Search Indigenous Plant Attributes

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  1. Plectroniella armata

    Plectroniella armata is a hardy multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub or small tree with smooth grey bark and straight hard spines.

    The attractive glossy leaves are dark green on top and pale green below.

  2. Plumbago auriculata White

    Plumbago auriculata white is a hardy, scrambling, much branched, evergreen shrub.

    It bears masses of edible, white Phlox-like flowers on and off all year round.

    It is an important butterfly host plant and attracts both butterflies and birds to the garden. 

    A popular garden and hedging plant that is also suitable for covering banks.

    Prune regularly to keep smaller and in shape as it can get quite wild.

  3. Plumbago auriculata Blue

    Plumbago auriculata blue is a hardy, scrambling, much branched, evergreen shrub.

    It bears masses of edible, sky-blue Phlox-like flowers on and off all year round.

    It is an important butterfly host plant and attracts both butterflies and birds to the garden.

  4. Portulacaria afra prostrata

    Portulacaria afra prostrata is a fairly hardy, pretty, succulent groundcover is a variety of P. afra but instead of being a large upright shrub it has a creeping habit and stays low.

    It has attractive round, glossy leaves on long arching succulent branches.

  5. Psychotria capensis

    Psychotria capensis is a fairly hardy, evergreen shrub or small tree that is nicely shaped with leathery, glossy leaves.

    It is a great foliage plant.

  6. Rhoicissus tomentosa

    Rhoicissus tomentose is a hardy, evergreen, robust, woody climber with rough, greyish-brown bark. The ornamental, almost circular to kidney-shaped, dark-green leaves are interspersed with velvety tendrils. 

    The young leaves are hairy and a rich copper or purple colour while the old leaves turn crimson before falling. Dense heads of greenish flowers are borne from October to January. These are followed by large, purple, grape-like berries with white spots, which are another great feature of this climber.

    The fruit is edible and much sought after by birds and other wildlife. It is the host plant of the Silver Striped Hawkmoth. This robust climber will cover a pergola, can be trained up and over walls or planted in a container and pruned regularly to keep it bushy and show off its wonderful foliage.

    Plant in compost-rich soil in sun, semi-shade or shade.

    Size: up to 20m in canopy

  7. Rhoicissus tridentata

    Rhoicissus tridentata is a very hardy, deciduous, fast-growing, drought-resistant, vigorous climber or scrambling shrub with attractive, dark-green foliage that turns red in autumn.

    The small, greenish-yellow flowers are borne in tight clusters on a densely-hairy inflorescence from November to April. The decorative clusters of edible, red, grape-like berries become black and attract birds to the garden. 

    It has many medicinal and traditional uses. The trailing stems are lovely in flower arrangements. Ideal for screening on a fence or cascading down a bank. It also makes a good subject for a large hanging basket.

    Plant in well-drained soil in sun, semi-shade or shade.

    Size: 1 to 3m

  8. Sansevieria aethiopica

    Sansevieria aethiopica is a hardy, evergreen, succulent plant that is very variable in size and shape, and that spreads from shooting, subterranean, horizontal stems. Rosettes of erect, mottled leaves form dense stands under vegetation.

    At irregular periods during the year a tall, flowering stem carries scented, creamy, whitish-yellow, tubular flowers that open towards the evening. These are followed by reddish-orange berries that attract birds.


    Extensively used as a medicinal plant.Makes a beautiful form plant.

    Particularly good for planting in dry, dark, shady areas under trees.

  9. Sansevieria hyacinthoides

    Sansevieria hyacinthoides is a hardy, evergreen, drought-resistant, succulent plant with rigid, tongue-shaped, succulent leaves.The leaves are grey-green with darker, mottled markings.

    This drought-resistant, attractive form plant bears, in spring and summer, gorgeous spikes of showy, white flowers that attract bees and other insects.The flowers are followed by orange berries that attract birds.

    Extensively used in traditional medicine.Makes an attractive container plant that requires little care. 

    It makes a lovely show in those difficult, dry, shady areas under trees or in amongst rocks. 

    Size: 30 to 50cm

  10. Sansevieria pearsonii

    Sansevieria pearsonii is a hardy, evergreen succulent with a fan of cylindrical, hard, ribbed leaves that overlap near the base. The leaves end with a hard, sharp spine. 

    It bears a tall spike of pinkish-brown flowers on and off for most of the year. The scented flowers generally open at night. The orange berries that follow are relished by birds. 

    This plant multiplies at the base by producing offshoots, and forms large clumps which add a structural element to a shady, dry garden or rockery. It also makes an attractive container plant.

    Plant in semi-shade or shade in well-drained, sandy soil. Water sparingly.

    Size: up to 1m

  11. Sclerochiton harveyanus

    Sclerochiton harveyanus is a hardy, evergreen, shade loving, small to medium sized scandent shrub.

    It has attractive, slightly variegated, small, almost heart-shaped leaves that add texture to the garden.

