Search Indigenous Plant Attributes

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  1. Bauhinia bowkeri

    Bauhinia bowkeri is a hardy, semi-deciduous, scrambling shrub or small tree with bright green, glossy bi-lobed leaves that look like butterfly wings.

    It bears big, frilly white flowers that are sweetly scented from October to December. This plant is spectacular when in flower. Plant in sun or semi-shade in well-drained soil.

    They look wonderful in an informal hedge, as a backdrop or low screen or climbing up trees giving a real forested feel.

  2. Ziziphus mucronata

    Ziziphus mucronata is a very hardy, deciduous, small to medium sized tree with both hook and straight thorns. The glossy leaves turn a beautiful, golden yellow in autumn.

    It has attractive, small, yellowish flowers from October to January and hard, round, reddish-brown berries with a sweet, powdery pulp, which are known to be used as a kind of porridge.

  3. Aloe barberae bainesii

    Aloe barberae (bainesii) is a surprisingly hardy, large, evergreen, tree-like Aloe, which can tolerate high rainfall.

  4. Scolopia mundii

    Scolopia mundtii is a very hardy, evergreen to semi-deciduous, medium growing, small or medium sized tree which is rare and even more rare in cultivation.

    The coppice shoots of this tree have spines which soon disappear.

  5. Dombeya tiliacea

    Dombeya tiliacea is a hardy, deciduous, small tree or multi-stemmed shrub with dark, heart-shaped, thinly textured leaves and dark fissured bark.

  6. Millettia grandis

    Milletia grandis is a hardy, decorative, medium sized, briefly deciduous tree that has a dense spreading crown.

    The new growth of the large leaves is a beautiful bronze colour when they first unfurl in spring and then turn almost lime green, darkening with age.

    It has large, magnificent, erect spikes of purple pea-like flowers that stand out well above the leaves from November to March – a sight to behold.

    These are followed by attractive, large velvety, brown pods - another striking feature of this beautiful tree.

  7. Galpinia transvaalica

    Galpinia transvaalica is a hardy, decorative, thickset, small to medium sized, sometimes multi-stemmed, evergreen tree. It has waxy, glossy, wavy-edged leaves that flush an amazing red in spring.

    Showy white flowers are borne from December to April which attract insects to the garden.

    It is also a butterfly host tree. A quick growing small to medium sized tree that makes a good container plant.

    It can also be pruned into an attractive, formal hedge in sun or semi-shade.

    Size 3 to 10 m

  8. Heteromorpha trifoliata abyssinica

    Heteromorpha trifoliata is a slender, very hardy, deciduous, drought resistant, fast growing tree.

  9. Indigofera frutescens

    Indigofera frutescens is a hardy, semi-deciduous, graceful, small tree with delicate compound leaves and attractive bark.

  10. Kiggelaria africana

    Kiggelaria africana is a very hardy, evergreen to semi-deciduous, fast growing, medium to large sized tree which has very variable leaves.

    Small, yellow flowers are borne from August to January, sexes are on separate trees, with solitary, larger, pendulous female flowers and smaller male flowers in clusters.

  11. Acacia davyi

    Acacia davyi (=Vachellia Davyi) is a hardy, drought resistant, deciduous, small Acacia with distinctive yellow or light brown, corky bark on the stems and branches.

    It has clusters of bright yellow puffball flowers on the ends of the branches from December to February, which attract insects to the garden.

  12. Faidherbia albida

    Faidherbia albida is a hardy, drought resistant, fast growing, large thorn tree that is deciduous at various times of the year - sometimes summer and sometimes winter.

    This seems to coincide with seasonal flooding.

  13. Euclea crispa

    Euclea crispa is a very hardy, drought resistant, small evergreen tree has a white stem and beautiful blue-green or olive-green leaves.

  14. Buddleja saligna

    Buddleja saligna is a very hardy, evergreen, fast growing, drought resistant tree with silver-grey leaves and beautiful twisted bark that looks almost woven.

    It bears profuse panicles of sweetly scented, white flowers from August to January that attract insects and birds.

  15. Calpurnia aurea

    Calpurnia aurea is a hardy, evergreen, fast growing, graceful shrub or small tree with bright, emerald green foliage.

  16. Bersama lucens

    Bersama lucens is a fairly hardy, evergreen, small, compact tree with a well-developed crown and beautiful blotchy, wrinkled, grey bark.

    The young leaves are a brilliant glossy russet brown, turning dark green when mature.

    The small greenish white flowers, in long narrow heads, appear from September to June and are followed by green capsules that split to reveal scarlet seeds that attract birds.

    The bark is sought after in traditional medicine and this species is becoming increasingly rare.

    It is a beautiful, decorative tree for a shady to semi-shady part of the garden.

  17. Chionanthus foveolatus

    Chionanthus foveolatus is a fairly hardy, evergreen, forest tree that varies hugely in size depending on where it grows.

    In forests it is huge but in gardens in Gauteng will probably not grow more than 10m tall.

  18. Canthium gilfillanii

    Canthium gilfillanii is a very hardy, evergreen, drought resistant tree with interesting, angular branching patterns and beautiful silver bark.

    It has small greenish flowers from August to December. which attract insects.

  19. Catha edulis

    Catha edulis is a small, hardy, fast-growing, evergreen to semi deciduous tree that has a lovely slender shape.

    The glossy green leaves and young branches droop, giving the tree a graceful, weeping look.

  20. Celtis africana

    Celtis africana is a very hardy, deciduous, graceful, drought resistant, large tree.

  21. Combretum erythrophyllum

    Combretum erythrophyllum is a very hardy, fast growing, deciduous, drought resistant, medium to large tree with dense foliage that has yellow to red autumn colours.

    It bears inconspicuous, whitish puffball flowers from September to November, that are wonderfully fragrant.

  22. Combretum krausii

    Combretum krausii is a hardy, fast growing, semi-deciduous tree with glossy dark green leaves that turn vivid red and purple in autumn.

  23. Cordia caffra

    Cordia caffra is a hardy, fast growing small to medium sized deciduous tree with attractive, distinctive, mottled and flaky bark.

    The attractive, drooping, glossy leaves have long petioles and wave in the slightest breeze, adding movement to the garden.

    It has creamy-white, sweetly scented flowers in September and October that attract insects to the garden.

  24. Cryptocarya transvaalensis

    Cryptocarya transvaalensis is a hardy, evergreen tree with beautiful glossy dark green foliage.

  25. Cunonia capensis

    Cunonia capensis is a hardy, evergreen, fast growing, small to medium sized tree.

    The beautiful compound leaves have red petioles and large, red, spoon-shaped stipules that give the tree an overall reddish look and make this a beautiful foliage plant.

    It blooms profusely with white, sweetly scented, upright ‘bottlebrush’ flowers from February to May that attract a myriad of insects and butterflies. The fruit attracts birds to the garden.

    A handsome tree and good garden subject, which needs a cool, moist area.

  26. Curtisia dentata

    Curtisia dentata is a medium-sized, hardy, evergreen tree that can grow quite large in moist forested areas.

  27. Cussonia thyrsiflora

    Cussonia thyrsiflora is a hardy, evergreen scrambling shrub or small tree that tends to creep along the ground.

    It has large dark green glossy leaves.

  28. Dais cotinifolia

    Dais cotinifolia is  a very hardy, fast growing, deciduous, small tree with attractive slightly blue green leaves.

    In spring it has scattered pink leaves in the crown adding to the interest.

  29. Deinbollia oblongifolia

    Deinbollia oblongifolia is a hardy, briefly deciduous, shrub or small tree with large decorative, dark green leaves crowded at the ends of the branches.

    The pyramids of white flowers, which stand out above the leaves, are borne from March to June and are followed by white, fruit that is much favoured by birds.

    Lichens readily grow on the bark giving it a lovely mottled effect.

    One of the best plants for attracting butterflies, moths, other insects and birds to the garden.

    An attractive garden plant for shady areas that also makes a good container plant for indoors.

    Traditionally the seeds are used to make soap, the leaves eaten as spinach and the roots used medicinally.

    Size 1.5

  30. Diospyros whyteana

    Diospyros whyteana is a large, hardy, very decorative, evergreen shrub or small tree with glossy, almost mirror-like, dark green leaves.

    The clusters of small, fragrant, bell-like white flowers are borne from July to October The fruits are red when ripe, enclosed by bladder-like structures.

  31. Dombeya rotundifolia

    Dombeya rotundifolia is a very hardy, deciduous, drought and fire resistant, upright tree. It has round, leathery, rough leaves, and attractive, rough, fissured bark which is utilized by Woodpeckers.

    This is one of the first trees to bloom in spring where it stands out on the bare hillsides in snowy white patches. Showy clusters of sweetly scented white flowers start blooming in profusion on the bare branches in July and continue well into September before the leaves appear.

  32. Ekebergia capensis

    Ekebergia capensis is a fairly hardy, semi-deciduous, lush, medium sized, good shade tree with decorative berries that are much favoured by birds.

    The small, scented greenish-white flowers appear from August to December.

  33. Erythrina lysistemon

    Erythrina lysistemon is a hardy, deciduous tree with large trifoliate leaves.

  34. Euclea natalensis

    Euclea natalensis is a hardy, evergreen, very attractive shrub or small to medium sized tree (depending on where in grows).

  35. Agathosma ovata

    Agathosma ovata is a very hardy, evergreen, small shrub that has small dainty, leathery leaves that are aromatic, and when crushed they have a lovely citrus scent.

    It bears profuse sprays of star-shaped, pale pink to white flowers that almost obscure the leaves at their peak flowering time in winter, although they have a few flowers throughout the year. They attract a myriad of insects to the garden.

    Makes a good cut flower and container plant.

  36. Gonioma kamassii

    Gonioma kamassii is a species that is endemic to South Africa.

    It is a fairly hardy, evergreen shrub or small tree with a dense crown of leathery, shiny, dark green leaves. The bark is smooth at first, aging to scale-like fissures.

    Clusters of small, white, wonderfully scented flowers are borne throughout the year but with a peak in October.

  37. Gymnosporia buxifolia

    Gymnosporia buxifolia is a very hardy, drought resistant, semi-deciduous, small tree or large shrub. It is armed with formidable long, straight spines.

    Blooms profusely with white flowers that cover the branches from August to March.

  38. Halleria lucida

    Halleria lucida is a hardy, evergreen, small to medium sized tree with attractive foliage and a graceful drooping habit.

  39. Harpephyllum caffrum

    Harpephyllum caffrum is a fairly hardy, large evergreen tree. It has attractive dark foliage with the odd red leaf in the crown.

    The small yellowish-green flowers are borne in terminal sprays from October to February. Male and female flowers are on separate trees, therefore only female plants bear fruit

    Fleshy red berries follow the flowers and attract many fruit eating birds to the garden.

  40. Heteropyxis canescens

    Heteropyxis canescens is a rare, hardy, small, semi-deciduous tree that occurs in forested ravines and riverine forests in a restricted area of Mpumalanga and Swaziland.

    It has beautiful, sparkling, beige bark that flakes off in patches leaving attractive blotches.

    The quite large, decorative leaves have interesting venation and smell of lavender when crushed.

  41. Apodytes dimidiata

    Apodytes dimidiata is a hardy, evergreen, beautifully shaped, fairly fast growing tree with dense, glossy, dark green foliage.

    Densely clustered spikes of strongly scented, snow-white flowers that are borne from September to April, especially after good rains.

  42. Kigelia africana

    Kigelia africana is a fairly hardy, very fast growing, briefly deciduous, medium sized tree. It has a straight stem and a rounded crown. The large compound leaves are clustered at the ends of the branches with lovely coppery coloured new growth.

  43. Loxostylis alata

    Loxostylis alata is a fairly hardy, evergreen, small to medium sized decorative tree with corky grey bark.

    It bears sprays of pretty white, scented flowers from October to April.

  44. Mimusops caffra

    Mimusops caffra is a hardy, medium-sized to large, evergreen tree with a dense neat crown of attractive grey-green leaves.

    This tree tolerates heavy salt spray and this same mechanism allows it to tolerate quite a lot of frost even though it is a plant of the dune forest.

    It bears creamy white flowers from September to December which attract, bees, carpenter bees and sunbirds.

  45. Mimusops zeyheri

    Mimusops zeyheri is a semi-hardy, drought resistant, fairly fast growing decorative tree that has a spreading, densely rounded, evergreen crown and deeply grooved bark.

  46. Ochna natalitia

    Ochna natalitia is a hardy, semi-deciduous, large shrub with glossy leaves that flush red in spring.

  47. Freylinia tropica Blue

    Freylinia tropica "Blue" is a very hardy, evergreen, slender shrub that has spreading branches, smooth grey bark and shiny, bright green leaves.

    It blooms profusely in late winter when little else is flowering but does bear some bright blue flowers throughout the year.

    It makes a good screen plant and can be clipped into a formal hedge or used in an informal hedge. It also makes a beautiful container plant.

    It grows in sun or semi-shade.

    Attracts insects and butterflies to the garden.

    Size 1 to 3m

  48. Olinia emarginata

    Olinia emarginata is a very frost-hardy, evergreen small to medium sized tree that can grow into a huge tree in forest situations.

  49. Pappea capensis

    Pappea capensis is a hardy, evergreen, very attractive, small to medium sized, neatly shaped, dense tree.

  50. Pittosporum viridiflorum

    Pittosporum viridiflorum is a very hardy, evergreen, small to medium-sized, well-shaped tree with glossy leaves that have a resinous smell when crushed.

    The bark has small pits in it and is an attractive feature of this tree. It is grey in young trees and becomes darker, rough and slightly fissured in mature specimens, and smells slightly of liquorice.

    The dense clusters of sweetly scented, cream flowers are borne from September to November and are followed by brilliant red, sticky fruit in yellow-green capsules, that attracts birds.

    A beautiful garden tree, which can be grown in sun or semi-shade, and can be used in forest and bush clumps as well as being used as a hedge plant. Wonderful shade tree, and with its non-aggressive root system is ideal for small gardens and containers.

    Size 3 to 10m

  51. Podocarpus elongatus

    Podocarpus elongatus is the smallest of the Yellowwood trees and is very hardy and evergreen.

    It has attractive narrow, blue-green leaves and is slow growing.

    The female cones develop into fleshy, bright red, edible fruits with 1 or 2 seeds that mature rapidly.

  52. Podocarpus falcatus

    Podocarpus falcatus is a large, very hardy, evergreen forest tree. It is the fastest growing of the Yellowwoods.

    The small leathery, narrow, dark green leaves are sometimes slightly sickle-shaped.They often have a greyish bloom to them, making this a beautiful foliage tree, particularly when the light catches the leaves and the grey-green forms "highlights" on parts of the canopy.

    Mature trees have beautiful, dark purplish-brown and flaking bark.

  53. Ptaeroxylon obliquum

    Ptaeroxylon obliquum is hardy, drought resistant, medium sized to large, fairly fast growing and evergreen or deciduous (depending on the conditions).

  54. Rapanea melanophloeos

    Rapanea melanophloes is a hardy, small to medium sized, evergreen tree with dark leaves that have a purplish cast to them. It also has really attractive bark.

    The small greenish-white flowers from May to July attract insects and bees.

  55. Rauvolfia caffra

    Rauvolfia caffra is a hardy, evergreen to briefly deciduous, upright tree with beautiful large, glossy drooping, lanceolate leaves. The trumpet-shaped, small, white flowers are carried in clusters at the end of the branches from May to October and are sweet smelling, attracting swarms of bees as well as wasps and butterflies.

    Plant in a protected position. As it grows naturally in swamp forest it can tolerate seasonal inundation of water and it is also considered an indicator of ground water. This upright tree makes a good form plant in the larger garden, and a neat shade tree.

    Plant in compost rich soil and ensure it has enough water. Be aware that it has an invasive root system.

    It is used extensively for medicinal purposes.

    Size 7 to 15m

  56. Rhus chirindensis

    Rhus (Searsia) chirindensis is a hardy, deciduous, fast growing tree that is sometimes multi-stemmed and has a spreading rounded crown. The bark is rough and darker on the mature main stems, and smooth and somewhat shiny on the young stems. Both sometimes have woody spines, but particularly the young stems.

    The large glossy, dark green leaves are tri-foliate and reddish when young and turn beautiful red autumn colours.

    Sprays of small flowers are borne from August to March. (male and female flowers on separate plants, therefore only female plants bear fruit).

  57. Felicia amelloides

    Felicia amelloides is a very hardy, evergreen, perennial groundcover or shrublet with bright green foliage that bears masses of blue, daisy-like flowers almost all year round. 

    It should be pruned back lightly after each flowering to encourage the next batch of flowers and to keep the plant compact and tidy. 

     It can be grown in either full sun or semi-shade in well-drained compost rich soil.

  58. Rhus lancea

    Searsia (=Rhus) lancea is a very hardy, evergreen, drought resistant tree with a graceful, weeping form. The dark, fissured bark contrasts beautifully with the long, thin, bright, trifoliate leaves.

    The inconspicuous yellow-green flowers (male and female flowers on separate plants, therefore only female plants bear fruit) from June to September attract insects and are followed by bunches of edible fruit that attract birds. The small flowers are borne in abundance and give the tree a lacy look when in bloom.

    An excellent garden subject that thrives in clay soils and is fast growing if watered regularly. Having said that it is also drought hardy. Extremely popular street tree and a good avenue tree.  Makes a great climbing tree for children if the lower branches are not pruned off.

    Plant in sun or semi-shade in virtually any soil type.

     Size up to 8m

  59. Rhus leptodictya

    Rhus leptodictya is a very hardy, evergreen, drought resistant, small, decorative tree with a drooping crown of bright green foliage. The bark on young stems is reddish brown, becoming darker and rougher as the tree matures. The lovely reddish wood is used to make beautiful small pieces of furniture.

