beautiful slender shrub is a must for any garden. Plant several together for effect and use as a textural plant. It makes a beautiful container plant. It is both wind and drought resistant. This is a short-lived plant but it seeds itself freely.

    Prune regularly to encourage it to bush out. This unfussy plant tolerates many different soil types and tolerates dry conditions but thrives with sufficient water (do not overwater). Plant in full sun.

    Size: to 50cm to 1m

  224. Maytenus undata

    Maytenus undata is a very hardy, evergreen large or small tree. Its height is very variable, and depends on the area in which it is growing. The colder it is the smaller the tree. The bark is grey-brown with patches flaking off and leaving pinkish blotches.

    One can tell the hardiness by the foliage form - the smaller and more leathery the leaves, the hardier the tree. The foliage is variable in size and colour from pale to dark-green and gives off a musty scent when rubbed.

    It bears creamy-white flowers all summer (from September to May).

    In April the tree produces black seeds covered with orange flesh that attract birds.

    Makes a good garden subject or container plant and is a must for a wildlife garden.

    Plant in semi-shade or sun.

    Size: 1 to 6m

  225. Podocarpus henkelii

    Podocarpus henkelii is a very hardy, evergreen, large decorative, beautifully-shaped tree and is one of our best-known indigenous trees. The bark is khaki brown that, when it matures, flakes into long, thin strips which expose the attractive reddish underbark. It has long, drooping, narrow, dark-green leaves.

    The female cones develop into olive-green seed that ripens in May.

    Although it is quite slow-growing it does develop into a huge forest tree that is only suitable for large gardens. For small gardens plant it in a large container to limit its size. In a container, it makes a great Christmas tree when decked out in its finery.

    Plant in either east- or south-facing areas as it prefers damp, cool and shady conditions. If planted as a single specimen in the middle of lawn, remove at least 1.5m diameter of lawn around the tree, as its roots cannot compete with lawn. Mulch and water well or it will not grow properly. Always mulch the soil around the trees as this it keeps the roots cool.

    Size: 20 to 30m

  226. Drosanthemum hispidum

    Drosanthemum hispidum is a hardy, evergreen, small succulent with small, elongated, fleshy, beautiful, glittery leaves.

  227. Kalanchoe rotundifolia

    Kalanchoe rotundifolia is a hardy, evergreen, erect, brittle, succulent groundcover. The petioles are pink and the edges of the leaves are pinkish.

    It bears spikes of small tubular bright yellow flowers on branched flowering stems from March to December.

    The nectar-rich flowers attract many butterflies and other pollinating insects

    Plant in amongst grasses or as an element of a rocky succulent garden.

    Size: up to 50cm when in flower.

  228. Helichrysum cymosum

    Helichrysum cymosum is a hardy, evergreen small, leafy, scandent shrub with beautiful silvery, small leaves that are woolly below.

    It bears compact heads of yellow, papery flowers at the tips of each branchlet from September to April.

  229. Buddleja auriculata

    Buddleja auriculata is a very hardy, beautiful, evergreen, fast growing shrub with a weeping habit and beautiful black-green glossy leaves that are white on the underside.

    From July to August, it bears beautifully fragrant creamy white flowers with an orange centre. The flowers of the Weeping Sage are borne profusely in small rounded clusters that are densely packed along the stems towards the ends of gracefully arching branches.

    When planted close together or with other shrubs it makes an effective windbreak. It also makes a beautiful, large informal hedge.

    It can be planted as a specimen but prune fairly regularly to keep it in shape. It attracts insect-eating birds and many pollinating insects including butterflies to the garden.

    Planted in conjunction with B. saligna and B. salviifolia it ensures a long fragrant blooming season.

    Plant in sun or semi-shade, in well composted, well drained soil.

    Size 2 to 4m

  230. Lampranthus aureus 'Orange'

    Lampranthus aureus ‘Orange' is an extremely hardy, evergreen, succulent, spreading shrublet.It has an attractive, neat shape and masses of small grey-green, succulent, finger-like leaves.

    From about August, all the way through spring, this Vygie puts on a show of magnificent, vibrant-orange flowers.

    Bees and other important pollinating insects are attracted to these bright, pollen-rich flowers.

    Plant in full sun, and well-drained, sandy to loamy soil. Plants need little care and can tolerate long periods of hot, dry conditions

    Size: 45cm

  231. Zantedeschia albomaculata

    Zantedeschia albomaculata is a very hardy, deciduous Arum Lily with arrow-shaped leaves that are often spotted. 

    It has one distinctive, white or cream cone-shaped petal that can be flushed with pink and can have a dark purple base.

  232. Papaver aculeatum

    Papaver aculeatum is a very hardy, evergreen annual to perennial groundcover with a basal rosette of grey-green attractive leaves.

    It bears beautiful, papery salmon-pink poppies on long stems from early spring to late summer.

    This rare little plant takes well to cultivation and stays perennial for a few years and will seed itself quite freely.

    It is beautiful planted amongst smaller grasses which is also its natural habitat.

    Plant in well-drained soil.

  233. Vangueria infausta

    Vangueria infausta is a hardy, deciduous, drought-resistant, large shrub or small tree with big, velvety leaves that have prominent veins on the under-surface.

    Clusters of small, greenish-white, sweetly-scented flowers are borne from September to November, usually before the leaves appear.

  234. Zantedeschia rehmannii

    Zantedeschia rehmannii is a hardy, deciduous plant with a thickened, tuber-like rootstock from which lance shaped, lush green leaves arise. Most Arum Lily species have a lobed base but The Pink Arum has a tapering leaf base.

    The flower is a slender, elongated spathe of varying shades of pink (light pink through to deep maroon) which turns green as it matures. Flowering is from October to March, (mostly November to January).

    The fruit is green, and as it matures and gains weight along the spathe, it bends the flower stem downwards.

    It is a prized cut flower, container plant and garden plant world-wide.

    For best results, care for Z. rehmannii by lifting dormant plants and storing them dry until the following growing season when they need to be watered well. Add plenty of rich compost to the soil.

    Plant in sun or semi-shade.

    Size: up to 50cm

  235. Stachys aethiopica Pink

    Stachys aethiopica ‘Pink’ is a hardy, evergreen, spreading groundcover, with beautiful pale-green, almost quilted leaves.

    It bears spikes of small, pink, tubular flowers mainly in spring but with a few flowers almost all year round.

  236. Delosperma cooperi

    Delosperma cooperi is a hardy, evergreen, fast-growing, prostrate, succulent groundcover.

  237. Watsonia borbonica

    Watsonia borbonica is a semi-hardy, deciduous (summer dormant) clump-forming plant that sends out fans of up to eight long, glossy, bright green leaves in autumn, from a large underground corm.

    Magnificent, tall spikes of beautiful showy pink flowers in late winter to spring (mid July to end September) adorn the plant and command attention. Flowering stems are sometimes branched. The fruit is a capsule that splits three-ways to release the hard seeds. In the natural habitat, fire seems to increase the seed yield.

    The flowers provide nectar and pollen (both before midday only) for nectar and pollen-feeding insects and birds.

    Valuable garden plant as the lush clumps of leaves provide contrast and visual texture, even when the plant is not in flower. Makes an attractive, large container plant and beautiful planted en masse in the garden.

    Lift and divide clumps during their dormant season (February to March) every three to five years for best flowering. Plant in compost rich, well drained, sandy soil, in full sun.

    Size: flowering stem up to 2m in height.

  238. Typha capensis

    Typha capensis is a very hardy reed that can be either evergreen or deciduous depending on local climate.  It is robust, fast-growing and is widespread.  It only grows partially submerged in water. It has long, grey-green stems with blue-green leaves.

    From December to January, the stems end in the typical, cylindrical, velvety brown ‘Bulrush’ flower. These turn into seeds covered in ‘cotton wool’ which helps with dispersal of seeds.

    This ‘cotton wool’ is used to stuff cushions.

    It has many traditional and medicinal uses.

    The Bulrush can be used in boggy areas, among wet pebbles and is one of the best plants to clean grey water. It helps to keep pond water clean and healthy. It is used extensively for the rehabilitation of wetlands and other permanently wet areas. This plant creates vital habitat for many bird species, fish fry, frogs, terrapins and many other aquatic creatures.

    This plant spreads quite aggressively by its rhizomes and should only be planted in containers in garden ponds where it can be controlled.

    Plant in full sun and prune and clean once a year.

    Size: 1 to 2.5m

  239. Schoenoplectus corymbosus

    Schoenoplectus corymbosus is a hardy, evergreen, robust, reed-like, fast-growing sedge that grows partially submerged in water.

    From September to April, the long, tough, green, flowering stems are tipped with golden-brown flowers.

    This attractive sedge is extensively utilised for mat and basket weaving.

    This is a wetland plant that will add a feeling of authenticity when planted on the edges of a pond. It can also be used in boggy areas, among wet pebbles and in grey-water systems.

  240. Juncus inflexus

    Juncus inflexus is a very hardy, evergreen, tufted, perennial rush with stiff, erect, grey-green stems.

    In spring and summer, brown, dry, scaly flowers are crowded at the tips of these stems. The little seeds that follow the flowers are reddish to golden brown.

    This rush is used traditionally to weave baskets.

    This is a wetland plant that will add a feeling of authenticity when planted on the edges of a pond. It can also be used in boggy areas, among wet pebbles and in grey-water systems.

    Plant in full sun and prune and remove dead stems once a year.

    Size: up to 1m

  241. Cyperus alternifolius flabelliformis

    Cyperus alternifolius subsp. is a hardy, evergreen, medium-sized sedge that forms large clumps.Long, green stems are topped with a circle of flat green bracts.

    The clusters of brown flowers stand out above the green bracts in summer.Attracts many birds such as Weavers, Waders and other water birds. Ideal for water edges, wetland gardens and the cleaning of grey water.

    Remove the dead stems regularly to keep it looking neat.This Cyperus is a fast spreader and the rhizomes will cover an area rapidly.

    (It may need to be thinned out periodically.)Plant in sun or semi-shade.

    Size: up to 1,3m

  242. Cyperus papyrus

    Cyperus papyrus is a hardy, evergreen sedge. It is the largest sedge in Africa.It forms clumps of tall, green, bare stems, topped by heads of grass-like flower spikelets, giving it a mop-like appearance. 

    Attracts many birds such as weavers, waders and water birds.A

  243. Tabernaemontana elegans

    Tabernaemontana elegans is a hardy, deciduous, upright small tree that has beautiful, large, shiny, dark green leaves and a lovely rounded shape.

    The clusters of beautiful white flowers are sweetly scented and borne from October to February and attract bees to the garden.

    These are followed by interesting, large, paired fruits with raised, corky dots like the skin of a toad, hence the common name. These lovely fruits split to reveal seeds covered with bright orange pulp.

  244. Aloe boylei

    Aloe boylei is a very hardy, deciduous grass Aloe with large flat, upright, broad leaves that end in a point and have a few white spots at the base and white teeth on the margins.

    It blooms from November to February in a flattish inflorescence. The lovely tubular, salmon pink flowers, taper off to green tips.

    The leaves can be cooked and eaten.

    A beautiful addition to a well-irrigated grassland garden and makes a good container plant.

    Grow in wet conditions in full sun.

    Size to 50cm

  245. Thorncroftia succulenta

    Thorncroftia succulenta is a very hardy, evergreen, much-branched shrub with succulent stems and leaves. The many grey green leaves are covered in dense short hairs.

    From February to June, the plant bears many spikes of long, tubular magenta pink flowers.

    Rock sage makes an interesting, medium to large shrub for rockeries. As it is extremely drought hardy, this is a good addition to a waterwise garden.

