Search Indigenous Plant Attributes

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  1. Aloe barberae bainesii

    Aloe barberae (bainesii) is a surprisingly hardy, large, evergreen, tree-like Aloe, which can tolerate high rainfall.

  2. Aloe barberae bainesii

    Aloe barberae (bainesii) is a surprisingly hardy, large, evergreen, tree-like Aloe, which can tolerate high rainfall.

  3. Scolopia mundii

    Scolopia mundtii is a very hardy, evergreen to semi-deciduous, medium growing, small or medium sized tree which is rare and even more rare in cultivation.

    The coppice shoots of this tree have spines which soon disappear.

  4. Berchemia zeyheri

    Berchemia zeyheri is a hardy, neatly shaped, deciduous tree with a straight stem and smooth grey bark.

  5. Dombeya tiliacea

    Dombeya tiliacea is a hardy, deciduous, small tree or multi-stemmed shrub with dark, heart-shaped, thinly textured leaves and dark fissured bark.

  6. Millettia grandis

    Milletia grandis is a hardy, decorative, medium sized, briefly deciduous tree that has a dense spreading crown.

    The new growth of the large leaves is a beautiful bronze colour when they first unfurl in spring and then turn almost lime green, darkening with age.

    It has large, magnificent, erect spikes of purple pea-like flowers that stand out well above the leaves from November to March – a sight to behold.

    These are followed by attractive, large velvety, brown pods - another striking feature of this beautiful tree.

  7. Ficus ingens

    Ficus ingens is a fairly hardy, drought resistant fig with a grey to yellowish grey bark.

  8. Galpinia transvaalica

    Galpinia transvaalica is a hardy, decorative, thickset, small to medium sized, sometimes multi-stemmed, evergreen tree. It has waxy, glossy, wavy-edged leaves that flush an amazing red in spring.

    Showy white flowers are borne from December to April which attract insects to the garden.

    It is also a butterfly host tree. A quick growing small to medium sized tree that makes a good container plant.

    It can also be pruned into an attractive, formal hedge in sun or semi-shade.

    Size 3 to 10 m

  9. Heteromorpha trifoliata abyssinica

    Heteromorpha trifoliata is a slender, very hardy, deciduous, drought resistant, fast growing tree.

  10. Heteromorpha trifoliata abyssinica

    Heteromorpha trifoliata is a slender, very hardy, deciduous, drought resistant, fast growing tree.

  11. Ilex mitis

    Ilex mitis is a hardy, small to medium sized, evergreen tree with almost white bark. It has a graceful rounded crown of glossy, dark green leaves that are purplish-red when they first flush.

  12. Ilex mitis

    Ilex mitis is a hardy, small to medium sized, evergreen tree with almost white bark. It has a graceful rounded crown of glossy, dark green leaves that are purplish-red when they first flush.

  13. Indigofera frutescens

    Indigofera frutescens is a hardy, semi-deciduous, graceful, small tree with delicate compound leaves and attractive bark.

  14. Kiggelaria africana

    Kiggelaria africana is a very hardy, evergreen to semi-deciduous, fast growing, medium to large sized tree which has very variable leaves.

    Small, yellow flowers are borne from August to January, sexes are on separate trees, with solitary, larger, pendulous female flowers and smaller male flowers in clusters.

  15. Kiggelaria africana

    Kiggelaria africana is a very hardy, evergreen to semi-deciduous, fast growing, medium to large sized tree which has very variable leaves.

    Small, yellow flowers are borne from August to January, sexes are on separate trees, with solitary, larger, pendulous female flowers and smaller male flowers in clusters.

  16. Kirkia wilmsii

    Kirkia wilmsii is a fairly hardy, deciduous, often multi-stemmed tree with beautiful, fine, feathery foliage.

  17. Faidherbia albida

    Faidherbia albida is a hardy, drought resistant, fast growing, large thorn tree that is deciduous at various times of the year - sometimes summer and sometimes winter.

    This seems to coincide with seasonal flooding.

  18. Euclea crispa

    Euclea crispa is a very hardy, drought resistant, small evergreen tree has a white stem and beautiful blue-green or olive-green leaves.

  19. Buddleja saligna

    Buddleja saligna is a very hardy, evergreen, fast growing, drought resistant tree with silver-grey leaves and beautiful twisted bark that looks almost woven.

    It bears profuse panicles of sweetly scented, white flowers from August to January that attract insects and birds.

  20. Buddleja saligna

    Buddleja saligna is a very hardy, evergreen, fast growing, drought resistant tree with silver-grey leaves and beautiful twisted bark that looks almost woven.

    It bears profuse panicles of sweetly scented, white flowers from August to January that attract insects and birds.

  21. Bersama lucens

    Bersama lucens is a fairly hardy, evergreen, small, compact tree with a well-developed crown and beautiful blotchy, wrinkled, grey bark.

    The young leaves are a brilliant glossy russet brown, turning dark green when mature.

    The small greenish white flowers, in long narrow heads, appear from September to June and are followed by green capsules that split to reveal scarlet seeds that attract birds.

    The bark is sought after in traditional medicine and this species is becoming increasingly rare.

    It is a beautiful, decorative tree for a shady to semi-shady part of the garden.

  22. Bersama lucens

    Bersama lucens is a fairly hardy, evergreen, small, compact tree with a well-developed crown and beautiful blotchy, wrinkled, grey bark.

    The young leaves are a brilliant glossy russet brown, turning dark green when mature.

    The small greenish white flowers, in long narrow heads, appear from September to June and are followed by green capsules that split to reveal scarlet seeds that attract birds.

    The bark is sought after in traditional medicine and this species is becoming increasingly rare.

    It is a beautiful, decorative tree for a shady to semi-shady part of the garden.

  23. Bersama lucens

    Bersama lucens is a fairly hardy, evergreen, small, compact tree with a well-developed crown and beautiful blotchy, wrinkled, grey bark.

    The young leaves are a brilliant glossy russet brown, turning dark green when mature.

    The small greenish white flowers, in long narrow heads, appear from September to June and are followed by green capsules that split to reveal scarlet seeds that attract birds.

    The bark is sought after in traditional medicine and this species is becoming increasingly rare.

    It is a beautiful, decorative tree for a shady to semi-shady part of the garden.

  24. Bersama lucens

    Bersama lucens is a fairly hardy, evergreen, small, compact tree with a well-developed crown and beautiful blotchy, wrinkled, grey bark.

    The young leaves are a brilliant glossy russet brown, turning dark green when mature.

    The small greenish white flowers, in long narrow heads, appear from September to June and are followed by green capsules that split to reveal scarlet seeds that attract birds.

    The bark is sought after in traditional medicine and this species is becoming increasingly rare.

    It is a beautiful, decorative tree for a shady to semi-shady part of the garden.

  25. Chionanthus foveolatus

    Chionanthus foveolatus is a fairly hardy, evergreen, forest tree that varies hugely in size depending on where it grows.

    In forests it is huge but in gardens in Gauteng will probably not grow more than 10m tall.

  26. Chionanthus foveolatus

    Chionanthus foveolatus is a fairly hardy, evergreen, forest tree that varies hugely in size depending on where it grows.

    In forests it is huge but in gardens in Gauteng will probably not grow more than 10m tall.

  27. Canthium gilfillanii

    Canthium gilfillanii is a very hardy, evergreen, drought resistant tree with interesting, angular branching patterns and beautiful silver bark.

    It has small greenish flowers from August to December. which attract insects.

  28. Catha edulis

    Catha edulis is a small, hardy, fast-growing, evergreen to semi deciduous tree that has a lovely slender shape.

    The glossy green leaves and young branches droop, giving the tree a graceful, weeping look.

  29. Celtis africana

    Celtis africana is a very hardy, deciduous, graceful, drought resistant, large tree.

  30. Celtis africana

    Celtis africana is a very hardy, deciduous, graceful, drought resistant, large tree.

  31. Combretum krausii

    Combretum krausii is a hardy, fast growing, semi-deciduous tree with glossy dark green leaves that turn vivid red and purple in autumn.

  32. Combretum krausii

    Combretum krausii is a hardy, fast growing, semi-deciduous tree with glossy dark green leaves that turn vivid red and purple in autumn.

  33. Combretum krausii

    Combretum krausii is a hardy, fast growing, semi-deciduous tree with glossy dark green leaves that turn vivid red and purple in autumn.

  34. Cordia caffra

    Cordia caffra is a hardy, fast growing small to medium sized deciduous tree with attractive, distinctive, mottled and flaky bark.

    The attractive, drooping, glossy leaves have long petioles and wave in the slightest breeze, adding movement to the garden.

    It has creamy-white, sweetly scented flowers in September and October that attract insects to the garden.

  35. Cryptocarya transvaalensis

    Cryptocarya transvaalensis is a hardy, evergreen tree with beautiful glossy dark green foliage.

  36. Cryptocarya transvaalensis

    Cryptocarya transvaalensis is a hardy, evergreen tree with beautiful glossy dark green foliage.

  37. Cunonia capensis

    Cunonia capensis is a hardy, evergreen, fast growing, small to medium sized tree.

    The beautiful compound leaves have red petioles and large, red, spoon-shaped stipules that give the tree an overall reddish look and make this a beautiful foliage plant.

    It blooms profusely with white, sweetly scented, upright ‘bottlebrush’ flowers from February to May that attract a myriad of insects and butterflies. The fruit attracts birds to the garden.

    A handsome tree and good garden subject, which needs a cool, moist area.

  38. Cunonia capensis

    Cunonia capensis is a hardy, evergreen, fast growing, small to medium sized tree.

    The beautiful compound leaves have red petioles and large, red, spoon-shaped stipules that give the tree an overall reddish look and make this a beautiful foliage plant.

    It blooms profusely with white, sweetly scented, upright ‘bottlebrush’ flowers from February to May that attract a myriad of insects and butterflies. The fruit attracts birds to the garden.

    A handsome tree and good garden subject, which needs a cool, moist area.

  39. Curtisia dentata

    Curtisia dentata is a medium-sized, hardy, evergreen tree that can grow quite large in moist forested areas.

  40. Curtisia dentata

    Curtisia dentata is a medium-sized, hardy, evergreen tree that can grow quite large in moist forested areas.

  41. Curtisia dentata

    Curtisia dentata is a medium-sized, hardy, evergreen tree that can grow quite large in moist forested areas.

  42. Dais cotinifolia

    Dais cotinifolia is  a very hardy, fast growing, deciduous, small tree with attractive slightly blue green leaves.

    In spring it has scattered pink leaves in the crown adding to the interest.

  43. Dais cotinifolia

    Dais cotinifolia is  a very hardy, fast growing, deciduous, small tree with attractive slightly blue green leaves.

    In spring it has scattered pink leaves in the crown adding to the interest.

  44. Deinbollia oblongifolia

    Deinbollia oblongifolia is a hardy, briefly deciduous, shrub or small tree with large decorative, dark green leaves crowded at the ends of the branches.

