Search Indigenous Plant Attributes

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  1. Dombeya tiliacea

    Dombeya tiliacea is a hardy, deciduous, small tree or multi-stemmed shrub with dark, heart-shaped, thinly textured leaves and dark fissured bark.

  2. Brachylaena discolor

    Brachylaena discolor is a hardy, evergreen, fast growing tree or large shrub with beautiful silver and dark green leaves. White, nectar rich flowers are borne from July to September.

    Male and female flowers on separate plants. Ideal as a windbreak and screening plant.

  3. Buddleja saligna

    Buddleja saligna is a very hardy, evergreen, fast growing, drought resistant tree with silver-grey leaves and beautiful twisted bark that looks almost woven.

    It bears profuse panicles of sweetly scented, white flowers from August to January that attract insects and birds.

  4. Cordia caffra

    Cordia caffra is a hardy, fast growing small to medium sized deciduous tree with attractive, distinctive, mottled and flaky bark.

    The attractive, drooping, glossy leaves have long petioles and wave in the slightest breeze, adding movement to the garden.

    It has creamy-white, sweetly scented flowers in September and October that attract insects to the garden.

  5. Curtisia dentata

    Curtisia dentata is a medium-sized, hardy, evergreen tree that can grow quite large in moist forested areas.

  6. Cussonia thyrsiflora

    Cussonia thyrsiflora is a hardy, evergreen scrambling shrub or small tree that tends to creep along the ground.

    It has large dark green glossy leaves.

  7. Deinbollia oblongifolia

    Deinbollia oblongifolia is a hardy, briefly deciduous, shrub or small tree with large decorative, dark green leaves crowded at the ends of the branches.

    The pyramids of white flowers, which stand out above the leaves, are borne from March to June and are followed by white, fruit that is much favoured by birds.

    Lichens readily grow on the bark giving it a lovely mottled effect.

    One of the best plants for attracting butterflies, moths, other insects and birds to the garden.

    An attractive garden plant for shady areas that also makes a good container plant for indoors.

    Traditionally the seeds are used to make soap, the leaves eaten as spinach and the roots used medicinally.

    Size 1.5

  8. Euclea natalensis

    Euclea natalensis is a hardy, evergreen, very attractive shrub or small to medium sized tree (depending on where in grows).

  9. Mimusops caffra

    Mimusops caffra is a hardy, medium-sized to large, evergreen tree with a dense neat crown of attractive grey-green leaves.

    This tree tolerates heavy salt spray and this same mechanism allows it to tolerate quite a lot of frost even though it is a plant of the dune forest.

    It bears creamy white flowers from September to December which attract, bees, carpenter bees and sunbirds.

  10. Felicia amelloides

    Felicia amelloides is a very hardy, evergreen, perennial groundcover or shrublet with bright green foliage that bears masses of blue, daisy-like flowers almost all year round. 

    It should be pruned back lightly after each flowering to encourage the next batch of flowers and to keep the plant compact and tidy. 

     It can be grown in either full sun or semi-shade in well-drained compost rich soil.

  11. Maytenus bachmannii

    Maytenus bachmannii is a very pretty evergreen shrub with small, narrow leaves that have pink stalks.

    It bears abundant, small, white flowers that have pink stalks from January to March and attract insects to the garden.

  12. Vepris lanceolata

    Vepris lanceolata is a hardy, evergreen, very attractive tree with apple green foliage.

  13. Gloriosa superba

    Gloriosa superba is a hardy, deciduous, trailing or scrambling plant with shiny light green leaves that taper to tendrils at the tips, which help it to climb.

    It grows from a ‘U’ shaped tuber that is deeply buried.

  14. Anthericum saundersiae

    Anthericum saundersiae is a hardy, evergreen, clump forming, grass-like perennial that bears sprays of white flowers and seeds all year round.

    It grows in sun or shade and this makes it a good plant for the difficult areas that are in shade for part of the year.

  15. Polygala myrtifolia Riviersonderend

    Polygala myrtifolia "Riviersonderend" is a miniature form of the well-known Polygala myrtifolia.

  16. Cotula sericea

    Cotula sericea is a hardy, evergreen, fast-growing, flat, sprawling groundcover with really beautiful, grey-green leaves that have fine hairs that give this plant a soft silky texture.

    The single, bright-yellow, button-like flowers are carried on long stems above the leaves.

  17. Acokanthera oppositifolia

    Acokanthera oppositifolia ia a hardy, evergreen, drought-resistant, medium to large upright, woody, shrub with brown, deeply fissured bark on the old wood.

  18. Cotyledon barbeyi

    Cotyledon barbeyi is a hardy, evergreen, branched, succulent shrub with very variable leaves, the one we grow at Random Harvest has finger-like, fleshy leaves.