    Plant in well-drained soil in sunny areas of the garden.

     

    Size up to 1.5m

  246. Senecio speciosus

    Senecio speciosus is a very hardy, evergreen, clump forming perennial with finely toothed leaves arranged in a rosette at the base of the plant.

    The beautiful sprays of intensely mauve to lilac flowers adorn the grasslands throughout late winter, when they send out sprays of lilac pink daisy flowers against the drab of sleeping grasslands. Flowering continues into the middle of summer.

    Flowers provide nectar and pollen to many pollinating insects, including bees.

    A beautiful addition to a meadow or grassland planting, provided it receives sufficient water.

    Prefers a damp, sunny spot in loamy soil to thrive. Mulch well to retain soil moisture. Plant in full sun or partial shade.

    Size to 30cm

  247. Salvia radula

    Salvia radula is a hardy, evergreen perennial with large, quilted, aromatic, grey-green leaves that have woolly, white undersides and are crowded at the base of the plant. The leaves are an attractive feature of the plant.

    Luminescent, white flower spikes are borne during summer. These are showy and held well above the plant.

    Bees and butterflies are attracted to the flowers. It has many medicinal uses.

    Plant in groups to add texture and colour to a garden bed. Makes a great addition to a cottage-style garden and rockery.

    Prune quite severely after flowering to keep in shape.

    This drought-tolerant plant requires full sun and well-drained soil.

    Size: 30 to 40cm

     

  248. Greyia radlkoferi

    Greyia radlkoferi is a small, gnarled, hardy, deciduous tree that has a crooked main stem and rough fissured bark.

    The bright green leaves are velvety and turn red in autumn.

    The striking orange red flowers that adorn the tree from July to November are laden with nectar and attract insects and birds.

    Remove the dead leaves to keep looking neat and show off the flowers.

    A very decorative garden subject for a sunny or semi-shade position. Protect from frost when young.

    Size: 3 to 6m

  249. Acacia galpinii

    Acacia galpinii (=Senegalia galpinii) is a very hardy fairly fast growing, deciduous thorn tree and is one of the largest of the Acacias.

  250. Ornithogalum sp. Tiny Peddie

    Ornithogalum sp. ‘Tiny Peddie' is a hardy, evergreen, bulbous plant with a tuft of glossy, grass-like leaves and small bulbs that multiply.

    It flowers from October to March with spikes of pure white, star-like flowers that are almost translucent. The flowers attract insects to the garden and make delicate cut flowers.

    A beautiful plant for rockeries or containers or as a border plant.

    This pretty plant will happily multiply in your beds but it is small, so should be planted in groups.

    These bulbs require well-drained, compost-rich soil in sun or light semi-shade.

    Size: 20 to 25cm

  251. Helichrysum crispum

    Helichrysum crispum is a hardy, evergreen, dense, very fast-growing, compact perennial with beautiful, small, dainty, silvery-grey velvety, rounded, aromatic leaves.

  252. Aristea ecklonii

    Aristea ecklonii is hardy, evergreen, clump-forming, perennial bulbous plant with narrow, strap-like, slightly pleated leaves that are carried in a fan.

    It bears flowering stems of amazing pale to deep mauve-blue flowers from August to March. There is a white flowered form grown at Random Harvest nursery (see gallery of pictures).

    It requires morning sun as the flowers open in succession early in the day and close in the afternoon. 

    It grows best in moist conditions near ponds or well-watered areas.

  253. Noltea africana

    Noltea africana is a very hardy, evergreen, very fast growing, small to medium sized tree.

    The glossy leaves are darker above and paler underneath, and have purple petioles. The branchlets are also purplish-red.

    The flowers are pretty, small, white sprays borne in the axils of the leaves from August to September. The black seeds are encased in a three-lobed, brown woody capsule that splits to release them when ripe.

    A decorative tree that is ideal for the smaller garden but should be kept as a single stem.

    Grows well in sun and semi-shade.

  254. Xerophyta retinervis

    Xerophyta retinervis is a hardy, deciduous, slow growing, perennial plant that has blackened, hairy stems. In the winter months they look as if they have been burnt and in a lot of cases have actually been burnt. They are totally transformed in the early summer (September to November), when they sprout long, strap-shaped leaves that look like grass growing in tufts at the tips of stems, resembling a fountain. They are then covered with masses of big, white to mauve, lily-like scented, flowers on slender stems. They flower in profusion after fire. Probably best grown as a specimen plant in wide, shallow containers, it also provides the ideal base for many species of indigenous epiphytic orchids and ferns. This is not an easy plant to grow as it is classed as a resurrection plant and the roots should never be broken or disturbed. Prefers full sun, or light shade from surrounding rock or grasses

    Size: Up to 1.5m

  255. Hyparrhenia tamba

    Hyparrhenia tamba is a very hardy, evergreen to semi-deciduous, impressive, tall grass with blue, almost turquoise, leaves and thick stems.

    They also display beautiful colours of yellow and red as they mature, when planted in full sun. The tangled flower- and seed-heads also have a turquoise hue and are borne from January to June.

    Plant in containers, or as a backdrop to a grassland garden. It is beautiful planted in pots as a screen on balcony gardens or in small gardens. It is also useful as a soil stabilizer, especially in damp areas.

    Plant in sun or light semi-shade areas. This grass should be cut back every two or three years and raked to remove the thatch.

    Size: 2 to 2.5m

  256. Trimeria grandifolia

    Trimeria grandifolia is a hardy, deciduous small tree with beautiful, large, shiny round leaves.

    It has small sprays of densely hairy, white flowers from August to February and tight clusters of small red and yellow berries that look like mulberries. Male and female flowers on separate trees therefore only the female trees bear seeds.

    It is a butterfly host plant and has many medicinal uses.

    This is a very useful foliage plant that adds texture to the garden.

    Grows in semi-shade, in compost rich soil.

    Size: 4 to 10m

  257. Rothmannia globosa

    Rothmannia globosa is a hardy, evergreen (sometimes briefly deciduous) well-shaped, small tree with attractive bark that becomes neatly squared with age.

    It has dark green glossy leaves.

    Clusters of magnificent, white, bell-shaped, sweetly scented flowers adorn the tree from August to November. The large, round, leathery green fruits are sweet and juicy, but become hard and woody when dry.

    The juice of the fruits, that stains blue, is used to heal wounds and burns.

    Plant as an understory shrub under larger trees with light shade, such as Acacia species.

    Plant in semi-shade in compost-rich, well-drained soil.

    Size: 4 to 7m

  258. Agapanthus campanulatus

    Agapanthus campanulatus is a very hardy, deciduous, clump forming perennial with green to grey-green, strap-shaped leaves produced on a stem-like base.

    It has umbels of pale to deep blue flowers with a darker stripe on each petal. Inflorescences are carried at the end of long stems from December to March (If you visit Suikerbosrand Nature Reserve in Gauteng, look out for them blooming in amongst the rocks).

    The rhizomes and roots are used traditionally and as a protective charm.

    As they are deciduous, plant in clumps in an evergreen, mixed herbaceous border. Although they are winter dormant they do tolerate water in winter. Plant in full sun in rich, well-drained soil.

    Size: up to 1m

  259. Mundulea sericea

    Mundulea serica is a very hardy, semi-deciduous, decorative, large shrub that always stands out in its natural habitat of grassland and rock.

    The fissured corky bark is a protection against fires which are frequent in its habitat.

  260. Dovyalis longispina

    Dovyalis longispina is a hardy, evergreen to semi-deciduous shrub or small to medium-sized tree with glossy, dark-green, roundish, shiny leaves. The new growth is red.

    The small whitish-yellow flowers appear in clusters from August to October  Male and female flowers are on separate plants, therefore only female plants will bear fruit. The leaves drop during flowering but new leaves re-appear immediately.

    The delicious, edible fruit is a beautiful pale red with white spots (they look a lot like strawberries).

    The long, thin spines make this an ideal plant for a security hedge, but it is also an attractive garden plant. Attracts birds to the garden.

    Plant in full sun or semi-shade in sandy or well-drained soil.

    Size: 5 to 8m

  261. Diascia Hybrids

    Diascia ‘Hybrids’ is a hardy, evergreen, bushy, drought-resistant, perennial groundcover with fine round leaves.

    This hybrid bears spikes of flowers in profusion, ranging in colour from white, pink, orange and through to red.The flowers are borne mainly from August to March but it does bear some flowers all year round.

    Beautiful planted along the edges of beds, in containers and in amongst small grasses.

    Plant in full sun in well-drained soil and do not overwater.Prune lightly on a regular basis to keep it flowering.

    Size: 15 to 25cm

  262. Cassinopsis ilicifolia

    Cassinopsis ilicifolia is a hardy, evergreen, decorative large shrub with glossy, bright green leaves and green stems.

    The branchlets have a zigzag pattern and single spines.

  263. Aloe verecunda

    Aloe verecunda is a very hardy, semi-deciduous, Grass-Aloe that forms dense clumps and has dull green to bluish green fan-shaped leaves with white spots and soft teeth along the margins.

    It bears dense heads of pendulous, tubular peach to scarlet flowers on long stalks from November to February. The nectar rich flowers attract sunbirds and insects to the garden.

    The Grass Aloes are adapted to cold and fire and resprout, from thick fleshy roots in the spring.

    Beautiful addition to a grassland garden.

    If transplanted or split, they take some time to recover. Plant in full sun in well-drained soil in amongst rocks in a grassland or succulent garden. Cut the water right back in winter when they are dormant.

    Size: Up to 30cm

  264. Osteospermum ecklonis

    Osteospermum ecklonis is a hardy, evergreen, drought-resistant, bushy perennial with a rounded, spreading shape and bright-green, slightly-succulent leaves.

    It bears large, glistening, white, daisy-like flowers that are streaked with bluish-mauve below and have attractive deep-blue centres. It flowers in spring and summer when it makes a stunning show.

    This pretty white daisy bush attracts many butterflies and insects to the garden.

    Mass-plant as a border, use as an element of a cottage garden, or plant in a rock garden.

    Prune back after flowering to keep in shape.

    Plant in well-drained soil in a sunny position as the flowers close in low light.

    Size: up to 75cm

  265. Asparagus densiflorus Myersii

    Asparagus densiflorus Myersii is a hardy, drought resistant, scrambling, evergreen perennial. Its bright green, small, needle-like leaves are carried on long graceful branches that look like cat's tails. 

    Fragrant, small, white, star-like flowers are borne from November to April and are followed by beautiful, red berries, which attract birds to the garden. 

    Grows well in semi-shade or sun and makes a good container plant. A neat form plant that can be used as a focal point in the garden or arching gracefully over a pond. 

    It has many medicinal and traditional uses. 

    Size 1m

  266. Leonotis leonurus Simba

    Leonotis cf. leonurus ‘Simba’ is a hardy, evergreen drought- and frost-resistant, evergreen, perennial shrub that looks just like ordinary Leonotis leonurus, but the height remains about 60 cm.

    The beautiful, velvety, tawny, yellow-orange flowers are repeated in circles up the length of every long stalk, mostly in autumn, however, ‘Simba’ is known for having flushes out of season. An important food and nectar plant for Sunbirds, bees and butterflies during autumn and winter.

    Makes a great container plant.

    Prune back hard after flowering to retain the neat shape.

    Plant in full sun and in well-drained, compost- rich soil.

    Size: up to 60cm

  267. Brachylaena rotundata

    Brachylaena rotundata is a hardy, semi-deciduous to deciduous, medium sized, drought resistant tree or large shrub with slender, drooping branches and corky bark. The attractive, leathery, silver-grey foliage is covered with cobwebby hairs especially when the leaves are young.