    The pyramids of white flowers, which stand out above the leaves, are borne from March to June and are followed by white, fruit that is much favoured by birds.

    Lichens readily grow on the bark giving it a lovely mottled effect.

    One of the best plants for attracting butterflies, moths, other insects and birds to the garden.

    An attractive garden plant for shady areas that also makes a good container plant for indoors.

    Traditionally the seeds are used to make soap, the leaves eaten as spinach and the roots used medicinally.

    Size 1.5

  45. Deinbollia oblongifolia

    Deinbollia oblongifolia is a hardy, briefly deciduous, shrub or small tree with large decorative, dark green leaves crowded at the ends of the branches.

    The pyramids of white flowers, which stand out above the leaves, are borne from March to June and are followed by white, fruit that is much favoured by birds.

    Lichens readily grow on the bark giving it a lovely mottled effect.

    One of the best plants for attracting butterflies, moths, other insects and birds to the garden.

    An attractive garden plant for shady areas that also makes a good container plant for indoors.

    Traditionally the seeds are used to make soap, the leaves eaten as spinach and the roots used medicinally.

    Size 1.5

  46. Diospyros whyteana

    Diospyros whyteana is a large, hardy, very decorative, evergreen shrub or small tree with glossy, almost mirror-like, dark green leaves.

    The clusters of small, fragrant, bell-like white flowers are borne from July to October The fruits are red when ripe, enclosed by bladder-like structures.

  47. Diospyros whyteana

    Diospyros whyteana is a large, hardy, very decorative, evergreen shrub or small tree with glossy, almost mirror-like, dark green leaves.

    The clusters of small, fragrant, bell-like white flowers are borne from July to October The fruits are red when ripe, enclosed by bladder-like structures.

  48. Ekebergia capensis

    Ekebergia capensis is a fairly hardy, semi-deciduous, lush, medium sized, good shade tree with decorative berries that are much favoured by birds.

    The small, scented greenish-white flowers appear from August to December.

  49. Ekebergia capensis

    Ekebergia capensis is a fairly hardy, semi-deciduous, lush, medium sized, good shade tree with decorative berries that are much favoured by birds.

    The small, scented greenish-white flowers appear from August to December.

  50. Gonioma kamassii

    Gonioma kamassii is a species that is endemic to South Africa.

    It is a fairly hardy, evergreen shrub or small tree with a dense crown of leathery, shiny, dark green leaves. The bark is smooth at first, aging to scale-like fissures.

    Clusters of small, white, wonderfully scented flowers are borne throughout the year but with a peak in October.

  51. Gonioma kamassii

    Gonioma kamassii is a species that is endemic to South Africa.

    It is a fairly hardy, evergreen shrub or small tree with a dense crown of leathery, shiny, dark green leaves. The bark is smooth at first, aging to scale-like fissures.

    Clusters of small, white, wonderfully scented flowers are borne throughout the year but with a peak in October.

  52. Halleria lucida

    Halleria lucida is a hardy, evergreen, small to medium sized tree with attractive foliage and a graceful drooping habit.

  53. Halleria lucida

    Halleria lucida is a hardy, evergreen, small to medium sized tree with attractive foliage and a graceful drooping habit.

  54. Harpephyllum caffrum

    Harpephyllum caffrum is a fairly hardy, large evergreen tree. It has attractive dark foliage with the odd red leaf in the crown.

    The small yellowish-green flowers are borne in terminal sprays from October to February. Male and female flowers are on separate trees, therefore only female plants bear fruit

    Fleshy red berries follow the flowers and attract many fruit eating birds to the garden.

  55. Harpephyllum caffrum

    Harpephyllum caffrum is a fairly hardy, large evergreen tree. It has attractive dark foliage with the odd red leaf in the crown.

    The small yellowish-green flowers are borne in terminal sprays from October to February. Male and female flowers are on separate trees, therefore only female plants bear fruit

    Fleshy red berries follow the flowers and attract many fruit eating birds to the garden.

  56. Heteropyxis canescens

    Heteropyxis canescens is a rare, hardy, small, semi-deciduous tree that occurs in forested ravines and riverine forests in a restricted area of Mpumalanga and Swaziland.

    It has beautiful, sparkling, beige bark that flakes off in patches leaving attractive blotches.

    The quite large, decorative leaves have interesting venation and smell of lavender when crushed.

  57. Heteropyxis canescens

    Heteropyxis canescens is a rare, hardy, small, semi-deciduous tree that occurs in forested ravines and riverine forests in a restricted area of Mpumalanga and Swaziland.

    It has beautiful, sparkling, beige bark that flakes off in patches leaving attractive blotches.

    The quite large, decorative leaves have interesting venation and smell of lavender when crushed.

  58. Heteropyxis natalensis

    Heteropyxis natalensis is a hardy, slender, upright, narrow, semi-deciduous tree with truly beautiful, pale creamy bark that, with age, develops beautiful apricot coloured patches on it.

  59. Heteropyxis natalensis

    Heteropyxis natalensis is a hardy, slender, upright, narrow, semi-deciduous tree with truly beautiful, pale creamy bark that, with age, develops beautiful apricot coloured patches on it.

  60. Apodytes dimidiata

    Apodytes dimidiata is a hardy, evergreen, beautifully shaped, fairly fast growing tree with dense, glossy, dark green foliage.

    Densely clustered spikes of strongly scented, snow-white flowers that are borne from September to April, especially after good rains.

  61. Apodytes dimidiata

    Apodytes dimidiata is a hardy, evergreen, beautifully shaped, fairly fast growing tree with dense, glossy, dark green foliage.

    Densely clustered spikes of strongly scented, snow-white flowers that are borne from September to April, especially after good rains.

  62. Apodytes dimidiata

    Apodytes dimidiata is a hardy, evergreen, beautifully shaped, fairly fast growing tree with dense, glossy, dark green foliage.

    Densely clustered spikes of strongly scented, snow-white flowers that are borne from September to April, especially after good rains.

  63. Kigelia africana

    Kigelia africana is a fairly hardy, very fast growing, briefly deciduous, medium sized tree. It has a straight stem and a rounded crown. The large compound leaves are clustered at the ends of the branches with lovely coppery coloured new growth.

  64. Loxostylis alata

    Loxostylis alata is a fairly hardy, evergreen, small to medium sized decorative tree with corky grey bark.

    It bears sprays of pretty white, scented flowers from October to April.

  65. Mimusops zeyheri

    Mimusops zeyheri is a semi-hardy, drought resistant, fairly fast growing decorative tree that has a spreading, densely rounded, evergreen crown and deeply grooved bark.

  66. Mimusops zeyheri

    Mimusops zeyheri is a semi-hardy, drought resistant, fairly fast growing decorative tree that has a spreading, densely rounded, evergreen crown and deeply grooved bark.

  67. Noltea africana

    Noltea africana is a very hardy, evergreen, very fast growing, small to medium sized tree.

    The glossy leaves are darker above and paler underneath, and have purple petioles. The branchlets are also purplish-red.

    The flowers are pretty, small, white sprays borne in the axils of the leaves from August to September. The black seeds are encased in a three-lobed, brown woody capsule that splits to release them when ripe.

    A decorative tree that is ideal for the smaller garden but should be kept as a single stem.

    Grows well in sun and semi-shade.

  68. Freylinia tropica Blue

    Freylinia tropica "Blue" is a very hardy, evergreen, slender shrub that has spreading branches, smooth grey bark and shiny, bright green leaves.

    It blooms profusely in late winter when little else is flowering but does bear some bright blue flowers throughout the year.

    It makes a good screen plant and can be clipped into a formal hedge or used in an informal hedge. It also makes a beautiful container plant.

    It grows in sun or semi-shade.

    Attracts insects and butterflies to the garden.

    Size 1 to 3m

  69. Olea europaea africana

    Olea europaea africana is a very hardy, evergreen, drought resistant tree with gorgeous silvery foliage and a rounded crown.

    It bears scented, greenish flowers from October to December followed by delicious edible small black Olives (these can be eaten directly from the tree and need no treatment to make them edible).

    It is an excellent bird and insect tree that is much favoured by wildlife.Birds love to probe under the rough dark bark for insects.

  70. Olinia emarginata

    Olinia emarginata is a very frost-hardy, evergreen small to medium sized tree that can grow into a huge tree in forest situations.

  71. Olinia emarginata

    Olinia emarginata is a very frost-hardy, evergreen small to medium sized tree that can grow into a huge tree in forest situations.

  72. Pappea capensis

    Pappea capensis is a hardy, evergreen, very attractive, small to medium sized, neatly shaped, dense tree.

  73. Phoenix reclinata

    Phoenix reclinata is a very hardy, evergreen, palm with shiny, light to dark green, long arching leaves that become spiny close to the stem.  

    The Palm Swift glues its nest to the fronds. It bears showy, creamy-white pollen-laden male flowers from August to October. (male and female flowers on separate plants).  Female flowers are yellowish.

    The luminous orange-brown fruit are borne in large hanging zig-zagged branches during late summer.

  74. Pittosporum viridiflorum

    Pittosporum viridiflorum is a very hardy, evergreen, small to medium-sized, well-shaped tree with glossy leaves that have a resinous smell when crushed.

    The bark has small pits in it and is an attractive feature of this tree. It is grey in young trees and becomes darker, rough and slightly fissured in mature specimens, and smells slightly of liquorice.

    The dense clusters of sweetly scented, cream flowers are borne from September to November and are followed by brilliant red, sticky fruit in yellow-green capsules, that attracts birds.

    A beautiful garden tree, which can be grown in sun or semi-shade, and can be used in forest and bush clumps as well as being used as a hedge plant. Wonderful shade tree, and with its non-aggressive root system is ideal for small gardens and containers.

    Size 3 to 10m

  75. Pittosporum viridiflorum

    Pittosporum viridiflorum is a very hardy, evergreen, small to medium-sized, well-shaped tree with glossy leaves that have a resinous smell when crushed.

    The bark has small pits in it and is an attractive feature of this tree. It is grey in young trees and becomes darker, rough and slightly fissured in mature specimens, and smells slightly of liquorice.

    The dense clusters of sweetly scented, cream flowers are borne from September to November and are followed by brilliant red, sticky fruit in yellow-green capsules, that attracts birds.

    A beautiful garden tree, which can be grown in sun or semi-shade, and can be used in forest and bush clumps as well as being used as a hedge plant. Wonderful shade tree, and with its non-aggressive root system is ideal for small gardens and containers.

    Size 3 to 10m

  76. Podocarpus falcatus

    Podocarpus falcatus is a large, very hardy, evergreen forest tree. It is the fastest growing of the Yellowwoods.

    The small leathery, narrow, dark green leaves are sometimes slightly sickle-shaped.They often have a greyish bloom to them, making this a beautiful foliage tree, particularly when the light catches the leaves and the grey-green forms "highlights" on parts of the canopy.

    Mature trees have beautiful, dark purplish-brown and flaking bark.