    The inconspicuous flowers (male and female flowers on separate plants, therefore only female plants bear fruit) are borne from January to April.

  60. Rhus pendulina

    Rhus pendulina is a very hardy, very fast growing, drought resistant, semi-deciduous shade tree with a willow-like habit. The leaves are a dull green and bark is light grey-brown and smooth on young branches, becoming rough and scaly as the branches mature.

    The sprays of inconspicuous flowers (male and female flowers on separate plants, therefore only female plants bear fruit) that attract insects are borne from September to January These are followed by bunches of fruit that attract birds.

    Do not plant near walls, pools, pipes or paving as it has an aggressive shallow root system.

    This is not a particularly long lived tree but is useful as a quick growing screening tree. Interplant with a longer living tree to ensure a permanent screen.

    It throws pretty, delicately dappled shade.

    Size up to 10m

  61. Mackaya bella

    Mackaya bella is a hardy, evergreen shrub with dark green, glossy leaves.

    It bears, magnificent long bunches of lilac or white, trumpet-shaped flowers from early spring to November.

    It grows in deep shade where the flowers seem to glow in the dark. The beautiful flowers have purple streaks in them that act as landing lights to guide insects to the nectar and in the process pollinate the flower.

    It can tolerate a bit of morning sun provided it is watered well.

  62. Maytenus bachmannii

    Maytenus bachmannii is a very pretty evergreen shrub with small, narrow leaves that have pink stalks.

    It bears abundant, small, white flowers that have pink stalks from January to March and attract insects to the garden.

  63. Helichrysum argyrophyllum

    Helichrysum argyrophyllum is a  hardy, evergreen, mat-forming ground cover or dwarf shrub has beautiful, small, grey leaves with silvery, white hairs.

    The clusters of papery, canary yellow flowers are carried well above the plant from December. to May.

    Each flower stays fresh on the plant for about two months.

  64. Agapanthus inapertus

    Agapanthus inapertus is a very hardy, deciduous Agapanthus has attractive strap-like leaves.

    It bears long-stemmed umbels of pendulous, dark blue, tubular flowers from January to March. The colour can vary from white to almost navy blue.

    It is tall and erect and will form big clumps.

  65. Schotia afra

    Schotia afra is a hardy, small, much branched, gnarled, evergreen small tree with characterful twisted, pale branches and a charcoal grey trunk.

  66. Agapanthus praecox Blue

    Agapanthus praecox Blue is a well-known hardy, evergreen plant has attractive strap-like leaves and umbels of sky-blue flowers that are borne on long stalks from December to April.

  67. Leucosidea sericea

    Leucosidea sericea is a decorative, very hardy, evergreen, fast growing, low branching small, tree with aromatic leaves that have silvery hairs.

    The yellowish-green flowers that are borne from August to December are sticky with nectar and held in candle-like spikes. The flowers attract many insects with their pollen and nectar.

    It has attractive, dark, fissured, peeling stem bark. One can make the most of this by pruning them up to have clean stems or trunks and lower branches. It makes a beautiful specimen tree in a small garden.

    Requires regular watering or plant in damp areas to keep it looking good.

  68. Grewia occidentalis

    Grewia occidentalis is a very hardy, fast growing, evergreen shrub with attractive, rough, glossy, quite dark green leaves and trailing stems.

    It bears gorgeous star-like pink flowers with a cluster of prominent, bright yellow stamens from October to January

     It also bears distinctive, edible fruits that are clustered together in a square or cross shape.

  69. Ipomoea albivenia

    Ipomoea albivenia is a fairly hardy, deciduous climber with thick, glossy, grey-green, heart-shaped leaves that are velvety white when young.

    It has large solitary, trumpet-shaped, scented, white flowers in February and March.

    The flowers open at night which means it is probably moth pollinated. The fruit is a woody capsule that bursts open to release the beautiful cotton wool-covered seeds giving it a second ‘flowering’ season.

    Plant in full sun or semi-shade in very well-drained soil. Beware of over-watering.

    Size climbs up to 4m

  70. Agapanthus hybrid Nana Blue

    Agapanthus hybrid nana blue is a hardy, evergreen perennial has narrow strap-like leaves.

  71. Agapanthus praecox White

    Agapanthus praecox white is a well-known hardy, evergreen plant that has attractive strap-like leaves and umbels of white flowers that are borne on long stalks from December to April.

    They make good cut flowers.

  72. Albuca nelsonii

    Albuca nelsonii is a very hardy, robust, evergreen, clump forming bulb with strap-like, bright green leaves.

  73. Aponogeton distachyos

    Aponogeton distachyos is a fast growing aquatic herb with glossy oblong leaves that float on the waters surface. 

    Sweetly scented, edible flowers stand up out of the water above the leaves, attracting attention. The flower is interesting in that it is a forked inflorescence bearing tiny, white, one-petalled flowers with brown anthers.

    Bees are very attracted to the flowers and may be one of the main pollinators. Waterblommetjies flower in profusion during winter and spring. Large areas of water in the Western, Southern and Eastern Cape are covered with their sweetly scented, white flowers.

    An excellent plant for ponds and dams, although where growing conditions are good, it needs cutting back and splitting to keep it from taking over. Rhizomes can be lifted in autumn and divided. Replant them immediately in good soil, in shallow water, and as they begin to grow in summer they can be moved into deeper water.

    Plant in pots, in good soil, and place in full sun to partial shade for some of the day.

    This is a well known local delicacy for the cold winter months. It has become so popular that many commercial plantings have been made in ponds around the western Cape. Cooked with onions, mutton or lamb and a few leaves of the local sorrel/suring (Oxalis pes-caprae), it makes a delicious stew.



  74. Crinum graminicola

    Crinum graminicola is a very hardy, deciduous bulbous plant that has large, robust grey-green strap-like leaves and a huge bulb.

    It bears huge umbels of deep pink, pendulous, lily-like flowers on a long stem from October to February.

  75. Gloriosa superba

    Gloriosa superba is a hardy, deciduous, trailing or scrambling plant with shiny light green leaves that taper to tendrils at the tips, which help it to climb.

    It grows from a ‘U’ shaped tuber that is deeply buried.

  76. Scilla natalensis

    Scilla natalensis is a very hardy, deciduous, bulbous plant with a basal rosette of attractive, broad, grey-green leaves.

    The long flowering spikes carry flowers in shades of misty blue and are borne from September to December.

    Plant in full sun or light shade, either solitary as a form plant or in clumps to make a show when flowering. Bulbs should be planted half above the ground.

    It is ideal for rockeries and is a lovely container plant. Makes a wonderful display when planted with Bulbine natalensis that flowers at the same time with yellow flower spikes.

    One of our most important medicinal plants.

    Size 30 to 40cm

  77. Gardenia volkensii

    Gardenia volkensii is a hardy, drought resistant, semi-deciduous to evergreen tree or large shrub with an interesting, rigid, branching pattern and beautiful silvery bark.

    It has attractive shiny, bright green leaves.

  78. Anthericum saundersiae

    Anthericum saundersiae is a hardy, evergreen, clump forming, grass-like perennial that bears sprays of white flowers and seeds all year round.

    It grows in sun or shade and this makes it a good plant for the difficult areas that are in shade for part of the year.

  79. Aloe arborescens

    Aloe arborescens is a very hardy, drought-resistant, large, branched Aloe with narrow, curved, bluish-grey leaves that form rosettes.

  80. Plectranthus neochilus

    Plectranthus neochilus is a fairly hardy, evergreen, mounding small shrub with attractive, grey-green, succulent leaves that smell pungent when bruised.

    The beautiful deep blue to purple flowers are borne on a terminal inflorescence of lobster-like flowers from September to April.

     It is very drought resistant and can be planted in sun or semi-shade.

  81. Monopsis unidentata

    Monopsis unidentata is a fairly hardy, fast growing, dainty, evergreen groundcover with tiny leaves. It bears masses of delicate, deep purple flowers almost all year round. It prefers sunny damp spots and is pretty growing with smaller grasses such as Eragrostis capensis (Small Heart Seed Grass).

    The flowers attract insects to the garden. It grows in sun or semi-shade and is attractive planted around ponds, along borders and in hanging baskets. It is at its best in an irrigated garden and requires regular feeding to keep it looking its best.

    Size 10 to 15cm

  82. Isolepis cernua

    Isolepis cernua is an evergreen, wide-spread, fountain-like, bright green, little flowering sedge that has silvery flower heads on the tips of long stems that make it look like a spray of fibre-optic threads.

    Although frost hardy, it requires damp growing conditions.  It grows in marshy areas, so needs plenty of water, and will be at its best at the edge of a water feature or in a container that will hold moisture.

    Plant in full sun to light shade.

  83. Tinnea barbata

    Tinnea barbata is a pretty but little-known shrub that deserves a lot more attention as a great garden subject.

    It is evergreen with dark bluish-green leaves that are slightly hairy, and paler underneath. Tinnea is considered semi-hardy (probably frost tolerant due to it's high altitude natural habitat).  It bears many blueish purple flowers that hang from the branches like little jewels. 

    Tinnea should be pruned to keep a neat shape, as its natural growth habit is to climb or scramble over other plants. 

    Plant in semi-shade in well composted soil.

    Size: 1.5

  84. Streptocarpus formosus

    Streptocarpus formosus is a hardy, evergreen perennial with clumps of long, quilted, strap shaped leaves that are arranged in a basal rosette.

    It bears one or two large, purple, trumpet-shaped flowers that have dark purple streaks and are carried at the tips of long, delicate flowering stems from late spring to early autumn. The name "Streptocarpus" refers the the twisted fruiting bodies / seed capsules ("Strepto" meaning twisted and "karpos" meaning fruit). As they mature and dry out, they twist to realease the tiny seeds.

    This beautiful plant grows naturally in forest that are hot and humid in summer and warm and dry in winter. Water thoroughly only when the plants are dry. Water less during winter. Streptocarpus should rather be under watered than over watered.

    Plant in a well-composted medium with good drainage in a shady position, where the soil is moist, rather than wet.

    Looks beautiful planted alongside a shady pond or in containers.

    Size: up to 15cm tall

  85. Brillantasia subulugurica

    Brilliantasia subulugurica is a fairly hardy, semi-deciduous, vigorous, fast growing shrub with large, glossy, attractive leaves.

  86. Aloe arborescens Yellow

    Aloe arborescens yellow is a  very hardy, drought resistant, branched Aloe with narrow curved, bluish-grey leaves that form rosettes.

    Three to four flowering stems of yellow flowers arise from each rosette and bloom all winter.

  87. Bowiea volubilis

    Bowiea volubilis is a hardy, deciduous, bulbous plant that has two thin, strap-like leaves.

    It climbs by means of its large much-branched inflorescence, the branchlets of which grow downwards.

  88. Chlorophytum modestum

    Chlorophytum modestum is a hardy, small, evergreen, perennial with short, strap-like leaves that form a tiny rosette.

  89. Halleria elliptica

    Halleria elliptica is a hardy evergreen shrub, with very showy, orange-red, broadly tubular flowers in summer and winter.

    The olive green foliage turns purple in winter which contrasts beautifully with the orange-red flowers.

  90. Aloe ciliaris

    Aloe ciliaris is a hardy, climbing Aloe with stems climbing up to 5m if they are supported, but otherwise makes a lovely, clump forming sprawling shrub. 

    The leaves are in loose rosettes around the stem and fringed with white hairs.

  91. Aloe cooperi

    Aloe cooperi is a very hardy, stemless Aloe with long, narrow, yellow-green leaves arranged in a fan shape and distinctively keeled with white spots beneath.

    It has spikes of apricot or yellow coloured, tubular flowers from December to March.

    The flowers attract nectar feeding birds such as Sunbirds and White Eyes.

    It grows solitary or in small groups and thrives in a variety of soil types and unusually for an Aloe, grows in marshy places.

    It is also very frost tolerant and grows in cold areas.

    The flowers and leaves can be cooked and eaten.

  92. Diascia genta Hybrids

    Diascia genta hybrid is a hardy, bushy, evergreen, drought resistant, perennial groundcover with fine round leaves.

    This hybrid has massed spikes of flowers ranging in colour from white, pink, orange through red.

    The flowers are borne mainly from August. to March. but it does bear some flowers all year round.

  93. Plectranthus ciliatus

    Plectranthus ciliatus is an outstanding fairly hardy, evergreen groundcover with attractive quilted leaves that have purple undersides and purple stems.

    It has spikes of white or mauve flowers from September to May, that attract insects and butterflies to the garden.

  94. Gardenia cornuta

    Gardenia cornuta is a small, evergreen, decorative tree. It is multi-stemmed with grey-green mottled bark on erect, stiff branches.

    The leaves are clustered at the ends of the hard twigs, and are shiny light green with wavy margins.

    Scented, star-like white flowers adorn the tree from December to March, making it a sight to behold. They fade to creamy yellow as they get older.

    These are followed by oval woody fruit that turn yellow. The fruit is eaten by monkeys when it is young, and nyala also relish the fruit.

    Plant in a spot that is protected from frost, in sun or very light, dappled shade.

    Size up to 5m

  95. Nymphaea nouchali

    Nymphaea nouchali is a hardy, deciduous waterlily.

    It has glossy, circular, floating leaves that turn lovely colours in autumn.

    The flowers are a beautiful sky blue through pale lilac to pink flowers with masses of yellow stamens in the centre. These are carried on longish stems above the surface of the water from September to May.

    This is a submerged plant that should be planted to a depth of no less than 25cm in sun or light shade.

    Used in traditional medicine for coughs and colds.

    In habitat the fruit is eaten by the Purple Gallinule.


    Size: Floating parts spread to 1m diameter

  96. Turraea floribunda

    Turraea floribunda is a hardy, small, deciduous tree with a rounded crown of olive-green leaves that have distinct herringbone design veins.

    It drops its leaves in early spring and then the clusters of sweetly scented, large white flowers are borne in profusion along the bare stems (September to November).

    The beautiful green and white Honeysuckle-type flowers adorning the tree are a sight to behold and the scent is divine. The pretty red seeds are borne on large woody star-shaped pods.

    It is an important host tree for butterflies and moths and attracts many sunbirds and seed eating birds to the garden.

    This attractive tree is ideal for a small garden. Plant in well-drained, compost rich soil. Grows best in full sun.

    Size 3 to 5m

  97. Orthosiphon labiatus

    Orthosiphon labiatus is a very hardy, semi-deciduous, fast growing shrub. It forms a much branched rounded shrub with aromatic, heart-shaped leaves.

    From mid-summer to early winter it is covered in spikes of pinky-mauve tubular flowers that are irresistible to a number of insect pollinators. Butterflies especially enjoy the flowers.

    Pruning it back in early spring encourages flowering. Ideal for smaller spaces, plant in sun or semi-shade.

    Plant in well-composted soil, and although extremely drought hardy, watering well will keep it at its best.

    Size to 1.5m

  98. Melinis repens

    Melinis repens is a hardy, tufted, weakly perennial grass with greyish green leaves.It has beautiful plumes of hairy, pink flowers that become pale, almost white as they mature. Flowers and seeds from September to June.

    This is the grass you see along the roads shining in the sun. It generally grows in disturbed areas, regardless of soil type.It is a good soil stabiliser interplanted with other perennial grasses or groundcovers.

    The seeds attract seed eating birds.

    Plant in sun or semi-shade.

  99. Lapeirousia sandersonii

    Lapeirousia sandersonii is a very hardy deciduous bulbous plant with narrow pleated leaves.

    It bears branched stems of spectacular mauve flowers with dark purple streaks in delicate, many flowered heads that are borne from November to March.
    They attract tiny insects to the garden.

    This beautiful grassland plant can be planted amongst grasses in rockeries and in containers.
    You can also plant a group together in a cottage garden but make sure they are planted in an area where their beauty can be appreciated.
    Plant in full sun to very light shade in well composted, well drained soil.

    This plant is seldom offered for sale as seed is quite hard to come by.

    Size 20cm to 30cm

  100. Melinis nerviglumis

    Melinis nerviglumis is a very hardy, semi-deciduous, dense, tufted, perennial grass with beautiful grey leaves.

    The gorgeous plumes of shiny fluffy pink to red seeds appear all year round and attract small seed eating birds.

    It makes an attractive addition to a grassland garden planted in sun or semi-shade.
    Planted en masse, with the sun shining on the fluffy spikes, they are a wonderful sight.

    Plant in full sun or semi-shade, in well drained soil. As with all grasses it should be cut back in late winter and raked to keep it healthy.

    Size 35 to 80cm

  101. Pogonarthria squarrosa

    Pogonarthria squarrosa is a very hardy, semi-deciduous, tufted perennial grass. The short brown racemes of flowers curve upwards, making a herringbone pattern, thus the common name. 

    The flowers are borne from November to May and attract small seed eating birds. Plant in groups to get the full effect of the flowers and seed heads. 

    A beautiful garden plant that should be pruned down to about 5cm above ground level and raked every year in late winter.

    It makes an attractive addition to a grassland garden, and as it is not a very robust grass, it lends itself to being planted in between wildflowers. Plant in sun or semi-shade, in well drained soil.

    Size 30 to 50 cm

  102. Pycnostachys urticifolia

    Pycnostachys urticifolia is a hardy, evergreen, herbaceous perennial with angular pinky-brown stems and bright green, toothed leaves that are roughly triangular. The leaves are aromatic when crushed.

    The flowers are borne in autumn (April to June) in spikes at the ends of branches. The beautiful deep blue to mauve flowers attract bees and other pollinating insects to the garden.