    In autumn the leaves get a reddish tinge.

    The tree is covered in yellow thistle-like flowers from August to September (the male and female flowers are on separate trees).

    It is host to the moth Phyllonorycter brachylaenae.

    Excellent garden subject.

    Plant in sun or semi-shade, in well drained soil.

    Size: 4 to 5m S.A. No. 730

  268. Zaluzianskya katharinae

    Zaluzianskya katharinae is a hardy, evergreen, drought-resistant, herbaceous shrublet with coarsely-toothed, sticky, grey leaves.

    It bears masses of sweetly-scented, bicoloured flowers, mainly in summer and autumn. The flowers are white on top and cerise pink on the underside. During the day, the flowers are closed and resemble small, pinky-red drumsticks, hence the common name. They then open into beautiful white flowers in low light conditions, at dusk and are pollinated by an Emperor Moth.

    Lovely in a rockery or in a grassland garden.

    Occurs naturally on the Witwatersrand.

    This plant will tolerate light shade but does best in a sunny position. Plant in well-drained soil with little to moderate watering.

    Size: up to 60cm

  269. Aloe suprafoliata

    Aloe suprafoliata is a hardy, solitary, stemless Aloe with a slightly spiraled twist. It is easily confused with A. pretoriensis when not in flower as it has similar bluish-green, red tipped leaves. The young leaves are two-ranked (hence the common name) and only form rosettes when mature.

    Unbranched flowering stalks bear pinkish red, cylindrical flowers from May to July.

    This beautiful species needs to be planted in full sun, in well-drained soil, and also makes an excellent container plant.

    Size: 50 to 60cm

  270. Strychnos madagascariensis

    Strychnos madagascariensis is a hardy, deciduous, large shrub or shrubby, multi-stemmed small tree with pale grey bark and quite thick, shiny leaves that are blue-grey-green below.

    The small greenish-yellow flowers are borne on the old wood from October to December. These are followed by large (80 to 100mm diameter), spectacular, bluish-grey fruits with a hard, woody shell. These fruits adorn the tree for up to a year before they fall. They will keep for up to 5 years, and during this time, the seed will turn dark brown.

    The fruits can be polished and used as decorations. The pulp is edible but the seeds are said to be poisonous. All parts of the plant are utilised by game and cattle.

    A good tree for a small garden.

    Plant in sun or semi-shade in well-drained soil.

    Size: 3 to 6m

  271. Crinum buphanoides

    Crinum buphanoides is a beautiful, deciduous, hardy, large, bulbous plant that is seldom seen in nurseries. It has broad, fan-like, folded leaves similar to Boophone disticha. The leaves add a structural dimension to the garden in summer

    The beautiful, large, white or pink flowers have delicate, spidery petals and elegant, long, red stamens. The flowers are borne from November to February and attract insects to the garden.

    As with all Crinum species it is used as a medicinal plant. It also makes a gorgeous container plant.

    For a beautiful display come flowering time, plant in well-drained soil in groups in sun or light semi-shade. Size: 30 to 40cm

  272. Gazania krebsiana

    Gazania krebsiana is a perennial, evergreen, clump forming, low growing, drought tolerant, attractive free flowering groundcover.

    The flowers are orange to scarlet and appear in late winter and spring. Hybrids are available in many bright colours.

    The flowers are edible and it has many traditional uses.

    Grows best in full sun and well-drained soil, therefore ideal for rockeries and containers or in a grassland garden.

    Size: Up to 30cm

  273. Harpochloa falx

    Harpochloa falx is a hardy, perennial, evergreen tufted grass.

    From September to April the inflorescence stalks bear flattened spikelets that carry two rows of densely packed flowers that curl as they dry out and form seeds.

    In the garden it is a beautiful addition to a short grassland garden that gets sufficient water. Provides a soft contrast to bold plants such as Aloes, Crinums, Blue Squill, Gladiolus sp and Red Hot Pokers. The young grass is palatable to grazers. The inflorescences are sometimes used as a cut flower.

    Plant in full sun.

    Size: Up to 75cm

  274. Stachys aethiopica

    Stachys aethiopica is a very hardy, evergreen, spreading groundcover with beautiful pale green almost quilted leaves.

    It bears spikes of small, white tubular flowers mainly in spring but with a few flowers almost all year round.  They attract a myriad of tiny insects to the garden which provide food for lizards and frogs.

    An attractive groundcover that grows in both sun and shade.  Prune lightly and regularly to keep in shape.  As this is a widespread species it is variable and the form that we grow is not rampant but rather stays in neat little clusters. Plant in sun or semi-shade, in well-drained soil in hanging baskets, along borders or in containers.

    Used medicinally.

    Size 25 to 35cm

  275. Grewia lasiocarpa

    Grewia lasiocarpa is a hardy, evergreen, large shrub or small tree with smooth, grey bark and dense foliage. The leaves are large, almost circular, rough-haired above, and densely covered with soft hairs below.

    The attractive, large star-shaped pale pink flowers occur from January to March, followed by 4-lobed, furry, reddish fruit from March to July.

    The fruit attracts birds and, in the wild, warthogs and baboons. These fruits may often remain on the tree for long periods, eventually turning black.

    Although this plant tolerates most climates, it does best in areas of high rainfall. Plant in sun or semi-shade.

    Size up to 3.5m

  276. Andropogon huillensis

    Andropogon huillensis is a hardy, evergreen to semi-deciduous, moisture-loving, perennial, tufted grass. It has a reed-like appearance and leaves that have a prominent, white mid-rib.

    From September to June it bears a tall, flowering stalk topped with beautiful, silvery-white, feathery flowers and seed-heads that glisten in the sunlight.

    It is the host plant of the Dark Small-branded Swift butterfly. The fluffy seed-heads are a sought-after nesting material for birds.

    This grass is tall but does not have a huge tuft, making it ideal for smaller gardens. It makes a beautiful backdrop as it sways in the lightest of breezes and the flowers sparkle and add movement to the garden. Plant in a grassland garden, around ponds and along streams to great effect.

    As with all grasses it should be cut back once a year and raked to remove the thatch. Requires sun or semi-shade and sufficient water.

    Size: Flowering stem up to 1.9m

  277. Miscanthus junceus

    Miscanthus junceus is a very hardy, evergreen, fast growing, tall, water related grass.

    This tall elegant grass forms large tufts.

    It bears long elegant flower heads of tiny brown flowers from February to June.

    It can be used to stabilise stream banks, plant on the edge or even in a pond, use as a feature plant in the garden or a container but it does require regular watering to keep it looking its best. It can also be used to help purify water.

    As with all grass cut back at the end of winter to keep it looking its best. Plant in well-drained in full sun.

    Size 1 to 1.5m

  278. Cyphostemma juttae

    Cyphostemma juttae is a hardy, deciduous, short, thickset, succulent shrub.

    It has a huge swollen trunk with yellow-green bark that peels off in whitish sheets. This is a strategy to reflect the heat away from the plant and keep it cool, as it grows naturally in very hot exposed positions. It has very attractive large, succulent, blue-green leaves.

    Inconspicuous small greenish cream flowers are followed by bunches of decorative fruits that turn from bright red to purplish-black and resemble grapes from December to January.

    It makes an unusual and stunning container plant – a real talking point.

    This magnificent ornamental plant needs a warm sunny position in the rockery, where it should receive very little water in winter and not too much in summer. The soil should be light and loamy with sand added to improve drainage.

    Size: Up to 2m

  279. Diospyros austro-africana

    Diospyros austro-africana is a very hardy, attractive, evergreen, multi-stemmed shrub or small tree whose mature, medium- to dark-brown bark, blisters and peals into long, narrow flaky-strips. The reddish-brown branches are finely-haired, similar to the fine hairs on the attractive, small obovate leaves which give this shrub/tree a dusty-silvery appearance.

    From August to September it bears pendulous, creamy-white, cerise-pink or red lantern-like flowers which attract birds, butterflies and other insects to the garden. The berries that follow turn red then black and are much sought after by birds. Male and female flowers on separate plants therefore only females bear seed.

    This tough, water-wise plant grows in full sun or semi-shade.

    Size: 6 to 10m

  280. Euryops tysonii

    Euryops tysonii is a very hardy, evergreen shrub with small, densely packed, small, leathery leaves are arranged close to the stems. These make it a particularly decorative small shrub which is dense and has an upright, and at the same time sprawling, growth habit.

    The relatively large, sweetly scented, bright yellow, daisy-like flowers are clustered at the end of the stems and are borne from September to May.

    The flowers attract many pollinating insects to the garden and if you watch carefully you may be lucky enough to see a perfectly camouflaged Crab Spider living in the centre of the flower.

    It requires full sun and looks beautiful in the rock garden, shrubbery, mixed border, on terraced slopes, in retaining walls and also makes a lovely container plant.

    Size 0.5

  281. Asparagus densiflorus Sprengeri

    Asparagus densiflorus ‘Sprengeri' is a hardy, evergreen, drought- resistant, scrambling,  perennial. This cultivar of Asparagus densiflorus has long, delicate, gracefully arching stems with short needle-like leaves.

    Fragrant, small, white, star-like flowers are borne from November to April and are followed by beautiful, red berries, which attract birds to the garden.

    A beautiful plant for a dense border in shady areas and makes a good container plant. With its feathery foliage and arching habit, it makes a great hanging basket. It also grows well indoors.

    Grows well in light shade, semi-shade or sun. Cut the older bare stems off to keep it looking neat. It has many medicinal and traditional uses.

    Size 25 to 30cm

  282. Euphorbia clavarioides

    Euphorbia clavarioides is a very hardy flat, dwarf Euphorbia that has a large, underground stem and tiny truncated stems above ground that form a huge, greenish-yellow cushion. It bears tiny leaves that do not last long. Then the green stems do the job of photosynthesis.

    The tiny yellow flowers are produced on the tips of branches from September to February.

    The closely packed stems present the smallest possible drying surface to winds and, if damaged by fire, they re-sprout from the underground stem.

    Plant in full sun in well-drained soil in amongst rocks or in a grassland garden. Makes a beautiful container plant.

    Used in traditional medicine to bath swollen feet.

    Size 0.06 to 0.15 m

  283. Aloe parvibracteata

    Aloe parvibracteata is a hardy, evergreen, stemless Aloe that suckers freely. The leaves are carried in a compact rosette and have spots in bands.

    The branched flower stem bears dull-red or coral-red flowers on tall stems and are borne in winter, June to August. Insects and sunbirds are attracted to its copious nectar.

    Use in a grassland garden or plant en masse for a stunning display. Unusually this Aloe thrives in swampy areas so can be planted around a pond with great success. It also makes a wonderful container plant.

    It is not fussy about the soil and will grow in clay soils. Plant mainly in full sun but it will tolerate a little shade during the day.

    Size 20 to 40cm

  284. Pelargonium tomentosum

    Pelargonium tomentosum is a hardy, evergreen shrubby perennial with spreading branches. The attractive rounded peppermint-scented leaves are velvety to the touch. The minute hairs on the leaves trap dew which glitters like diamonds, a wonderful foliage plant.

    The umbels of tiny white flowers have purple markings and are borne from October to January.

    Use in moist semi-shade areas and on banks in well-drained soil. It also makes a good container plant.

    Remove old leaves regularly to create the best effect of silvery, sparkling foliage.

    Use as a culinary herb.

    Size: up to 30cm

  285. Buddleja glomerata

    Buddleja glomerata is a very hardy, evergreen, large shrub or small tree with light brown, bark that peels in strings.