  77. Podocarpus falcatus

    Podocarpus falcatus is a large, very hardy, evergreen forest tree. It is the fastest growing of the Yellowwoods.

    The small leathery, narrow, dark green leaves are sometimes slightly sickle-shaped.They often have a greyish bloom to them, making this a beautiful foliage tree, particularly when the light catches the leaves and the grey-green forms "highlights" on parts of the canopy.

    Mature trees have beautiful, dark purplish-brown and flaking bark.

  78. Rapanea melanophloeos

    Rapanea melanophloes is a hardy, small to medium sized, evergreen tree with dark leaves that have a purplish cast to them. It also has really attractive bark.

    The small greenish-white flowers from May to July attract insects and bees.

  79. Rapanea melanophloeos

    Rapanea melanophloes is a hardy, small to medium sized, evergreen tree with dark leaves that have a purplish cast to them. It also has really attractive bark.

    The small greenish-white flowers from May to July attract insects and bees.

  80. Rhus chirindensis

    Rhus (Searsia) chirindensis is a hardy, deciduous, fast growing tree that is sometimes multi-stemmed and has a spreading rounded crown. The bark is rough and darker on the mature main stems, and smooth and somewhat shiny on the young stems. Both sometimes have woody spines, but particularly the young stems.

    The large glossy, dark green leaves are tri-foliate and reddish when young and turn beautiful red autumn colours.

    Sprays of small flowers are borne from August to March. (male and female flowers on separate plants, therefore only female plants bear fruit).

  81. Rhus chirindensis

    Rhus (Searsia) chirindensis is a hardy, deciduous, fast growing tree that is sometimes multi-stemmed and has a spreading rounded crown. The bark is rough and darker on the mature main stems, and smooth and somewhat shiny on the young stems. Both sometimes have woody spines, but particularly the young stems.

    The large glossy, dark green leaves are tri-foliate and reddish when young and turn beautiful red autumn colours.

    Sprays of small flowers are borne from August to March. (male and female flowers on separate plants, therefore only female plants bear fruit).

  82. Rhus chirindensis

    Rhus (Searsia) chirindensis is a hardy, deciduous, fast growing tree that is sometimes multi-stemmed and has a spreading rounded crown. The bark is rough and darker on the mature main stems, and smooth and somewhat shiny on the young stems. Both sometimes have woody spines, but particularly the young stems.

    The large glossy, dark green leaves are tri-foliate and reddish when young and turn beautiful red autumn colours.

    Sprays of small flowers are borne from August to March. (male and female flowers on separate plants, therefore only female plants bear fruit).

  83. Rothmannia capensis

    Rothmannia capensis is a hardy, evergreen, small to medium sized tree.

  84. Rothmannia capensis

    Rothmannia capensis is a hardy, evergreen, small to medium sized tree.

  85. Mackaya bella

    Mackaya bella is a hardy, evergreen shrub with dark green, glossy leaves.

    It bears, magnificent long bunches of lilac or white, trumpet-shaped flowers from early spring to November.

    It grows in deep shade where the flowers seem to glow in the dark. The beautiful flowers have purple streaks in them that act as landing lights to guide insects to the nectar and in the process pollinate the flower.

    It can tolerate a bit of morning sun provided it is watered well.

  86. Mackaya bella

    Mackaya bella is a hardy, evergreen shrub with dark green, glossy leaves.

    It bears, magnificent long bunches of lilac or white, trumpet-shaped flowers from early spring to November.

    It grows in deep shade where the flowers seem to glow in the dark. The beautiful flowers have purple streaks in them that act as landing lights to guide insects to the nectar and in the process pollinate the flower.

    It can tolerate a bit of morning sun provided it is watered well.

  87. Vepris lanceolata

    Vepris lanceolata is a hardy, evergreen, very attractive tree with apple green foliage.

  88. Vepris lanceolata

    Vepris lanceolata is a hardy, evergreen, very attractive tree with apple green foliage.

  89. Schotia afra

    Schotia afra is a hardy, small, much branched, gnarled, evergreen small tree with characterful twisted, pale branches and a charcoal grey trunk.

  90. Leucosidea sericea

    Leucosidea sericea is a decorative, very hardy, evergreen, fast growing, low branching small, tree with aromatic leaves that have silvery hairs.

    The yellowish-green flowers that are borne from August to December are sticky with nectar and held in candle-like spikes. The flowers attract many insects with their pollen and nectar.

    It has attractive, dark, fissured, peeling stem bark. One can make the most of this by pruning them up to have clean stems or trunks and lower branches. It makes a beautiful specimen tree in a small garden.

    Requires regular watering or plant in damp areas to keep it looking good.

  91. Leucosidea sericea

    Leucosidea sericea is a decorative, very hardy, evergreen, fast growing, low branching small, tree with aromatic leaves that have silvery hairs.

    The yellowish-green flowers that are borne from August to December are sticky with nectar and held in candle-like spikes. The flowers attract many insects with their pollen and nectar.

    It has attractive, dark, fissured, peeling stem bark. One can make the most of this by pruning them up to have clean stems or trunks and lower branches. It makes a beautiful specimen tree in a small garden.

    Requires regular watering or plant in damp areas to keep it looking good.

  92. Grewia occidentalis

    Grewia occidentalis is a very hardy, fast growing, evergreen shrub with attractive, rough, glossy, quite dark green leaves and trailing stems.

    It bears gorgeous star-like pink flowers with a cluster of prominent, bright yellow stamens from October to January

     It also bears distinctive, edible fruits that are clustered together in a square or cross shape.

  93. Ipomoea albivenia

    Ipomoea albivenia is a fairly hardy, deciduous climber with thick, glossy, grey-green, heart-shaped leaves that are velvety white when young.

    It has large solitary, trumpet-shaped, scented, white flowers in February and March.

    The flowers open at night which means it is probably moth pollinated. The fruit is a woody capsule that bursts open to release the beautiful cotton wool-covered seeds giving it a second ‘flowering’ season.

    Plant in full sun or semi-shade in very well-drained soil. Beware of over-watering.

    Size climbs up to 4m

  94. Ipomoea albivenia

    Ipomoea albivenia is a fairly hardy, deciduous climber with thick, glossy, grey-green, heart-shaped leaves that are velvety white when young.

    It has large solitary, trumpet-shaped, scented, white flowers in February and March.

    The flowers open at night which means it is probably moth pollinated. The fruit is a woody capsule that bursts open to release the beautiful cotton wool-covered seeds giving it a second ‘flowering’ season.

    Plant in full sun or semi-shade in very well-drained soil. Beware of over-watering.

    Size climbs up to 4m

  95. Gloriosa superba

    Gloriosa superba is a hardy, deciduous, trailing or scrambling plant with shiny light green leaves that taper to tendrils at the tips, which help it to climb.

    It grows from a ‘U’ shaped tuber that is deeply buried.

  96. Gloriosa superba

    Gloriosa superba is a hardy, deciduous, trailing or scrambling plant with shiny light green leaves that taper to tendrils at the tips, which help it to climb.

    It grows from a ‘U’ shaped tuber that is deeply buried.

  97. Stachys aethiopica

    Stachys aethiopica is a hardy, evergreen, spreading groundcover with beautiful pale green almost quilted leaves.

    It bears spikes of small, white tubular flowers mainly in spring but with a few flowers almost all year round.  They attract a myriad of tiny insects to the garden which provide food for lizards and frogs.

    An attractive groundcover that grows in both sun and shade.  Prune lightly and regularly to keep in shape.  As this is a widespread species it is variable and the form that we grow is not rampant but rather stays in neat little clusters. Plant in well-drained soil in hanging baskets, along borders or in containers.

    Used medicinally.

    Size 25 to 35cm

  98. Anthericum saundersiae

    Anthericum saundersiae is a hardy, evergreen, clump forming, grass-like perennial that bears sprays of white flowers and seeds all year round.

    It grows in sun or shade and this makes it a good plant for the difficult areas that are in shade for part of the year.

  99. Tinnea barbata

    Tinnea barbata is a pretty but little-known shrub that deserves a lot more attention as a great garden subject.

    It is evergreen with dark bluish-green leaves that are slightly hairy, and paler underneath. Tinnea is considered semi-hardy (probably frost tolerant due to it's high altitude natural habitat).  It bears many blueish purple flowers that hang from the branches like little jewels. 

    Tinnea should be pruned to keep a neat shape, as its natural growth habit is to climb or scramble over other plants. 

    Plant in semi-shade in well composted soil.

    Size: 1.5

  100. Tinnea barbata

    Tinnea barbata is a pretty but little-known shrub that deserves a lot more attention as a great garden subject.

    It is evergreen with dark bluish-green leaves that are slightly hairy, and paler underneath. Tinnea is considered semi-hardy (probably frost tolerant due to it's high altitude natural habitat).  It bears many blueish purple flowers that hang from the branches like little jewels. 

    Tinnea should be pruned to keep a neat shape, as its natural growth habit is to climb or scramble over other plants. 

    Plant in semi-shade in well composted soil.

    Size: 1.5

  101. Tinnea barbata

    Tinnea barbata is a pretty but little-known shrub that deserves a lot more attention as a great garden subject.

    It is evergreen with dark bluish-green leaves that are slightly hairy, and paler underneath. Tinnea is considered semi-hardy (probably frost tolerant due to it's high altitude natural habitat).  It bears many blueish purple flowers that hang from the branches like little jewels. 

    Tinnea should be pruned to keep a neat shape, as its natural growth habit is to climb or scramble over other plants. 

    Plant in semi-shade in well composted soil.

    Size: 1.5

  102. Streptocarpus formosus

    Streptocarpus formosus is a hardy, evergreen perennial with clumps of long, quilted, strap shaped leaves that are arranged in a basal rosette.

    It bears one or two large, purple, trumpet-shaped flowers that have dark purple streaks and are carried at the tips of long, delicate flowering stems from late spring to early autumn. The name "Streptocarpus" refers the the twisted fruiting bodies / seed capsules ("Strepto" meaning twisted and "karpos" meaning fruit). As they mature and dry out, they twist to realease the tiny seeds.

    This beautiful plant grows naturally in forest that are hot and humid in summer and warm and dry in winter. Water thoroughly only when the plants are dry. Water less during winter. Streptocarpus should rather be under watered than over watered.

    Plant in a well-composted medium with good drainage in a shady position, where the soil is moist, rather than wet.

    Looks beautiful planted alongside a shady pond or in containers.

    Size: up to 15cm tall

  103. Streptocarpus formosus

    Streptocarpus formosus is a hardy, evergreen perennial with clumps of long, quilted, strap shaped leaves that are arranged in a basal rosette.

    It bears one or two large, purple, trumpet-shaped flowers that have dark purple streaks and are carried at the tips of long, delicate flowering stems from late spring to early autumn. The name "Streptocarpus" refers the the twisted fruiting bodies / seed capsules ("Strepto" meaning twisted and "karpos" meaning fruit). As they mature and dry out, they twist to realease the tiny seeds.

