Sclerochiton kirkii is a hardy, upright, evergreen shrub with bright green, glossy foliage.
It bears clusters of beautiful large sky-blue flowers which look like a hand in summer and autumn.
Plant in semi shade or shade in compost rich soil.
Plectranthus verticillatus is a fairly hardy, evergreen, flat, creeping, fast growing groundcover with soft, fleshy, round leaves.
The spikes of white-mauve flowers that are borne from January to May attract a whole host of butterflies and insects.
It is ideal for hanging baskets and prefers to grow in shade or semi-shade in well-drained, well-composted soil in moist conditions.
Prune back after flowering.
Size 15 to 25cm
Crinum moorei is a hardy, evergreen or semi-deciduous, very fast-growing bulb with beautiful broad, flat, bright-green leaves in a rosette on the end of a short stalk.
The long, flowering stalk carries a head of large, tubular flowers that form a beautiful umbel of pink to almost white flowers from October to January.
Podocarpus henkelii is a very hardy, evergreen, large decorative, beautifully-shaped tree and is one of our best-known indigenous trees. The bark is khaki brown that, when it matures, flakes into long, thin strips which expose the attractive reddish underbark. It has long, drooping, narrow, dark-green leaves.
The female cones develop into olive-green seed that ripens in May.
Although it is quite slow-growing it does develop into a huge forest tree that is only suitable for large gardens. For small gardens plant it in a large container to limit its size. In a container, it makes a great Christmas tree when decked out in its finery.
Plant in either east- or south-facing areas as it prefers damp, cool and shady conditions. If planted as a single specimen in the middle of lawn, remove at least 1.5m diameter of lawn around the tree, as its roots cannot compete with lawn. Mulch and water well or it will not grow properly. Always mulch the soil around the trees as this it keeps the roots cool.
Size: 20 to 30m
Peddiea africana is a fairly hardy (not frost hardy), small, slender tree or large shrub, with dark grey-brown, fibrous bark. The shiny, dark green leaves are clustered at the ends of branches. New leaves are a shiny, pale green, giving a decorative contrast of foliage on the plant.
The clusters of yellowish-green flowers (Sept. to Feb.)
Cyperus papyrus is a hardy, evergreen sedge. It is the largest sedge in Africa.It forms clumps of tall, green, bare stems, topped by heads of grass-like flower spikelets, giving it a mop-like appearance.
Attracts many birds such as weavers, waders and water birds.A
Dovyalis longispina is a hardy, evergreen to semi-deciduous shrub or small to medium-sized tree with glossy, dark-green, roundish, shiny leaves. The new growth is red.
The small whitish-yellow flowers appear in clusters from August to October Male and female flowers are on separate plants, therefore only female plants will bear fruit. The leaves drop during flowering but new leaves re-appear immediately.
The delicious, edible fruit is a beautiful pale red with white spots (they look a lot like strawberries).
The long, thin spines make this an ideal plant for a security hedge, but it is also an attractive garden plant. Attracts birds to the garden.
Plant in full sun or semi-shade in sandy or well-drained soil.
Size: 5 to 8m
Chlorophytum comosum vitatum is a fairly hardy, evergreen tufted perennial with swollen roots and strap-like, variegated leaves in a basal rosette.
The white and green variegated leaves will lighten up dark areas under trees where these plants thrive although they grow well in sun as well.
White starry flowers adorn an arching flowering stem throughout the year.
Impatiens hochstetterii is a fairly hardy, semi deciduous, soft herbaceous perennial. It has attractive glossy leaves with a pinkish petiole.
It bears masses of pretty, small, solitary mauve to pink flowers from October. to April.
Dracaena mannii is a hardy, evergreen small to medium-sized tree with long, linear leaves that are clustered at the tips of the branches. This growth habit makes it a wonderful form plant.
In September and October, it bears spikes of sweetly scented, pure-white to cream flowers at the tips of the branches. The scented flowers open at night implying that they are moth pollinated. These are followed by large brown berries that, as they ripen, become bright-orange and then red.
This is another attractive feature of a stunning plant as is the white papery bark. Birds relish the seeds.They also make beautiful container plants.
Plant in shady areas in the garden to create some form.
Size: up to 5m
Ficus sur is a fairly hardy, semi-deciduous, large tree with smooth grey bark. The thin, leathery leaves are dark almost grey-green and paler green beneath which make the tree shimmer in the wind. In spring the new leaves flush the tree with a beautiful coppery colour.