  286. Cotyledon velutina

    Cotyledon velutina is a hardy, evergreen, drought-resistant, succulent shrub that has smooth, round, grey-green leaves that are edged with red.

    The attractive, umbels of pendulous, tubular, orange-red flowers grow on long stalks and are borne from August to November. The nectar in the flowers attracts birds, bees, butterflies, and other insects.

    It makes a wonderful form plant in pockets in a rockery or in a succulent bed.

    Use as an element of a wildlife garden and it even makes a wonderful container plant.

    Plant in sun or semi-shade in well-drained soil.

    Size up to 1m

  287. Searsia burchellii

    Searsia [=Rhus] burchellii is a very hardy, evergreen, large shrub with dark-brown bark and small, glossy, waxy leaves. The foliage is beautiful and adds texture to the garden.

    It flowers from February to April, with sprays of inconspicuous flowers. Male and female flowers are on separate plants, therefore only female plants bear fruit.

    The flowers attract pollinating insects and therefore insectivorous birds to the garden. The flowers are followed by bunches of reddish-brown fruit. The flowers and fruit attract birds to the garden.

    Use in an informal hedge, as a screen or as an element of a bush clump.If pruned into a standard it makes a lovely small tree.

    This is a really tough, drought-resistant plant for full sun or semi-shade areas.

    Size: up to 3m

  288. Asparagus densiflorus Cwebe

    Asparagus densiflorus ‘Cwebe’ is a hardy, attractive, evergreen, upright perennial with gracefully spreading fronds that cascade. The exceptionally beautiful foliage is more fern-like than the other varieties. The new growth is a shiny, rich copper-bronze colour.

    Fragrant, small, white, star-like flowers are borne from November to April and are followed by beautiful, red berries, which attract birds to the garden.

    Prune out the old fronds to keep it looking its best.

    Plant in light shade or under deciduous trees. It makes a beautiful container plant.

    Size up to 30cm

  289. Gymnosporia harveyana

    Gymnosporia harveyana is a hardy, evergreen, spiny shrub that is densely leafy and has long, slender, straight spines. The beautiful, glossy, dark-green foliage is a distinctive feature of this plant.

    From October to May it bears clusters of small, white flowers that attract insects. These are followed by white berries on slender stalks. From November to June the berries turn ruby-red and adorn the tree. When these split, birds are attracted to the food source.

    As it is either in flower or fruit all year round it is a great addition to a wildlife garden.

    It has many uses – it can be pruned to form a small tree, trimmed into a formal hedge, left as an informal hedge or planted in a security barrier. It also makes a beautiful container and accent plant.

    This stunning plant grows in deep or filtered shade. Plant in shade to semi-shade, in compost-rich, well-drained soil and give it moderate water.

    Size: 1 to 4m

  290. Ruellia otaviensis

    Ruellia otaviensis is a hardy, compact, small, evergreen perennial with dull green leaves. It can sometimes scramble when planted in semi-shade.

    It bears funnel-shaped, mauve to purple flowers from November to January. The flowers attract insects.

    Use as a border plant in a mixed flower bed. Makes a good container plant and is waterwise.

    Plant in compost-rich soil and prune back at the end of winter to keep it looking neat.

    Size: 30cm

  291. Ornithogalum juncifolium

    Ornithogalum juncifolium is a hardy, evergreen, bulbous plant that has slender, grass-like bright-green leaves.

    It bears masses of flower spikes with small, white, star-like florets from September to March that are a sight to behold.

    The flowers make a delicate cut flower, and also attract insects to the garden.

    Plant in amongst grasses or as part of a mixed perennial bed.

    Cut back after flowering.

    Plant in full sun for best results, but it will also flourish with half a day’s sun or in semi-shade.

    Size 20 - 30cm

  292. Acacia ataxacantha

    Acacia ataxacantha (=Senegalia ataxacantha) is a hardy, deciduous Acacia that can grow as a scrambling shrub or medium sized tree with many hooked prickles. It is drought resistant and fairly fast-growing.

    The fine leaves are either bright green or blue green and are densely hairy.

    It bears spikes of creamy flowers from November to February. These are followed by attractive, flattened deep red to maroon pods.

    The Satyr Charaxes butterfly uses it as a host plant. It is used in traditional medicine, and the wood is split to weave baskets.

    This tree is ideal to plant as a security hedge, as its tangled thorny branches will climb through other plants and create an impenetrable barrier.

    It requires well drained soil and full sun, but can tolerate light, dappled shade to semi-shade.

    Size: 5 to 10m

  293. Celtis mildbraedii

    Celtis mildbraedii is a fairly hardy, evergreen, medium-sized to large, slow-growing tree with light brown bark that flakes off in discs and contrasts beautifully with the leaves. The stem becomes fluted with buttress roots over time. As it is quite a slow-growing tree, the fluting could take time in cultivation.  The glossy, leathery leaves are a lovely dark almost bluish-green.

    The small, inconspicuous flowers are borne from August to April and are followed by red, fleshy fruits which attract birds.

    Taking into account that my trees are planted in a protected position, they have never been affected by frost even though we have occasionally had black frost, so I think they are a lot hardier than most people think. This is one of the rarest trees in South Africa and maybe in the world.

    It thrives in very low light conditions and can be used successfully as an indoor plant.

    Plant in well-composted soil in a shady position.

    Size: Up to 30m

  294. Barleria repens Pink

    Barleria repens "Pink" is a hardy, evergreen, small and drought-resistant herbaceous shrublet or groundcover that tends to sprawl. It has dark-green, quite glossy leaves.

    It blooms profusely with glossy, pink flowers in summer and autumn but also has a few flowers for most of the year. The flowers attract insects to the garden.

    This plant is more compact than Barleria obtusa and can be pruned to keep in shape or to form a lovely small hedge. The Small Bush Violet is beautiful planted at the base of small trees or in amongst smaller grasses for a more natural look. It also makes a wonderful container plant.

    Plant in well-drained, compost-rich soil and mulch well.

    Size: 30 to 50cm

  295. Salvia africana lutea

    Salvia africana-lutea is a very hardy, evergreen, small- to medium-sized shrub with aromatic, grey leaves.

    Clusters of unusual brown, funnel shaped flowers are borne from June to December, and when the flowers fall off a decorative, purplish calyx remains. The copious nectar offered by the flowers attracts insects and Sunbirds to the garden.

    It is an attractive, easy plant to grow and forms beautiful silvery clumps.

    Plant in well-drained soil in full sun or semi-shade and water in winter. This tough plant tolerates very dry conditions and should not be overwatered.

    Prune regularly to keep it in shape.

    Size: 50 to 75cm

  296. Watsonia borbonica subsp ardneri

    Watsonia borbonica subsp. ardneri ‘White’ is a hardy, tall, summer deciduous, clump forming, bulbous plant with firm glossy sword-shaped leaves that create wonderful form and shape in the winter garden.

    The magnificent, tall (up to 2m) spikes of finely scented large, shiny-white, trumpet-shaped flowers are borne from October to November and flower profusely after fires. They attract solitary bees, other insects and birds that feed on the nectar and seeds.

    Beautiful in herbaceous borders, as a container plant or use as a form plant.

    Plant in sun in well-drained composted soil.

    When the corms become too crowded, they inhibit flowering. Lift and divide them into clumps and transplant about every 3 to 5 years. Although winter growing, they also do well in summer rainfall areas as long as they are not over-watered in summer but water well in winter.

    Size 0.8

  297. Watsonia borbonica Persephone

    Watsonia borbonica ‘Persephone’ is a hardy, tall, summer deciduous, clump forming, hyrid bulbous plant with firm glossy sword-shaped leaves that create wonderful form and shape in the winter garden.

    This selection has magnificent, tall (up to 2m) spikes of finely scented large, delicate-pale-pink, trumpet-shaped flowers are borne from October to November and flower profusely after fires. They attract solitary bees, other insects and birds that feed on the nectar and seeds.

    Beautiful in herbaceous borders, as a container or use as a form plant.

    Plant in sun in well-drained composted soil.

    When the corms become too crowded, they inhibit flowering. Lift and divide them into clumps and transplant about every 3 to 5 years.

    Although winter growing, they also do well in summer rainfall areas as long as they are not over-watered in summer but water well in winter.

    Size: 0.8

  298. Argyrolobium tomentosum

    Argyrolobium tomentosum is a hardy, evergreen shrub that can be scrambling or upright. The trifoliate leaves are an attractive feature of this shrub.

    The bright, yellow pea-like flowers are orange or red as they age and are borne profusely in spring and summer although there are a few flowers all year round.

    It attracts insects and birds to the garden.

    It is used extensively as a medicinal plant.

    Use as a screen or a small bushy shrub in a mixed border or allow to scramble up trees where its bright-yellow flowers will brighten up a shady bed.

    Plant in semi-shade and prune once a year to keep in shape. It only requires moderate watering once established.

    Size: 0.6

  299. Setaria sphacelata sericea

    Setaria sphacelata var. sericea is a hardy, evergreen, beautiful, neatly-tufted grass.

    It bears dense, golden inflorescences of hairy flowers from October to May that look like miniature bulrushes.

    It attracts birds to the garden and is the host plant of various butterfly species.

    Although this is a tall grass, it is neat and narrow and does not go wild.

    It makes a lovely form plant and can be planted in a grassland garden, as a backdrop to a colourful bed or mass-plant for a beautiful effect.

    As with most grasses, it should be cut back once a year and the thatch removed.

    It grows in sun or semi-shade, and needs regular watering.

    Size: 70cm to 1.2m

  300. Wahlenbergia rivularis

    Wahlenbergia rivularis, the Bell Flower, is a very hardy, semi-deciduous perennial that spreads horizontally to form an attractive groundcover of soft, green foliage. It bears masses of white, bell-shaped flowers in summer that gently nod and dance in the slightest breeze. The flowers attract insects to the garden.

    This beautiful plant looks great planted in amongst grasses in a grassland garden, planted as a border, along the edge of a pond and also makes a lovely addition to a cottage garden.

    Plant in full sun or semi-shade, water regularly and prune back in winter as it can look a bit untidy.

    Size: 30 to 40cm

  301. Catophractes alexandri

    The Trumpet thorn, Cactophractes alexandri, is a hardy, semi-deciduous, much-branched succulent shrub, or small tree with long slender spines. The small, pale grey leaves are quite wooly and clustered around and sometimes, even on the spines. They give the plant a silvery look. It bears beautiful large, showy, trumpet-shaped flowers that are white and at times tinged with pink. They are sweetly scented and, as they grow in arid areas, bloom after rain from September to November. The flowers are followed by a thick woody capsule which splits to release winged, papery seeds. The empty, woody pods click together in the slightest breeze adding sound to the beauty of this plant.

    Plant in a succulent garden, on banks, in containers or in small groups for a stunning display.

    Plant in full sun or semi-shade.

    Size: up to 3m

  302. Barleria greenii

    Barleria greenii is a very hardy, deciduous, spiny, small shrub. It has masses of gorgeous, huge pink, Petunia-like flowers in summer.

    They are sweet smelling at night which suggests that they are moth pollinated and have copious nectar that attracts Carpenter Bees and other insects to the garden.

    A beautiful garden plant that is stunning when planted in groups. Rare in cultivation.

    Plant in full sun but it can also tolerate partial shade. Prune back in winter to ensure masses of flowers in summer.

    Size 30 to 80cm

  303. Aspilia mossambicensis

    Aspilia mossambicensisis a hardy, evergreen, shrubby perennial with rather stiff branches. Leaves are roughly hairy above, densely hairy but softer below.