    This beautiful plant grows naturally in forest that are hot and humid in summer and warm and dry in winter. Water thoroughly only when the plants are dry. Water less during winter. Streptocarpus should rather be under watered than over watered.

    Plant in a well-composted medium with good drainage in a shady position, where the soil is moist, rather than wet.

    Looks beautiful planted alongside a shady pond or in containers.

    Size: up to 15cm tall

  104. Streptocarpus formosus

    Streptocarpus formosus is a hardy, evergreen perennial with clumps of long, quilted, strap shaped leaves that are arranged in a basal rosette.

    It bears one or two large, purple, trumpet-shaped flowers that have dark purple streaks and are carried at the tips of long, delicate flowering stems from late spring to early autumn. The name "Streptocarpus" refers the the twisted fruiting bodies / seed capsules ("Strepto" meaning twisted and "karpos" meaning fruit). As they mature and dry out, they twist to realease the tiny seeds.

    This beautiful plant grows naturally in forest that are hot and humid in summer and warm and dry in winter. Water thoroughly only when the plants are dry. Water less during winter. Streptocarpus should rather be under watered than over watered.

    Plant in a well-composted medium with good drainage in a shady position, where the soil is moist, rather than wet.

    Looks beautiful planted alongside a shady pond or in containers.

    Size: up to 15cm tall

  105. Brillantaisia subulugurica

    Brilliantasia subulugurica is a fairly hardy, semi-deciduous, vigorous, fast growing shrub with large, glossy, attractive leaves.

  106. Aloe arborescens Yellow

    Aloe arborescens yellow is a  very hardy, drought resistant, branched Aloe with narrow curved, bluish-grey leaves that form rosettes.

    Three to four flowering stems of yellow flowers arise from each rosette and bloom all winter.

  107. Bowiea volubilis

    Bowiea volubilis is a hardy, deciduous, bulbous plant that has two thin, strap-like leaves.

    It climbs by means of its large much-branched inflorescence, the branchlets of which grow downwards.

  108. Chlorophytum modestum

    Chlorophytum modestum is a hardy, small, evergreen, perennial with short, strap-like leaves that form a tiny rosette.

  109. Chlorophytum modestum

    Chlorophytum modestum is a hardy, small, evergreen, perennial with short, strap-like leaves that form a tiny rosette.

  110. Chlorophytum modestum

    Chlorophytum modestum is a hardy, small, evergreen, perennial with short, strap-like leaves that form a tiny rosette.

  111. Chloris gayana

    Chloris gayana is a hardy, evergreen very leafy tufted perennial grass.

    It has finger-like (digitate) flowering heads from November to May.

  112. Plectranthus ciliatus

    Plectranthus ciliatus is an outstanding fairly hardy, evergreen groundcover with attractive quilted leaves that have purple undersides and purple stems.

    It has spikes of white or mauve flowers from September to May, that attract insects and butterflies to the garden.

  113. Plectranthus ciliatus

    Plectranthus ciliatus is an outstanding fairly hardy, evergreen groundcover with attractive quilted leaves that have purple undersides and purple stems.

    It has spikes of white or mauve flowers from September to May, that attract insects and butterflies to the garden.

  114. Plectranthus ciliatus

    Plectranthus ciliatus is an outstanding fairly hardy, evergreen groundcover with attractive quilted leaves that have purple undersides and purple stems.

    It has spikes of white or mauve flowers from September to May, that attract insects and butterflies to the garden.

  115. Plectranthus oertendahlii

    Plectranthus oertendahlii is an evergreen, clump forming groundcover that spreads along the forest floor. Wherever its soft stems touch the ground they root.

    The leaves are slightly succulent and beautifully variegated green with silvery white markings along their vein and midrib lines. They are reddish maroon underneath.

    The delicate white flowers are borne in spikes from February to June, with most flowers appearing in April and May.
    A most worthwhile plant for shady areas and makes a spectacular pot plant.

    Plant in loamy, well-composted soil and water regularly.

    Size up to 20cm

  116. Plectranthus oertendahlii

    Plectranthus oertendahlii is an evergreen, clump forming groundcover that spreads along the forest floor. Wherever its soft stems touch the ground they root.

    The leaves are slightly succulent and beautifully variegated green with silvery white markings along their vein and midrib lines. They are reddish maroon underneath.

    The delicate white flowers are borne in spikes from February to June, with most flowers appearing in April and May.
    A most worthwhile plant for shady areas and makes a spectacular pot plant.

    Plant in loamy, well-composted soil and water regularly.

    Size up to 20cm

  117. Turraea floribunda

    Turraea floribunda is a hardy, small, deciduous tree with a rounded crown of olive-green leaves that have distinct herringbone design veins.

    It drops its leaves in early spring and then the clusters of sweetly scented, large white flowers are borne in profusion along the bare stems (September to November).

    The beautiful green and white Honeysuckle-type flowers adorning the tree are a sight to behold and the scent is divine. The pretty red seeds are borne on large woody star-shaped pods.

    It is an important host tree for butterflies and moths and attracts many sunbirds and seed eating birds to the garden.

    This attractive tree is ideal for a small garden. Plant in well-drained, compost rich soil. Grows best in full sun.

    Size 3 to 5m

  118. Pycnostachys urticifolia

    Pycnostachys urticifolia is a hardy, evergreen, herbaceous perennial with angular pinky-brown stems and bright green, toothed leaves that are roughly triangular. The leaves are aromatic when crushed.

    The flowers are borne in autumn (April to June) in spikes at the ends of branches. The beautiful deep blue to mauve flowers attract bees and other pollinating insects to the garden.

    Hedgehog Sage is an ideal ingredient to a cottage garden, and contrasts beautifully with other plants flowering at this time of the year (for example: orange flowers of Leonotis leonurus and pink flowers of Hypoestes aristata and Syncolostemon densiflorus)

    To make sure that one can benefit from the lovely flowers in late autumn, it needs to be planted in a spot that is protected from frost. It prefers well-drained, well-composted soil in sun or semi-shade.

    Size: 1 to 2m tall

  119. Jamesbrittenia grandiflora

    Jamesbrittenia grandiflora is a hardy, evergreen, fast-growing small shrub with multiple stems.

  120. Trichilia dregeana

    Trichilia dregeana is a fairly hardy, magnificent, large, evergreen tree with a rounded crown of very dark green, glossy leaves.

  121. Scadoxus puniceus

    Scadoxus puniceus is a very hardy, deciduous, beautiful, bulbous plant that varies hugely in size, depending on where it comes from. The large, glossy leaves have wavy margins and are speckled at the base.

    It bears a large inflorescence of red, powder-puff-like flowers on a long stem, which appears before the leaves, from July to October.

  122. Scadoxus puniceus

    Scadoxus puniceus is a very hardy, deciduous, beautiful, bulbous plant that varies hugely in size, depending on where it comes from. The large, glossy leaves have wavy margins and are speckled at the base.

    It bears a large inflorescence of red, powder-puff-like flowers on a long stem, which appears before the leaves, from July to October.

  123. Scadoxus puniceus Tall Natal Form

    This form of Scadoxus puniceus is much taller, more robust and has larger flowers with a less intense red colour than our Highveld form.

    It is a very hardy, deciduous, beautiful, bulbous plant that varies hugely in size, depending on where it comes from.

  124. Scadoxus puniceus Tall Natal Form

    This form of Scadoxus puniceus is much taller, more robust and has larger flowers with a less intense red colour than our Highveld form.

    It is a very hardy, deciduous, beautiful, bulbous plant that varies hugely in size, depending on where it comes from.

  125. Scadoxus puniceus Tall Natal Form

    This form of Scadoxus puniceus is much taller, more robust and has larger flowers with a less intense red colour than our Highveld form.

    It is a very hardy, deciduous, beautiful, bulbous plant that varies hugely in size, depending on where it comes from.

  126. Crassula multicava

    Crassula multicava is a hardy, evergreen, mat-forming, broad-leaved succulent plant.

    It bears many sprays of dainty, star-shaped, pink flowers from May to November that attract a whole host of tiny insects.

  127. Hypericum revolutum

    Hypericum revolutum is a hardy, evergreen, medium-sized to large, fast-growing, moisture-loving shrub with reddish-brown, scaly bark.

  128. Senecio tamoides

    Senecio tamoides is a hardy, evergreen, succulent climber that has lovely, glossy, green leaves.

  129. Senecio tamoides

    Senecio tamoides is a hardy, evergreen, succulent climber that has lovely, glossy, green leaves.

  130. Chlorophytum krookianum

    Chlorophytum krookianum is a robust, hardy, deciduous, perennial groundcover with a rosette of large broad, soft, grey green, strap-like leaves.

    The flowering stem is long and strong (up to 2m) with a large branched flowering head covered with shiny, white, starry flowers from December. to April.

    It occurs naturally in grasslands where its large flowering head is carried well above the grasses.

    It is ideally suited to full sun in mixed borders or grassland gardens.

    Attracts insects and thus birds to the garden.

    Size 30 to 50cm

  131. Chlorophytum krookianum

    Chlorophytum krookianum is a robust, hardy, deciduous, perennial groundcover with a rosette of large broad, soft, grey green, strap-like leaves.

    The flowering stem is long and strong (up to 2m) with a large branched flowering head covered with shiny, white, starry flowers from December. to April.

    It occurs naturally in grasslands where its large flowering head is carried well above the grasses.

    It is ideally suited to full sun in mixed borders or grassland gardens.

    Attracts insects and thus birds to the garden.

    Size 30 to 50cm

  132. Setaria megaphylla

    Setaria megaphylla is a hardy, evergreen, shade- and moisture-loving grass that has beautiful, broad, bright-green, ribbed leaves.

    Long spikes of brown seeds follow the dainty flowers that are borne from September to June.

  133. Setaria megaphylla

    Setaria megaphylla is a hardy, evergreen, shade- and moisture-loving grass that has beautiful, broad, bright-green, ribbed leaves.

    Long spikes of brown seeds follow the dainty flowers that are borne from September to June.

  134. Helichrysum splendidum

    Helichrysum splendidum is a hardy, evergreen, small, sprawling shrub that grows in moist though well-drained areas.

  135. Andrachne Ovalis

    Andrachne ovalis is a fairly hardy, deciduous shrub or small tree that has smooth, light grey bark and attractive dark-green leaves with bluish undersides.

    It bears tiny clusters of white flowers in the axils of the leaves from November to March.

  136. Andrachne Ovalis

    Andrachne ovalis is a fairly hardy, deciduous shrub or small tree that has smooth, light grey bark and attractive dark-green leaves with bluish undersides.

    It bears tiny clusters of white flowers in the axils of the leaves from November to March.

  137. Asparagus virgatus

    Asparagus virgatus is an extremely hardy, evergreen, erect, stiff shrublet with long slender stems.

  138. Asparagus virgatus

    Asparagus virgatus is an extremely hardy, evergreen, erect, stiff shrublet with long slender stems.