    Hedgehog Sage is an ideal ingredient to a cottage garden, and contrasts beautifully with other plants flowering at this time of the year (for example: orange flowers of Leonotis leonurus and pink flowers of Hypoestes aristata and Syncolostemon densiflorus)

    To make sure that one can benefit from the lovely flowers in late autumn, it needs to be planted in a spot that is protected from frost. It prefers well-drained, well-composted soil in sun or semi-shade.

    Size: 1 to 2m tall

  103. Strelitzia reginae

    Strelitzia reginae is a hardy, evergreen shrub with large, ornamental, banana-like leaves.

    The brilliant orange and shimmering peacock-blue flowers have an interesting structure resembling an exotic bird and flower from May to Dec. The nectar attracts sunbirds while the black seeds with an orange aril attracts many seed eating birds to the garden.

    The blade-shaped leaves and flowers are widely used for flower arranging. This beautiful shrub makes a stunning accent and container plant. 

    On the Highveld and in other dry regions it grows best in partial shade.

    Size 1 to 1.75m

  104. Lippia javanica

    Lippia javanica is a very hardy, evergreen, erect, small shrub with aromatic leaves.

  105. Tulbaghia violacea

    Tulbaghia violacea is a very hardy, evergreen, tuft forming bulbous plant, with semi-succulent, strap-like, grey-green leaves that are garlic scented when bruised.

    Long stalks carrying umbels of delicate lilac to pink flowers are borne mainly from January to April. It will however bloom on and off almost all year in cultivation.

    The flowers are sweetly scented at night and make excellent cut flowers. Use in the garden as a companion plant, particularly to deter aphids.

    When sitting outside whack some of the leaves on your table or chair and this will deter flies and mosquitoes.

    Used medicinally. It can also be used as a garlic substitute in salads, soups and stews. The flowers are a decorative addition to a salad.

    An excellent groundcover for difficult areas as it can thrive in very poor soils and with very little watering.

  106. Leonotis leonurus

    Leonotis leonurus is a very hardy, drought and frost resistant, evergreen perennial shrub.

    This well-loved, decorative shrub has masses of showy, compact clusters of orange or white, velvety flowers repeated in circles up the length of every long stalk from February. to July. 

    An important food and nectar plant for sunbirds, bees and butterflies during autumn and winter.

    Plant in sun or semi-shade and cut back severely after flowering for best results and mass flowering the next season.

    It has been grown as a garden plant in Europe since the 1600s.

    It is extensively used as a traditional medicinal and magical herb.

  107. Gazania Gazoo Fire Mix

    Gazania gazoo fire mix is a hardy, evergreen, drought resistant, sun loving groundcovers with glossy leaves.

    This vigorous Gazania produces extremely large flowers on strong stems in spring and summer.

  108. Plectranthus madagascariensis aliciae

    Plectranthus madagascariensis aliciae is a fairly hardy, evergreen, semi-succulent, aromatic, herbaceous plant that has attractive, variegated leaves with white margins which are carried on long trailing stems.

    It bears white, mauve or purple flowers from February to November. A useful groundcover in semi-shade or shade. It makes an attractive hanging basket.

    It attracts insects and butterflies and therefore also birds to the garden.

    Prune back after flowering. Plant in semi-shade or shade in well-drained, well composted soil.

    Used in traditional medicine.

    Size Up to 40cm

  109. Jamesbrittenia grandiflora

    Jamesbrittenia grandiflora is a hardy, evergreen, fast-growing small shrub with multiple stems.

  110. Cyrtanthus mackenii

    Cyrtanthus mackenii is a hardy, evergreen bulbous plant has attractive glossy, dark green, narrow, strap-like leaves.

    It bears umbels of narrow tubular flowers, in profusion, from July to February. in a variety of colours ranging from white and yellow to pink and even red.

    It prefers semi-shade and moist, compost rich soil.

    It is a beautiful addition to any garden, and makes a wonderful container subject.

    Size 20cm

  111. Ruttya fruticosa

    Ruttya fruticosa is a fairly hardy, evergreen, beautiful rounded shrub with glossy dark green foliage.

    It bears unusual, exceptionally attractive two-lipped tubular orange or yellow flowers that have a shiny black in the throat.

    It blooms from spring to late summer and attracts bees, birds and butterflies.

    Plant in compost rich soil – it also tolerates slightly acidic soil.

    Prune back after flowering to keep in shape.

  112. Scabiosa columbaria Pink

    Scabiosa columbaria "Butterfly Pink" is a hardy, evergreen, soft, clump-forming, herbaceous perennial with attractive, deeply-lobed, grey-green foliage.

    This hybrid, free-flowering perennial has large, showy, pink flowers carried on slender erect stems all year round.

  113. Jasminum multipartitum

    Jasminum multipartitum is a very hardy, evergreen, fast-growing creeper or scrambler with small, glossy, dark-green foliage.

    It bears masses of fragrant, white (with deep pink undersides), star-shaped flowers, from August to January.

  114. Jasminum stenolobum

    Jasminum stenolobum is a hardy, evergreen, scandent, bushy shrub or climber, with glossy, dark-green leaves.

    Masses of large, fragrant, white, star-shaped flowers with a pink underside are borne from August to January.

  115. Scadoxus puniceus

    Scadoxus puniceus is a very hardy, deciduous, beautiful, bulbous plant that varies hugely in size, depending on where it comes from. The large, glossy leaves have wavy margins and are speckled at the base.

    It bears a large inflorescence of red, powder-puff-like flowers on a long stem, which appears before the leaves, from July to October.

  116. Scadoxus puniceus Tall Natal Form

    This form of Scadoxus puniceus is much taller, more robust and has larger flowers with a less intense red colour than our Highveld form.

    It is a very hardy, deciduous, beautiful, bulbous plant that varies hugely in size, depending on where it comes from.

  117. Delosperma lydenbergense

    Delosperma lydenbergense is a hardy, evergreen, fast-growing, prostrate, succulent groundcover.

  118. Crassula multicava

    Crassula multicava is a hardy, evergreen, mat-forming, broad-leaved succulent plant.

    It bears many sprays of dainty, star-shaped, pink flowers from May to November that attract a whole host of tiny insects.

  119. Gladiolus crassifolius

    Gladiolus crassifolius is a very hardy, deciduous, bulbous plant with erect, robust leaves that have a yellow midrib and margin and are carried in a fan (crassifolius = thick-leaved).

    The tall spikes of flowers are borne mainly in spring and summer. The flower colour is very variable, but they all have a dark blotch in the throat. 

    This is a particularly beautiful plant for a grassland garden with its rigid flowers held up above the waving grasses. The insects that visit the flowers attract birds to the garden.

    Used in traditional medicine.

    Plant in compost-rich soil in sun or light shade.

    Size: up to 75cm

  120. Pelargonium ionidiflorum

    Pelargonium ionidiflorum is a very hardy, evergreen, drought-resistant perennial with beautiful, incised leaves.

    It bears clusters of gorgeous, violet-pink flowers with wine-red markings all year round.

  121. Polygala fruticosa Petite

    Polygala fruticosa "Petite" is a hardy, evergreen, shrublet that has shiny, grey-green, heart-shaped leaves that have red margins. The young leaves are a shiny, coppery pink.

    The clusters of gorgeous, magenta, pea-shaped flowers appear from August to May and attract bees and other pollinating insects to the garden.

    This beautiful plant is great in a mixed border, rockeries, Terraforce walls or containers. Used in traditional medicine.

    Plant in compost-rich soil in full sun or semi-shade and water well when planting and until settled. Thereafter it will tolerate quite dry conditions.

    Size: 0.4

  122. Hypericum revolutum

    Hypericum revolutum is a hardy, evergreen, medium-sized to large, fast-growing, moisture-loving shrub with reddish-brown, scaly bark.

  123. Polygala myrtifolia Riviersonderend

    Polygala myrtifolia "Riviersonderend" has narrow almost needle-like leaves. This is a hardy, evergreen, drought-resistant shrub.

    The magenta flowers are borne in lax terminal heads throughout summer and autumn, and attract Carpenter Bees, butterflies and other tiny, pollinating insects to the garden. The seeds are relished by Laughing Doves.

    This graceful form is an ideal alternative for the garden that is too small for the large tree-like form of the Polygala myrtifolia. It makes a beautiful, floriferous screening plant. A useful garden and container plant.

    Prune lightly and regularly.

    Plant in well-drained soil in a sunny or lightly shaded position.

    Size: 1m up to 2m

  124. Cotula sericea

    Cotula sericea is a hardy, evergreen, fast-growing, flat, sprawling groundcover with really beautiful, grey-green leaves that have fine hairs that give this plant a soft silky texture.

    The single, bright-yellow, button-like flowers are carried on long stems above the leaves.

  125. Gunnera perpensa

    Gunnera perpensa is a very hardy, deciduous marsh plant, with large tuberous roots that have a nitrogen fixing, symbiotic relationship with blue-green algae. It has beautiful big, round, bluish-green leaves that are carried on long stems and arise from a central point on the roots.

    The tiny brown flowers are densely packed in gracefully-drooping spikes from September to February.

  126. Aloe brevifolia

    Aloe brevifolia is a fairly hardy, dwarf Aloe with dense rosettes of broad, triangular and distinctly grey-green leaves which form clumps.

    It bears cone shaped spikes of flowers in shades of red and yellow during October and November.

    It is restricted to the Western Cape which has winter rainfall therefore this Aloe should be kept dry in summer.

  127. Barleria prionitis delagoense

    Barleria prionitis subsp. delagoense is a fairly hardy, evergreen, fast-growing, drought resistant shrublet or groundcover with opposite pairs of bright green leaves.

    It bears beautiful, clear apricot flowers in the axils of the leaves. These make a lovely show in the garden from as early as December, but mainly January to March. The flowers attract many pollinating insects, including butterflies to the garden.

    Makes a lovely container plant or small shrub for the open garden.
    Prune back after flowering to encourage compact growth. Plant in well drained, compost rich soil and water regularly. Grows well in frost-free areas, in semi shade or sun.

    Size: up to 1m

  128. Karomia speciosa

    Karomia speciosa (= Holmskioldia speciosa) is a hardy, deciduous, sparsely-branched shrub or small tree with smooth, pale-grey bark.

  129. Nerine laticoma

    Nerine laticoma is a very hardy, deciduous, bulbous plant with a tuft of broad, glossy, strap-shaped leaves and quite a large bulb.

    From January to March, each bulb sends up a long, flowering stem that has a rounded head of absolutely beautiful pink flowers that attract pollinating insects.

  130. Senecio tamoides

    Senecio tamoides is a hardy, evergreen, succulent climber that has lovely, glossy, green leaves.

  131. Eragrostis capensis

    Eragrostis capensis is a very hardy, evergreen to semi-deciduous, densely-tufted, small perennial grass.

  132. Kalanchoe sexangularis

    Kalanchoe sexangularis is a hardy, evergreen, robust, drought-resistant succulent shrublet with attractive, broad leaves that fold lengthwise and curve towards the stem.

    They turn ruby-red in winter and all year round if planted in full sun, adding colour to the garden.

  133. Chlorophytum krookianum

    Chlorophytum krookianum is a robust, hardy, deciduous, perennial groundcover with a rosette of large broad, soft, grey green, strap-like leaves.

    The flowering stem is long and strong (up to 2m) with a large branched flowering head covered with shiny, white, starry flowers from December. to April.

    It occurs naturally in grasslands where its large flowering head is carried well above the grasses.

    It is ideally suited to full sun in mixed borders or grassland gardens.

    Attracts insects and thus birds to the garden.

    Size 30 to 50cm

  134. Eucomis zambeziaca

    Eucomis zambeziaca is a hardy, deciduous, rare, bulbous plant that has a rosette of attractive, broad, strap-like leaves with wavy margins.

    During summer, it bears cylindrical spikes of glossy, white flowers with a tuft of green leaves on top, similar to a pineapple.

  135. Aloe aristata

    Aloe aristata is a very hardy, dwarf, stemless Aloe.

  136. Acokanthera oppositifolia

    Acokanthera oppositifolia ia a hardy, evergreen, drought-resistant, medium to large upright, woody, shrub with brown, deeply fissured bark on the old wood.

  137. Setaria megaphylla

    Setaria megaphylla is a hardy, evergreen, shade- and moisture-loving grass that has beautiful, broad, bright-green, ribbed leaves.

    Long spikes of brown seeds follow the dainty flowers that are borne from September to June.

  138. Helichrysum splendidum

    Helichrysum splendidum is a hardy, evergreen, small, sprawling shrub that grows in moist though well-drained areas.

  139. Andrachne Ovalis

    Andrachne ovalis is a fairly hardy, deciduous shrub or small tree that has smooth, light grey bark and attractive dark-green leaves with bluish undersides.

    It bears tiny clusters of white flowers in the axils of the leaves from November to March.

  140. Asparagus laricinus

    Asparagus laricinus is a very hardy, evergreen, shrubby Asparagus with fine, feathery foliage and silvery, zigzag branchlets.

    It has a myriad of tiny, white, nectar-rich flowers in spring and summer that are fragrant and attract insects and birds.

  141. Asparagus virgatus

    Asparagus virgatus is an extremely hardy, evergreen, erect, stiff shrublet with long slender stems.

  142. Gomphostigma virgatum

    Gomphostigma virgatum is an extremely hardy, evergreen, water-loving, graceful perennial or shrub with small, elongated, attractive grey leaves.

    It blooms profusely almost all year round with spikes of white flowers.

  143. Gladiolus dalenii

    Gladiolus dalenii is a very hardy, deciduous, summer-growing perennial with a corm that gives rise to a fan of erect, grey-green leaves.

    The tall, erect, flowering stem has large, hooded flowers varying from intense orange-red to yellow, pale-green and speckled-brown.

  144. Aloe striatula

    Aloe striatula is a very hardy, robust, shrub-like, scrambling Aloe that has attractive, smooth, glossy, dark-green, curved leaves, carried on sturdy stems.

    The spikes of flowers are bright-yellow or orange on unbranched, flowering stems. It flowers from November to March and attracts insects and Sunbirds to the garden.

    An excellent plant for an exclusion zone of a bird garden or planted as a hedge.

    This Aloe can tolerate extremely low temperatures.It will grow in sun or semi-shade.

    Size: 7 to 1m

  145. Aloe rupestris

    Aloe rupestris is a hardy, drought-resistant, single-stemmed Aloe with spreading, bright-green leaves that are reddish along the edges.

    It has a branched raceme of tubular, densely-packed, bright-orange to yellow, cylindrical flowers with protruding dark red stamens.The flowers, which look like bottlebrushes, are borne from July to September.

    This is a lovely garden plant that should be positioned in amongst trees and shrubs, as it doesn’t grow too well in harsh sunlight.

    Plant in well-drained soil to which a little lime has been added.

    Size:up to 8m

  146. Aloe greatheadii

    Aloe greatheadii var. davyana is a very hardy, fairly robust, drought-resistant, stemless Aloe that grows singly or in groups. The leaves are shiny green with white spots arranged in bands. They have sharp, dark-brown teeth along the leaf margins.

    The plant itself may be a bit drab but it is spectacular when in flower. Pale-pink to bright-red, attractive flowers are arranged on a branched flowering stem in June and July and attract insects and Sunbirds.

  147. Aloe tenuior

    Aloe tenuior is a hardy, pretty, dainty, rambling Aloe has bright red or yellow flowers.

    It has long narrow sheathing leaves, crowded in a loose rosette at the tip of the branches.

  148. Aloe vanbalenii

    Aloe vanbalenii is a hardy, almost stemless Aloe is one of our most distinctive Aloes with its long, twisted and recurved leaves ending in coppery-red tips that almost touch the ground when grown in the sun.

    The tall (up to 1m), conical flower-spikes vary from yellow ,yellow and orange to red and are borne from June to August .The many Sunbirds, that visit to feed on the nectar, are an added attraction to its beauty.Plant in a mixed, succulent bed or rockery, raised beds or containers.

    Allow them enough space to make a beautiful statement wherever they are planted.

    Plant in well-drained soil in sun or light.

    Size: 50 cm

  149. Aptenia cordifolia

    Aptenia cordifolia is a hardy, evergreen groundcover that is fast-growing,it has a spreading growth habit and roots as it creeps along.

    It has light-green, succulent leaves and deep rose-pink flowers from September to July.The flowers attract bees to the garden.

    It has many medicinal uses.This is a useful plant for stabilizing banks or as living mulch in the garden as it spreads rapidly.

    It grows well in either sun or semi-shade.

    Size: 5 to 10cm

  150. Bulbine frutescens

    Bulbine frutescens is a very hardy, evergreen, vigorous, spreading, succulent shrublet or groundcover with grey-green, smooth, short, succulent, quill-like leaves.

    Throughout the year it bears spikes of pretty, star-shaped, yellow or orange flowers that attract insects.They also make good cut flowers.

    It is an important medicinal plant as the juice of the leaves has excellent healing properties, and will relieve stings, burns and rashes.

    Plant in large groups or in between rocks for good effect Plant in full sun or light shade.It is drought-resistant but also grows well in normal garden conditions.

    Size: 30 to 50 cm

  151. Bulbine natalensis

    Bulbine natalensis is a hardy, evergreen, drought-resistant, succulent plant with bright-green, softly-fleshy leaves that form a basal rosette.

    Star-shaped, yellow flowers are held in densely-packed spikes at the ends of long, gracefully-arching, flowering stems throughout the year.The pollen- and nectar-rich flowers attract pollinating insects to the garden.

    It is an ideal rockery or bedding plant and also makes a worthwhile container plant.It has many medicinal uses, particularly for quick relief when used on stings and bites.

    Plant in well-drained soil in full sun or semi-shade.