    Flowers are borne in lax terminal heads and are golden yellow to orange. The plant is reminiscent of a jolly, yellow Cosmos and flowers from spring to autumn.

    Attracts butterflies and tiny pollinating insects to the garden.

    Use in a mixed, colourful border or create pretty, floriferous containers.

    Can tolerate light frost and drought. Prune regularly to keep tidy and promote flowering.

    Plant in compost-rich soil, in full sun or semi-shade.

    Size: up to 70cm

  304. Asparagus virgatus

    Asparagus virgatus is an extremely hardy, evergreen, erect, stiff shrublet with long slender stems. This drought-resistant, attractive plant forms quite large and attractive clumps. The dark-green leaves are fine and almost threadlike.

    It bears tiny white flowers that hang below the foliage in summer. These are followed by red berries that look as if they are floating in mid-air. Birds love these berries.

    The foliage is useful for flower arrangements and lasts for ages in a vase. It is used for medicinal and magical purposes, and is also as a protective charm.

    It grows in deep shade, semi-shade or sun and requires very little attention. A useful plant in those dark difficult areas under trees.

    Size: 0.5

  305. Spirostachys africana

    Spirostachys africana is a hardy, deciduous to semi deciduous, medium sized, tree with a dense round crown. It has distinctive, dark, thick, rough bark cracked into rectangular sections which helps to identify the tree. The foliage turns beautiful yellow to deep red in autumn. Small spikes of pinkish flowers are borne from July to Sept. before the new leaves appear. These are followed by fruit, which splits explosively.

    It attracts birds and many animals that feed off the fallen leaves. It is host to a moth larva, which causes the seeds that it has parasitized to jump around on the ground.

    It is extensively used as a medicinal plant, but the sap and smoke from the wood is poisonous. The wood is prized for furniture making and pieces can be used as an insect repellant.

    Plant in sun or semi-shade, in well-drained soil.

    Size: 4 to 8m

  306. Rhigozum obovatum

    Rhigozum obovatum is a very hardy, semi-deciduous, drought-resistant, twiggy, spiny shrub with small blue-green leaves. It bears brilliant, golden, trumpet-shaped flowers in spring or early summer, especially after rain. Depending on the rain it can flush on and off throughout summer.

    Although the bush is quite dull-looking, it has an interesting structural shape and is spectacular when in flower during the summer months. It attracts bees and other insects to the garden when in flower and is browsed by cattle and game.

    Plant in very well-drained soil in a sunny position. Although it can stand any amount of drought and neglect, water well in winter to achieve its maximum potential.

    Size: 1 to 3m

  307. Acacia luederitzii

    Acacia luederitzii var. luederitzii is a very hardy, deciduous, quite slow-growing Acacia that can tolerate harsh conditions as it grows in desert and semi-desert areas. It develops a flat crown, typical of African Acacias, with age. It has fine, feathery, grey-green foliage.

    A combination of straight and hooked thorns make this Acacia a formidable security barrier when allowed to branch low and individual plants are planted close together.

    The creamy-white puffball flowers are borne from October to February and attract a whole host of insects. The nutritional, elongated, purple-brown pods will split and persist on the tree - another interesting feature.

    A perfect Acacia for smaller gardens. Once established it requires very little attention.

    Plant in well-drained soil in sun.

    Note: in Acacia luederitzii var. retinens, which occurs in Kwazulu Natal, Swaziland and Mozambique, the inflated, paired spines look like miniature buffalo horns and are an interesting feature of this tree. These do not occur in var. luederitzii.

  308. Clematis brachiata

    Clematis brachiata is a very hardy, deciduous climber with amazing, sweetly scented, creamy-white flowers that have a mass of bright yellow fluffy stamens in the centre. It blooms from Febuary to May. The thick, small fruits are covered with a tail of long, silvery-white, silky hairs. This helps with seed dispersal.

    Allow to climb up into trees, use as a groundcover or tumble down banks. Prune back quite severely each year to encourage flowering.

    Many pollinating insects are attracted to the pollen-rich flowers

    Its many medicinal uses have earned it the name of traveller’s joy.

    Size 5m

  309. Aloe dyeri

    Aloe dyeri is a hardy, robust, shade loving Aloe. The Large Flowered Aloe is the largest of the spotted aloes. It forms a large basal rosette of long yellowish-green leaves with scattered spots or stripes. The magnificent long (up to 1.5m) flowering stalk bears brick-red, tubular flowers from February to June. These attract Sunbirds and insects.

    It makes a wonderful container plant or plant in rockeries or en masse under deciduous trees where it forms beautiful groups. Plant in shade or semi-shade in well drained soil.

    Size: 1m x 1m

  310. Acacia robusta subsp robusta

    Acacia robusta subsp robusta (=Vachellia robusta) is a very hardy, deciduous, drought-resistant, medium to large, handsome Acacia. It is fast-growing once planted in the ground. The black bark is rough and fissured. It also has thick, robust branches and twigs hence the name robusta. It has beautiful, bright-green foliage that is borne on distinctive woody ‘cushions’.

    The white sweetly-scented puffball flowers are clustered above the thorns and appear in profusion from July to October. They are the harbinger of spring and warmer days to come. The common name ‘Splendid Thorn’ is very apt; when it is in bloom with its white flowers in spring it is indeed a splendid sight.

    It attracts bees and butterflies. The bark is used for tanning and the tree is also used for magical purposes. It is not fussy and will grow in most soil types.

    A handsome tree for a larger garden. Plant in sun or semi-shade. 

    Size: 6 to 12m

  311. Schotia brachypetala

    Schotia brachypetala is a hardy, semi-deciduous (deciduous in cold areas), very decorative tree with interesting branching patterns and a rugged look. The bark is rough and grey. The beautiful foliage is bronze when it first flushes and goes through many different colours and textures in the different seasons.

    From August to November it bears massed bunches of magnificent scarlet-red cup-like flowers filled with so much nectar that it drips out, hence the common name. The flowers attract all manner of birds. Some, like Sunbirds, will sip the nectar. Others, like Weavers, will make holes in the bottoms of the flowers and rob them of their nectar without pollinating them. The flowers also attract a whole host of insects. The pods, that are initially bright-green with a dark margin, turn beautiful glossy brown.

    The large seeds are edible after they have been roasted and have been used as a coffee substitute. The pods and seeds readily absorb fragrant oils and so are included in potpourri. It has many medicinal and traditional uses.

    An excellent and ornamental garden subject for sun or semi-shade and one of our most beautiful and shapely trees. Suitable for containers and bonsai.

    Size: 3 to 16m

  312. Kalanchoe rotundifolia Signal Red

    Kalanchoe rotundifolia is a hardy, evergreen, erect succulent groundcover. The petioles are pink and the edges of the leaves are pinkish-red.

    It bears spikes of small tubular bright orange to red flowers on branched flowering stems from March to December.

    The nectar-rich flowers attract many butterflies and other pollinating insects

    Plant in amongst grasses or as an element of a rocky succulent garden.

    Size: up to 50cm when in flower.

  313. Freylinia lanceolata

    Freylinia lanceolata is a very hardy, evergreen, fast growing, graceful shrub with a lovely weeping shape. The long, drooping lanceolate leaves add to the shape. Bunches of creamy-yellow, fragrant, tubular flowers, appear in profusion from May to August when little else is flowering.

    A few flowers will appear sporadically during the rest of the year. The flowers smell of honey and their nectar attracts a myriad of butterflies and other insects. It can be clipped into a formal hedge but does need a lot of maintenance. Prune regularly to keep looking neat.

    It grows well in a sunny garden although it does tolerate partial shade. It grows naturally along streams and enjoys wet conditions, but also grows well in a normally irrigated garden.

  314. Crossandra greenstockii

    Crossandra greenstockii is a very hardy, low-growing, herbaceous plant that has large, hairy leaves, which form a rosette from which the flower stalks arise. Spikes of one-lipped bright, glistening orange flowers are borne on these erect stalks from October to June.

    A beautiful garden subject that can be planted in a grassland garden or in groups for a bright splash of colour.

    It has a woody rootstock from which new leaves will emerge each season. Grows well in full sun but also tolerates semi-shade.

    Size: up to 30cm

  315. Dietes grandiflora

    Dietes grandiflora is a very hardy, evergreen, clump-forming plant with sword-shaped leaves arranged in a fan and arising from a rhizome.

    It bears beautiful Iris-like white flowers with mauve and yellow markings in spring and summer.

  316. Cyrtanthus mackenii Pondo Gold

    Cyrtanthus mackenii Pondo Gold is a hardy, evergreen bulbous plant that has attractive glossy, dark green, narrow, strap-like leaves.

    It bears umbels of bright yellow, narrow tubular flowers, in profusion, from July to February.

    It prefers semi-shade and moist, compost rich soil.

    It is a beautiful addition to any garden, and makes a wonderful container subject.

    Size 20cm

  317. Duvernoia aconitiflora

    Duvernoia aconitiflora is a fast growing, hardy, evergreen shrub with glossy, light green leaves.

  318. Greyia sutherlandii

    Greyia sutherlandii is a hardy, deciduous, drought resistant, rugged looking shrub or small tree with attractive round leaves that turn bright red in autumn. The tree is often still leafless when it starts to bear densely packed spikes of magnificent, brilliant red flowers at the tips of the branches from August to October. When blooming en masse they are a sight never to be forgotten.

    The flowers are rich in nectar, which attracts sunbirds and insects to the garden. The dead leaves often persist on the tree and should be removed to gain the full benefit of the flowers.

    Makes a good container plant and a wonderful tree for a small garden. The soft pale pink wood is used for household items.

    Plant in a sunny or semi-shade position, in well-drained soil. Thrives in rocky soils.

    Size: Up to 7m

  319. Acacia erioloba

    Acacia erioloba (= Vachellia erioloba) is a very hardy, beautiful Thorn Tree from South Africa that is slow growing but tolerates harsh growing conditions. It has typical fine, feathery leaves and straight white spines. The bark is deeply furrowed and goes very dark to almost black with age. It bears sweetly scented, bright yellow ball-like flowers from July to December. The half-moon shaped pods are woody, and persist on the tree. Acacia erioloba grows in desert and semi-desert areas and offers a host of opportunities for nesting and feeding for the many birds and insects that they attract. The half-moon shaped silvery grey pods are highly nutritious. They sustain a number of animal species that feed on them, including Rhino, Elephant, Gemsbok and Eland. Giraffe browse on the leaves and flowers.

    Kameeldoring trees prefer sandy well-drained soil as their roots can reach as deep as 60m in search of water.

    It has many traditional and medicinal uses and as the pods don’t split, they can be used in many crafts. This is a protected tree that makes a striking specimen tree in the garden and is used as a street tree in Mokopane (Potgietersrus). A valuable fodder tree in very dry areas.

    Plant in full sun in very well drained, sandy soil and don't overwater.

    Size: Up to 10m

  320. Turraea obtusifolia

    Turraea obtusifolia is a hardy, semi-evergreen to briefly-deciduous scrambling shrub or small tree.  It tends to be more of a scrambler in shady conditions.  The leaves are a beautiful, dark glossy green.  It bears masses of very showy, pure white, star-shaped flowers that flush on and off all summer. They are pollinated by moths. The fruit looks like a green miniature pumpkin and, in late summer, as they ripen they split to reveal pretty orange-red seeds. The orange seed coat attracts birds to the garden, which disperse the seeds.

    Use as a scrambler over rocks, as a container plant or focal point in the garden. This plant is a little slow-growing but its beauty makes it a worthwhile choice.

    Plant in sun or semi-shade in well-drained soil and water well in summer.