  139. Aloe tenuior

    Aloe tenuior is a hardy, pretty, dainty, rambling Aloe has bright red or yellow flowers.

    It has long narrow sheathing leaves, crowded in a loose rosette at the tip of the branches.

  140. Hypoestes aristata

    Hypoestes aristata is a hardy, evergreen, small to medium sized, rounded shrub with grey-green leaves that have lighter veins giving them a variegated look.

    It bears abundant spikes that are densely packed with 2-lipped deep purple flowers with darker purple spots in the middle of winter, from March to August, when very little else is in flower.

    The flowers attract butterflies and other insects to the garden which is a boon to the insect eating birds.

  141. Hypoestes aristata

    Hypoestes aristata is a hardy, evergreen, small to medium sized, rounded shrub with grey-green leaves that have lighter veins giving them a variegated look.

    It bears abundant spikes that are densely packed with 2-lipped deep purple flowers with darker purple spots in the middle of winter, from March to August, when very little else is in flower.

    The flowers attract butterflies and other insects to the garden which is a boon to the insect eating birds.

  142. Crassula multicava Purple

    Crassula multicava 'Purple' is a hardy, evergreen, mat-forming, broad-leaved succulent plant. The leaves are purple on the underside, making this an attractive, colourful plant all year round, even when not in flower.

    From May to November it bears many sprays of dainty, star-shaped, pink flowers that attract a whole host of tiny insects.

  143. Crassula spathulata

    Crassula spathulata is a very hardy, evergreen, succulent, creeping, fast-growing, mat-forming groundcover with glossy, almost lime-green, round little leaves.When grown in sun and not watered much, the leaves turn a pinky-red on the margins.

    Sprays of tiny, pink and white flowers are borne in spring and summer.The flowers are visited by many tiny pollinating insects.

    It can be planted as a living mulch to help keep moisture in and weeds out.Mass plant under trees and along borders as well as in containers and hanging baskets where it will cascade happily over the edges.This pretty plant is tough, easy to grow and rewarding.One of its many uses is that it helps to stabilise banks.

    Grows well in shade and sun and, although it is a succulent, it thrives in a normally irrigated garden.

    Size: 10 to 15 cm

  144. Juncus effusus

    Juncus effusus - Mat-Rush is a very hardy, evergreen, tufted, perennial rush grows in wet areas as well as in a normally irrigated garden.The grass-like leaves are very variable, with some plants having robust, upright leaves whilst others have slender graceful leaves.

    The flowers are small, dry and scaly and crowded at the tips of the long thin stems in spring and summer.The flowering stems are beautiful in a vase.

    Traditionally used for weaving sleeping mats and baskets.The little seeds are golden brown. It is a useful addition to a wetland garden and to help filter water.

    It should be planted in well-watered, sunny areas.

    Size: 1m

  145. Tulbaghia simmleri

    Tulbaghia simmleri is a hardy, fast growing, deciduous, bulbous plant with attractive, grey-green, fleshy, strap-like leaves that die back in winter.

    Umbels of deep lilac, sweetly scented flowers are borne on long stems and make an excellent cut flower. It flowers from late summer (May) into early spring (September).

    Plant in well-drained, compost rich soil in shade or sun.

  146. Freylinia tropica

    Freylina tropica is a very hardy, evergreen, slender shrub that has spreading branches, smooth grey bark and shiny, bright green leaves.

    It blooms profusely in late winter when little else is flowering but does bear white or lilac flowers throughout the year.

    Attracts insects and butterflies to the garden.

  147. Hibiscus pedunculatus

    Hibiscus pedunculatus is a hardy, evergreen, small to medium-sized shrub whose delicate, dainty look belies the fact that it is hardy and easy to grow. The lobed leaves feel like sandpaper.

    From October to May the delightful, large, pale pink, hibiscus-like flowers are borne on long stalks.

    The abundant pollen offered by the flowers attracts insects while Charaxes butterflies use it as a host plant. It is used in traditional medicine.

    Group a few together for a gorgeous display or plant in amongst other shrubs as a border or screen where the flowers peeping through the other shrubs give the border a whimsical look.

  148. Carissa macrocarpa Green Carpet

    Carissa macrocarpa "Green Carpet" is a hardy, evergreen, drought-resistant, dense, spiny, dwarf spreading shrublet with leathery, dark-green, glossy leaves.

    It has beautiful, quite large, scented, white flowers and large edible red fruits on and off throughout the year.

    It attracts butterflies and fruit-eating birds to the garden. The fruits make a delicious jelly that is sold as ‘Amatungulu Jelly’. This useful plant can be used to cover large areas or clipped into an attractive small formal hedge. It also looks great in a container.

    Erect shoots should be clipped to keep the dwarf habit. Plant in shade, semi-shade or sun, in well-drained, well-composted soil.

    Size: up to 40cm

  149. Strophanthus speciosus

    Strophanthus speciosus is a semi-hardy, evergreen small tree, shrub or climber with greenish bark that has raised white dots. The leaves are leathery and, like the rest of the plant, contain a poisonous, water sap.

    The flowers, borne from September to December, are striking – with long spidery tepals that are creamy yellow to orange, with a brighter orange marking towards the centre of the flower. The greenish yellow, two-horned fruit that develops after flowering becomes brown, and splits to release seeds attached to silky hairs that assist with dispersing them by wind.

    The seeds, leaves and latex of this plant are poisonous, and are nevertheless used in traditional medicine – particularly in the treatment of snakebites.

    An interesting container plant, that can be grown as a woody climber or planted and pruned up to remain a small tree or large shrub. It requires well-composted soil, moderate watering and plant in a semi-shade to shady position.

    Size: can climb up to 10m if supported

  150. Strophanthus speciosus

    Strophanthus speciosus is a semi-hardy, evergreen small tree, shrub or climber with greenish bark that has raised white dots. The leaves are leathery and, like the rest of the plant, contain a poisonous, water sap.

    The flowers, borne from September to December, are striking – with long spidery tepals that are creamy yellow to orange, with a brighter orange marking towards the centre of the flower. The greenish yellow, two-horned fruit that develops after flowering becomes brown, and splits to release seeds attached to silky hairs that assist with dispersing them by wind.

    The seeds, leaves and latex of this plant are poisonous, and are nevertheless used in traditional medicine – particularly in the treatment of snakebites.

    An interesting container plant, that can be grown as a woody climber or planted and pruned up to remain a small tree or large shrub. It requires well-composted soil, moderate watering and plant in a semi-shade to shady position.

    Size: can climb up to 10m if supported

  151. Thunbergia natalensis

    Thunbergia natalensis is a hardy, deciduous, herbaceous shrublet with large, attractive, heart-shaped leaves that sometimes have wavy margins.

    From October to March, it bears beautiful, sky-blue, trumpet-shaped flowers with yellow centres. They attract insects to the garden.

    Traditionally it is used as a charm to ensure a happy marriage.

    It is a particularly useful size for planting under trees and shrubs.

    Plant in well-drained soil in shady or semi-shade areas of the garden for a splash of colour under trees.

    Size 0,5 to 1m

  152. Ochna serrulata

    Ochna serrulata is a hardy, small, semi-deciduous shrub with glossy, mirror-like leaves that flush red in spring.

    The profuse, bright yellow, scented flowers are borne from September to December.

    The flowers are short lived but are followed by black fruit on an enlarged red calyx that looks like a flower and persists on the shrub for months.

    As with Ochna natalitia this plant deserves pride of place in any garden. The seeds attract birds to the garden.

  153. Ehretia rigida

    Ehretia rigida is a very hardy, deciduous, drought resistant, attractive shrub with an interesting shape.

  154. Felicia erigeroides

    Felicia erigeroides is a very hardy, mound-forming, evergreen perennial has small, bright green leaves and delicate pink to lilac flowers.

    It flowers profusely from July to September. but does have some flowers all year round if deadheaded after flowering.

  155. Gardenia thunbergia

    Gardenia thunbergia is a hardy, evergreen shrub has glossy green leaves, silvery bark and wonderful branching patterns. 

    The sweet scent of the magnificent, large, white flowers will permeate the garden from October to February.

  156. Gardenia thunbergia

    Gardenia thunbergia is a hardy, evergreen shrub has glossy green leaves, silvery bark and wonderful branching patterns. 

    The sweet scent of the magnificent, large, white flowers will permeate the garden from October to February.

  157. Gardenia thunbergia

    Gardenia thunbergia is a hardy, evergreen shrub has glossy green leaves, silvery bark and wonderful branching patterns. 

    The sweet scent of the magnificent, large, white flowers will permeate the garden from October to February.

  158. Hypoestes aristata Little Pink

    Hypoestes aristata little pink is a hardy, evergreen, small to medium sized, rounded shrub with grey-green leaves that have lighter veins giving them a variegated look.

    It bears abundant spikes that are densely packed with 2-lipped pink flowers with purple spots in the middle of winter, from March to August.,

  159. Phygelius capensis

    Phygelius capensis is a hardy, evergreen small shrub with glossy, dark green leaves. It bears spikes of beautiful, red, drooping, tubular flowers in summer.

    Plant in sun or semi shade.

  160. Plectranthus ambiguous

    Plectranthus ambiguous is a hardy shrublet with large thinly hairy olive green leaves.

    The flower spikes have densely congested long narrow tubular flowers in a beautiful shade of pale purple in March and April.

    Plant in shade or semi-shade and prune back hard before the new seasons growth to keep it looking neat and encourage flowering the following season.

  161. Plectranthus ecklonii

    Plectranthus ecklonii is a fairly hardy, erect, shrubby Plectranthus with attractive, large, quilted leaves.

  162. Plectranthus ecklonii

    Plectranthus ecklonii is a fairly hardy, erect, shrubby Plectranthus with attractive, large, quilted leaves.

  163. Plectranthus fruticosus James

    Plentranthus fruticosus is a softly branching, fairly hardy, evergreen, upright Plectranthus has attractive olive green foliage tinged with purple beneath.

    The spikes of pink to mauve flowers are borne in profusion in autumn.

  164. Plectranthus fruticosus James

    Plentranthus fruticosus is a softly branching, fairly hardy, evergreen, upright Plectranthus has attractive olive green foliage tinged with purple beneath.

    The spikes of pink to mauve flowers are borne in profusion in autumn.

  165. Plectroniella armata

    Plectroniella armata is a hardy multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub or small tree with smooth grey bark and straight hard spines.

    The attractive glossy leaves are dark green on top and pale green below.

  166. Polygala myrtifolia

    Polygala myrtifolia is a hardy, large, evergreen shrub with glossy green leaves.

    It bears abundant, mauve pea-like flowers almost all year round with a flush in late winter.

    It makes a decorative small tree if pruned into a standard and makes a beautiful floriferous screening plant. It can also be pruned into a formal hedge.

    Attracts Carpenter Bees to the garden.

    The seeds are relished by laughing doves and other seed-eating birds.