  12. Sclerochiton kirkii

    Sclerochiton kirkii is a hardy, upright, evergreen shrub with bright green, glossy foliage.

    It bears clusters of beautiful large sky-blue flowers which look like a hand in summer and autumn. 

    Plant in semi shade or shade in compost rich soil.

  13. Scutia myrtina

    Scutia myrtina is a hardy, evergreen, drought resistant, thorny shrub with beautiful glossy, tiny leaves.

    The new growth of leaves is a pretty bronze colour.

  14. Sideroxylon inerme

    Sideroxylon inerme is a hardy, evergreen, small to medium or large tree with a beautiful, round, dark-green, lush crown. A feature of this tree is the grey-brown bark that cracks into rectangles. The leathery, dark-green leaves are smooth and shiny and turn red with age.

    From November to April it bears small greenish-white, strongly-scented flowers which Mousebirds love to eat. The flowers are followed by attractive, juicy, black berries that attract birds and other wildlife to the garden.

    This species has been declared a protected tree and some old specimens are National Monuments. It has many traditional and medicinal uses.

    The White Milkwood makes a good garden and container subject, and grows well on the Highveld in sun or semi-shade if protected from wind.

    Size: 4 to 15m

  15. Calodendrum capense

    Calodendrum capense is a hardy, semi-deciduous, large tree.

  16. Dracaena aletriformis

    Dracaena aletriformis is a fairly hardy, evergreen, shade loving, Yucca-like accent plant.

  17. Miscanthus capensis

    Miscanthus capensisis a very hardy, evergreen, clump-forming, large grass that has beautiful autumn colours.

    The flowering stalks are topped with plumes of pink seed-heads in late summer and early autumn. The clumps of leaves are about 1m tall and the flowering stalks are up to 2m tall.

    Weavers choose this grass above other plants for nesting material. They use the leaves to weave the nest and the seed to line it.

    Use as a backdrop to a garden bed or as a screening plant in narrow beds. It is effective planted as a single, sculptural, feature plant in a garden. Plant into window-box type containers where they can be used as a screen on a balcony. This tall grass is beautiful moving in the lightest of breezes in the garden.

    As with all grasses, to keep it healthy, it should be cut back once a year and raked to remove the thatch. Plant in sun or semi-shade in damp or normal garden conditions.

    Size: Flowering stem up to 2m

  18. Haemanthus albiflos

    Haemanthus albiflos is a hardy, evergreen, shade-loving, bulbous plant with mainly broad, glossy, green, strap-like leaves, although they are very variable and can sometimes be hairy. The upper half of the bulb is bright-green and is exposed above ground.

    The beautiful ‘paintbrush’-type inflorescence is borne from April to September. It has a papery, green calyx encasing a head of many long, thin, white flowers that are yellow-tipped with pollen. The orange-red berries that follow are an attractive feature.

    The pollen attracts bees and butterflies to the garden while birds love the succulent berries. It is also used in traditional medicine.

    This plant makes a wonderful container plant as it likes to be pot-bound. Use as an indoor plant as well. This is a shade-loving plant and, if left undisturbed, will flower and thrive in those dark, difficult areas of the garden.

    Plant in well-drained, compost-rich soil. Remember when planting out to leave the top half of the bulb exposed.

    Size: 20 to 25cm

  19. Crinum moorei

    Crinum moorei is a hardy, evergreen or semi-deciduous, very fast-growing bulb with beautiful broad, flat, bright-green leaves in a rosette on the end of a short stalk.

    The long, flowering stalk carries a head of large, tubular flowers that form a beautiful umbel of pink to almost white flowers from October to January.

  20. Volkameria glabra

    Volkameria glabra (=Clerodendrum glabrum)  is a very hardy, semi-deciduous, fast-growing, small tree or large shrub with a dense crown. It has shiny, dark-green leaves that are pungent when crushed.

    From December to June it bears profuse, dense clusters of white to pinkish flowers that have long stamens. In some specimens the flowers are wonderfully scented, whilst in others the scent can be pungent.These are followed by tightly packed yellowish-white berries that attract birds to the garden.

    An important host plant of moths and butterflies – an absolute must for a butterfly garden. The flowers also attract a whole host of pollinating insects and the nectar in the flowers is an important food source for bees.

    It is extensively used for medicinal and traditional purposes.

    Plant in sun or semi-shade in well-composted soil.

    Size: 2 to 6m

  21. Crassula swaziensis

    Crassula swaziensis is a hardy, semi prostrate succulent perennial plant with attractive grey-green, round leaves that are arranged in rosettes.

    The dense flat-topped inflorescences of masses of small white flowers that are tinged pink are borne from January to April. They attract a whole host of tiny insects.

    Plant in well-drained soil in a rockery in the shade of other plants and grasses.

  22. Thunbergia neglecta

    Thunbergia neglecta is a very hardy, evergreen, low-growing, scrambling perennial with attractive, heart-shaped leaves.