    Size: 1 to 3m

  321. Heteropogon contortus

    Heteropogon contortus is a hardy, robust grass with golden brown colours. This gracefully arching grass has flowers and seeds from October to March. In autumn it has beautiful golden and brown colours. This is a palatable grass.

    Plant as a backdrop to a grassland garden or mass plant behind a colourful bed for a beautiful effect. Interesting containers can also be planted up with Spear grass.

    It is also useful as a soil stabilizer. As with all grasses it should be cut back once a year and raked to remove the thatch.

    Size 30 to 90cm

  322. Cotyledon orbiculata

    Cotyledon orbiculata is a very hardy, evergreen, drought-resistant, succulent shrublet that has smooth, round, grey-green leaves that are edged with red.

    The umbels of pendulous, orange-red flowers grow on long stalks and are borne from June to August. The nectar in the flowers attracts birds, bees and other insects.

    It is also an important medicinal plant. This plant needs well-drained soil and looks great planted in pockets in a rock garden. It is a very variable plant and there are many different sub-species and forms.

    Plant in sun or semi-shade in well-drained soil.

    Size: 40 to 80cm

  323. Hypoxis small sp

    Hypoxis species ‘small’ is a very hardy, evergreen, clump forming, bulbous species. The strap like glossy green leaves spread to about 30cm wide and reach 15cm high. Copious starry bright yellow flowers are presented above the foliage during the warmer months. Deadhead the plants regularly to encourage more buds to develop.

    This species does well in both sun or light shade and requires even watering throughout the year to ensure lush growth. This plant makes a beautiful border plant. It grows well in a container and would be a lovely addition to a grassy rockery bed.

    Note: As this genus is currently under revision, a species name has not been assigned to this small, hairy leaved Hypoxis

    Size: to 15cm

  324. Vigna vexillata

    Vigna vexillata is a hardy, deciduous herbaceous climber or scrambler that has long, hairy stems that arise from a tuberous underground root. The dark green leaves divide into three leaflets, and are covered in flattened hairs, giving them a rough texture. Pink to purplish flowers are borne in Spring and early summer, and attract pollinating insects. These are followed by long thin seed pods that split to release the small hard seeds.

    Looks lovely trailing through a grassland garden or planted were it can climb up a short trellis or fence. The leaves and tubers are eaten as a food plant.

    Plant in full sun in well drained soil.

    Size: climbs to 3m

  325. Erythrina zeyheri

    Erythrina zeyheri is a very hardy, deciduous underground tree that appears to be a shrub above ground. Their common name is very appropriate as they have a huge rootstock underground. The large, light green leaves have three leaflets that are covered in rough hairs and short, sharp, recurved spines.

    From October to January it produces spikes of brilliant scarlet, tubular flowers, which are followed by black seed pods that contain a few red seeds.

    Early settlers used the root to treat asthma. Makes a striking container plant (for a large container to accommodate the expansive rootstock). A lovely and unusual addition to a Highveld grassy garden.

    Plant in full sun in well drained soil.

    Size: 30 t0 60m above ground

  326. Elionurus muticus

    Elionurus muticus is a very hardy, upright growing grass with bright green, dense tufts of leaves at the base of the plant. The long white seed heads curl gracefully backwards at the tips of long stems from September to May. In autumn the leaves turn a beautiful coppery brown.

    This widespread grass is ornamental and easy to manage in the garden. Birds collect the seed heads for nesting material. Plant in pure stands or as part of a grassland garden. It is also useful as a soil stabilizer.Two essential oils are distilled from this grass.

    As with all grasses it should be cut back once a year and raked to remove the thatch. Plant in full sun, in well drained soil.

    Size: Up to 90cm

  327. Hyparrhenia hirta

    Hyparrhenia hirta is a very hardy, evergreen, large, dense, tufted, perennial grass that develops beautiful autumn colours. It bears insignificant flowers from September to June.

    It is one of the best host plants for butterflies and moths – butterflies such as Aeropetes tulbaghia (Mountain Beauty), Dira clytus (Cape Autumn Widow), Tarsocera cassus (Spring Widow), and the beautiful Rosy Pink moth, Decachorda rosea. It is palatable before flowering. Thereafter, it is cut and used as thatching grass.

    It becomes dominant in disturbed areas. In the garden, use as a backdrop, a screen or as an element in a grassland garden.

    As with all grasses, to keep it healthy, it should be cut back once a year and raked to remove the thatch. Plant in sun or semi-shade in well-drained soil, but it will tolerate heavier soils where it sometimes grows along riverbanks.

    Size: Flowering stem up to 1.5m

  328. Gomphocarpus physocarpus

    Gomphocarpus physocarpus (was Asclepias physocarpa) is a very hardy, evergreen, upright soft shrub with pale yellowish green branches and light green, lance-shaped leaves. From November to April it bears pendulous clusters of white flowers with a pinky-purple centre (corona). These highly specialized flowers are pollinated by vespid wasps. The distinctive inflated fruits are yellowish-green tinged with purple, and covered in hair-like structures. All parts of the plant weep poisonos white latex when damaged or cut.

    It is the host plant of the African Monarch Butterfly (Danaus chrysippus orientis) and the toxic alkaloids that the caterpillars ingest are carried through to the pupae and the butterfly to make them highly distasteful to predators. The fruit are decorative in a vase – make sure not to get any of the sap / latex on the skin and wash hands thoroughly after handling.

    Beautiful in a grassland garden or as a tall feature at the back of a flower bed.

    Plant in full sun or very light semi-shade, in well drained soil.

    Size: up to 2m

  329. Bulbine abyssinica

    Bulbine abyssinica is a very hardy, evergreen, drought resistant, succulent plant with grass-like, fleshy leaves in a basal rosette.

  330. Melianthus major

    Melianthus major is a hardy, evergreen, decorative shrub with large, neatly serrated, blue-green, compound leaves that are strongly aromatic when touched. From July to October the maroon flower spikes are carried above the foliage, and their dripping nectar attracts Sunbirds and insects to the garden. The black seeds are carried in decorative, pale-green translucent bladders.

    Used medicinally. Needs to be pruned back hard after flowering. The plant will then send up beautiful new shoots and look neat and tidy. Prefers a damp situation and makes a good accent plant in sun or semi-shade particularly near water. Plant in well-composted soil and ensure adequate watering for best results.

    Size: up to 2,5m

  331. Xylotheca kraussiana

    Xylotheca kraussiana is a hardy, evergreen, multi-stemmed shrub or small tree.  It has attractive foliage but the spectacular feature is its flowers.  The brilliant white flowers with a mass of bright yellow anthers in the centre can be up to 70mm in diameter. It flowers en masse in spring and summer with a few flowers all year found. These are followed by oval woody pods which split into a star shape with black and red seeds - another beautiful feature of this plant.

    It is a great butterfly host plant, including being the host plant for the Blood-red Acraea (Acraea petraea) and attracts many birds who relish the seeds as well as insects to the flowers.

    Use as a feature plant, in a mixed bed in a forest garden or even as component of a bush clump. It also makes a beautiful container plant.

    Grow in semi-shade, dappled shade or in a sunny spot that does not get too hot.

    Size: 1 to 5m

  332. Dianthus basuticus

    Dianthus basuticus is a delicate looking almost tufted evergreen to deciduous perennial that is extremely hardy. It has narrow, grass-like grey-green leaves. It bears masses of delicate, scented pink or white flowers with carnation-like fringed petals from October to February which attract insects to the garden. The flowers are carried well above the leaves on fragile looking stalks that nod in the breeze.

    An important medicinal and magical plant that is rare in cultivation. Use in a border, in amongst rocks or in containers.

    Plant in sun in well-drained soil.

    Size: Up to 25cm

  333. Dovyalis zeyheri

    Dovyalis zeyheri is a hardy, deciduous, small to medium-sized, tree with spines on the young branches. The tree is very decorative with interesting grey-green foliage. The leaves have a distinctive pungent smell. The spines make this a good addition to a security hedge. From December to March it has small greenish-yellow flowers, followed by bright orange, edible but sour fruit that make a delicious jelly. Male and female flowers are on separate trees, therefore only female plants will bear fruit.

    A great bird tree, as the flowers attract insects which, in turn, attract birds as do the fruits.

    Plant in sun or semi-shade.

    Size: 2 to 13m

  334. Dovyalis rhamnoides

    Dovyalis rhamnoides is a fairly hardy, evergreen bushy shrub or slender small tree with grey bark. 

    Long, very sharp, slender spines are massed on the branches.

  335. Stapelia leendertziae

    Stapelia leendertziae is a very hardy, evergreen, drought-resistant, sprawling succulent. The upright, fleshy, prominently-angled, dark-green stems have sharply-pointed teeth on the margins. Clusters of large, bell-shaped, reddish to dark-purple flowers are borne from November to January. As with all Carrion Flowers, they smell foul in order to attract their pollinators. The seedpods that follow resemble paired horns.

    An excellent succulent for a sunny rockery, but also makes an unusual container plant. Shallow containers are most suitable for planting these succulents in.

    Plant in sun or semi-shade in rich, porous, well-drained soil and water sparingly.

    Size: up to 30cm

  336. Bauhinia galpinii

    Bauhinia galpinii is a hardy, deciduous, drought and frost resistant rambling shrub or climber with bi-lobed leaves that look like butterfly wings.

  337. Dovyalis caffra

    Dovyalis caffra is a hardy, evergreen, fast growing, drought resistant, large, shrub or small tree. 

    Long spines make it an excellent addition to a security hedge. 

    It has small, creamy-green, nectar laden flowers from November to January. 

    The edible, plum-like, yellow fruits are rich in vitamin C are refreshing and make a delicious jelly preserve. 

    They are also much sought after by birds. 

    Plant in sun or semi-shade.

  338. Aloe ecklonis

    Aloe ecklonis is a very hardy evergreen to deciduous, grass Aloe that has broad leaves with white-toothed margins. The rosettes of leaves alone are most attractive. It flowers in summer from November to January, with characteristically short flowering stems. The flowers vary in colour from yellow or orange to salmon-pink and even rarely red.

    It is an attractive garden subject as a large number of inflorescences are borne simultaneously. Plant in amongst grasses in a grassland garden or as an attractive form plant in garden beds or containers.

    It has medicinal and magical uses and the leaves can be eaten as a vegetable.

    Plant in full sun or light semi-shade, and if not in moist soil, water well and regularly.

    Size up to 40cm

  339. Stipa dregeana

    Stipa dregeana is a hardy, evergreen, attractive, fast-growing tufted grass with bright-green leaves that stay green throughout the winter. The long, finely- branched, flowering stems with small golden seeds adorn this grass all year round.

    Lovely when grown near a pond or water garden, where it adds an ethereal feel with its slender stems swaying in the wind. Attracts seed-eating birds to the garden. It is the host plant to various butterfly species. Stipa grass makes a good garden subject as it looks ornamental all year round. Occurs naturally in moist places in forests and looks beautiful growing under trees.

    As with all grasses it should be cut back in late winter and raked to keep it healthy. Plant in sun, semi-shade or shade.

    Size 0,5 to 1,2m

  340. Crocosmia Golden Fleece

    Crocosmia aurea "Golden Fleece" is a hardy, deciduous, perennial, bulbous plant with sword-shaped leaves that are arranged in a fan. The golden yellow, star-shaped spikes of flowers are borne from January to June.

    They do not need to be lifted annually, and if left in the soil, will multiply rapidly, forming large colonies. Interplant with evergreen, clump-forming plants such as Dietes bicolor or Anthericum saundersiae.