    Size: up to 60cm

  152. Bulbine natalensis Mini

    Bulbine natalensis ‘Mini’ is a hardy, evergreen, miniature form of the robust, hardy, succulent plant ‘Bulbine natalensis’. This form is about a quarter of the size of the regular Bulbine natalensis, with narrow, short, fleshy leaves in a basal rosette. They are bright-green to almost yellow-green and look a little like a mini Aloe although they are quite soft.

    Densely-packed, star-shaped, yellow flowers adorn the ends of long, flowering spikes throughout the year. They are held well above the leaves, attracting many small pollinating insects to the garden.

    They make a pretty container plant. Apart from the size, the main difference between the regular form and this miniature form, is that this form suckers freely and creates attractive clumps.

    It is ideal as a rockery, container or bedding plant in well-drained soil in semi-shade or shade.

    Size: up to 15cm

  153. Carpobrotus edulis

    Carpobrotus edulis is a very hardy, evergreen, succulent, drought-resistant, spreading groundcover that has triangular-shaped, fleshy leaves.

    In spring and summer, (August to October.)it bears large, vygie-like, yellow flowers that fade to pink.The large, fleshy fruits that follow become yellowish and wrinkled when ripe.They are edible and make good jams and preserves.

    A useful plant for retaining soil on embankments as it grows fast and roots at the nodes.It is often at its best for only 3 to 4 years, therefore interplanting with other robust plants that can take over from it over time is recommended.It has many medicinal uses.The juice of the leaves has excellent healing properties, and will relieve stings, burns and rashes.

    Plant in well-drained soil in full sun.

    Size: up to 20cm

  154. Hypoestes aristata

    Hypoestes aristata is a hardy, evergreen, small to medium sized, rounded shrub with grey-green leaves that have lighter veins giving them a variegated look.

    It bears abundant spikes that are densely packed with 2-lipped deep purple flowers with darker purple spots in the middle of winter, from March to August, when very little else is in flower.

    The flowers attract butterflies and other insects to the garden which is a boon to the insect eating birds.

  155. Cotyledon barbeyi

    Cotyledon barbeyi is a hardy, evergreen, branched, succulent shrub with very variable leaves, the one we grow at Random Harvest has finger-like, fleshy leaves.

    It bears masses of long-lasting, pendulous, satiny, red, tubular flowers in clusters at the tip of the flowering stalks from Mar. to Sept.They attract birds and bees.Reputed to be toxic to livestock.

    This drought-hardy shrub makes a good addition to a succulent garden or rockery and is lovely in a container.

    Plant in well-drained soil in full sun or semi-shade.

    Size: 1m

  156. Crassula arborescens

    Crassula arborescens is a hardy, evergreen, succulent, tree-like Crassula, which is unusual for this genus as they are usually relatively small plants.

    It has a thick, fleshy trunk with smooth, grey-green bark.The leaves are also fleshy and are an attractive, blue-grey colour with a red rim. They have a waxy, powdery bloom which helps to keep them cool.

    The attractive clusters of pink or white flowers are carried in densely-packed, rounded, branched, flowering heads from August to December.The flowers are nectar-rich and attract birds and insects to the garden.

    It has many medicinal uses.This unusual tree makes a great form and container plant.Plant as an element of a rock garden, on slopes or in a succulent garden.Flowers best in full sun but also grows well in semi-shade.

    Plant in well-drained soil.

    Size: up to 3m

  157. Cotyledon orbiculata flanaganii

    Cotyledon orbiculata (var. flanaganii) is a hardy, evergreen, drought-resistant, stemless, succulent groundcover is the Karoo form of Cotyledon orbiculata and has finger-like leaves that are edged with red.

    The umbels of pendulous, apricot-coloured flowers grow on long stalks and are borne in mid-summer.The flowers attract insects and Sunbirds to the garden.

    This versatile plant looks great in containers, in pockets in a rock garden or planted en masse.Also useful for planting in retaining walls and on embankments.

    Plant in sun or semi-shade in well-drained soil.

    Size: 30 cm

  158. Crassula capitella campfire

    Crassula capitella ‘Campfire’ is a hardy, evergreen, small, branching succulent that has prostrate and fleshy propeller-shaped leaves.The foliage is lime-green with red tips.If you plant it in full sun and limit the water the leaves turn bright red.The foliage is the best feature of this succulent plant.

    Spikes of insignificant white, star-shaped flowers are borne in summer and attract bees, butterflies and other tiny insects.

    It makes a particularly pretty hanging basket.

    Plant in full sun or partial shade in well-drained soil.Prune after flowering.

    Size: up to 20cm

  159. Crassula expansa

    Crassula expansa is a hardy, evergreen, succulent, delicate-looking but vigorous groundcover with tiny, bright-green, slightly fleshy, finger-like leaves. 

    This pretty plant bears masses of tiny, star-like, white flowers from November to April. 

    Suitable for containers and for planting between stepping-stones.It thrives in those difficult, dry, dark shade areas under trees. 

    It grows well in either semi-shade or shade in well-drained soil. 

    Size: 15cm

  160. Crassula multicava Purple

    Crassula multicava 'Purple' is a hardy, evergreen, mat-forming, broad-leaved succulent plant. The leaves are purple on the underside, making this an attractive, colourful plant all year round, even when not in flower.

    From May to November it bears many sprays of dainty, star-shaped, pink flowers that attract a whole host of tiny insects.

  161. Crassula ovata

    Crassula ovata is a hardy, evergreen, erect, succulent shrublet of which two subspecies are recognised.It has a tree-like appearance, with a single, light-brown to greyish-brown main stem, from which many small branches arise.The small, fleshy, dark-green leaves are slightly flattened and narrow.

    The tiny, honey-scented, creamy-white to pink flowers are carried in many rounded inflorescences on the plant almost all year round but mainly April to September.The flowers attract a whole host of tiny insects which are the staple diet of lizards and frogs.

    Used in traditional medicine.It is beautiful planted in amongst rocks or in a container.

    Plant in sun or semi-shade in well-drained soil.

    Size: up to 1m

  162. Crassula sarcocaulis

    Crassula sarcocaulis is a hardy, evergreen, erect, succulent shrublet with a number of varieties.It has small, dark- to bright-green, narrow, very succulent leaves.

    The creamy-white flowers are carried in a round inflorescence almost all year round.The flowers attract a whole host of tiny insects which are the staple diet of lizards and frogs.

    It is beautiful planted in amongst rocks or in a container and also makes a great, easy-to-grow bonsai subject.Used in traditional medicine.

    It grows in sun or semi-shade.

    Size: 60 cm

  163. Crassula spathulata

    Crassula spathulata is a very hardy, evergreen, succulent, creeping, fast-growing, mat-forming groundcover with glossy, almost lime-green, round little leaves.When grown in sun and not watered much, the leaves turn a pinky-red on the margins.

    Sprays of tiny, pink and white flowers are borne in spring and summer.The flowers are visited by many tiny pollinating insects.

    It can be planted as a living mulch to help keep moisture in and weeds out.Mass plant under trees and along borders as well as in containers and hanging baskets where it will cascade happily over the edges.This pretty plant is tough, easy to grow and rewarding.One of its many uses is that it helps to stabilise banks.

    Grows well in shade and sun and, although it is a succulent, it thrives in a normally irrigated garden.

    Size: 10 to 15 cm

  164. Crassula tetragona

    Crassula tetragona is a hardy, evergreen, succulent shrub with rows of bright-green, sword-shaped leaves.These are evenly arranged in crossed, opposite pairs along the stems, which are held upright in a vertical position.

    In summer and early autumn, it bears masses of tiny, creamy-white flowers in an inflorescence carried above the shrub.

    The compact, upright habit makes this an attractive plant.Makes a beautiful bonsai, or container plant in drier spots in the garden.

    Plant in sun or semi-shade.

    Size: up to 1m

  165. Curio rowleyanus

    Curio [=Senecio] rowleyanus is a hardy, evergreen, mat-forming, succulent groundcover with long creeping, trailing stems.Pea-like, perfectly round leaves with a translucent stripe spaced along their entire length hang along the stems, hence the common name ‘String of Pearls’.When the stems lie on the ground they will root at the nodes and spread into quite large patches.

    From spring to autumn it bears masses of pretty, brush-like white flowers on and off that attract tiny, pollinating insects.The flowers are faintly cinnamon-scented.

    A beautiful plant for hanging baskets, window boxes or a variety of other containers, where the dense bunches of trailing stems hang gracefully over the edge.

    Plant in semi-shade in well-drained soil.

    Size: 1m Trailing stems

  166. Tulbaghia simmleri

    Tulbaghia simmleri is a hardy, fast growing, deciduous, bulbous plant with attractive, grey-green, fleshy, strap-like leaves that die back in winter.

    Umbels of deep lilac, sweetly scented flowers are borne on long stems and make an excellent cut flower. It flowers from late summer (May) into early spring (September).

    Plant in well-drained, compost rich soil in shade or sun.

  167. Freylinia tropica

    Freylina tropica is a very hardy, evergreen, slender shrub that has spreading branches, smooth grey bark and shiny, bright green leaves.

    It blooms profusely in late winter when little else is flowering but does bear white or lilac flowers throughout the year.

    Attracts insects and butterflies to the garden.

  168. Pelargonium quercifolium Royal Oak

    Pelargonium quercifolium "Royal Oak" is a hardy, drought resistant shrublet with striking, oak-like foliage that is worth planting just for its beautiful maroon veined leaves. The foliage is balsam-scented.

    It also bears gorgeous dark pink to red flowers almost all year round. The flowers attract insects to the garden.

    Looks beautiful in either a mixed bed, mass planted or as a container plant. Plant in full sun or half day shade and, importantly, plant them in well-drained soil.

    Size 30 to 50cm

  169. Anchusa capensis

    Anchusa capensis is a drought hardy annual or bi-annual that grows vigorously, is upright, and has bright green, rough leaves and stems. It has a fairly weedy appearance.

    The stems of brilliant blue flowers are borne throughout Spring and Summer and into Autumn. Each little blue flower is beautiful when looked at closely. They have a white feathery centre (these are actually scales that protect the reproductive parts of the flower).

  170. Pelargonium salmoneum

    Pelargonium salmoneum is an evergreen, extremely drought hardy, semi-succulent Pelargonium which has yellowish green leaves.

    As its name suggests, the flowers are a bright, salmon pink. They are held above the leaves on a flowering stalk that bears up to 20 flowers. Peak flowering times are between June and December.

    It makes an excellent container plant and does very well in open ground in the garden as well. It is the perfect height as a "mid-shrub", to plant taller shrubs behind it and shorter bedding plants in the front.

    Size up to 75cm

  171. Gazania Gazoo

    Gazania gazoo Citrus Mix is a hardy, evergreen, drought resistant, sun loving groundcover with glossy leaves.

    This vigorous Gazania produces large flowers on strong stems in spring and summer. They are free flowering with a long flowering season.

    This hybrid mixture of orange and yellow flowers even open under low light conditions. Needs well-drained soil and moderate water.

    Ideal for a rockery and for stabilizing soil on banks as well as for mass planting and containers.

    Size 15 to 30cm

  172. Albuca shawii

    Albuca shawii is a hardy, deciduous bulb with very thin, dark-green leaves that are covered in short, sticky hairs.The leaves have a faint smell of liquorice when crushed.

    The flowering spikes bear a spray of beautiful, nodding, delicately-scented yellow and green flowers from September to February.

    A beautiful addition to a rockery, short grassland garden or meadow of delicate, bulbous plants.

    They prefer full sun but can take light semi-shade. Plant in well-drained, loamy soil and do not over-water. If planting in a grassland, make sure that they are not swamped by too many tall grasses.

    Size: up to 40cm

  173. Salvia Beautiful Blue

    Salvia 'Beautiful Blue' is a very hardy, evergreen, small shrub with aromatic, bright-green leaves that grow in clumps along the stems.

    Clusters of sky-blue, funnel-shaped flowers are borne en masse from June to December. When the flowers fall off, the decorative calyx remains and is an added feature.

    The flowers of Wild Sage can be used as a good cut flower. It is an attractive, easy plant to grow. As with all Salvia’s they attract pollinating insects and Sunbirds to the garden.

    Plant in well-drained soil in full sun or semi-shade and water well in winter. This tough plant tolerates very dry conditions and should not be over-watered. Prune back hard once a year.

    Size: 0,5 to 0,75m

  174. Hibiscus pedunculatus

    Hibiscus pedunculatus is a hardy, evergreen, small to medium-sized shrub whose delicate, dainty look belies the fact that it is hardy and easy to grow. The lobed leaves feel like sandpaper.

    From October to May the delightful, large, pale pink, hibiscus-like flowers are borne on long stalks.

    The abundant pollen offered by the flowers attracts insects while Charaxes butterflies use it as a host plant. It is used in traditional medicine.

    Group a few together for a gorgeous display or plant in amongst other shrubs as a border or screen where the flowers peeping through the other shrubs give the border a whimsical look.

  175. Carissa macrocarpa Green Carpet

    Carissa macrocarpa "Green Carpet" is a hardy, evergreen, drought-resistant, dense, spiny, dwarf spreading shrublet with leathery, dark-green, glossy leaves.

    It has beautiful, quite large, scented, white flowers and large edible red fruits on and off throughout the year.

    It attracts butterflies and fruit-eating birds to the garden. The fruits make a delicious jelly that is sold as ‘Amatungulu Jelly’. This useful plant can be used to cover large areas or clipped into an attractive small formal hedge. It also looks great in a container.

    Erect shoots should be clipped to keep the dwarf habit. Plant in shade, semi-shade or sun, in well-drained, well-composted soil.

    Size: up to 40cm

  176. Zanthoxylum capense

    Zanthoxylum capense is a hardy, deciduous to semi-deciduous small to medium-sized tree, with smooth, dark grey bark and broad, cone-shaped knobs that are topped with a short spine. The leaves are divided into leaflets, that are shiny and dark green above, and paler beneath. When crushed they are somewhat brittle and have a strong Citrus scent.

    From October to February, the tiny, white, scented flowers are clustered at the ends of the branches. The male and female flowers are borne on separate trees. Female trees develop clusters of tiny orange-red fruits that split to release oil-rich black seeds. The fruit is edible but cause a burning sensation in the mouth.

    Both flowers and fruit attract many insects and birds to the garden. It is a host plant to the Citrus Swallowtail and other Swallowtail Butterflies. This tree is widely used in traditional medicine remedies, and the wood is used for implements.

    It makes an excellent container plant, or part of a forest garden or plant singly as a specimen tree to prune up and expose the interesting, knobbly stem.

    Plant in semi-shade or full sun, in well-drained, compost rich soil.

    Size: 2 to 15m

  177. Strophanthus speciosus

    Strophanthus speciosus is a semi-hardy, evergreen small tree, shrub or climber with greenish bark that has raised white dots. The leaves are leathery and, like the rest of the plant, contain a poisonous, water sap.

    The flowers, borne from September to December, are striking – with long spidery tepals that are creamy yellow to orange, with a brighter orange marking towards the centre of the flower.

    The greenish yellow, two-horned fruit that develops after flowering becomes brown, and splits to release seeds attached to silky hairs that assist with dispersing them by wind.

    The seeds, leaves and latex of this plant are poisonous, and are nevertheless used in traditional medicine – particularly in the treatment of snakebites.

    An interesting container plant, that can be grown as a woody climber or planted and pruned up to remain a small tree or large shrub. It requires well-composted soil, moderate watering and plant in a semi-shade to shady position.

    Size: can climb up to 10m if supported

  178. Thespesia acutiloba

    Thespesia acutiloba is a hardy, semi-deciduous small tree or large shrub with pale grey bark that becomes furrowed with age.

  179. Thunbergia natalensis

    Thunbergia natalensis is a hardy, deciduous, herbaceous shrublet with large, attractive, heart-shaped leaves that sometimes have wavy margins.

    From October to March, it bears beautiful, sky-blue, trumpet-shaped flowers with yellow centres. They attract insects to the garden.

    Traditionally it is used as a charm to ensure a happy marriage.

    It is a particularly useful size for planting under trees and shrubs.

    Plant in well-drained soil in shady or semi-shade areas of the garden for a splash of colour under trees.

    Size 0,5 to 1m

  180. Ochna serrulata

    Ochna serrulata is a hardy, small, semi-deciduous shrub with glossy, mirror-like leaves that flush red in spring.

    The profuse, bright yellow, scented flowers are borne from September to December.

    The flowers are short lived but are followed by black fruit on an enlarged red calyx that looks like a flower and persists on the shrub for months.

    As with Ochna natalitia this plant deserves pride of place in any garden. The seeds attract birds to the garden.

  181. Ehretia rigida

    Ehretia rigida is a very hardy, deciduous, drought resistant, attractive shrub with an interesting shape.

  182. Elegia capensis

    Elegia capensis is a hardy, evergreen restio is a large, ornamental form plant for water features.It produces tall stems with soft-feathery leaves at regular intervals along its length.

    The golden-brown flowers are carried at the tip of the tall stems in Octocber and November.It is a beautiful form plant that whispers in the wind.Prune back old stems regularly and thin out if it gets too large.

    Plant in ponds or beside water features or streams.If not in a pond, plant in rich but well-drained soil (as standing water can become stagnant) and water well in winter.

    It will grow in sun or semi-shade.

    Size: up to 2m

  183. Erythrophysa transvaalensis

    Erythrophysa transvaalensis is a rare, hardy, semi-deciduous, drought resistant shrub or small tree is mostly multi-stemmed.

  184. Eucomis comosa

    Eucomis comosa is a very hardy, deciduous, bulbous plant with a rosette of attractive, broad, strap-like leaves with a maroon cast.

    The spikes of sweetly scented, pink or maroon star-shaped flowers with attractive purple ovaries are borne from October. to February.

    It grows best in full sun in either damp or dry spots.