    In summer it bears beautiful, round, open, creamy-yellow flowers with a darker-yellow centre. They attract insects to the garden. Pretty planted in a grassland garden scrambling through the grasses, out of a hanging basket, creeping up a trellis or tumbling over retaining walls.

    Prune after flowering to keep in shape and ensure masses of flowers in the next season.

    It is fast-growing, requires well-drained soil and only moderate water. It can be planted in sun or semi-shade.

    Size: up to 1m

  23. Podocarpus latifolius

    Podocarpus latifolius is a very hardy, evergreen, large, beautifully-shaped tree. It is slow growing, but makes an outstanding shade or specimen tree for bigger gardens. The yellowish to greyish-brown bark flakes off in thin, vertical strips. It has beautiful dark-green leaves that are carried more or less horizontally.

    The sweet, edible, fleshy, reddish-purple, female cones carry 1 or 2 seeds that ripen from green to pink to red during December and February.

  24. Begonia dregei

    Begonia dregei is a hardy, deciduous perennial with glossy, beautiful, small semi- succulent leaves that have white spots at times.

    It bears masses of white flowers throughout the summer.

  25. Podocarpus henkelii

    Podocarpus henkelii is a very hardy, evergreen, large decorative, beautifully-shaped tree and is one of our best-known indigenous trees. The bark is khaki brown that, when it matures, flakes into long, thin strips which expose the attractive reddish underbark. It has long, drooping, narrow, dark-green leaves.

    The female cones develop into olive-green seed that ripens in May.

    Although it is quite slow-growing it does develop into a huge forest tree that is only suitable for large gardens. For small gardens plant it in a large container to limit its size. In a container, it makes a great Christmas tree when decked out in its finery.

    Plant in either east- or south-facing areas as it prefers damp, cool and shady conditions. If planted as a single specimen in the middle of lawn, remove at least 1.5m diameter of lawn around the tree, as its roots cannot compete with lawn. Mulch and water well or it will not grow properly. Always mulch the soil around the trees as this it keeps the roots cool.

    Size: 20 to 30m

  26. Kalanchoe rotindifolia

    Kalanchoe rotundifolia is a hardy, evergreen, erect succulent groundcover. The petioles are pink and the edges of the leaves are pinkish.

    It bears spikes of small tubular bright yellow flowers on branched flowering stems from March to December.

    The nectar-rich flowers attract many butterflies and other pollinating insects

    Plant in amongst grasses or as an element of a rocky succulent garden.

    Size: up to 50cm when in flower.

  27. Lachenalia Hybrids

    Lachenalia hybrids belong to a group of small, fairly hardy, hyacinth-like, deciduous bulbous plants. In winter they produce attractive, strap-shaped, bright green leaves that are sometimes dotted with deep purple markings.

    Between May and October, a spike of tubular to bell-shaped flowers arises from the centre of the bulb. The flowers range in colour from yellow tinged with orange or red, to greenish yellow and even mauve. They produce copious amounts of pollen, which is sought after by pollinating insects such as bees.

    Lachenalia hybrids are particularly suited to being ornamental, indoor container plants, or put on a patio. Plant en masse in a container or in dappled shade, in a protected flower bed for seasonal colour.

    Plant in semi-shade, light shade or dappled shade, in a good mix of sand and loam, so that they get nutrients but water drains away well. Do not water in summer, once the flowers have died.

    Size to 20cm

  28. Zantedeschia pentlandii

    Zantedeschia pentlandii is a very hardy, deciduous perennial with big narrowly oval heart-shaped leaves. It has one distinctive large, bright, lemon yellow cone-shaped petal with a dark purple spot at the base.

  29. Cyperus prolifer

    Cyperus prolifer is a hardy, evergreen, small sedge. Each green stem is topped by a cluster of grass-like flower spikelets.

    These very decorative stems can be used in flower arrangements. An attractive little plant that is ideal for planting in a small pond or wet area.

    Helps to filter and keep water clean and healthy.Will gradually colonise a wet area through the repeated emergence of adventitious shoots.

    Plant in sun or semi-shade.

    Size: 30 to 40cm

  30. Zantedeschia rehmannii

    Zantedeschia rehmannii is a hardy, deciduous plant with a thickened, tuber-like rootstock from which lance shaped, lush green leaves arise. Most Arum Lily species have a lobed base but The Pink Arum has a tapering leaf base.

    The flower is a slender, elongated spathe of varying shades of pink (light pink through to deep maroon) which turns green as it matures. Flowering is from October to March, (mostly November to January).

    The fruit is green, and as it matures and gains weight along the spathe, it bends the flower stem downwards.

    It is a prized cut flower, container plant and garden plant world-wide.

    For best results, care for Z. rehmannii by lifting dormant plants and storing them dry until the following growing season when they need to be watered well. Add plenty of rich compost to the soil.

    Plant in sun or semi-shade.

    Size: up to 50cm