    It is an easy, rewarding garden plant that also makes beautiful cut flowers. The flowers attract insects and, as the birds relish the seeds, you will find volunteer seedlings popping up in the garden where the seeds have been distributed by the birds.

    Best planted in well-composted soil in semi-shade but, it tolerates shady conditions and some sunny areas if it is not too hot.

    Size: up to 1m

  341. Pelargonium graveolens

    Pelargonium graveolens is a hardy, evergreen shrub with large, velvety leaves that are strongly rose-scented. It bears showy, pinkish-white umbels of attractive flowers peaking in August to January. Attracts insects to the garden.

    Geranium oil is produced from the fragrant leaves. The leaves can also be used to line cake baking tins to impart their flavour to the cake. Leaves can also be added to cordials for a pleasant taste. The beautiful leaves last well in a vase.

    This many-branched shrub adds texture and fragrance to the garden and can be used in mixed borders and in a cottage style garden. Attractive when planted in containers and large hanging baskets.

    Plant in well-drained, moist soil in semi-shade and prune to keep in shape.

    Size: up to 1m

  342. Salvia dolomitica

    Salvia dolomitica is a very hardy, evergreen, small shrub with attractive, grey-green, aromatic leaves. The spikes of beautiful pale lilac spikes of flowers are borne in spring and summer (September to February). They attract bees and other pollinating insects to the garden. The calyx persists on the plant and turns a deep purple and only drops when the seeds are ready to be dispersed.

    Plant in an herbaceous border, or use as a small screening plant. It is a beautiful subject in a container.

    Prune back hard after flowering to encourage bushiness. Grows in full sun but requires well-drained, well-composted soil.

    Size: 0.5

  343. Salvia muirii

    Salvia muirii is a hardy, evergreen shrublet with light green, almost greyish small leaves. When crushed the leaves release a light, medicinal scent, reminiscent of Vicks. It has a persistent rootstock from which it re-sprouts if damaged. The spikes of intense blue flowers with white lips, are borne on a spike from mid-summer to autumn. They are quite large for the genus, and attract butterflies and bees in abundance.

    The plant is long-lived, drought-resistant and virtually pest free. Plant this useful garden and container plant in compost-rich, well-drained soil in full sun. Prune regularly to keep in shape and encourage flowering.

    Size: up to 30cm

  344. Tulbaghia violaceae Silver Lace

    Tulbaghia violacea ‘Silver Lace’ is a hardy, evergreen, tuft-forming, bulbous plant with strap-like, variegated grey and white leaves that are garlic-scented when bruised. Umbels of delicate, lilac to pink flowers on long stalks are borne mainly from January to April, although it will bloom on and off almost all year in cultivation. The flowers are sweetly-scented at night and make excellent cut flowers.

    When sitting outside, whack some of the leaves on your table or chair and this will deter flies and mosquitoes. The flowers are edible and look beautiful in salads. The leaves and bulb can be used as a garlic substitute in cooking. Used medicinally.

    Use in the garden as a companion plant, particularly to deter aphids. An ideal groundcover for difficult areas as it can thrive in very poor soils, although it is lush and flowers better in well-composted soil. Grows in full sun or semi-shade.

    Size: 10 to 25cm

  345. Psydrax obovata

    Psydrax obovata is a hardy, evergreen, medium sized, fairly fast-growing tree with angular branching patterns and almost white bark which becomes fissured with age.

    It bears dense clusters of small, white, tubular flowers from November to January which are sweetly scented and attract insects to the garden. These are followed by bunches of black, edible fruit that attract fruit eating birds.

    Although this tree can grow up to 12 meters tall with a fluted stem in forest conditions - in dry, cold places it is only a shrub. If allowed to branch from the bottom, it makes a wonderful dense screen. The beautiful stems make them perfect for planting in groves.

    It is an import element of the coastal dune forest, helping to stabilize the dunes.

    I will never forget these trees as I saw my first Bar-Throated Apalis hopping around in them, searching for insects.

    Plant in full sun or semi shade in well-drained compost rich soil.

    Size: 3 to 12m

  346. Ruschia hamata

    Ruschia hamata is a very hardy, small, evergreen succulent shrublet with small warty leaves. The slightly woody stems give it a weeping shape when cascading over rocks or the edge of a retaining wall. It is very drought tolerant.

    It bears such massed flowers that one cannot see the leaves. The beautiful fuchsia pink, glistening flowers adorn the plant in late spring and early summer. The flowers attract a whole host of insects which in turn attract wildlife to the garden. Plant a few together to maximize the show of flowers.

    Use in terraces, rock gardens and mixed dry succulent bed. With its cascading habit it is beautiful in a container.

    Plant in full sun in well-drained soil and be careful not to overwater.

    Size: 15 to 20cm

  347. Ruschia lineolata

    Ruschia lineolata is a hardy, small, evergreen succulent plant that forms matted cushions. It is very drought tolerant.

    It bears beautiful purple flowers with striped petals which are about 2cm in diameter. Their brilliant flowers are borne in winter. The flowers attract a whole host of insects which in turn attract wildlife to the garden.

    Their round cushion-shape make them ideal container plants. Mass plant in terraces, rock gardens and mixed beds. They can also be planted to help stabilize soil.

    Plant in full sun and be careful not to overwater.

    Size: Up to 10cm

  348. Ruschia macowanii

    Ruschia macowanii is a very hardy, small, evergreen succulent shrublet with small warty leaves. The slightly woody stems give it a weeping shape when cascading over rocks or the edge of a retaining wall. It is very drought tolerant.

    It bears such massed flowers that one cannot see the leaves. These beautiful, glistening Fuchsia pink flowers with a dark stripe, adorn the plant from July to October. The flowers attract a whole host of insects which in turn attract wildlife to the garden. Plant a few together to maximize the show of flowers.

  349. Arctotis hybrid ‘Bronze’

    Arctotis hybrid Bronze is a hardy, evergreen, drought resistant, spreading groundcover that has attractive grey foliage that stays quite compact and neat.

    It bears a multitude of colourful, large, daisy-like bronze-coloured flowers for most of the year.

    The flowers attract butterflies and other pollinating insects to the garden. Because of its free-flowering habit, it makes an excellent garden and container subject.

    Do not over-water and prune lightly and regularly to keep in shape.Remove the dead flowers regularly to encourage mass flowering.Plant in full sun or light semi-shade and in well-drained soil.

    Size: 25cm

  350. Cotyledon orbiculata Pigs Ear

    Cotyledon orbiculata Pigs Ear is a very hardy, evergreen, drought resistant, succulent shrublet that has smooth, round, green leaves that are edged with red.

    The umbels of pendulous, orange-red flowers grow on long stalks and are borne from June to August.

    The nectar in the flowers attracts birds, bees and other insects. It is also an important medicinal plant.

    This plant looks great planted in pockets in a rock garden. It is a very variable plant and there are many different sub-species and forms.

    Plant in sun or semi-shade in well-drained soil .

    Size: 40 to 80cm

  351. Senecio serpens

    Senecio serpens is a hardy, evergreen, succulent perennial that branches from the base and roots wherever the stems touch the ground. Fleshy blue-grey, cylindrical, long, finger-like leaves are held pointing upwards, and are spirally arranged around the stems.

    Small, insignificant, white flowers arise at the tips of the stems in spring.

    Makes a good container plant and is a wonderful plant to use for colour and textural contrast in most parts of the garden.

    Plant in sun or semi-shade in well-drained soil.

    Size: 25 to 60cm

  352. Senecio tamoides Variegated

    Senecio tamoides 'Variegated' is a hardy, semi-succulent climber that grows in semi-shade or sun. It is evergreen and has lovely glossy, subtle pale-yellow, and green large leaves.

    Huge flower heads of bright yellow daisy-like flowers are borne from March to July, are sweetly scented and attract insects to the garden.

    Used medicinally.

    It makes a beautiful container plant and is beautiful cascading over retaining walls or create a gorgeous climber. Once a year, they should be pruned lightly to keep them looking neat and tidy.

    This easy beautiful plant is best planted in semi shade.

    Size: Up to 4 meters

  353. Senecio vitalis

    Senecio vitalis is a hardy, evergreen, succulent that has gorgeous blue-grey, long finger-like leaves along the multiple stems.

    The daisy-like, cream flowers are borne from September to November which attract insects.

    The value of this plant is its wonderful foliage with which one can create colour and texture in a succulent bed or rockery. It is also a beautiful container plant.

    Plant in well-drained soil in sun.

    Size: up to 90cm

  354. Syzygium guineense

    Syzygium guineense is a hardy, small to medium sized, fast-growing, very attractive, evergreen tree with a weeping habit, that can be grown in wet areas and even in shallow water. The bark on young trees is silver becoming pale-grey and patched with many different lichens with age. The grey-green leaves are red when they first appear.

    The heavily scented white flowers with copious nectar have conspicuous, fluffy stamens and are borne in large heads on the tips of the branches from October to May.

    The decorative, edible, shiny, bright-purple fruit are borne in December which turn the tree into a natural Christmas tree. Birds such as bulbuls, starlings, mousebirds and barbets relish the fruit while the fallen fruit is eaten by guinea fowl and francolin. Fruit bats and bush babies also feast on the fruit.

    It is the host plant to the Apricot and Brown Playboy Butterflies.

    The plant also has many traditional and medicinal uses.

    This very variable species can be grown near water as a single specimen or in clumps to create a forest feel.

    Plant in sun or semi-shade.

    Size up to 10 meters.

  355. Thunbergia alata Colorado Glow

    Thunbergia alata Orange, Pink, Yellow, Colorado Glow is a hardy, evergreen, twining climber that has attractive, bright-green, heart-shaped leaves.

    Throughout the year, but particularly in summer and autumn, it produces masses of orange, pink, yellow or 'colorado glow' trumpet-shaped flowers with a dark, purple-brown tube. These flowers attract tiny insects to the garden. Both pink and yellow forms of this plant are available.

    This useful plant can be used as a groundcover, to cover a fence, climb a trellis, to tumble over a terraced wall or out of a hanging basket. When in flower this is an exceptionally attractive plant for semi-shade or shady areas.

    Prune back quite hard once a year to encourage flowering.

    It is fast-growing and requires well-drained soil and only moderate water.

    Size: 1 to 4 meters or as tall as the support.

  356. Pavetta gardenifolia

    Pavetta gardeniifolia is a hardy, deciduous, sometimes evergreen large shrub or small tree with glossy dark green leaves.

    The beautiful clusters of creamy-white, sweetly scented, nectar- rich flowers are borne at Christmas (November to January) hence the common name. The flowers attract a whole host of birds including sunbirds and insects that feast on the nectar. The black fruits that follow are edible and attract fruit eating birds.

    Plant in sun or semi shade in well composted soil.

    It is a little slow growing but very worthwhile.

    Size: 2 to 4 meters

  357. Rhoicissus digitata

    Rhoicissus digitata is a hardy, evergreen, robust, woody climber that has attractive foliage. The three or five-partite glossy leaves have russet colored new growth and tendrils for climbing. It can climb up to 10 meters or more or make a mounding shrub about 1.5

  358. Watsonia pillansii

    Watsonia pillansii is a very hardy, robust, evergreen, clump-forming, bulbous Watsonia with pale green, slightly twisted strap-like leaves.

    It bears spikes of orange flowers on and off all year with its peak flowering time from September to April.

    It grows and flowers best when it has compost rich soil, sufficient water and sun, although it tolerates semi-shade as well.

    It makes a good accent plant, but is also beautiful for mass planting and retaining soil on banks. It adds structure and form on the dry edges of ponds.

    A popular garden plant and a good cut flower.