  185. Eucomis vandermerwii

    Eucomis vandermerwii  is a very hardy, deciduous bulb with a rosette of beautiful leaves that are tinged wine red, have masses of dark maroon spots and wavy edges.

    In summer it bears spikes of long lasting wine red flowers topped with dark green, maroon blotched Pineapple-like bracts.

  186. Euryops pectinatus

    Euryops pectinatus is a very hardy, attractive, fast growing, evergreen, free flowering shrub that has soft grey-green foliage.

    It bears bright yellow daisies all year round but in profusion in spring.

    It grows best in well-drained, well-composted soil in the full sun and flowers most of the year if deadheaded regularly. Water well in winter as this is its main growing season.

    The flowers attract butterflies and insects to the garden.It makes a particularly beautiful, informal hedge.

    Size 1m x 1m

  187. Falkia repens

    Falkia repens is a hardy, evergreen, flat, mat-forming, perennial groundcover with lovely rounded leaves.

    It bear large, white to pinkish paper-like flowers (like miniature poppies) from September. to December.

  188. Felicia erigeroides

    Felicia erigeroides is a very hardy, mound-forming, evergreen perennial has small, bright green leaves and delicate pink to lilac flowers.

    It flowers profusely from July to September. but does have some flowers all year round if deadheaded after flowering.

  189. Felicia filifolia

    Felicia filifolia is an extremely hardy, evergreen, small shrub with fine, bright-green, aromatic, needle-like leaves.

    It is a magnificent sight from July to September, when it is covered in such prolific mauve, daisy-type flowers that you cannot see the leaves.

  190. Freylinia lanceolata

    Freylinia lanceolata is a very hardy, evergreen, fast growing, graceful shrub with a lovely weeping shape. The long, drooping lanceolate leaves add to the shape.

  191. Gardenia thunbergia

    Gardenia thunbergia is a hardy, evergreen shrub has glossy green leaves, silvery bark and wonderful branching patterns. 

    The sweet scent of the magnificent, large, white flowers will permeate the garden from October to February.

  192. Gerbera jamesonii

    Gerbera jamesonni is a well-known and well-loved hardy indigenous groundcover.

    This hardy, semi-deciduous perennial has a basal rosette of leaves and large daisy-like flowers carried on long stems above the plant with a broad spectrum of colour from yellow through orange and red variations.

    It blooms almost all year round but flushes from September. to April.

  193. Gomphocarpus fruticosus

    Gomphocarpus fruticosus is a very hardy, deciduous perennial shrub with clusters of complex, yellow-green flowers that are borne intermittently throughout the year.


    These are followed by inflated, oval, yellow-green seedpods covered with soft green hairs that pop to release silky seeds that are carried off by the wind.

    It is the host for the African Monarch butterfly and is thus a good element for a butterfly garden.

  194. Hermannia pinnata

    Hermannia pinnata is a hardy, evergreen, drought resistant-flat growing groundcover with finely textured, light green foliage.

    It bears masses of beautiful, nodding, apricot coloured, bell-like flowers that are carried on relatively long stalks above the plant in early summer. Unusually for a groundcover, the flowers are wonderfully fragrant.

  195. Hesperantha coccinea

    Hesperantha coccinea [=Schizostylis] is a very hardy, mostly evergreen, bulbous plant with a fan of bright-green, strap-like leaves.

    It bears showy spikes of large, star-shaped flowers that cluster at the tips of slender stems from December to April. The colors vary from bright-scarlet to soft, pale pink.

    It attracts insects to the garden and is a butterfly host plant.If left for a few years, it forms large clumps and is a sight to behold. Seeing them flowering en masse along streams in the foothills of the Drakensberg is amazing.

  196. Hypoestes aristata Little Pink

    Hypoestes aristata little pink is a hardy, evergreen, small to medium sized, rounded shrub with grey-green leaves that have lighter veins giving them a variegated look.

    It bears abundant spikes that are densely packed with 2-lipped pink flowers with purple spots in the middle of winter, from March to August.,

  197. Hypoxis hemerocallidea

    Hypoxis hemerocallidea is a very hardy, deciduous, bulbous plant with folded, strap-like leaves that are hairy and arranged in a triangular fashion.

    The spikes of bright, yellow star shaped flowers rise through the centre of the plant on short spikes.

    It flowers from very early spring to midsummer August. to April.

  198. Hypoxis rigidula

    Hypoxis rigidula is a  hardy, deciduous tuberous plant has attractive, graceful slightly twisted grey green, hairy leaves.

    The spikes of beautiful, golden star-shaped flowers are borne from August. to March.

    They attract insects to the garden and in the wild are utilised by many different creatures.

  199. Melianthus comosus

    Melianthus comosus is a very hardy, evergreen, drought resistant fast growing shrub with attractive divided, strongly aromatic leaves.

    The sprays of scarlet flowers are sweet smelling and have abundant nectar which attracts insects, bees, butterflies, Sunbirds and Cape White eyes.

    It is a really beautiful sight when in flower from October to December.

    It also has attractive papery pods.

  200. Pelargonium fragrans

    Pelargonium fragrans is a hardy, evergreen, compact natural hybrid Pelargonium with delicate leaves that have a distinct nutmeg scent.

    It flowers profusely with clusters of dainty, small white flowers from May to August but has some flowers all year round.

  201. Pelargonium peltatum

    Pelargonium peltatum is a hardy, evergreen rambling pelargonium with smooth, fleshy leaves that have five points.

    The flowers are a beautiful pale pink to mauve with darker streaks in the middle and bloom for most of the year.

    The rambling, zig-zag stems make it ideal for hanging baskets, cascading over walls or used as an edging plant in a bed or even supported as a climber.

    Prune to keep in shape, Plant in well-drained soil in full sun or semi-shade.

    The many hybrid ‘Ivy Geraniums were developed from this rewarding and popular garden plant.

    Size Up to 2m

  202. Plectranthus ambiguous

    Plectranthus ambiguous is a hardy shrublet with large thinly hairy olive green leaves.

    The flower spikes have densely congested long narrow tubular flowers in a beautiful shade of pale purple in March and April.

    Plant in shade or semi-shade and prune back hard before the new seasons growth to keep it looking neat and encourage flowering the following season.

  203. Plectranthus ecklonii

    Plectranthus ecklonii is a fairly hardy, erect, shrubby Plectranthus with attractive, large, quilted leaves.

  204. Plectranthus fruticosus James

    Plentranthus fruticosus is a softly branching, fairly hardy, evergreen, upright Plectranthus has attractive olive green foliage tinged with purple beneath.

    The spikes of pink to mauve flowers are borne in profusion in autumn.

  205. Plectroniella armata

    Plectroniella armata is a hardy multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub or small tree with smooth grey bark and straight hard spines.

    The attractive glossy leaves are dark green on top and pale green below.

  206. Plumbago auriculata White

    Plumbago auriculata white is a hardy, scrambling, much branched, evergreen shrub.

    It bears masses of edible, white Phlox-like flowers on and off all year round.

    It is an important butterfly host plant and attracts both butterflies and birds to the garden. 

    A popular garden and hedging plant that is also suitable for covering banks.

    Prune regularly to keep smaller and in shape as it can get quite wild.

  207. Plumbago auriculata Blue

    Plumbago auriculata blue is a hardy, scrambling, much branched, evergreen shrub.

    It bears masses of edible, sky-blue Phlox-like flowers on and off all year round.

    It is an important butterfly host plant and attracts both butterflies and birds to the garden.

  208. Polygala myrtifolia

    Polygala myrtifolia is a hardy, large, evergreen shrub with glossy green leaves.

    It bears abundant, mauve pea-like flowers almost all year round with a flush in late winter.

    It makes a decorative small tree if pruned into a standard and makes a beautiful floriferous screening plant. It can also be pruned into a formal hedge.

    Attracts Carpenter Bees to the garden.

    The seeds are relished by laughing doves and other seed-eating birds.

    Grows in sun or semi-shade but flowers best in full sun and makes an excellent container plant.

    Size 1 to 4m 

  209. Portulacaria afra

    Portulacaria afra is a hardy, evergreen, neatly shaped, small tree or shrub with pretty round, succulent leaves and ruby red branches.

    The leaves have a pleasant acid flavour and can be used in salads.

    From October to January, after rain, it is covered in clear pink to rosy mauve, nectar rich flowers - a wonderful sight. The papery 3-winged ornamental fruits resemble pinkish lanterns.

    Plant in well-drained soil in sun or shade.

    Useful for binding soil.

  210. Portulacaria afra prostrata

    Portulacaria afra prostrata is a fairly hardy, pretty, succulent groundcover is a variety of P. afra but instead of being a large upright shrub it has a creeping habit and stays low.

    It has attractive round, glossy leaves on long arching succulent branches.

  211. Psychotria capensis

    Psychotria capensis is a fairly hardy, evergreen shrub or small tree that is nicely shaped with leathery, glossy leaves.

    It is a great foliage plant.

  212. Raphionacme velutina

    Raphionacme velutina is a very hardy, deciduous, multi-stemmed herbaceous plant with weakly-erect stems arising from a large, tuberous caudex, which is sometimes flattened. The small, elongated, hairy, grey-green leaves are folded upwards in well-spaced, opposite pairs.

    In spring and summer, it bears interesting, yellow-green, star-shaped flowers with purple stamens along the length of the stems.

    Plant in a grassland or succulent garden. To make a beautiful container plant, expose the tuber. Be careful not to over water as it may rot.

    t will grow best in sun or semi-shade, in well-drained but well-composted soil.

    Size: 20cm

  213. Rhoicissus tomentosa

    Rhoicissus tomentose is a hardy, evergreen, robust, woody climber with rough, greyish-brown bark. The ornamental, almost circular to kidney-shaped, dark-green leaves are interspersed with velvety tendrils. 

    The young leaves are hairy and a rich copper or purple colour while the old leaves turn crimson before falling. Dense heads of greenish flowers are borne from October to January. These are followed by large, purple, grape-like berries with white spots, which are another great feature of this climber.

    The fruit is edible and much sought after by birds and other wildlife. It is the host plant of the Silver Striped Hawkmoth. This robust climber will cover a pergola, can be trained up and over walls or planted in a container and pruned regularly to keep it bushy and show off its wonderful foliage.

    Plant in compost-rich soil in sun, semi-shade or shade.

    Size: up to 20m in canopy

  214. Rhoicissus tridentata

    Rhoicissus tridentata is a very hardy, deciduous, fast-growing, drought-resistant, vigorous climber or scrambling shrub with attractive, dark-green foliage that turns red in autumn.

    The small, greenish-yellow flowers are borne in tight clusters on a densely-hairy inflorescence from November to April. The decorative clusters of edible, red, grape-like berries become black and attract birds to the garden. 

    It has many medicinal and traditional uses. The trailing stems are lovely in flower arrangements. Ideal for screening on a fence or cascading down a bank. It also makes a good subject for a large hanging basket.

    Plant in well-drained soil in sun, semi-shade or shade.

    Size: 1 to 3m

  215. Sansevieria aethiopica

    Sansevieria aethiopica is a hardy, evergreen, succulent plant that is very variable in size and shape, and that spreads from shooting, subterranean, horizontal stems. Rosettes of erect, mottled leaves form dense stands under vegetation.

    At irregular periods during the year a tall, flowering stem carries scented, creamy, whitish-yellow, tubular flowers that open towards the evening. These are followed by reddish-orange berries that attract birds.


    Extensively used as a medicinal plant.Makes a beautiful form plant.

    Particularly good for planting in dry, dark, shady areas under trees.

  216. Sansevieria hyacinthoides

    Sansevieria hyacinthoides is a hardy, evergreen, drought-resistant, succulent plant with rigid, tongue-shaped, succulent leaves.The leaves are grey-green with darker, mottled markings.

    This drought-resistant, attractive form plant bears, in spring and summer, gorgeous spikes of showy, white flowers that attract bees and other insects.The flowers are followed by orange berries that attract birds.

    Extensively used in traditional medicine.Makes an attractive container plant that requires little care. 

    It makes a lovely show in those difficult, dry, shady areas under trees or in amongst rocks. 

    Size: 30 to 50cm

  217. Sansevieria pearsonii

    Sansevieria pearsonii is a hardy, evergreen succulent with a fan of cylindrical, hard, ribbed leaves that overlap near the base. The leaves end with a hard, sharp spine. 

    It bears a tall spike of pinkish-brown flowers on and off for most of the year. The scented flowers generally open at night. The orange berries that follow are relished by birds. 

    This plant multiplies at the base by producing offshoots, and forms large clumps which add a structural element to a shady, dry garden or rockery. It also makes an attractive container plant.

    Plant in semi-shade or shade in well-drained, sandy soil. Water sparingly.

    Size: up to 1m

  218. Schrebera alata

    Schrebera alata is a fairly hardy, evergreen, scrambling shrub or small tree that branches low and has a sparse narrow crown.

  219. Sclerochiton harveyanus

    Sclerochiton harveyanus is a hardy, evergreen, shade loving, small to medium sized scandent shrub.

    It has attractive, slightly variegated, small, almost heart-shaped leaves that add texture to the garden.

  220. Sclerochiton kirkii

    Sclerochiton kirkii is a hardy, upright, evergreen shrub with bright green, glossy foliage.

    It bears clusters of beautiful large sky-blue flowers which look like a hand in summer and autumn. 

    Plant in semi shade or shade in compost rich soil.

  221. Sclerochiton odoratissimus

    Sclerochiton odoratissimun is a hardy, evergreen, small, shrub with attractive, glossy, small dark green leaves.

    It bears masses of pretty white flowers that are streaked with red or purple lines and are wonderfully fragrant in late summer and autumn.

    The flowers are like little hands facing the sun.

  222. Scutia myrtina

    Scutia myrtina is a hardy, evergreen, drought resistant, thorny shrub with beautiful glossy, tiny leaves.

    The new growth of leaves is a pretty bronze colour.

  223. Sideroxylon inerme

    Sideroxylon inerme is a hardy, evergreen, small to medium or large tree with a beautiful, round, dark-green, lush crown. A feature of this tree is the grey-brown bark that cracks into rectangles. The leathery, dark-green leaves are smooth and shiny and turn red with age.

    From November to April it bears small greenish-white, strongly-scented flowers which Mousebirds love to eat. The flowers are followed by attractive, juicy, black berries that attract birds and other wildlife to the garden.

    This species has been declared a protected tree and some old specimens are National Monuments. It has many traditional and medicinal uses.

    The White Milkwood makes a good garden and container subject, and grows well on the Highveld in sun or semi-shade if protected from wind.

    Size: 4 to 15m

  224. Calodendrum capense

    Calodendrum capense is a hardy, semi-deciduous, large tree.

  225. Bauhinia tomentosa

    Bauhinia tomentosa is a hardy, fast growing, drought resistant, deciduous, scandent shrub with deeply lobed leaves, like butterfly wings.

    It bears masses of lemon yellow, bell-like flowers with a purple blotch at the base of one petal and flowers throughout summer.

    Plant in full sun or partial shade.

  226. Gladiolus ochroleucus

    Gladiolus ochroleucus is a hardy, evergreen, bulbous plant with attractive, upright, strap-like, grey-green leaves.   It bears spikes of magnificent, funnel-shaped, pink flowers almost all year round.  

    The flower colour can vary from almost white to cerise.  They attract pollinating insects.  Use as a particularly attractive cut flower as well.  

    It is a lovely addition to a short grassland garden or planted in clumps in a rockery and it makes a truly beautiful container plant.  It requires well-drained, compost-rich soil.  Plant in full sun or semi-shade. 

    Size: 30 to 50cm

  227. Rhus pyroides

    Rhus (Searsia) pyroides is a very hardy, deciduous, drought-resistant tree that tolerates extreme conditions of drought and cold and makes a wonderful pioneer.

  228. Rotheca myricoides

    Rotheca myricoides (= Clerodendrum myricoides) is a fairly hardy, medium sized, evergreen, very decorative shrub with beautiful foliage. 

    It has massed spikes of purple flowers in spring and summer which attract the beautiful Carpenter Bees. 

    The edible fruit attracts birds to the garden.

  229. Nymphoides indica

    Nymphoides indica is a semi-deciduous, floating plant with rhizomes and long, slender stems ending in almost circular leaves floating flat on the surface of the water.

    From October to May it has abundant, small, fluffy, yellow flowers at the edge of each leaf and is a pretty sight floating on the surface of a pond.

    It is also suitable for a very small pond.

  230. Eragrostis gummiflua

    Eragrostis gummiflua is a very hardy, evergreen to semi-deciduous, perennial grass with sparse, hard, tough leaves.

    It bears attractive, large racemes of pink to purple flowers and seeds on stiff branches from November to May.

    Parts of this grass are quite sticky, hence the common name.

    Plant in a meadow garden where its attractive seed-heads add texture. It is quite unpalatable to grazers. This hard grass is used to make durable brooms.

    As with all grasses, to keep it healthy, it should be cut back once a year and raked to remove the thatch. Plant in sun or semi-shade in well-drained, sandy or gravelly soils. Water well to keep it looking its best.

    Size: Flowering stem up to 90cm

  231. Dracaena aletriformis

    Dracaena aletriformis is a fairly hardy, evergreen, shade loving, Yucca-like accent plant.

  232. Plectranthus verticillatus

    Plectranthus verticillatus is a fairly hardy, evergreen, flat, creeping, fast growing groundcover with soft, fleshy, round leaves.

    The spikes of white-mauve flowers that are borne from January to May attract a whole host of butterflies and insects.

    It is ideal for hanging baskets and prefers to grow in shade or semi-shade in well-drained, well-composted soil in moist conditions.

    Prune back after flowering.

    Size 15 to 25cm

  233. Eragrostis superba

    Eragrostis superba is a hardy, evergreen to semi-deciduous, perennial grass that has attractive, bright-green leaves, mostly concentrated at the base of the tuft.