    It bears masses of long-lasting, pendulous, satiny, red, tubular flowers in clusters at the tip of the flowering stalks from Mar. to Sept.They attract birds and bees.Reputed to be toxic to livestock.

    This drought-hardy shrub makes a good addition to a succulent garden or rockery and is lovely in a container.

    Plant in well-drained soil in full sun or semi-shade.

    Size: 1m

  19. Crassula arborescens

    Crassula arborescens is a hardy, evergreen, succulent, tree-like Crassula, which is unusual for this genus as they are usually relatively small plants.

    It has a thick, fleshy trunk with smooth, grey-green bark.The leaves are also fleshy and are an attractive, blue-grey colour with a red rim. They have a waxy, powdery bloom which helps to keep them cool.

    The attractive clusters of pink or white flowers are carried in densely-packed, rounded, branched, flowering heads from August to December.The flowers are nectar-rich and attract birds and insects to the garden.

    It has many medicinal uses.This unusual tree makes a great form and container plant.Plant as an element of a rock garden, on slopes or in a succulent garden.Flowers best in full sun but also grows well in semi-shade.

    Plant in well-drained soil.

    Size: up to 3m

  20. Cotyledon orbiculata flanaganii

    Cotyledon orbiculata (var. flanaganii) is a hardy, evergreen, drought-resistant, stemless, succulent groundcover is the Karoo form of Cotyledon orbiculata and has finger-like leaves that are edged with red.

    The umbels of pendulous, apricot-coloured flowers grow on long stalks and are borne in mid-summer.The flowers attract insects and Sunbirds to the garden.

    This versatile plant looks great in containers, in pockets in a rock garden or planted en masse.Also useful for planting in retaining walls and on embankments.

    Plant in sun or semi-shade in well-drained soil.

    Size: 30 cm

  21. Curio rowleyanus

    Curio [=Senecio] rowleyanus is a hardy, evergreen, mat-forming, succulent groundcover with long creeping, trailing stems.Pea-like, perfectly round leaves with a translucent stripe spaced along their entire length hang along the stems, hence the common name ‘String of Pearls’.When the stems lie on the ground they will root at the nodes and spread into quite large patches.

    From spring to autumn it bears masses of pretty, brush-like white flowers on and off that attract tiny, pollinating insects.The flowers are faintly cinnamon-scented.

    A beautiful plant for hanging baskets, window boxes or a variety of other containers, where the dense bunches of trailing stems hang gracefully over the edge.

    Plant in semi-shade in well-drained soil.

    Size: 1m Trailing stems

  22. Ehretia rigida

    Ehretia rigida is a very hardy, deciduous, drought resistant, attractive shrub with an interesting shape.

  23. Ehretia rigida

    Ehretia rigida is a very hardy, deciduous, drought resistant, attractive shrub with an interesting shape.

  24. Euphorbia mauritanica

    Euphorbia mauritanica very hardy, evergreen, quick-growing, well-rounded shrub with thin, cylindrical, grey-green stems.The many stems that sway beautifully in the wind arise from a thick rootstock.

    Each stem produces a small, yellow flower at the tip, and the entire bush appears butter-yellow for 2 or 3 months from August to October.Attracts pollinating insects.

    Excellent feature plant for rockeries and mixed succulent beds.It makes a particularly attractive container plant.It is very tolerant of a wide range of conditions and is particularly useful for difficult gardens which have low rainfall and harsh, cold conditions.

    Plant in well-drained soil in sun or semi-shade.Water moderately.

    Size: up to 1.5m

  25. Euryops virgineus

    Euryops virgineus is a very hardy, fast growing, evergreen shrub that is both drought and wind resistant.

    It has attractive, dense, fine bright green leaves and is covered in masses of small, golden-yellow flowers in winter and early spring.

    The sweetly scented flowers attract insects to the garden.

    Plant in full sun and prune back at least once a year after flowering and make sure it is watered in winter .

  26. Felicia erigeroides

    Felicia erigeroides is a very hardy, mound-forming, evergreen perennial has small, bright green leaves and delicate pink to lilac flowers.

    It flowers profusely from July to September. but does have some flowers all year round if deadheaded after flowering.

  27. Othonna capensis

    Othonna capensis a hardy, evergreen, fast-growing, drought-resistant, creeping groundcover.It has narrow, cylindrical, succulent, grey-green leaves that are arranged spirally on trailing stems.

    It produces masses of yellow, daisy-like flowers from October to June. These attract a myriad of butterflies to the garden during summer and well into winter.

    Planted in containers, rockeries or mass-planted, this is a rewarding little plant. It can also be used to stabilise banks as it roots at the nodes.