The figs are borne throughout the year on heavy, long branches off the main stems. The figs are, in fact, inverted flowers which bear tiny seeds on the inside. The sweet, edible, insect-filled fruits attract a myriad of birds to the garden.
It has many traditional and medicinal uses.
Do not plant figs near walls, pools, pipes or paving.
Plant in sum, semi-shade or shade in well-composted soil.
Size: 10 to 35m
Croton sylvaticus is a semi-hardy, occasionally deciduous trees with a dense crown of attractive large, bicoloured leaves that smell of almonds when crushed.
The spikes of creamy coloured flowers are carried long stalks are from September to January. Although the flowers are fairly nondescript they are followed by long bunches of apricot-orange coloured fruit that adorn the tree for many months.
Plant in well-drained soil in a protected position.
The seeds attract birds and it is also an important butterfly host plant.
Size: 7 to 13m
Clivia robusta is a fairly hardy, evergreen perennial with dark, strap-shaped leaves.
It sends out side shoots to form quite large robust clumps that can reach up to 1.6m tall and produce buttress roots.
Metarungia galpinii is a large shrub that has beautiful, quilted foliage. This rare and endangered shrub is not often found in cultivation. The flower spikes are held upright at the tips of the stems like candles. They are borne in February and March and, at other times, only after rain. The flower spike has green bracts with dense white hairs on the margins, giving quite a pale colour in contrast to the dark leaves. The light terracotta flowers are carried along the length of the spike.
These features make this a truly beautiful plant for use as a backdrop in shade or as a magnificent single specimen. It grows well in containers as well.
Prune lightly after flowering.
Plant in shade or semi-shade in well composted soil.
Size: up to 3m
Plectranthus species Pink Surprise is a fairly hardy, evergreen, fast-growing, flat creeping, groundcover with soft, fleshy, round leaves that have scalloped edges.
The dainty spikes of white-mauve flowers that are borne from January to May attract a whole host of butterflies and insects. Prune back after flowering.
It is ideal for hanging baskets and tumbling down shady banks. Grow in shade or semi-shade in well-drained, well-composted soil in moist conditions.
Size: 15 to 25cm
Plectranthus saccatus 'Purple' is a fairly hardy, evergreen, fast-growing perennial, with pale lime-green leaves.
It has massed sprays of purple flowers in autumn. It looks beautiful when planted in groups and makes an excellent container plant. A white flowered form is also cultivated. Cut back after flowering to keep it looking neat.
It attracts insects and butterflies and therefore also attracts insectivorous birds to the garden.
It should be planted in light shade in well-drained, well-composted soil and watered well in summer.
Plectranthus saccatus White is a fairly hardy, evergreen, fast growing perennial with pale lime-green leaves. It has massed sprays of white flowers in autumn.
It attracts insects and butterflies and therefore also attracts insectivorous birds.
It is beautiful in a shade to semi-shade garden and also makes an excellent container plant. Cut back after flowering to keep neat.
It should be planted in light shade in well-drained, composted soil and watered well in summer.
A purple flowered form is also cultivated.
Chlorophytum comosum is a fairly hardy, evergreen, tufted perennial with swollen roots and strap-like, bright-green leaves in a basal rosette.
White starry flowers adorn an arching flowering stem throughout the year. The tuft of leaves at the tip of each flowering stem roots where it touches the ground.
The 'kuikens' are gorgeous in flower arrangements.
An ideal plant for dry shade areas under trees, in a mixed bed or in hanging baskets. They thrive in dark areas under trees although they tolerate some sun as well.
Water regularly and prune back quite severely when it looks scruffy, and it will come back beautifully.
As the leaves are soft, keep them out of high traffic areas.
Size: up to 40cm
Dissotis princeps is a fairly hardy soft herbaceous shrub that has gorgeous mauve or white flowers in summer and autumn.Its stems are angular when young and the whole plant is covered in short, bristly hairs.
It is a must for any kind of water garden, planted in damp soil e.g. in the overflow from a pond or beside a stream. It can be planted in the regular garden or herbaceous border but to perform at its best it must be well-watered.
It makes a good container plant but must be well fed and well watered.For best results prune back hard in winter and make sure it has sufficient water.