    It flowers from September to May and has a spikelet of beautiful, large, golden, heart-shaped seeds.

    An attractive garden subject.

    As with all grasses, to keep it healthy, it should be cut back once a year and raked to remove the thatch. Plant in sun or semi-shade. It grows in moist areas and will tolerate most soil types.

    Size: 35 to 40cm

  234. Aristida congesta barbicollis

    Aristida congesta subsp. barbicollisis a very hardy, evergreen to semi-deciduous, delicate, perennial, tufted grass with long, white hairs where the leaf meets the stem.

    It bears delicate, twisted spikelets at the tips of branches from October to May.

    This tough, pioneer grass can be used to stabilise soil or cover bare patches to protect the soil. It is pretty planted amongst flowering plants in a meadow garden or in a grassland garden.

    As with all grasses it should be cut back once a year and raked to remove the thatch. It is unfussy about the soil type it is planted in, and will thrive in all but waterlogged soils in sun or semi-shade.

    Size: Flowering stem up to 80cm

  235. Miscanthus capensis

    Miscanthus capensisis a very hardy, evergreen, clump-forming, large grass that has beautiful autumn colours.

    The flowering stalks are topped with plumes of pink seed-heads in late summer and early autumn. The clumps of leaves are about 1m tall and the flowering stalks are up to 2m tall.

    Weavers choose this grass above other plants for nesting material. They use the leaves to weave the nest and the seed to line it.

    Use as a backdrop to a garden bed or as a screening plant in narrow beds. It is effective planted as a single, sculptural, feature plant in a garden. Plant into window-box type containers where they can be used as a screen on a balcony. This tall grass is beautiful moving in the lightest of breezes in the garden.

    As with all grasses, to keep it healthy, it should be cut back once a year and raked to remove the thatch. Plant in sun or semi-shade in damp or normal garden conditions.

    Size: Flowering stem up to 2m

  236. Haemanthus albiflos

    Haemanthus albiflos is a hardy, evergreen, shade-loving, bulbous plant with mainly broad, glossy, green, strap-like leaves, although they are very variable and can sometimes be hairy. The upper half of the bulb is bright-green and is exposed above ground.

    The beautiful ‘paintbrush’-type inflorescence is borne from April to September. It has a papery, green calyx encasing a head of many long, thin, white flowers that are yellow-tipped with pollen. The orange-red berries that follow are an attractive feature.

    The pollen attracts bees and butterflies to the garden while birds love the succulent berries. It is also used in traditional medicine.

    This plant makes a wonderful container plant as it likes to be pot-bound. Use as an indoor plant as well. This is a shade-loving plant and, if left undisturbed, will flower and thrive in those dark, difficult areas of the garden.

    Plant in well-drained, compost-rich soil. Remember when planting out to leave the top half of the bulb exposed.

    Size: 20 to 25cm

  237. Acacia polyacantha

    Acacia polyacantha (=Senegalia Polyacantha) is a fairly hardy, deciduous tree adds all-year-round beauty to a garden with its seasonal changes, from the pale, creamy, flaking bark on the stems that glow in the winter sunshine, to the spikes of glistening silver flowers in spring. 

    Added to this is the coolness of the dense bright-green, soft feathery leaves in summer, which turn dull olive-green in autumn before they drop. A truly spectacular tree that is fast-growing.

    Paired hooked thorns vary in colour from brown to black and young branches are covered in hairs. The flowers are borne from September to December. Straight, flat brown pods hang on the tree from March to October.

    Plant as a single specimen or as a beautiful avenue tree. It is a host to the larvae of various moth species and wood is believed to have both medicinal and magical properties. Protect young plants against frost.

    It thrives in both well-drained and clayey soils in sun or semi-shade.

    Size: up to 15m

  238. Crinum moorei

    Crinum moorei is a hardy, evergreen or semi-deciduous, very fast-growing bulb with beautiful broad, flat, bright-green leaves in a rosette on the end of a short stalk.

    The long, flowering stalk carries a head of large, tubular flowers that form a beautiful umbel of pink to almost white flowers from October to January.

  239. Silene bellidioides

    Silene bellidioides is a very hardy, evergreen, perennial plant with tall, erect, sticky stems and rosettes of leaves at the base.

    From October to April, the plant produces one or more flowering stems that have a few branches with flowers positioned at the tips of each branch. The flower petals are white or pale pink and deeply divided. The long, tubular flower calyx is pale green, striped with dark-red veins. The beautiful, scented flowers open in the evening, and shine like neon lights at night, attracting moths to pollinate them.

    Traditionally, this plant is used as a love-potion.

    It is an excellent addition to a sunny grassland garden.

    Plant in full sun or semi-shade in well-drained soil.

    Size: up to 30cm

  240. Volkameria glabra

    Volkameria glabra (=Clerodendrum glabrum)  is a very hardy, semi-deciduous, fast-growing, small tree or large shrub with a dense crown. It has shiny, dark-green leaves that are pungent when crushed.

    From December to June it bears profuse, dense clusters of white to pinkish flowers that have long stamens. In some specimens the flowers are wonderfully scented, whilst in others the scent can be pungent.These are followed by tightly packed yellowish-white berries that attract birds to the garden.

    An important host plant of moths and butterflies – an absolute must for a butterfly garden. The flowers also attract a whole host of pollinating insects and the nectar in the flowers is an important food source for bees.

    It is extensively used for medicinal and traditional purposes.

    Plant in sun or semi-shade in well-composted soil.

    Size: 2 to 6m

  241. Helichrysum petiolare

    Helichrysum petiolare is a hardy, evergreen, dense, very fast growing perennial with beautiful, silvery-grey velvety, rounded, aromatic leaves. A lovely foliage and textural plant.

    It has cream flowers from November to January which can be used in dry arrangements.

    The lovely grey colour of the foliage adds colour and texture to a mixed border.

    It can also be pruned into a small hedge.

    The leaves are used as bedding hence the common name. Campers believe the smell aids a peaceful nights sleep.

    Needs to be pruned regularly to keep in shape.

    A good plant in sun or semi-shade in larger gardens in well-drained soil.

    Size 30 to 50cm

  242. Carissa edulis

    Carissa edulis is a hardy, much-branched, evergreen, fast growing shrub or climber that has glossy, leathery leaves, which are sometimes hairy and have red growing tips. The hard rigid spines are almost always single.

    Masses of beautiful, white flowers tinged with pink appear from September to December. These are followed by edible fruit that turns purplish-black when ripe, and because it is so sweet and juicy, makes a good jam or jelly.

    The fruits attract birds to the garden.

    It makes a good hedging plant, whether pruned to keep compact or left to grow freely. It needs to be controlled in a smaller garden but can be allowed to grow wild if you have the space where it will scramble through the trees.

    Can be grown in semi-shade, but prefers full sun and flowers more profusely in the sun.

    Size 1 to 3m

  243. Macledium zeyheri

    Macledium (=Dicoma) zeyheri is a very hardy, unusual perennial plant with leathery leaves that are white felted below and cobwebby stems.

    It bears purplish flowers with spiky silver bracts that are also tinged with purple and look like miniature Proteas from January to May. They are long lasting and make good cut flowers.

    The seeds are much favoured by insects.

    Plant in a rockery or in a grassland garden. For an unusual talking point, plant in containers.

    Plant in well-drained, compost rich soil in sun or semi shade and water well in summer.

    Size 15 to 20cm

  244. Chasmanthe floribunda

    Chasmanthe floribunda is a hardy, summer-deciduous, winter-growing, bulbous plant with tall, sword-shaped, light-green leaves arranged in a fan-shape.

  245. Crassula swaziensis

    Crassula swaziensis is a hardy, semi prostrate succulent perennial plant with attractive grey-green, round leaves that are arranged in rosettes.

    The dense flat-topped inflorescences of masses of small white flowers that are tinged pink are borne from January to April. They attract a whole host of tiny insects.

    Plant in well-drained soil in a rockery in the shade of other plants and grasses.

  246. Thunbergia neglecta

    Thunbergia neglecta is a very hardy, evergreen, low-growing, scrambling perennial with attractive, heart-shaped leaves.

    In summer it bears beautiful, round, open, creamy-yellow flowers with a darker-yellow centre. They attract insects to the garden. Pretty planted in a grassland garden scrambling through the grasses, out of a hanging basket, creeping up a trellis or tumbling over retaining walls.

    Prune after flowering to keep in shape and ensure masses of flowers in the next season.

    It is fast-growing, requires well-drained soil and only moderate water. It can be planted in sun or semi-shade.

    Size: up to 1m

  247. Watsonia angusta

    Watsonia angusta is a very hardy, evergreen, bulbous plant with grey-green strap-like leaves.

    It bears spikes of orangey-red flowers from November to January that add fiery spikes to the garden.

    The flowers attract Sunbirds and insects to the garden.

    It makes a good accent plant but is also beautiful for mass planting and retaining soil on banks.

    Plant on banks to help with soil retention.

    It grows and flowers best when it has compost rich soil, sufficient water (it tolerates marshy conditions), and sun although it tolerates semi-shade as well.

    Size 0.5

  248. Ficus craterostoma

    Ficus craterostoma is a fairly hardy, semi-decidious, medium sized strangler fig with a rounded, spreading crown and pale grey bark. It has fairly small leaves for a fig, which are dark glossy green, blunt tipped like a fish’s tail, and spirally arranged, making them an exceptionally attractive feature of this plant.

    The stalkless, hairless figs, which are inverted flowers, are borne in the axils of the leaves. The small figs turn yellowish red when ripe from May to December.

    The figs attract many fruit-eating birds to the garden. Makes a wonderful container plant or bonsai.

    Plant in sun or shade.

    Figs should not be planted close to walls and paving as they have aggressive root system.

    Size: 5 to 10m

  249. Hypoestes aristata White

    Hypoestes aristata white is a hardy, evergreen, small to medium sized, rounded shrub with grey-green leaves that have lighter veins giving them a variegated look.

    It bears abundant spikes of 2-lipped white flowers in the middle of winter, from March to August, when very little else is in flower.

    The flowers attract butterflies and other insects to the garden which is a boon to the insect eating birds.

  250. Podocarpus latifolius

    Podocarpus latifolius is a very hardy, evergreen, large, beautifully-shaped tree. It is slow growing, but makes an outstanding shade or specimen tree for bigger gardens. The yellowish to greyish-brown bark flakes off in thin, vertical strips. It has beautiful dark-green leaves that are carried more or less horizontally.

    The sweet, edible, fleshy, reddish-purple, female cones carry 1 or 2 seeds that ripen from green to pink to red during December and February.

  251. Metarungia pubinervia

    Metarungia pubinervia is a hardy, deciduous to semi-deciduous, fast growing, medium or large sized shrub with attractive, large, almost quilted, dark green leaves.

    The beautiful, bright red flowers that resemble snap-dragons, are borne along the tops of the stems from April to June. Their nectar attracts Sunbirds, which are their pollinators, as well as a whole host of insects that find it irresistible.

    It makes a lovely understory shrub.

    Plant in semi-shade or shade, in compost rich soil.

    Size: up to 4m

  252. Freesia grandiflora

    Freesia grandiflora is a fairly hardy, deciduous plant with fan of soft, bring green, flat leaves that arise from an underground corm.

    The large, scarlet flowers look like bright red stars, with a darker red blotch in the centre of the flower. It blooms from December to April. The seeds that follow are bright orange.

    It makes a beautiful garden subject, especially when planted amongst rocks and shorter grasses. It is also a lovely container plant.

    Plant in full sun to semi-shade, in well-composted soil that drains well.

    Size to 45cm

  253. Nuxia floribunda

    Nuxia floribunda is a hardy, evergreen, fast-growing, neat and attractive tree that is quite small in drier conditions, but if its roots find water it can get quite big.

    Pale grey, smooth bark contrasts beautifully with the glossy, dark-green leaves that turn quite purple in winter.

    Its huge heads of showy, sweetly-scented, white flowers cover the tree from May to September. The flowers attract a whole host of small pollinating insects, moths and butterflies that in turn attract birds.

    It has many magical and medicinal uses.

    It grows well in a container, and is also a lovely tree with which to create a small forested area in the garden.

    Plant in either full sun or semi-shade and water regularly.

    Size: 3 to 10m

  254. Kleinia galpinii

    Kleinia galpinii is a hardy, attractive, evergreen succulent plant has flattened, grey-green leaves that arise from a fleshy stem.These grow from a tuberous rootstock.

    The clusters of bright-orange or scarlet flowers are carried on a long, flowering stems from January to August.The flowers attract insects to the garden.

    This long-flowering plant will brighten up a rockery or mixed flowerbed.

    Plant in well-drained soil in full sun or light shade.

  255. Kleinia fulgens

    Kleinia fulgens is a hardy, attractive, evergreen succulent plant with a creeping, tuberous rootstock. It has broad, flattened, slightly fleshy stalkless leaves that arise directly from a fleshy stem. They are grey-green with a purple margin.

    The clusters of bright-orange or scarlet flowers are carried on long, flowering stems from January to August. The flowers attract pollinating insects to the garden.

    This long-flowering plant will brighten up a rockery or mixed flowerbed.

    Plant in well-drained soil in full sun or light shade.

    Size: 30cm to 60cm

  256. Syncolostemon densiflorus

    Syncolostemon densiflorus is a hardy, evergreen, medium-sized, herbaceous, multi-stemmed shrub. It has velvety, white stems with bright-green leaves.

  257. Erythrina humeana

    Erythrina humeana is a hardy, deciduous, fairly fast-growing shrub or small tree with dark olive-green, trifoliate leaves.

    The long-lasting, gorgeous, brilliant red, long flower spikes are carried above the leaves on slender stalks.

  258. Delosperma echinatum

    Delosperma echinatum (Pickle Plant) is a hardy, evergreen, small, partially-upright shrublet that has barrel-shaped short (25mm) leaves, hence its common name pickle plant. The light-green leaves have short, white, bristly hairs and attractive water vesicles (tiny bladders), that will add texture to your plantings.

    It bears masses of small, white or yellow, glistening flowers in spring.

    This drought-resistant plant makes a good addition to a rockery, succulent or grass garden and does particularly well in containers.

    Plant in well-drained soil in sun or light shade. It should be allowed to dry out between waterings.

    Size: up to 45cm

  259. Begonia dregei

    Begonia dregei is a hardy, deciduous perennial with glossy, beautiful, small semi- succulent leaves that have white spots at times. It bears masses of white flowers throughout the summer. In winter, when it is leafless, is when the beauty of its golden, swollen stems are seen.

    Plant in semi shade or shade in those difficult spots where little else grows and it thrives in marshy areas as well. It also makes a great container plant with something of interest about it all year round.

    Size 15 to 25cm

  260. Polygala virgata

    Polygala virgata is a very hardy, evergreen, fast-growing, slender shrub with long, narrow, dark-green leaves.

    From October to July it bears tall terminal spikes of massed purple to mauve pea-like flowers that attract insects.

    Although not particularly long-lived, they readily seed themselves around the garden. The flower spikes last well as cut flowers. Used medicinally.

    For the best effect, plant 3 or more of these slender shrubs together, in sun or semi-shade, in compost-rich soil. Prune from when they are young to encourage them to bush out; this will help create an amazing display of flowers.

    Size: 1.5

  261. Maytenus undata

    Maytenus undata is a very hardy, evergreen large or small tree. Its height is very variable, and depends on the area in which it is growing. The colder it is the smaller the tree. The bark is grey-brown with patches flaking off and leaving pinkish blotches.

    One can tell the hardiness by the foliage form - the smaller and more leathery the leaves, the hardier the tree. The foliage is variable in size and colour from pale to dark-green and gives off a musty scent when rubbed.

    It bears creamy-white flowers all summer (from September to May).

    In April the tree produces black seeds covered with orange flesh that attract birds.

    Makes a good garden subject or container plant and is a must for a wildlife garden.

    Plant in semi-shade or sun.

    Size: 1 to 6m

  262. Podocarpus henkelii

    Podocarpus henkelii is a very hardy, evergreen, large decorative, beautifully-shaped tree and is one of our best-known indigenous trees. The bark is khaki brown that, when it matures, flakes into long, thin strips which expose the attractive reddish underbark. It has long, drooping, narrow, dark-green leaves.

    The female cones develop into olive-green seed that ripens in May.

    Although it is quite slow-growing it does develop into a huge forest tree that is only suitable for large gardens. For small gardens plant it in a large container to limit its size. In a container, it makes a great Christmas tree when decked out in its finery.

    Plant in either east- or south-facing areas as it prefers damp, cool and shady conditions. If planted as a single specimen in the middle of lawn, remove at least 1.5m diameter of lawn around the tree, as its roots cannot compete with lawn. Mulch and water well or it will not grow properly. Always mulch the soil around the trees as this it keeps the roots cool.

    Size: 20 to 30m

  263. Kalanchoe rotundifolia

    Kalanchoe rotundifolia is a hardy, evergreen, erect succulent groundcover. The petioles are pink and the edges of the leaves are pinkish.

    It bears spikes of small tubular bright yellow flowers on branched flowering stems from March to December.

    The nectar-rich flowers attract many butterflies and other pollinating insects

    Plant in amongst grasses or as an element of a rocky succulent garden.

    Size: up to 50cm when in flower.

  264. Helichrysum cymosum

    Helichrysum cymosum is a hardy, evergreen small, leafy, scandent shrub with beautiful silvery, small leaves that are woolly below.

    It bears compact heads of yellow, papery flowers at the tips of each branchlet from September to April.

  265. Lachenalia Hybrids

    Lachenalia hybrids belong to a group of small, fairly hardy, hyacinth-like, deciduous bulbous plants. In winter they produce attractive, strap-shaped, bright green leaves that are sometimes dotted with deep purple markings.