    It grows best in full sun in well-drained soil.

    Size: 7 to 10cm

  28. Pelargonium fragrans

    Pelargonium fragrans is a hardy, evergreen, compact natural hybrid Pelargonium with delicate leaves that have a distinct nutmeg scent.

    It flowers profusely with clusters of dainty, small white flowers from May to August but has some flowers all year round.

  29. Pelargonium peltatum

    Pelargonium peltatum is a hardy, evergreen rambling pelargonium with smooth, fleshy leaves that have five points.

    The flowers are a beautiful pale pink to mauve with darker streaks in the middle and bloom for most of the year.

    The rambling, zig-zag stems make it ideal for hanging baskets, cascading over walls or used as an edging plant in a bed or even supported as a climber.

    Prune to keep in shape, Plant in well-drained soil in full sun or semi-shade.

    The many hybrid ‘Ivy Geraniums were developed from this rewarding and popular garden plant.

    Size Up to 2m

  30. Plumbago auriculata White

    Plumbago auriculata white is a hardy, scrambling, much branched, evergreen shrub.

    It bears masses of edible, white Phlox-like flowers on and off all year round.

    It is an important butterfly host plant and attracts both butterflies and birds to the garden. 

    A popular garden and hedging plant that is also suitable for covering banks.

    Prune regularly to keep smaller and in shape as it can get quite wild.

  31. Plumbago auriculata Blue

    Plumbago auriculata blue is a hardy, scrambling, much branched, evergreen shrub.

    It bears masses of edible, sky-blue Phlox-like flowers on and off all year round.

    It is an important butterfly host plant and attracts both butterflies and birds to the garden.

  32. Portulacaria afra

    Portulacaria afra is a hardy, evergreen, neatly shaped, small tree or shrub with pretty round, succulent leaves and ruby red branches.

    The leaves have a pleasant acid flavour and can be used in salads.

    From October to January, after rain, it is covered in clear pink to rosy mauve, nectar rich flowers - a wonderful sight. The papery 3-winged ornamental fruits resemble pinkish lanterns.

    Plant in well-drained soil in sun or shade.

    Useful for binding soil.

  33. Portulacaria afra prostrata

    Portulacaria afra prostrata is a fairly hardy, pretty, succulent groundcover is a variety of P. afra but instead of being a large upright shrub it has a creeping habit and stays low.

    It has attractive round, glossy leaves on long arching succulent branches.

  34. Rhamnus prinoides

    Rhamnus prinoides is a very hardy, evergreen, very fast growing, large shrub with beautiful glossy almost mirror-like leaves.

    The small inconspicuous greenish-yellow flowers are borne all year round and attract insects. 

    The black berries which follow provide food for fruit eating birds almost all year round.

  35. Sideroxylon inerme

    Sideroxylon inerme is a hardy, evergreen, small to medium or large tree with a beautiful, round, dark-green, lush crown. A feature of this tree is the grey-brown bark that cracks into rectangles. The leathery, dark-green leaves are smooth and shiny and turn red with age.

    From November to April it bears small greenish-white, strongly-scented flowers which Mousebirds love to eat. The flowers are followed by attractive, juicy, black berries that attract birds and other wildlife to the garden.

    This species has been declared a protected tree and some old specimens are National Monuments. It has many traditional and medicinal uses.

    The White Milkwood makes a good garden and container subject, and grows well on the Highveld in sun or semi-shade if protected from wind.

    Size: 4 to 15m

  36. Bauhinia tomentosa

    Bauhinia tomentosa is a hardy, fast growing, drought resistant, deciduous, scandent shrub with deeply lobed leaves, like butterfly wings.

    It bears masses of lemon yellow, bell-like flowers with a purple blotch at the base of one petal and flowers throughout summer.

    Plant in full sun or partial shade.

  37. Rotheca myricoides

    Rotheca myricoides (= Clerodendrum myricoides) is a fairly hardy, medium sized, evergreen, very decorative shrub with beautiful foliage. 

    It has massed spikes of purple flowers in spring and summer which attract the beautiful Carpenter Bees. 

    The edible fruit attracts birds to the garden.

  38. Plectranthus verticillatus

    Plectranthus verticillatus is a fairly hardy, evergreen, flat, creeping, fast growing groundcover with soft, fleshy, round leaves.

    The spikes of white-mauve flowers that are borne from January to May attract a whole host of butterflies and insects.

    It is ideal for hanging baskets and prefers to grow in shade or semi-shade in well-drained, well-composted soil in moist conditions.

    Prune back after flowering.