    Grows in sun or semi-shade but flowers best in full sun and makes an excellent container plant.

    Size 1 to 4m 

  167. Psychotria capensis

    Psychotria capensis is a fairly hardy, evergreen shrub or small tree that is nicely shaped with leathery, glossy leaves.

    It is a great foliage plant.

  168. Psychotria capensis

    Psychotria capensis is a fairly hardy, evergreen shrub or small tree that is nicely shaped with leathery, glossy leaves.

    It is a great foliage plant.

  169. Rhamnus prinoides

    Rhamnus prinoides is a very hardy, evergreen, very fast growing, large shrub with beautiful glossy almost mirror-like leaves.

    The small inconspicuous greenish-yellow flowers are borne all year round and attract insects. 

    The black berries which follow provide food for fruit eating birds almost all year round.

  170. Rhoicissus tomentosa

    Rhoicissus tomentose is a hardy, evergreen, robust, woody climber with rough, greyish-brown bark. The ornamental, almost circular to kidney-shaped, dark-green leaves are interspersed with velvety tendrils. 

    The young leaves are hairy and a rich copper or purple colour while the old leaves turn crimson before falling. Dense heads of greenish flowers are borne from October to January. These are followed by large, purple, grape-like berries with white spots, which are another great feature of this climber.

    The fruit is edible and much sought after by birds and other wildlife. It is the host plant of the Silver Striped Hawkmoth. This robust climber will cover a pergola, can be trained up and over walls or planted in a container and pruned regularly to keep it bushy and show off its wonderful foliage.

    Plant in compost-rich soil in sun, semi-shade or shade.

    Size: up to 20m in canopy

  171. Rhoicissus tridentata

    Rhoicissus tridentata is a very hardy, deciduous, fast-growing, drought-resistant, vigorous climber or scrambling shrub with attractive, dark-green foliage that turns red in autumn.

    The small, greenish-yellow flowers are borne in tight clusters on a densely-hairy inflorescence from November to April. The decorative clusters of edible, red, grape-like berries become black and attract birds to the garden. 

    It has many medicinal and traditional uses. The trailing stems are lovely in flower arrangements. Ideal for screening on a fence or cascading down a bank. It also makes a good subject for a large hanging basket.

    Plant in well-drained soil in sun, semi-shade or shade.

    Size: 1 to 3m

  172. Schrebera alata

    Schrebera alata is a fairly hardy, evergreen, scrambling shrub or small tree that branches low and has a sparse narrow crown.

  173. Sclerochiton harveyanus

    Sclerochiton harveyanus is a hardy, evergreen, shade loving, small to medium sized scandent shrub.

    It has attractive, slightly variegated, small, almost heart-shaped leaves that add texture to the garden.

  174. Sclerochiton harveyanus

    Sclerochiton harveyanus is a hardy, evergreen, shade loving, small to medium sized scandent shrub.

    It has attractive, slightly variegated, small, almost heart-shaped leaves that add texture to the garden.

  175. Sclerochiton kirkii

    Sclerochiton kirkii is a hardy, upright, evergreen shrub with bright green, glossy foliage.

    It bears clusters of beautiful large sky-blue flowers which look like a hand in summer and autumn. 

    Plant in semi shade or shade in compost rich soil.

  176. Sclerochiton kirkii

    Sclerochiton kirkii is a hardy, upright, evergreen shrub with bright green, glossy foliage.

    It bears clusters of beautiful large sky-blue flowers which look like a hand in summer and autumn. 

    Plant in semi shade or shade in compost rich soil.

  177. Sclerochiton odoratissimus

    Sclerochiton odoratissimun is a hardy, evergreen, small, shrub with attractive, glossy, small dark green leaves.

    It bears masses of pretty white flowers that are streaked with red or purple lines and are wonderfully fragrant in late summer and autumn.

    The flowers are like little hands facing the sun.

  178. Sclerochiton odoratissimus

    Sclerochiton odoratissimun is a hardy, evergreen, small, shrub with attractive, glossy, small dark green leaves.

    It bears masses of pretty white flowers that are streaked with red or purple lines and are wonderfully fragrant in late summer and autumn.

    The flowers are like little hands facing the sun.

  179. Scutia myrtina

    Scutia myrtina is a hardy, evergreen, drought resistant, thorny shrub with beautiful glossy, tiny leaves.

    The new growth of leaves is a pretty bronze colour.

  180. Scutia myrtina

    Scutia myrtina is a hardy, evergreen, drought resistant, thorny shrub with beautiful glossy, tiny leaves.

    The new growth of leaves is a pretty bronze colour.

  181. Scutia myrtina

    Scutia myrtina is a hardy, evergreen, drought resistant, thorny shrub with beautiful glossy, tiny leaves.

    The new growth of leaves is a pretty bronze colour.

  182. Calodendrum capense

    Calodendrum capense is a hardy, semi-deciduous, large tree.

  183. Calodendrum capense

    Calodendrum capense is a hardy, semi-deciduous, large tree.

  184. Calodendrum capense

    Calodendrum capense is a hardy, semi-deciduous, large tree.

  185. Calodendrum capense

    Calodendrum capense is a hardy, semi-deciduous, large tree.

  186. Bauhinia tomentosa

    Bauhinia tomentosa is a hardy, fast growing, drought resistant, deciduous, scandent shrub with deeply lobed leaves, like butterfly wings.

    It bears masses of lemon yellow, bell-like flowers with a purple blotch at the base of one petal and flowers throughout summer.

    Plant in full sun or partial shade.

  187. Bauhinia tomentosa

    Bauhinia tomentosa is a hardy, fast growing, drought resistant, deciduous, scandent shrub with deeply lobed leaves, like butterfly wings.

    It bears masses of lemon yellow, bell-like flowers with a purple blotch at the base of one petal and flowers throughout summer.

    Plant in full sun or partial shade.

  188. Rhus pyroides

    Rhus (Searsia) pyroides is a very hardy, deciduous, drought-resistant tree that tolerates extreme conditions of drought and cold and makes a wonderful pioneer.

  189. Rhus pyroides

    Rhus (Searsia) pyroides is a very hardy, deciduous, drought-resistant tree that tolerates extreme conditions of drought and cold and makes a wonderful pioneer.

  190. Rotheca myricoides

    Rotheca myricoides (= Clerodendrum myricoides) is a fairly hardy, medium sized, evergreen, very decorative shrub with beautiful foliage. 

    It has massed spikes of purple flowers in spring and summer which attract the beautiful Carpenter Bees. 

    The edible fruit attracts birds to the garden.

  191. Dracaena aletriformis

    Dracaena aletriformis is a fairly hardy, evergreen, shade loving, Yucca-like accent plant.

  192. Plectranthus verticillatus

    Plectranthus verticillatus is a fairly hardy, evergreen, flat, creeping, fast growing groundcover with soft, fleshy, round leaves.

    The spikes of white-mauve flowers that are borne from January to May attract a whole host of butterflies and insects.

    It is ideal for hanging baskets and prefers to grow in shade or semi-shade in well-drained, well-composted soil in moist conditions.

    Prune back after flowering.

    Size 15 to 25cm

  193. Miscanthus capensis

    Miscanthus capensisis a very hardy, evergreen, clump-forming, large grass that has beautiful autumn colours.

    The flowering stalks are topped with plumes of pink seed-heads in late summer and early autumn. The clumps of leaves are about 1m tall and the flowering stalks are up to 2m tall.

    Weavers choose this grass above other plants for nesting material. They use the leaves to weave the nest and the seed to line it.

    Use as a backdrop to a garden bed or as a screening plant in narrow beds. It is effective planted as a single, sculptural, feature plant in a garden. Plant into window-box type containers where they can be used as a screen on a balcony. This tall grass is beautiful moving in the lightest of breezes in the garden.

    As with all grasses, to keep it healthy, it should be cut back once a year and raked to remove the thatch. Plant in sun or semi-shade in damp or normal garden conditions.

    Size: Flowering stem up to 2m

  194. Haemanthus albiflos

    Haemanthus albiflos is a hardy, evergreen, shade-loving, bulbous plant with mainly broad, glossy, green, strap-like leaves, although they are very variable and can sometimes be hairy. The upper half of the bulb is bright-green and is exposed above ground.

    The beautiful ‘paintbrush’-type inflorescence is borne from April to September. It has a papery, green calyx encasing a head of many long, thin, white flowers that are yellow-tipped with pollen. The orange-red berries that follow are an attractive feature.

    The pollen attracts bees and butterflies to the garden while birds love the succulent berries. It is also used in traditional medicine.

    This plant makes a wonderful container plant as it likes to be pot-bound. Use as an indoor plant as well. This is a shade-loving plant and, if left undisturbed, will flower and thrive in those dark, difficult areas of the garden.

    Plant in well-drained, compost-rich soil. Remember when planting out to leave the top half of the bulb exposed.

    Size: 20 to 25cm

  195. Crinum moorei

    Crinum moorei is a hardy, evergreen or semi-deciduous, very fast-growing bulb with beautiful broad, flat, bright-green leaves in a rosette on the end of a short stalk.

    The long, flowering stalk carries a head of large, tubular flowers that form a beautiful umbel of pink to almost white flowers from October to January.

  196. Crinum moorei

    Crinum moorei is a hardy, evergreen or semi-deciduous, very fast-growing bulb with beautiful broad, flat, bright-green leaves in a rosette on the end of a short stalk.

    The long, flowering stalk carries a head of large, tubular flowers that form a beautiful umbel of pink to almost white flowers from October to January.

  197. Volkameria glabra

    Volkameria glabra (=Clerodendrum glabrum)  is a very hardy, semi-deciduous, fast-growing, small tree or large shrub with a dense crown. It has shiny, dark-green leaves that are pungent when crushed.

    From December to June it bears profuse, dense clusters of white to pinkish flowers that have long stamens. In some specimens the flowers are wonderfully scented, whilst in others the scent can be pungent.These are followed by tightly packed yellowish-white berries that attract birds to the garden.

    An important host plant of moths and butterflies – an absolute must for a butterfly garden. The flowers also attract a whole host of pollinating insects and the nectar in the flowers is an important food source for bees.

    It is extensively used for medicinal and traditional purposes.

    Plant in sun or semi-shade in well-composted soil.

    Size: 2 to 6m

  198. Volkameria glabra

    Volkameria glabra (=Clerodendrum glabrum)  is a very hardy, semi-deciduous, fast-growing, small tree or large shrub with a dense crown. It has shiny, dark-green leaves that are pungent when crushed.

    From December to June it bears profuse, dense clusters of white to pinkish flowers that have long stamens. In some specimens the flowers are wonderfully scented, whilst in others the scent can be pungent.These are followed by tightly packed yellowish-white berries that attract birds to the garden.

    An important host plant of moths and butterflies – an absolute must for a butterfly garden. The flowers also attract a whole host of pollinating insects and the nectar in the flowers is an important food source for bees.

    It is extensively used for medicinal and traditional purposes.