    Between May and October, a spike of tubular to bell-shaped flowers arises from the centre of the bulb. The flowers range in colour from yellow tinged with orange or red, to greenish yellow and even mauve. They produce copious amounts of pollen, which is sought after by pollinating insects such as bees.

    Lachenalia hybrids are particularly suited to being ornamental, indoor container plants, or put on a patio. Plant en masse in a container or in dappled shade, in a protected flower bed for seasonal colour.

    Plant in semi-shade, light shade or dappled shade, in a good mix of sand and loam, so that they get nutrients but water drains away well. Do not water in summer, once the flowers have died.

    Size to 20cm

  266. Buddleja auriculata

    Buddleja auriculata is a very hardy, beautiful, evergreen shrub with a weeping habit and beautiful black-green glossy leaves that are white on the underside.

    It bears fragrant lilac and white flowers with an orange centre and flowers profusely in large sprays in July and August.

    It can be planted as a specimen but needs some pruning to keep it in shape.

  267. Jasminum angulare

    Jasminum angulare is a hardy, evergreen, drought-resistant climber with glossy, dark-green, trifoliate leaves.

    The clusters of star-shaped, white flowers look velvety and are sweetly-scented, especially at night. 

    These wonderful flowers are borne from October to January and attract a whole host of tiny insects. They are followed by decorative black berries that attract birds to the garden.

    Used for both medicinal and magical purposes. This is quite a delicate climber that can be trained over arches and along fences and walls. It also grows well in containers.

    Use as a climber or as a rounded shrub depending on how it is pruned.Plant close to a patio or window where the wonderful scent when it is in flower can be appreciated.

    It takes a little time to settle once planted out, but once it has done so, it grows quite quickly. Flowers add a delicious scent to potpourri.

    Regular pruning will keep it in shape and encourage flowering. Plant in sun or semi-shade in compost-rich soil.

    Size: Climbs to 4m

  268. Justicia petiolaris

    Justicia petiolaris is a hardy, evergreen, mounding and trailing perennial plant with attractive light green foliage. 

    The spikes of flowers clustered at the tips of branches are blue with white and mauve markings.

    They open in succession and are borne from November to March.

  269. Cyperus prolifer

    Cyperus prolifer is a hardy, evergreen, small sedge. Each green stem is topped by a cluster of grass-like flower spikelets.

    These very decorative stems can be used in flower arrangements. An attractive little plant that is ideal for planting in a small pond or wet area.

    Helps to filter and keep water clean and healthy.Will gradually colonise a wet area through the repeated emergence of adventitious shoots.

    Plant in sun or semi-shade.

    Size: 30 to 40cm

  270. Vangueria infausta

    Vangueria infausta is a hardy, deciduous, drought-resistant, large shrub or small tree with big, velvety leaves that have prominent veins on the under-surface.

    Clusters of small, greenish-white, sweetly-scented flowers are borne from September to November, usually before the leaves appear.

  271. Zantedeschia rehmannii

    Zantedeschia rehmannii is a hardy, deciduous plant with a thickened, tuber-like rootstock from which lance shaped, lush green leaves arise. Most Arum Lily species have a lobed base but The Pink Arum has a tapering leaf base.

    The flower is a slender, elongated spathe of varying shades of pink (light pink through to deep maroon) which turns green as it matures. Flowering is from October to March, (mostly November to January).

    The fruit is green, and as it matures and gains weight along the spathe, it bends the flower stem downwards.

    It is a prized cut flower, container plant and garden plant world-wide.

    For best results, care for Z. rehmannii by lifting dormant plants and storing them dry until the following growing season when they need to be watered well. Add plenty of rich compost to the soil.

    Plant in sun or semi-shade.

    Size: up to 50cm

  272. Stachys aethiopica Pink

    Stachys aethiopica ‘Pink’ is a hardy, evergreen, spreading groundcover, with beautiful pale-green, almost quilted leaves.

    It bears spikes of small, pink, tubular flowers mainly in spring but with a few flowers almost all year round.

  273. Delosperma cooperi

    Delosperma cooperi is a hardy, evergreen, fast-growing, prostrate, succulent groundcover.

  274. Peddiea africana

    Peddiea africana is a fairly hardy (not frost hardy), small, slender tree or large shrub, with dark grey-brown, fibrous bark. The shiny, dark green leaves are clustered at the ends of branches. New leaves are a shiny, pale green, giving a decorative contrast of foliage on the plant.

    The clusters of yellowish-green flowers (Sept. to Feb.)

  275. Berula erecta

    Berula erecta is a hardy, evergreen plant, easy to grow in marshy areas. It has attractive, bright-green, upright, fern-like foliage.

    It flowers from December to March and it bears heads of many delicate, white flowers that are approximately 60 to 80mm in diameter that make good cut flowers. The flowers attract a variety of pollinating insects to the garden.

    A portion of the plants in a waterside planting will ramble & root their way and 'float' attractively onto the water surface, providing good habitat for fish fry. An excellent plant for filtration of fishpond water and grey water.

    Used in traditional medicine where the roots are held in the mouth to relieve toothache.

  276. Cyperus alternifolius flabelliformis

    Cyperus alternifolius subsp. is a hardy, evergreen, medium-sized sedge that forms large clumps.Long, green stems are topped with a circle of flat green bracts.

    The clusters of brown flowers stand out above the green bracts in summer.Attracts many birds such as Weavers, Waders and other water birds. Ideal for water edges, wetland gardens and the cleaning of grey water.

    Remove the dead stems regularly to keep it looking neat.This Cyperus is a fast spreader and the rhizomes will cover an area rapidly.

    (It may need to be thinned out periodically.)Plant in sun or semi-shade.

    Size: up to 1,3m

  277. Tabernaemontana elegans

    Tabernaemontana elegans is a hardy, deciduous, upright small tree that has beautiful, large, shiny, dark green leaves and a lovely rounded shape.

    The clusters of beautiful white flowers are sweetly scented and borne from October to February and attract bees to the garden.

    These are followed by interesting, large, paired fruits with raised, corky dots like the skin of a toad, hence the common name. These lovely fruits split to reveal seeds covered with bright orange pulp.

  278. Greyia radlkoferi

    Greyia radlkoferi is a small, gnarled, hardy, deciduous tree that has a crooked main stem and rough fissured bark.

    The bright green leaves are velvety and turn red in autumn.

    The striking orange red flowers that adorn the tree from July to November are laden with nectar and attract insects and birds.

    Remove the dead leaves to keep looking neat and show off the flowers.

    A very decorative garden subject for a sunny or semi-shade position. Protect from frost when young.

    Size: 3 to 6m

  279. Vallisneria spiralis

    Vallisneria spiralis [= aethiopica] is a hardy, evergreen plant that grows completely submerged in water and cannot tolerate being above water.

    It has long, linear leaves that can range in colour from light-green to dark-green and can grow up to 1m tall depending on the depth of the pond.

    Its insignificant flowers are carried on spiral stems and often break off and float on the surface.

    This plant propagates mainly by runners.

    It helps oxygenate and clean the water as well as providing habitat for fish and other aquatic organisms.

    Plant in a pot in a sunny to semi-shaded part of a pond, where water is no deeper than 1m.

    Size: up to 1m

  280. Sutera cordata

    Sutera cordata (=Chaenostoma cordatum) is a hardy, evergreen, flat, creeping groundcover with attractive, round, bright little leaves. 

    It bears masses of small, starry white flowers that have an unmistakable yellows centre almost all year round.

    A useful garden plant as it grows in sun or shade. Use it as a groundcover or between stepping stones.

    It also makes a stunning hanging basket and container plant but does need regular watering especially when growing in full sun.

    Size 10 to 15cm

  281. Ornithogalum sp. Tiny Peddie

    Ornithogalum sp. ‘Tiny Peddie' is a hardy, evergreen, bulbous plant with a tuft of glossy, grass-like leaves and small bulbs that multiply.

    It flowers from October to March with spikes of pure white, star-like flowers that are almost translucent. The flowers attract insects to the garden and make delicate cut flowers.

    A beautiful plant for rockeries or containers or as a border plant.

    This pretty plant will happily multiply in your beds but it is small, so should be planted in groups.

    These bulbs require well-drained, compost-rich soil in sun or light semi-shade.

    Size: 20 to 25cm

  282. Helichrysum crispum

    Helichrysum crispum is a hardy, evergreen, dense, very fast-growing, compact perennial with beautiful, small, dainty, silvery-grey velvety, rounded, aromatic leaves.

  283. Noltea africana

    Noltea africana is a very hardy, evergreen, very fast growing, small to medium sized tree.

    The glossy leaves are darker above and paler underneath, and have purple petioles. The branchlets are also purplish-red.

    The flowers are pretty, small, white sprays borne in the axils of the leaves from August to September. The black seeds are encased in a three-lobed, brown woody capsule that splits to release them when ripe.

    A decorative tree that is ideal for the smaller garden but should be kept as a single stem.

    Grows well in sun and semi-shade.

  284. Trimeria grandifolia

    Trimeria grandifolia is a hardy, deciduous small tree with beautiful, large, shiny round leaves.

    It has small sprays of densely hairy, white flowers from August to February and tight clusters of small red and yellow berries that look like mulberries. Male and female flowers on separate trees therefore only the female trees bear seeds.

    It is a butterfly host plant and has many medicinal uses.

    This is a very useful foliage plant that adds texture to the garden.

    Grows in semi-shade, in compost rich soil.

    Size: 4 to 10m

  285. Rothmannia globosa

    Rothmannia globosa is a hardy, evergreen (sometimes briefly deciduous) well-shaped, small tree with attractive bark that becomes neatly squared with age.

    It has dark green glossy leaves.

    Clusters of magnificent, white, bell-shaped, sweetly scented flowers adorn the tree from August to November. The large, round, leathery green fruits are sweet and juicy, but become hard and woody when dry.

    The juice of the fruits, that stains blue, is used to heal wounds and burns.

    Plant as an understory shrub under larger trees with light shade, such as Acacia species.

    Plant in semi-shade in compost-rich, well-drained soil.

    Size: 4 to 7m

  286. Plectranthus chimanimaniensis

    Plectranthus chimanimaniensis is a hardy, evergreen shrublet (protect the first winter) with small, semi-succulent, soft-textured and aromatic, dark-green leaves.

    The numerous individual flowers are a delicate pink, with soft, pink wings that have a white lip. They are carried on strikingly long pink flower spikes which are borne in such abundance that they ensure that the flower-to-foliage ratio is particularly high. It appears that this gem is never out of flower, but is mainly in flower from spring to early winter.

    Attracts butterflies and tiny insects to the garden. This is a useful garden and container plant.

    Prune regularly. Tolerates light frost and drought. Plant it in compost-rich soil in full sun or semi-shade.

    Size: up to 80cm

  287. Diascia Hybrids

    Diascia ‘Hybrids’ is a hardy, evergreen, bushy, drought-resistant, perennial groundcover with fine round leaves.

    This hybrid bears spikes of flowers in profusion, ranging in colour from white, pink, orange and through to red.The flowers are borne mainly from August to March but it does bear some flowers all year round.

    Beautiful planted along the edges of beds, in containers and in amongst small grasses.

    Plant in full sun in well-drained soil and do not overwater.Prune lightly on a regular basis to keep it flowering.

    Size: 15 to 25cm

  288. Cassinopsis ilicifolia

    Cassinopsis ilicifolia is a hardy, evergreen, decorative large shrub with glossy, bright green leaves and green stems.

    The branchlets have a zigzag pattern and single spines.

  289. Duvernoia aconitiflora

    Duvernoia aconitiflora is a fast growing, hardy, evergreen shrub with glossy, light green leaves.

  290. Chlorophytum comosum vitatum

    Chlorophytum comosum vitatum is a fairly hardy, evergreen tufted perennial with swollen roots and strap-like, variegated leaves in a basal rosette.

    The white and green variegated leaves will lighten up dark areas under trees where these plants thrive although they grow well in sun as well.

    White starry flowers adorn an arching flowering stem throughout the year.

  291. Steganotaenia araliacea

    Steganotaenia araliacea is a fairly hardy, variably deciduous, small tree with a lovely waxy sheen to its grey-green, peeling, papery bark. The pale green leaves with sharply toothed margins have a hair-like point.

    The inconspicuous small, tightly bunched greenish white flowers appear from August to October, followed by papery seeds.  All parts of the tree smell strongly of carrots. The flowers attract pollinating insects to the garden.

    Plant in a rockery or succulent garden in a spot that is protected from the cold wind and in well-drained soil.

    While it is most often found in full sun in its natural habitat, it will grow equally well in semi-shade in cultivation.

    Size: 2m to 6m

  292. Virgilia oroboides

    Virgilia oroboides is a hardy, evergreen beautiful tree with smooth, silver-grey bark in young trees that becomes grey and rough with age. It has feathery, grey-green, Acacia-like leaves.

    The scented pea-like flowers are pink, and, when the tree is in full flush from January to April, it is a sight to behold. They are rich in nectar and attract many pollinating insects and birds.

    It is the host plant for the Lucerne Blue butterfly – Lampides boeticus.

    As it is so fast-growing, it is an ideal plant for new gardens.

    Plant in sun or light semi-shade, in well-drained soil.

    Size: up to 10m

  293. Osteospermum ecklonis

    Osteospermum ecklonis is a hardy, evergreen, drought-resistant, bushy perennial with a rounded, spreading shape and bright-green, slightly-succulent leaves.

    It bears large, glistening, white, daisy-like flowers that are streaked with bluish-mauve below and have attractive deep-blue centres. It flowers in spring and summer when it makes a stunning show.

    This pretty white daisy bush attracts many butterflies and insects to the garden.

    Mass-plant as a border, use as an element of a cottage garden, or plant in a rock garden.

    Prune back after flowering to keep in shape.

    Plant in well-drained soil in a sunny position as the flowers close in low light.

    Size: up to 75cm

  294. Impatiens hochstetterii

    Impatiens hochstetterii is a fairly hardy, semi deciduous, soft herbaceous perennial. It has attractive glossy leaves with a pinkish petiole.

    It bears masses of pretty, small, solitary mauve to pink flowers from October. to April.

  295. Aspilia mossambicensis

    Aspilia mossambicensisis a hardy, evergreen, shrubby perennial with rather stiff branches. Leaves are roughly hairy above, densely hairy but softer below.

    Flowers are borne in lax terminal heads and are golden yellow to orange. The plant is reminiscent of a jolly, yellow Cosmos and flowers from spring to autumn.

    Attracts butterflies and tiny pollinating insects to the garden.

    Use in a mixed, colourful border or create pretty, floriferous containers.

    Can tolerate light frost and drought. Prune regularly to keep tidy and promote flowering.

    Plant in compost-rich soil, in full sun or semi-shade.

    Size: up to 70cm

  296. Asparagus densiflorus Myersii

    Asparagus densiflorus Myersii is a hardy, drought resistant, scrambling, evergreen perennial. Its bright green, small, needle-like leaves are carried on long graceful branches that look like cat's tails. 

    Fragrant, small, white, star-like flowers are borne from November to April and are followed by beautiful, red berries, which attract birds to the garden. 

    Grows well in semi-shade or sun and makes a good container plant. A neat form plant that can be used as a focal point in the garden or arching gracefully over a pond. 

    It has many medicinal and traditional uses. 

    Size 1m

  297. Warburgia salutaris

    Warburgia salutaris is a fairly hardy, medium sized tree or large shrub with brown bark that has slightly raised, yellowish lenticels and a peppery smell. The attractive glossy green leaves also smell strongly of pepper when crushed. The young leaves are blue green and resemble the Silver Cluster Leaf (Terminalia sericea).

    The greenish-yellow flowers are borne in the axils of the leaves from July to December and are inconspicuous. They are followed by large green berries.

    The bark of this tree is collected extensively for medicinal purposes and the over harvesting of the bark has killed off the majority of these trees making it highly endangered.

    This beautiful, neatly shaped tree with a non-aggressive root system makes a great garden plant. It makes a dense and effective hedge and grows exceptionally well in containers.

    Plant in sun or semi-shade, in well-composted, well-drained soil

    Size 3 – 8M

  298. Brachylaena rotundata

    Brachylaena rotundata is a hardy, semi-deciduous to deciduous, medium sized, drought resistant tree or large shrub with slender, drooping branches and corky bark. The attractive, leathery, silver-grey foliage is covered with cobwebby hairs especially when the leaves are young.

    In autumn the leaves get a reddish tinge.

    The tree is covered in yellow thistle-like flowers from August to September (the male and female flowers are on separate trees).

    It is host to the moth Phyllonorycter brachylaenae.

    Excellent garden subject.

    Plant in sun or semi-shade, in well drained soil.

    Size: 4 to 5m S.A. No. 730

  299. Zaluzianskya katharinae

    Zaluzianskya katharinae is a hardy, evergreen, drought-resistant, herbaceous shrublet with coarsely-toothed, sticky, grey leaves.

    It bears masses of sweetly-scented, bicoloured flowers, mainly in summer and autumn. The flowers are white on top and cerise pink on the underside. During the day, the flowers are closed and resemble small, pinky-red drumsticks, hence the common name. They then open into beautiful white flowers in low light conditions, at dusk and are pollinated by an Emperor Moth.

    Lovely in a rockery or in a grassland garden.

    Occurs naturally on the Witwatersrand.

    This plant will tolerate light shade but does best in a sunny position. Plant in well-drained soil with little to moderate watering.

    Size: up to 60cm

  300. Podranea ricasoliana

    Podranea ricasoliana is a hardy, evergreen scrambler or climber with lush, bright, compound leaves.

