Search Indigenous Plant Attributes

Searching for plants with the Rugged Mountainsides attribute.

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  1. Aloe barberae bainesii

    Aloe barberae (bainesii) is a surprisingly hardy, large, evergreen, tree-like Aloe, which can tolerate high rainfall.

  2. Scolopia mundii

    Scolopia mundtii is a very hardy, evergreen to semi-deciduous, medium growing, small or medium sized tree which is rare and even more rare in cultivation.

    The coppice shoots of this tree have spines which soon disappear.

  3. Ficus ingens

    Ficus ingens is a fairly hardy, drought resistant fig with a grey to yellowish grey bark.

  4. Heteromorpha trifoliata abyssinica

    Heteromorpha trifoliata is a slender, very hardy, deciduous, drought resistant, fast growing tree.

  5. Kiggelaria africana

    Kiggelaria africana is a very hardy, evergreen to semi-deciduous, fast growing, medium to large sized tree which has very variable leaves.

    Small, yellow flowers are borne from August to January, sexes are on separate trees, with solitary, larger, pendulous female flowers and smaller male flowers in clusters.

  6. Kirkia wilmsii

    Kirkia wilmsii is a fairly hardy, deciduous, often multi-stemmed tree with beautiful, fine, feathery foliage.

  7. Aloe marlothii

    Aloe marlothii is a very hardy, large, upright, single-stemmed Aloe with a rosette of large, fleshy, thorny leaves.

  8. Celtis africana

    Celtis africana is a very hardy, deciduous, graceful, drought resistant, large tree.

  9. Cussonia paniculata

    Cussonia paniculata is a very hardy, semi-deciduous, drought resistant tree. This is an ideal form plant with a truly indigenous look.

    The beautiful grey-green leaves are large and leathery and clustered at the ends of the branches.

    The spikes of flowers are borne in large, robust branched flowering stems from January to March.

  10. Gymnosporia buxifolia

    Gymnosporia buxifolia is a very hardy, drought resistant, semi-deciduous, small tree or large shrub. It is armed with formidable long, straight spines.

    Blooms profusely with white flowers that cover the branches from August to March.

  11. Halleria lucida

    Halleria lucida is a hardy, evergreen, small to medium sized tree with attractive foliage and a graceful drooping habit.

  12. Olea europaea africana

    Olea europaea africana is a very hardy, evergreen, drought resistant tree with gorgeous silvery foliage and a rounded crown.

    It bears scented, greenish flowers from October to December followed by delicious edible small black Olives (these can be eaten directly from the tree and need no treatment to make them edible).

    It is an excellent bird and insect tree that is much favoured by wildlife.Birds love to probe under the rough dark bark for insects.

  13. Podocarpus elongatus

    Podocarpus elongatus is the smallest of the Yellowwood trees and is very hardy and evergreen.

    It has attractive narrow, blue-green leaves and is slow growing.

    The female cones develop into fleshy, bright red, edible fruits with 1 or 2 seeds that mature rapidly.

  14. Podocarpus falcatus

    Podocarpus falcatus is a large, very hardy, evergreen forest tree. It is the fastest growing of the Yellowwoods.

    The small leathery, narrow, dark green leaves are sometimes slightly sickle-shaped.They often have a greyish bloom to them, making this a beautiful foliage tree, particularly when the light catches the leaves and the grey-green forms "highlights" on parts of the canopy.

    Mature trees have beautiful, dark purplish-brown and flaking bark.

  15. Pterocarpus rotundifolius

    Pterocarpus rotundifolius is a fairly hardy, decorative, multi-stemmed small to medium sized, deciduous tree that grows naturally in Bushveld and on rocky hillsides.

  16. Rhus leptodictya

    Rhus leptodictya is a very hardy, evergreen, drought resistant, small, decorative tree with a drooping crown of bright green foliage. The bark on young stems is reddish brown, becoming darker and rougher as the tree matures. The lovely reddish wood is used to make beautiful small pieces of furniture.

    The inconspicuous flowers (male and female flowers on separate plants, therefore only female plants bear fruit) are borne from January to April.

  17. Rothmannia capensis

    Rothmannia capensis is a hardy, evergreen, small to medium sized tree.

  18. Helichrysum argyrophyllum

    Helichrysum argyrophyllum is a  hardy, evergreen, mat-forming ground cover or dwarf shrub has beautiful, small, grey leaves with silvery, white hairs.

    The clusters of papery, canary yellow flowers are carried well above the plant from December. to May.

    Each flower stays fresh on the plant for about two months.

  19. Boophane disticha

    Boophane disticha is a very, hardy, deciduous plant with a huge bulb.  In warm areas the bulb is held above the soil while in colder areas it is kept below ground level as a protection against frost.

    The grey-leaves are held in a twisted fan shape and are most attractive. (the species name disticha means in 2 rows, referring to the leaves).