    Plant in sun or semi-shade in well-composted soil.

    Size: 2 to 6m

  199. Helichrysum petiolare

    Helichrysum petiolare is a hardy, evergreen, dense, very fast growing perennial with beautiful, silvery-grey velvety, rounded, aromatic leaves. A lovely foliage and textural plant.

    It has cream flowers from November to January which can be used in dry arrangements.

    The lovely grey colour of the foliage adds colour and texture to a mixed border.

    It can also be pruned into a small hedge.

    The leaves are used as bedding hence the common name. Campers believe the smell aids a peaceful nights sleep.

    Needs to be pruned regularly to keep in shape.

    A good plant in sun or semi-shade in larger gardens in well-drained soil.

    Size 30 to 50cm

  200. Ficus craterostoma

    Ficus craterostoma is a fairly hardy, semi-decidious, medium sized strangler fig with a rounded, spreading crown and pale grey bark. It has fairly small leaves for a fig, which are dark glossy green, blunt tipped like a fish’s tail, and spirally arranged, making them an exceptionally attractive feature of this plant.

    The stalkless, hairless figs, which are inverted flowers, are borne in the axils of the leaves. The small figs turn yellowish red when ripe from May to December.

    The figs attract many fruit-eating birds to the garden. Makes a wonderful container plant or bonsai.

    Plant in sun or shade.

    Figs should not be planted close to walls and paving as they have aggressive root system.

    Size: 5 to 10m

  201. Ficus craterostoma

    Ficus craterostoma is a fairly hardy, semi-decidious, medium sized strangler fig with a rounded, spreading crown and pale grey bark. It has fairly small leaves for a fig, which are dark glossy green, blunt tipped like a fish’s tail, and spirally arranged, making them an exceptionally attractive feature of this plant.

    The stalkless, hairless figs, which are inverted flowers, are borne in the axils of the leaves. The small figs turn yellowish red when ripe from May to December.

    The figs attract many fruit-eating birds to the garden. Makes a wonderful container plant or bonsai.

    Plant in sun or shade.

    Figs should not be planted close to walls and paving as they have aggressive root system.

    Size: 5 to 10m

  202. Ficus craterostoma

    Ficus craterostoma is a fairly hardy, semi-decidious, medium sized strangler fig with a rounded, spreading crown and pale grey bark. It has fairly small leaves for a fig, which are dark glossy green, blunt tipped like a fish’s tail, and spirally arranged, making them an exceptionally attractive feature of this plant.

    The stalkless, hairless figs, which are inverted flowers, are borne in the axils of the leaves. The small figs turn yellowish red when ripe from May to December.

    The figs attract many fruit-eating birds to the garden. Makes a wonderful container plant or bonsai.

    Plant in sun or shade.

    Figs should not be planted close to walls and paving as they have aggressive root system.

    Size: 5 to 10m

  203. Hypoestes aristata White

    Hypoestes aristata white is a hardy, evergreen, small to medium sized, rounded shrub with grey-green leaves that have lighter veins giving them a variegated look.

    It bears abundant spikes of 2-lipped white flowers in the middle of winter, from March to August, when very little else is in flower.

    The flowers attract butterflies and other insects to the garden which is a boon to the insect eating birds.

  204. Podocarpus latifolius

    Podocarpus latifolius is a very hardy, evergreen, large, beautifully-shaped tree. It is slow growing, but makes an outstanding shade or specimen tree for bigger gardens. The yellowish to greyish-brown bark flakes off in thin, vertical strips. It has beautiful dark-green leaves that are carried more or less horizontally.

    The sweet, edible, fleshy, reddish-purple, female cones carry 1 or 2 seeds that ripen from green to pink to red during December and February.

  205. Podocarpus latifolius

    Podocarpus latifolius is a very hardy, evergreen, large, beautifully-shaped tree. It is slow growing, but makes an outstanding shade or specimen tree for bigger gardens. The yellowish to greyish-brown bark flakes off in thin, vertical strips. It has beautiful dark-green leaves that are carried more or less horizontally.

    The sweet, edible, fleshy, reddish-purple, female cones carry 1 or 2 seeds that ripen from green to pink to red during December and February.

  206. Podocarpus latifolius

    Podocarpus latifolius is a very hardy, evergreen, large, beautifully-shaped tree. It is slow growing, but makes an outstanding shade or specimen tree for bigger gardens. The yellowish to greyish-brown bark flakes off in thin, vertical strips. It has beautiful dark-green leaves that are carried more or less horizontally.

    The sweet, edible, fleshy, reddish-purple, female cones carry 1 or 2 seeds that ripen from green to pink to red during December and February.

  207. Metarungia pubinervia

    Metarungia pubinervia is a hardy, deciduous to semi-deciduous, fast growing, medium or large sized shrub with attractive, large, almost quilted, dark green leaves.

    The beautiful, bright red flowers that resemble snap-dragons, are borne along the tops of the stems from April to June. Their nectar attracts Sunbirds, which are their pollinators, as well as a whole host of insects that find it irresistible.

    It makes a lovely understory shrub.

    Plant in semi-shade or shade, in compost rich soil.

    Size: up to 4m

  208. Metarungia pubinervia

    Metarungia pubinervia is a hardy, deciduous to semi-deciduous, fast growing, medium or large sized shrub with attractive, large, almost quilted, dark green leaves.

    The beautiful, bright red flowers that resemble snap-dragons, are borne along the tops of the stems from April to June. Their nectar attracts Sunbirds, which are their pollinators, as well as a whole host of insects that find it irresistible.

    It makes a lovely understory shrub.

    Plant in semi-shade or shade, in compost rich soil.

    Size: up to 4m

  209. Nuxia floribunda

    Nuxia floribunda is a hardy, evergreen, fast-growing, neat and attractive tree that is quite small in drier conditions, but if its roots find water it can get quite big.

    Pale grey, smooth bark contrasts beautifully with the glossy, dark-green leaves that turn quite purple in winter.

    Its huge heads of showy, sweetly-scented, white flowers cover the tree from May to September. The flowers attract a whole host of small pollinating insects, moths and butterflies that in turn attract birds.

    It has many magical and medicinal uses.

    It grows well in a container, and is also a lovely tree with which to create a small forested area in the garden.

    Plant in either full sun or semi-shade and water regularly.

    Size: 3 to 10m

  210. Nuxia floribunda

    Nuxia floribunda is a hardy, evergreen, fast-growing, neat and attractive tree that is quite small in drier conditions, but if its roots find water it can get quite big.

    Pale grey, smooth bark contrasts beautifully with the glossy, dark-green leaves that turn quite purple in winter.

    Its huge heads of showy, sweetly-scented, white flowers cover the tree from May to September. The flowers attract a whole host of small pollinating insects, moths and butterflies that in turn attract birds.

    It has many magical and medicinal uses.

    It grows well in a container, and is also a lovely tree with which to create a small forested area in the garden.

    Plant in either full sun or semi-shade and water regularly.

    Size: 3 to 10m

  211. Nuxia floribunda

    Nuxia floribunda is a hardy, evergreen, fast-growing, neat and attractive tree that is quite small in drier conditions, but if its roots find water it can get quite big.

    Pale grey, smooth bark contrasts beautifully with the glossy, dark-green leaves that turn quite purple in winter.

    Its huge heads of showy, sweetly-scented, white flowers cover the tree from May to September. The flowers attract a whole host of small pollinating insects, moths and butterflies that in turn attract birds.

    It has many magical and medicinal uses.

    It grows well in a container, and is also a lovely tree with which to create a small forested area in the garden.

    Plant in either full sun or semi-shade and water regularly.

    Size: 3 to 10m

  212. Syncolostemon densiflorus

    Syncolostemon densiflorus is a hardy, evergreen, medium-sized, herbaceous, multi-stemmed shrub. It has velvety, white stems with bright-green leaves.

  213. Polygala virgata

    Polygala virgata is a very hardy, evergreen, fast-growing, slender shrub with long, narrow, dark-green leaves.

    From October to July it bears tall terminal spikes of massed purple to mauve pea-like flowers that attract insects.

    Although not particularly long-lived, they readily seed themselves around the garden. The flower spikes last well as cut flowers. Used medicinally.

    For the best effect, plant 3 or more of these slender shrubs together, in sun or semi-shade, in compost-rich soil. Prune from when they are young to encourage them to bush out; this will help create an amazing display of flowers.

    Size: 1.5

  214. Maytenus undata

    Maytenus undata is a very hardy, evergreen large or small tree. Its height is very variable, and depends on the area in which it is growing. The colder it is the smaller the tree. The bark is grey-brown with patches flaking off and leaving pinkish blotches.

    One can tell the hardiness by the foliage form - the smaller and more leathery the leaves, the hardier the tree. The foliage is variable in size and colour from pale to dark-green and gives off a musty scent when rubbed.

    It bears creamy-white flowers all summer (from September to May).

    In April the tree produces black seeds covered with orange flesh that attract birds.

    Makes a good garden subject or container plant and is a must for a wildlife garden.

    Plant in semi-shade or sun.

    Size: 1 to 6m

  215. Maytenus undata

    Maytenus undata is a very hardy, evergreen large or small tree. Its height is very variable, and depends on the area in which it is growing. The colder it is the smaller the tree. The bark is grey-brown with patches flaking off and leaving pinkish blotches.

    One can tell the hardiness by the foliage form - the smaller and more leathery the leaves, the hardier the tree. The foliage is variable in size and colour from pale to dark-green and gives off a musty scent when rubbed.

    It bears creamy-white flowers all summer (from September to May).

    In April the tree produces black seeds covered with orange flesh that attract birds.

    Makes a good garden subject or container plant and is a must for a wildlife garden.

    Plant in semi-shade or sun.

    Size: 1 to 6m

  216. Podocarpus henkelii

    Podocarpus henkelii is a very hardy, evergreen, large decorative, beautifully-shaped tree and is one of our best-known indigenous trees. The bark is khaki brown that, when it matures, flakes into long, thin strips which expose the attractive reddish underbark. It has long, drooping, narrow, dark-green leaves.

    The female cones develop into olive-green seed that ripens in May.

    Although it is quite slow-growing it does develop into a huge forest tree that is only suitable for large gardens. For small gardens plant it in a large container to limit its size. In a container, it makes a great Christmas tree when decked out in its finery.

    Plant in either east- or south-facing areas as it prefers damp, cool and shady conditions. If planted as a single specimen in the middle of lawn, remove at least 1.5m diameter of lawn around the tree, as its roots cannot compete with lawn. Mulch and water well or it will not grow properly. Always mulch the soil around the trees as this it keeps the roots cool.

    Size: 20 to 30m

  217. Podocarpus henkelii

    Podocarpus henkelii is a very hardy, evergreen, large decorative, beautifully-shaped tree and is one of our best-known indigenous trees. The bark is khaki brown that, when it matures, flakes into long, thin strips which expose the attractive reddish underbark. It has long, drooping, narrow, dark-green leaves.