    The masses of gorgeous, large, scented, lilac-pink flowers are borne in loose clusters on and off throughout the year.The flowers attract insects to the garden.

    This fast-growing plant is ideal for covering pergolas, along walls and on embankments.If pruned regularly and kept in shape it makes a great container plant.

    Regular pruning will also ensure that it flowers well the following season.Plant in compost-rich soil but do prune regularly to keep it neat and of a reasonable size.


    Size: 1m or as tall as its support

  301. Strychnos madagascariensis

    Strychnos madagascariensis is a hardy, deciduous, large shrub or shrubby, multi-stemmed small tree with pale grey bark and quite thick, shiny leaves that are blue-grey-green below.

    The small greenish-yellow flowers are borne on the old wood from October to December. These are followed by large (80 to 100mm diameter), spectacular, bluish-grey fruits with a hard, woody shell. These fruits adorn the tree for up to a year before they fall. They will keep for up to 5 years, and during this time, the seed will turn dark brown.

    The fruits can be polished and used as decorations. The pulp is edible but the seeds are said to be poisonous. All parts of the plant are utilised by game and cattle.

    A good tree for a small garden.

    Plant in sun or semi-shade in well-drained soil.

    Size: 3 to 6m

  302. Gazania krebsiana

    Gazania krebsiana is a perennial, evergreen, clump forming, low growing, drought tolerant, attractive free flowering groundcover.

    The flowers are orange to scarlet and appear in late winter and spring. Hybrids are available in many bright colours.

    The flowers are edible and it has many traditional uses.

    Grows best in full sun and well-drained soil, therefore ideal for rockeries and containers or in a grassland garden.

    Size: Up to 30cm

  303. Sparmannia africana

    Sparrmannia africana is a hardy, mostly evergreen, fast growing large shrub that branches fairly low down. Although a fairly scraggly shrub, it has dense foliage of heart-shaped, light green, very hairy leaves.

    The lovely white flowers with a crown of tufted yellowish orange stamens are borne in heads throughout spring (August to October). The stamens are sensitive to touch – spreading out when they sense being touched / landed on. Seeds are released when the spiky small fruit dries and splits open.

    The fibres from the stems are used to make rope. It is well known as a house and container plant overseas, and can be used as an interesting tall backdrop to a flower bed.

    Plant in shade or semi-shade, in well-composted soil. Water regularly.

    Size to 4m

  304. Ruspolia hypocrateriformis

    Ruspolia hypocrateriformis is a fairly hardy, evergreen, scrambling woody shrub with bright green foliage. The spikes of showy pink to red flowers with darker spots on their lower petals are borne at the tips of new growth throughout summer and into autumn.

    Butterflies are attracted to the garden by the large amount of nectar that these flowers produce. The flowers are followed by a dry capsule which splits with a loud crack to release the seed within.

    Makes an interesting garden subject as a shrub and can be trained up as a climber.  It is not readily available in nurseries.

    Plant in full sun or semi-shade, in fertile, well-drained, loamy soil.

    Size: 1m but can climb to about 4m

  305. Stachys aethiopica

    Stachys aethiopica is a very hardy, evergreen, spreading groundcover with beautiful pale green almost quilted leaves.

    It bears spikes of small, white tubular flowers mainly in spring but with a few flowers almost all year round.  They attract a myriad of tiny insects to the garden which provide food for lizards and frogs.

    An attractive groundcover that grows in both sun and shade.  Prune lightly and regularly to keep in shape.  As this is a widespread species it is variable and the form that we grow is not rampant but rather stays in neat little clusters. Plant in sun or semi-shade, in well-drained soil in hanging baskets, along borders or in containers.

    Used medicinally.

    Size 25 to 35cm

  306. Grewia lasiocarpa

    Grewia lasiocarpa is a hardy, evergreen, large shrub or small tree with smooth, grey bark and dense foliage. The leaves are large, almost circular, rough-haired above, and densely covered with soft hairs below.

    The attractive, large star-shaped pale pink flowers occur from January to March, followed by 4-lobed, furry, reddish fruit from March to July.

    The fruit attracts birds and, in the wild, warthogs and baboons. These fruits may often remain on the tree for long periods, eventually turning black.

    Although this plant tolerates most climates, it does best in areas of high rainfall. Plant in sun or semi-shade.

    Size up to 3.5m

  307. Diospyros austro-africana

    Diospyros austro-africana is a very hardy, attractive, evergreen, multi-stemmed shrub or small tree whose mature, medium- to dark-brown bark, blisters and peals into long, narrow flaky-strips. The reddish-brown branches are finely-haired, similar to the fine hairs on the attractive, small obovate leaves which give this shrub/tree a dusty-silvery appearance.

    From August to September it bears pendulous, creamy-white, cerise-pink or red lantern-like flowers which attract birds, butterflies and other insects to the garden. The berries that follow turn red then black and are much sought after by birds. Male and female flowers on separate plants therefore only females bear seed.

    This tough, water-wise plant grows in full sun or semi-shade.

    Size: 6 to 10m

  308. Asparagus densiflorus Sprengeri

    Asparagus densiflorus ‘Sprengeri' is a hardy, evergreen, drought- resistant, scrambling,  perennial. This cultivar of Asparagus densiflorus has long, delicate, gracefully arching stems with short needle-like leaves.

    Fragrant, small, white, star-like flowers are borne from November to April and are followed by beautiful, red berries, which attract birds to the garden.

    A beautiful plant for a dense border in shady areas and makes a good container plant. With its feathery foliage and arching habit, it makes a great hanging basket. It also grows well indoors.

    Grows well in light shade, semi-shade or sun. Cut the older bare stems off to keep it looking neat. It has many medicinal and traditional uses.

    Size 25 to 30cm

  309. Combretum imberbe

    Combretum imberbe is a hardy, slow growing, bulky, deciduous tree which can grow to tremendous old age. The silvery-green leaves are unusually small for a Combretum.

    The small, white, puffball flowers, borne from September to March, are very fragrant and attract a myriad of insects and birds.

    Plant in sun or semi-shade to give a garden that Bushveld feel. Protect from frost when young.

    The wood of this tree is extremely heavy and makes wonderful coals but should never be collected from the wild as it is an important part of the ecology of the bushveld and it is now illegal to collect it.

    Size: up to 15m

  310. Aloe parvibracteata

    Aloe parvibracteata is a hardy, evergreen, stemless Aloe that suckers freely. The leaves are carried in a compact rosette and have spots in bands.

    The branched flower stem bears dull-red or coral-red flowers on tall stems and are borne in winter, June to August. Insects and sunbirds are attracted to its copious nectar.

    Use in a grassland garden or plant en masse for a stunning display. Unusually this Aloe thrives in swampy areas so can be planted around a pond with great success. It also makes a wonderful container plant.

    It is not fussy about the soil and will grow in clay soils. Plant mainly in full sun but it will tolerate a little shade during the day.

    Size 20 to 40cm

  311. Euclea natalensis capensis

    Euclea natalensis subsp. capensis is a hardy, evergreen, very attractive shrub or small to medium sized tree (depending on where in grows). It has a dark, spreading crown of shiny, hard and leathery leaves with red undersides.

    The strongly scented small, creamy white flowers are borne from August to March and are followed by edible round red to black fruit from March to December.

    It attracts birds and insects to the garden. With its dense crown it makes a good screening plant and can be planted singly as a beautiful specimen tree.

    It has many traditional, medicinal and magical uses. Twigs are used as toothbrushes.

    It is a little slow growing and should be planted in sun or semi-shade.

    Size: 3 to 10m

  312. Pelargonium tomentosum

    Pelargonium tomentosum is a hardy, evergreen shrubby perennial with spreading branches. The attractive rounded peppermint-scented leaves are velvety to the touch. The minute hairs on the leaves trap dew which glitters like diamonds, a wonderful foliage plant.

    The umbels of tiny white flowers have purple markings and are borne from October to January.

    Use in moist semi-shade areas and on banks in well-drained soil. It also makes a good container plant.

    Remove old leaves regularly to create the best effect of silvery, sparkling foliage.

    Use as a culinary herb.

    Size: up to 30cm

  313. Cotyledon velutina

    Cotyledon velutina is a hardy, evergreen, drought-resistant, succulent shrub that has smooth, round, grey-green leaves that are edged with red.

    The attractive, umbels of pendulous, tubular, orange-red flowers grow on long stalks and are borne from August to November. The nectar in the flowers attracts birds, bees, butterflies, and other insects.

    It makes a wonderful form plant in pockets in a rockery or in a succulent bed.

    Use as an element of a wildlife garden and it even makes a wonderful container plant.

    Plant in sun or semi-shade in well-drained soil.

    Size up to 1m

  314. Baphia racemosa

    Baphia racemosa is a hardy, evergreen, quite slow growing shrub or small tree with a dense, rounded crown of dark green, glossy leaves.

    It bears sprays of pure white pea-like flowers with a yellow honey-guide spot on the upper petal from August to November. The flowers fill the air with a strong violet scent and attract bees and a whole host of insects to the garden.

    It is also the host plant of the Blue-spotted Charaxes and Orange-barred playboy butterflies.

    It is an ideal tree for a small garden and should be planted in well-composted soil in shade or semi-shade.

    Size 3 to 6m

  315. Rhus burchellii

    Searsia [=Rhus] burchellii is a very hardy, evergreen, large shrub with dark-brown bark and small, glossy, waxy leaves. The foliage is beautiful and adds texture to the garden.

    It flowers from February to April, with sprays of inconspicuous flowers. Male and female flowers are on separate plants, therefore only female plants bear fruit.

    The flowers attract pollinating insects and therefore insectivorous birds to the garden. The flowers are followed by bunches of reddish-brown fruit. The flowers and fruit attract birds to the garden.

    Use in an informal hedge, as a screen or as an element of a bush clump.If pruned into a standard it makes a lovely small tree.

    This is a really tough, drought-resistant plant for full sun or semi-shade areas.

    Size: up to 3m

  316. Asparagus densiflorus Cwebe

    Asparagus densiflorus ‘Cwebe’ is a hardy, attractive, evergreen, upright perennial with gracefully spreading fronds that cascade. The exceptionally beautiful foliage is more fern-like than the other varieties. The new growth is a shiny, rich copper-bronze colour.

    Fragrant, small, white, star-like flowers are borne from November to April and are followed by beautiful, red berries, which attract birds to the garden.

    Prune out the old fronds to keep it looking its best.

    Plant in light shade or under deciduous trees. It makes a beautiful container plant.

    Size up to 30cm

  317. Dracaena mannii

    Dracaena mannii is a hardy, evergreen small to medium-sized tree with long, linear leaves that are clustered at the tips of the branches. This growth habit makes it a wonderful form plant.

    In September and October, it bears spikes of sweetly scented, pure-white to cream flowers at the tips of the branches. The scented flowers open at night implying that they are moth pollinated. These are followed by large brown berries that, as they ripen, become bright-orange and then red.

    This is another attractive feature of a stunning plant as is the white papery bark. Birds relish the seeds.They also make beautiful container plants.

    Plant in shady areas in the garden to create some form.

    Size: up to 5m

  318. Gymnosporia harveyana

    Gymnosporia harveyana is a hardy, evergreen, spiny shrub that is densely leafy and has long, slender, straight spines. The beautiful, glossy, dark-green foliage is a distinctive feature of this plant.

    From October to May it bears clusters of small, white flowers that attract insects. These are followed by white berries on slender stalks. From November to June the berries turn ruby-red and adorn the tree. When these split, birds are attracted to the food source.

    As it is either in flower or fruit all year round it is a great addition to a wildlife garden.

    It has many uses – it can be pruned to form a small tree, trimmed into a formal hedge, left as an informal hedge or planted in a security barrier. It also makes a beautiful container and accent plant.

    This stunning plant grows in deep or filtered shade. Plant in shade to semi-shade, in compost-rich, well-drained soil and give it moderate water.

    Size: 1 to 4m

  319. Ornithogalum juncifolium

    Ornithogalum juncifolium is a hardy, evergreen, bulbous plant that has slender, grass-like bright-green leaves.

    It bears masses of flower spikes with small, white, star-like florets from September to March that are a sight to behold.

    The flowers make a delicate cut flower, and also attract insects to the garden.

    Plant in amongst grasses or as part of a mixed perennial bed.

    Cut back after flowering.

    Plant in full sun for best results, but it will also flourish with half a day’s sun or in semi-shade.

    Size 20 - 30cm

  320. Acacia ataxacantha

    Acacia ataxacantha (=Senegalia ataxacantha) is a hardy, deciduous Acacia that can grow as a scrambling shrub or medium sized tree with many hooked prickles. It is drought resistant and fairly fast-growing.

    The fine leaves are either bright green or blue green and are densely hairy.

    It bears spikes of creamy flowers from November to February. These are followed by attractive, flattened deep red to maroon pods.

    The Satyr Charaxes butterfly uses it as a host plant. It is used in traditional medicine, and the wood is split to weave baskets.

    This tree is ideal to plant as a security hedge, as its tangled thorny branches will climb through other plants and create an impenetrable barrier.

    It requires well drained soil and full sun, but can tolerate light, dappled shade to semi-shade.

    Size: 5 to 10m

  321. Barleria repens Pink

    Barleria repens "Pink" is a hardy, evergreen, small and drought-resistant herbaceous shrublet or groundcover that tends to sprawl. It has dark-green, quite glossy leaves.

    It blooms profusely with glossy, pink flowers in summer and autumn but also has a few flowers for most of the year. The flowers attract insects to the garden.

    This plant is more compact than Barleria obtusa and can be pruned to keep in shape or to form a lovely small hedge. The Small Bush Violet is beautiful planted at the base of small trees or in amongst smaller grasses for a more natural look. It also makes a wonderful container plant.

    Plant in well-drained, compost-rich soil and mulch well.

    Size: 30 to 50cm

  322. Ficus sur

    Ficus sur is a fairly hardy, semi-deciduous, large tree with smooth grey bark. The thin, leathery leaves are dark almost grey-green and paler green beneath which make the tree shimmer in the wind. In spring the new leaves flush the tree with a beautiful coppery colour.

    The figs are borne throughout the year on heavy, long branches off the main stems. The figs are, in fact, inverted flowers which bear tiny seeds on the inside. The sweet, edible, insect-filled fruits attract a myriad of birds to the garden.

    It has many traditional and medicinal uses.

    Do not plant figs near walls, pools, pipes or paving.

    Plant in sum, semi-shade or shade in well-composted soil.

    Size: 10 to 35m

  323. Argyrolobium tomentosum

    Argyrolobium tomentosum is a hardy, evergreen shrub that can be scrambling or upright. The trifoliate leaves are an attractive feature of this shrub.

    The bright, yellow pea-like flowers are orange or red as they age and are borne profusely in spring and summer although there are a few flowers all year round.

    It attracts insects and birds to the garden.

    It is used extensively as a medicinal plant.

    Use as a screen or a small bushy shrub in a mixed border or allow to scramble up trees where its bright-yellow flowers will brighten up a shady bed.

    Plant in semi-shade and prune once a year to keep in shape. It only requires moderate watering once established.

    Size: 0.6

  324. Setaria sphacelata sericea

    Setaria sphacelata var. sericea is a hardy, evergreen, beautiful, neatly-tufted grass.

    It bears dense, golden inflorescences of hairy flowers from October to May that look like miniature bulrushes.

    It attracts birds to the garden and is the host plant of various butterfly species.

    Although this is a tall grass, it is neat and narrow and does not go wild.

    It makes a lovely form plant and can be planted in a grassland garden, as a backdrop to a colourful bed or mass-plant for a beautiful effect.

    As with most grasses, it should be cut back once a year and the thatch removed.

    It grows in sun or semi-shade, and needs regular watering.

    Size: 70cm to 1.2m

  325. Wahlenbergia rivularis

    Wahlenbergia rivularis, the Bell Flower, is a very hardy, semi-deciduous perennial that spreads horizontally to form an attractive groundcover of soft, green foliage. It bears masses of white, bell-shaped flowers in summer that gently nod and dance in the slightest breeze. The flowers attract insects to the garden.

    This beautiful plant looks great planted in amongst grasses in a grassland garden, planted as a border, along the edge of a pond and also makes a lovely addition to a cottage garden.

    Plant in full sun or semi-shade, water regularly and prune back in winter as it can look a bit untidy.

    Size: 30 to 40cm

  326. Barleria rotundifolia

    Barleria rotundifolia is a hardy, evergreen, fairly fast growing, rambling shrub that has a rounded shape. The spiny branches produce small, shiny green leaves. From December to March it produces yellow tubular flowers, with the four upper lobes of the flower separated from the lower lobe to form an open tube from which 2 stamens and the style protrude. The fruit is a small exploding capsule.

    The nectar rich flowers attract pollinating insects (including many butterfly species) and therefore many insectivorous birds to the garden. The many spines make it an effective barrier plant for a security hedge. Plant in clumps in a shady flower bed under trees or in a sunny rockery. Plant in well-drained soil in full sun to semi-shade.

    Size up to 1m

  327. Catophractes alexandri

    The Trumpet thorn, Cactophractes alexandri, is a hardy, semi-deciduous, much-branched succulent shrub, or small tree with long slender spines. The small, pale grey leaves are quite wooly and clustered around and sometimes, even on the spines. They give the plant a silvery look. It bears beautiful large, showy, trumpet-shaped flowers that are white and at times tinged with pink. They are sweetly scented and, as they grow in arid areas, bloom after rain from September to November. The flowers are followed by a thick woody capsule which splits to release winged, papery seeds. The empty, woody pods click together in the slightest breeze adding sound to the beauty of this plant.

    Plant in a succulent garden, on banks, in containers or in small groups for a stunning display.

    Plant in full sun or semi-shade.

    Size: up to 3m