    The large deep pink to red flower head appears in early spring before the leaves. Fire induces this plant to flower. Once the flowers have been pollinated each flower stalk elongates and carries the seed on the end to form a tumbleweed.  This is the plants strategy for distributing its seeds.

    Plant in full sun or semi-shade with an exposed bulb.

    Extensively used in traditional medicine but with caution as it is poisonous.

    Size 45cm

  20. Pelargonium acetosum

    Pelargonium acetosum is a hardy, evergreen, bushy but sometimes straggling ground cover with semi-succulent bright green leaves that are edged in red.

    The gorgeous, brilliant, satiny- pink flowers vary from coral pink to almost white. There are two to seven flowers per stalk, and this groundcover bears flowers almost all year round.

    The young leaves and buds are edible and have an acidic taste.

    Size 20 to 60 cm

  21. Scilla natalensis

    Scilla natalensis is a very hardy, deciduous, bulbous plant with a basal rosette of attractive, broad, grey-green leaves.

    The long flowering spikes carry flowers in shades of misty blue and are borne from September to December.

    Plant in full sun or light shade, either solitary as a form plant or in clumps to make a show when flowering. Bulbs should be planted half above the ground.

    It is ideal for rockeries and is a lovely container plant. Makes a wonderful display when planted with Bulbine natalensis that flowers at the same time with yellow flower spikes.

    One of our most important medicinal plants.

    Size 30 to 40cm

  22. Aloe arborescens

    Aloe arborescens is a very hardy, drought-resistant, large, branched Aloe with narrow, curved, bluish-grey leaves that form rosettes.

  23. Ortosiphon labiatus

    Ortosiphon labiatus is a very hardy, semi-deciduous, fast growing shrub. It forms a much branched rounded shrub with aromatic, heart-shaped leaves.

    From mid-summer to early winter it is covered in spikes of pinky-mauve tubular flowers that are irresistible to a number of insect pollinators. Butterflies especially enjoy the flowers.

    Pruning it back in early spring encourages flowering. Ideal for smaller spaces, plant in sun or semi-shade.

    Plant in well-composted soil, and although extremely drought hardy, watering well will keep it at its best.

    Size to 1.5m

  24. Plectranthus hereroensis

    Plectranthus hereroensis is a hardy, attractive, fast growing, evergreen but short-lived shrub. It's broad, bright green leaves contrast beautifully with darker foliage planted behind it.

    It is a particularly floriferous shrub, and if pruned regularly will bush out with many flowering stems. The deep bluish-purple flowers are borne in long tapered spikes from about April through to the end of May. 

    It is a host plant to a number of butterfly species, and an attractive food plant to bees and other insects.

    This shrub will flower and grow best in full sun, which is unusual for most Plectranthus species. Plant in well-drained soil, and add plenty of compost for healthy plants.
    If left unpruned, it can grow to 2m. 

    A most worthwhile addition to any garden, as it's lovely blue flowers contrast beautifully with other colourful plants flowering at this time of the year. 

    Some examples are Leonotis leonurus and some Aloe species, as well as Syncholostemon densiflorus and Euryops pectinatus. Although very drought hardy, it is suitable for gardens where frost is not too severe.

    Plectranthus hereroensis is being investigated further for compounds found in its roots that have shown anti-bacterial activity.

    Occurs in hilly terrain in sandy, dry savannah.

    Size: up to 2m, but generally about 1m

  25. Aloe aristata

    Aloe aristata is a very hardy, dwarf, stemless Aloe.

  26. Aloe castanea

    Aloe castanea is a hardy, very distinctive, tree-shaped Aloe that has spreading branches and long, succulent leaves that can reach up to 1m long.

    It bears unusual, curled, snake-like inflorescences from June to August.

  27. Aloe ferox

    Aloe ferox is a hardy, drought-resistant, single stemmed Aloe with a crown rosette of large, fleshy, succulent bluish-green leaves that have thorny margins.

  28. Eriocephalus africanus

    Eriocephalus africanus is a hardy, attractive, fast growing evergreen, aromatic, small shrub, with fine, soft, grey, heavily scented leaves.  

    It flowers from autumn to winter with white, daisy-like flowers that have a purple centre and are followed by attractive, white, woolly seed heads.  

    Plant in a well-drained, sunny position and ensure it is well watered.

  29. Portulacaria afra

    Portulacaria afra is a hardy, evergreen, neatly shaped, small tree or shrub with pretty round, succulent leaves and ruby red branches.

    The leaves have a pleasant acid flavour and can be used in salads.

    From October to January, after rain, it is covered in clear pink to rosy mauve, nectar rich flowers - a wonderful sight. The papery 3-winged ornamental fruits resemble pinkish lanterns.

    Plant in well-drained soil in sun or shade.

    Useful for binding soil.