    Size: Up to 1 meter

  359. Oscularia deltoides[=Lampranthus deltoides]

    Oscularia deltoides is a hardy, evergreen, succulent groundcover with short, greyish-green, three-angled leaves that have tiny, red teeth and red stems, which make this a pretty foliage and textural plant.

    The small, dazzling, bright, pink or white flowers glisten in the sun and are borne en masse from June to December. As with most Vygies the flowers close at night.The flowers attract pollinating insects to the garden.

    An easy, useful succulent groundcover that can be planted in sunny rock gardens or used to stabilise embankments.Not only are they a great garden plant but are excellent container plants as well.

    Plant in well-drained soil in a sunny position for best results.

    Size: 10 to 25cm

  360. Nerine platypetala

    This Wakkerstroom endemic is a very hardy, deciduous bulbous plant with bright green almost grass-like leaves.

    From September to November, it bears umbels with clusters of very pretty pink flowers, on a long stem held well above the plant that nod in the wind. They attract pollinating insects.

    This little known species is semi aquatic and can be used in shallow ponds, areas at the edges of ponds or in marshy conditions. Even though they are deciduous they do not require a dry period as they grow on the edges of perennial marshes.

    Size: flowering stem up to 40cm

     

  361. Geranium caffrum

    Geranium caffrum is a very hardy, evergreen, fast-growing sprawling perennial plant that has beautiful, round leaves that are deeply cleft. The foliage is grey green, and it adds an attractive soft texture to the garden.

    It bears masses of purple flowers with dark purple markings in spring and summer. It attracts insects and butterflies to the garden.

    This plant is very versatile and does well planted on banks, in hanging baskets and containers.

    Prune lightly after flowering. It is not fussy about soil conditions but will not tolerate wet soil. It is at its best in full sun.

    Size: Up to 30cm

  362. Gazania rigens leucolaena Pink

    Gazania rigens leucolaena pink is a hardy, evergreen, drought resistant, creeping groundcover with attractive silvery-grey leaves.

    They are free flowering with beautiful, pink flowers which are borne from August to February.

    The flowers close in low light so they need to be planted in full sun. Remove the dead flowers to promote a long and floriferous flowering season.

    Needs well-drained soil. Ideal for rockeries and containers and for stabilizing soil on banks.

    Size:15-30cm

  363. Euphorbia lydenburgensis

    Euphorbia lydenburgensis is a hardy, evergreen, much-branched spiny succulent shrub which develops a flat crown. It has 4-angled, thin, greenish yellow branchlets with dark-brown spines running along the ridges.

    It bears small, bright yellow flowers, also along the ridges with the spines from September to November. The flowers attract tiny pollinating insects.

    Plant in a succulent bed, rockery or container. It requires well-drained soil and place in sun or very light dappled shade.

    Size: 0.6

  364. Eragrostis curvula

    Eragrostis curvula is a  hardy, densely tufted, densely leafy, robust but graceful grass with a graceful, weeping habit.

    The tall panicles of dainty seeds are borne from August to June.

    An attractive garden subject that will encourage seed-eating birds to visit the garden.

  365. Dichrostachys cinerea

    Dichrostachys cinerea is a hardy, deciduous, multi-stemmed shrub or small tree with fine feathery Acacia-like leaves and rough fissured bark. The small tough branchlets end in sharp points.

    It bears beautiful, elongated, puffball, bi-coloured, pink and yellow pendulous flowers from September to February. It then produces distinctive sickle shaped pods that are coiled into each other.

    This plant will quickly grow into dense stands in disturbed areas, where its nitrogen fixing ability will help restore the soil. Use as a small specimen tree where its shape and flowers will delight you or create beautiful bonsai with this plant. It also makes a great addition to a barrier planting.

    Plant this drought-resistant plant in full sun or partial shade and prune regularly to keep in shape.

    Size: 3 to 7 meter.

  366. Cyperus laevigatus

    Cyperus laevigatus is a hardy, evergreen, water loving sedge with bright green stems and two leaf-like bracts at the tip.

    It bears attractive spikelets at the tip of the stem that vary in colour from green, reddish brown to dark brown almost all year round.

    This is a cosmopolitan species that grows best in moist areas and even in shallow water.

    It is also found on the sea shore and thrives in both fresh and brackish alkaline water.

    This medium sized sedge is a useful water plant for smaller gardens.

    Extensively used for weaving mats.

    Size 35 to 60cm

  367. Cyperus alternifolius

    Cyperus alternifolius is a hardy, evergreen, medium sized sedge with a long green stem topped with a circle of flat green bracts at the end of each stem.

    The clusters of brown flowers stand out above the green bracts in summer.

  368. Cyperus alternifolius nana

    Cyperus alternifolius nana is a hardy, evergreen, miniature sedge with a green stem topped with a circle of flat green bracts at the end of each stem.

    The clusters of brown flowers stand out above the green bracts in summer. Ideal for water edges, and wetland gardens. Prune regularly to keep it looking neat.

    This Cyperus is a fast spreader and the rhizomes will cover an area rapidly.

    (It may need to be thinned out periodically.)

    Plant in sun or semi-shade.

    Size: Up to 30cm

  369. Barleria obtusa White

    Barleria obtusa 'White' is a hardy, evergreen, small, drought resistant, herbaceous shrublet that tends to sprawl.

    It blooms profusely with white flowers in autumn and has a few flowers most of the year round. It is a butterfly host plant, as well as being heavily browsed by both stock and game animals.

    It grows well in sun or semi-shade but blooms more profusely in the sun.

    Prune back hard after flowering to keep it in shape and encourage flowering the next season.

    Size: 30 to 75cm

  370. Allophylus natalensis

    Allophylus natalensis is a hardy, evergreen shrub or small tree with smooth or wrinkled, greyish-brown bark. It has a dense crown of firm, shiny, dark green, Searsia (Rhus)-like, trifoliate leaves.

    Massed clusters of small whitish green, sweetly scented flowers are borne from March to July and attract butterflies and other insects.

    The clusters of conspicuous shiny red, edible berries can weigh the branches down. They make a lovely show from June to August and attract birds.

    A beautiful tree for small gardens as well as a great screening plant that can also form a decorative, specimen shrub once established.

    Plant in sun or shade, in well drained soil.

    Size: 2 to 5 meter

  371. Panicum maximum

    Panicum maximum is a very hardy, evergreen, clump-forming, robust, densely-leafy, perennial grass. It bears delicate, flowering stems of tiny creamy-coloured seeds with purple sheaths.

    From September to March it produces flowers and seeds that the seed-eating birds go mad for. A must for a bird garden as both food and nesting-material plant. It is the host plant of the Eyed Brown butterfly. An excellent grazing grass.

    Plant around ponds, in a grassland or even under trees, where it grows well in shade, semi-shade or sun. Cut back to 5 to 10cm above ground level in winter and remove the thatch.

  372. Aristida congesta congesta

    Aristida congesta subsp. congesta is a very hardy, delicate, perennial, tufted grass with long white hairs where the leaf meets the stem.

    It bears compact spikelets at the tips of the stems from Dec. to Jun.This tough pioneer grass can be used to stabilise soil or cover bare patches to protect the soil. It is pretty planted amongst flowering plants in a meadow garden or in a grassland garden.

    It is unfussy about the soil type it is planted in and will thrive in all but waterlogged soils. As with all grasses it should be cut back once a year and raked to remove the thatch.

    Size: Flowering stem up to 90cm

  373. Eucomis Pallidiflora pole evansii

    Eucomis pallidiflora subs. pole-evansii is a very hardy, deciduous, tall, robust plant with broad, shiny, strap-shaped leaves that have finely crimped edges near the base and form a large tuft on the ground, standing up at an angle to the soil.

    A thick, tall flower stalk bears masses of greenish white open flowers in a spiral from December to April. These are followed by purple seed capsules. The flower stem often needs staking as it falls over from the weight of the flowers.

    It continues to be decorative while the large fruit develop in the middle of the flowers.

    Size: Up to 2m

  374. Aloe burgersfortensis

    Aloe burgersfortensis is a hardy, quite small, drought resistant stemless aloe that grows singly or in groups. The leaves are variable and can be from dull brownish-green to bright green with few white spots.

    Red flowers are arranged on a tall, branched flowering stem in June and July and attract insects and sunbirds.

    This is a common Aloe in the Burgersfort, Steelpoort and Barberton areas. Planted in well-drained soil in large numbers in full sun or partial shade they will brighten up a winter garden.

    Size: 20 to 30cm

  375. Buxus macowanii

    Buxus macowanii is a hardy, evergreen, slow growing, small tree that has a slender upright stem and a dense, rounded crown of stiff, leathery, shiny leaves.

    The clusters of small flowers are borne from July to October. Only one flower of each cluster is female and bears a seed. The beautiful wood was used to such an extent that it was a protected species, but is no longer be exploited for its timber.

    Very attractive garden or container plant. It can also be clipped into a low hedge, and often grows in pure stands in nature.

    It tolerates deep shade, so is a suitable indoor plant. Plant in shade to semi-shade, in well-drained, loamy soil.

  376. Pelargonium abrotanifolium

    Pelargonium abrotanifolium is a very hardy, evergreen, erect, much branched shrublet with deeply incised, grey feathery foliage that is both beautiful and delightfully scented.

    The flowers, which are borne throughout the year, vary in colour from shades of white or pink to mauve with purple or purplish-red streaks.

    This shrublet is very long lived and water wise. Nip the tips to encourage it to branch out. This beautiful, tough little plant requires little attention and will give years of pleasure. Plant in well-drained soil in sun or semi shade.

    Size: Up to 50cm

     

  377. Ledebouria ovalifolia

    Ledebouria ovalifolia is a bulbous plant that is common in grasslands. The interestingly oval,  spotted leaves grow prostrate on the ground, usually sending up delicate sprays of scented flowers, before the rain.

    These are followed by a rosette of leaves with purple undersides and a myriad of different patterns on the foliage.

    As this plant is very flat and small it is best suited to container growing planted in between interesting rocks or in a rockery bed or retaining wall where its foliage and tiny flowers can best be displayed. Requires full to partial sun.

  378. Clematopsis scabiosifolia

    Clematopsis scabiosifolia-Clematis villosa is a deciduous shrub that grows to roughly 1m tall and is found in grassland where sandy soils and rock outcrops are present. The plant has a woody rootstock to enable it to survive fires and frost.

    In spring it flushes with feathery leaves and has striking pendulous pink to mauve tinged flowers. The upright, fluffy, silver white fruiting heads are very characteristic of this species making it very conspicuous in the landscape when in seed.

    This plant is an interesting addition to a hot dry bed, suitable for poor sandy soils. Requires full to very light shade.

    Size:1m

  379. Englerophytym magaliesmontanum

    Englerophytum magalismontanum is a hardy, evergreen small to medium sized slow growing tree that is mostly multistemmed. It has smooth, greyish bark. The leathery young leaves are a lovely bronze colour and turn glossy, blue-green with a waxy bloom as they mature. This bloom gives the tree a silvery look.

    The small, brownish-pink star-shaped flowers have a musty smell and are clustered along the stems from June to December. They are followed by delicious, edible bright red berries also borne densely clustered along the stems hence the common name Stamvrug (stem fruit).It is host to Boisduval's False Acraea butterfly and the fruit is relished by birds and other wildlife.

    It grows particularly well in rocky situations. It is normally a large shrub except in forested areas where it can reach 10 to 15m.

    A delicious jam or syrup can be made from the fruit. It also has many medicinal uses.

    Plant in sun or semi-shade.

    Size: 3 to 4m