    Size 15 to 25cm

  39. Acacia nilotica

    Acacia nilotica (=Vachellia nilotica) is a hardy, semi-deciduous, small to medium-sized, mushroom shaped tree with dark blackish-brown, fissured bark when mature and a dense crown.This fissured bark is home to many invertebrates and therefore attracts Woodpeckers and other insectivorous birds.

    The masses of yellow puffball flowers adorn the tree on and off from September to April.The fragrant, distinctive ‘string of beads,’ decorative pods have a fruity smell and are excellent fodder.The edible gum makes a good quality glue.

    Yellow, red or black dye can be made from the pods.The wood is easily worked for furniture and the whole tree has many medicinal and traditional uses This tree is a little slow-growing but is tough and very drought-resistant.

    It grows in both well-drained and clayey soils in sun or semi-shade.

    Size: 3 to 10 m

  40. Delosperma echinatum

    Delosperma echinatum (Pickle Plant) is a hardy, evergreen, small, partially-upright shrublet that has barrel-shaped short (25mm) leaves, hence its common name pickle plant. The light-green leaves have short, white, bristly hairs and attractive water vesicles (tiny bladders), that will add texture to your plantings.

    It bears masses of small, white or yellow, glistening flowers in spring.

    This drought-resistant plant makes a good addition to a rockery, succulent or grass garden and does particularly well in containers.

    Plant in well-drained soil in sun or light shade. It should be allowed to dry out between waterings.

    Size: up to 45cm

  41. Othonna dentata

    Othonna dentata is a hardy, evergreen, succulent shrublet with round, flattened, grey leaves that have fine- to coarsely-toothed, red margins.

    From June to December it bears pretty, daisy-like, golden-yellow flowers that are carried on the tip of a long stalk above the shrub.The flowers attract tiny pollinating insects to the garden.

    Plant in amongst other succulents in a rockery or on slopes.It also makes a beautiful container plant with its shortened thick stem.

    Requires a sunny to light semi-shade position in well-drained soil.

    Size: up to 70cm

  42. Vangueria infausta

    Vangueria infausta is a hardy, deciduous, drought-resistant, large shrub or small tree with big, velvety leaves that have prominent veins on the under-surface.

    Clusters of small, greenish-white, sweetly-scented flowers are borne from September to November, usually before the leaves appear.

  43. Stachys aethiopica Pink

    Stachys aethiopica ‘Pink’ is a hardy, evergreen, spreading groundcover, with beautiful pale-green, almost quilted leaves.

    It bears spikes of small, pink, tubular flowers mainly in spring but with a few flowers almost all year round.

  44. Diospyros austro-africana

    Diospyros austro-africana is a very hardy, evergreen, attractive, much branched shrub, but can become a small tree in ideal growing conditions.

    The small leaves turn a blackish-red in winter.

    Tiny red flowers borne from August to November are followed by attractive red to black berries. (As with all Diospyros sp. sexes are on separate plants, therefore only female plants bear fruit).

    It attracts birds and insects.

    Its unusual foliage makes an interesting addition to any garden, and it is suitable as a beautiful container plant, bonsai subject or for a striking feature in an oriental styled garden.

    This extremely hardy and drought resistant shrub is very useful and will grow in most challenging conditions. It gets a lovely twisted shape and stays small if not overwatered and over fertilized. Plant in sun or semi-shade.

    Size 2 to 3m

  45. Diospyros austro-africana

    Diospyros austro-africana is a very hardy, evergreen, attractive, much branched shrub, but can become a small tree in ideal growing conditions.

    The small leaves turn a blackish-red in winter.

    Tiny red flowers borne from August to November are followed by attractive red to black berries. (As with all Diospyros sp. sexes are on separate plants, therefore only female plants bear fruit).

    It attracts birds and insects.

    Its unusual foliage makes an interesting addition to any garden, and it is suitable as a beautiful container plant, bonsai subject or for a striking feature in an oriental styled garden.

    This extremely hardy and drought resistant shrub is very useful and will grow in most challenging conditions. It gets a lovely twisted shape and stays small if not overwatered and over fertilized. Plant in sun or semi-shade.

    Size 2 to 3m

  46. Salvia radula

    Salvia radula is a hardy, evergreen perennial with large, quilted, aromatic, grey-green leaves that have woolly, white undersides and are crowded at the base of the plant. The leaves are an attractive feature of the plant.

    Luminescent, white flower spikes are borne during summer. These are showy and held well above the plant.

    Bees and butterflies are attracted to the flowers. It has many medicinal uses.

    Plant in groups to add texture and colour to a garden bed. Makes a great addition to a cottage-style garden and rockery.

    Prune quite severely after flowering to keep in shape.

    This drought-tolerant plant requires full sun and well-drained soil.

    Size: 30 to 40cm