    The female cones develop into olive-green seed that ripens in May.

    Although it is quite slow-growing it does develop into a huge forest tree that is only suitable for large gardens. For small gardens plant it in a large container to limit its size. In a container, it makes a great Christmas tree when decked out in its finery.

    Plant in either east- or south-facing areas as it prefers damp, cool and shady conditions. If planted as a single specimen in the middle of lawn, remove at least 1.5m diameter of lawn around the tree, as its roots cannot compete with lawn. Mulch and water well or it will not grow properly. Always mulch the soil around the trees as this it keeps the roots cool.

    Size: 20 to 30m

  218. Podocarpus henkelii

    Podocarpus henkelii is a very hardy, evergreen, large decorative, beautifully-shaped tree and is one of our best-known indigenous trees. The bark is khaki brown that, when it matures, flakes into long, thin strips which expose the attractive reddish underbark. It has long, drooping, narrow, dark-green leaves.

    The female cones develop into olive-green seed that ripens in May.

    Although it is quite slow-growing it does develop into a huge forest tree that is only suitable for large gardens. For small gardens plant it in a large container to limit its size. In a container, it makes a great Christmas tree when decked out in its finery.

    Plant in either east- or south-facing areas as it prefers damp, cool and shady conditions. If planted as a single specimen in the middle of lawn, remove at least 1.5m diameter of lawn around the tree, as its roots cannot compete with lawn. Mulch and water well or it will not grow properly. Always mulch the soil around the trees as this it keeps the roots cool.

    Size: 20 to 30m

  219. Podocarpus henkelii

    Podocarpus henkelii is a very hardy, evergreen, large decorative, beautifully-shaped tree and is one of our best-known indigenous trees. The bark is khaki brown that, when it matures, flakes into long, thin strips which expose the attractive reddish underbark. It has long, drooping, narrow, dark-green leaves.

    The female cones develop into olive-green seed that ripens in May.

    Although it is quite slow-growing it does develop into a huge forest tree that is only suitable for large gardens. For small gardens plant it in a large container to limit its size. In a container, it makes a great Christmas tree when decked out in its finery.

    Plant in either east- or south-facing areas as it prefers damp, cool and shady conditions. If planted as a single specimen in the middle of lawn, remove at least 1.5m diameter of lawn around the tree, as its roots cannot compete with lawn. Mulch and water well or it will not grow properly. Always mulch the soil around the trees as this it keeps the roots cool.

    Size: 20 to 30m

  220. Clivia gardenii

    Clivia gardenii is a hardy, fairly slow growing perennial with dark, strap-shaped leaves.

    It sends out side shoots to form quite large clumps.

  221. Clivia gardenii

    Clivia gardenii is a hardy, fairly slow growing perennial with dark, strap-shaped leaves.

    It sends out side shoots to form quite large clumps.

  222. Kalanchoe rotindifolia

    Kalanchoe rotundifolia is a hardy, evergreen, erect succulent groundcover. The petioles are pink and the edges of the leaves are pinkish.

    It bears spikes of small tubular bright yellow flowers on branched flowering stems from March to December.

    The nectar-rich flowers attract many butterflies and other pollinating insects

    Plant in amongst grasses or as an element of a rocky succulent garden.

    Size: up to 50cm when in flower.

  223. Helichrysum cymosum

    Helichrysum cymosum is a hardy, evergreen small, leafy, scandent shrub with beautiful silvery, small leaves that are woolly below.

    It bears compact heads of yellow, papery flowers at the tips of each branchlet from September to April.

  224. Buddleja auriculata

    Buddleja auriculata is a very hardy, beautiful, evergreen shrub with a weeping habit and beautiful black-green glossy leaves that are white on the underside.

    It bears fragrant lilac and white flowers with an orange centre and flowers profusely in large sprays in July and August.

    It can be planted as a specimen but needs some pruning to keep it in shape.

  225. Zantedeschia rehmannii

    Zantedeschia rehmannii is a hardy, deciduous plant with a thickened, tuber-like rootstock from which lance shaped, lush green leaves arise. Most Arum Lily species have a lobed base but The Pink Arum has a tapering leaf base.

    The flower is a slender, elongated spathe of varying shades of pink (light pink through to deep maroon) which turns green as it matures. Flowering is from October to March, (mostly November to January).

    The fruit is green, and as it matures and gains weight along the spathe, it bends the flower stem downwards.

    It is a prized cut flower, container plant and garden plant world-wide.

    For best results, care for Z. rehmannii by lifting dormant plants and storing them dry until the following growing season when they need to be watered well. Add plenty of rich compost to the soil.

    Plant in sun or semi-shade.

    Size: up to 50cm

  226. Stachys aethiopica Pink

    Stachys aethiopica ‘Pink’ is a hardy, evergreen, spreading groundcover, with beautiful pale-green, almost quilted leaves.

    It bears spikes of small, pink, tubular flowers mainly in spring but with a few flowers almost all year round.

  227. Peddiea africana

    Peddiea africana is a fairly hardy (not frost hardy), small, slender tree or large shrub, with dark grey-brown, fibrous bark. The shiny, dark green leaves are clustered at the ends of branches. New leaves are a shiny, pale green, giving a decorative contrast of foliage on the plant.

    The clusters of yellowish-green flowers (Sept. to Feb.)

  228. Peddiea africana

    Peddiea africana is a fairly hardy (not frost hardy), small, slender tree or large shrub, with dark grey-brown, fibrous bark. The shiny, dark green leaves are clustered at the ends of branches. New leaves are a shiny, pale green, giving a decorative contrast of foliage on the plant.

    The clusters of yellowish-green flowers (Sept. to Feb.)

  229. Peddiea africana

    Peddiea africana is a fairly hardy (not frost hardy), small, slender tree or large shrub, with dark grey-brown, fibrous bark. The shiny, dark green leaves are clustered at the ends of branches. New leaves are a shiny, pale green, giving a decorative contrast of foliage on the plant.

    The clusters of yellowish-green flowers (Sept. to Feb.)

  230. Aristea ecklonii

    Aristea ecklonii is hardy, evergreen, clump-forming, perennial bulbous plant with narrow, strap-like, slightly pleated leaves that are carried in a fan.

    It bears flowering stems of amazing pale to deep mauve-blue flowers from August to March. There is a white flowered form grown at Random Harvest nursery (see gallery of pictures).

    It requires morning sun as the flowers open in succession early in the day and close in the afternoon. 

    It grows best in moist conditions near ponds or well-watered areas.

  231. Aristea ecklonii

    Aristea ecklonii is hardy, evergreen, clump-forming, perennial bulbous plant with narrow, strap-like, slightly pleated leaves that are carried in a fan.

    It bears flowering stems of amazing pale to deep mauve-blue flowers from August to March. There is a white flowered form grown at Random Harvest nursery (see gallery of pictures).

    It requires morning sun as the flowers open in succession early in the day and close in the afternoon. 

    It grows best in moist conditions near ponds or well-watered areas.

  232. Aristea ecklonii

    Aristea ecklonii is hardy, evergreen, clump-forming, perennial bulbous plant with narrow, strap-like, slightly pleated leaves that are carried in a fan.

    It bears flowering stems of amazing pale to deep mauve-blue flowers from August to March. There is a white flowered form grown at Random Harvest nursery (see gallery of pictures).

    It requires morning sun as the flowers open in succession early in the day and close in the afternoon. 

    It grows best in moist conditions near ponds or well-watered areas.

  233. Berula erecta

    Berula erecta is a hardy, evergreen plant, easy to grow in marshy areas. It has attractive, bright-green, upright, fern-like foliage.

    It flowers from December to March and it bears heads of many delicate, white flowers that are approximately 60 to 80mm in diameter that make good cut flowers. The flowers attract a variety of pollinating insects to the garden.

    A portion of the plants in a waterside planting will ramble & root their way and 'float' attractively onto the water surface, providing good habitat for fish fry. An excellent plant for filtration of fishpond water and grey water.

    Used in traditional medicine where the roots are held in the mouth to relieve toothache.

  234. Berula erecta

    Berula erecta is a hardy, evergreen plant, easy to grow in marshy areas. It has attractive, bright-green, upright, fern-like foliage.

    It flowers from December to March and it bears heads of many delicate, white flowers that are approximately 60 to 80mm in diameter that make good cut flowers. The flowers attract a variety of pollinating insects to the garden.

    A portion of the plants in a waterside planting will ramble & root their way and 'float' attractively onto the water surface, providing good habitat for fish fry. An excellent plant for filtration of fishpond water and grey water.

    Used in traditional medicine where the roots are held in the mouth to relieve toothache.

  235. Cyperus alternifolius flabelliformis

    Cyperus alternifolius subsp. is a hardy, evergreen, medium-sized sedge that forms large clumps.Long, green stems are topped with a circle of flat green bracts.

    The clusters of brown flowers stand out above the green bracts in summer.Attracts many birds such as Weavers, Waders and other water birds. Ideal for water edges, wetland gardens and the cleaning of grey water.

    Remove the dead stems regularly to keep it looking neat.This Cyperus is a fast spreader and the rhizomes will cover an area rapidly.

    (It may need to be thinned out periodically.)Plant in sun or semi-shade.

    Size: up to 1,3m

  236. Cyperus papyrus

    Cyperus papyrus is a hardy, evergreen sedge. It is the largest sedge in Africa.It forms clumps of tall, green, bare stems, topped by heads of grass-like flower spikelets, giving it a mop-like appearance. 

    Attracts many birds such as weavers, waders and water birds.A

  237. Cyperus papyrus

    Cyperus papyrus is a hardy, evergreen sedge. It is the largest sedge in Africa.It forms clumps of tall, green, bare stems, topped by heads of grass-like flower spikelets, giving it a mop-like appearance. 

    Attracts many birds such as weavers, waders and water birds.A

  238. Cyperus textilis

    Cyperus textilis is a hardy, evergreen, tall sedge that forms clumps of bare, green stems topped with upright, flat, narrow, spiky bracts that radiate out like the ribs of an umbrella.

    Delicate, inconspicuous, green flowers are carried above the bracts in late summer.Attracts many birds such as Weavers, Waders and other water birds.

    This tough plant is traditionally used amongst the Nama to weave huts, mats and baskets. It makes an attractive form plant that grows in water or other damp places. 

    Ideal for wetlands, water edges, bog gardens and the cleaning of grey water. Prune regularly to keep looking neat.

    This Cyperus is a fast spreader and the rhizomes will cover an area rapidly.(It may need to be thinned out periodically.)

    Plant in sun or semi-shade.

    Size: 1.5

  239. Diospyros austro-africana

    Diospyros austro-africana is a very hardy, evergreen, attractive, much branched shrub, but can become a small tree in ideal growing conditions.

    The small leaves turn a blackish-red in winter.

    Tiny red flowers borne from August to November are followed by attractive red to black berries. (As with all Diospyros sp. sexes are on separate plants, therefore only female plants bear fruit).

    It attracts birds and insects.

    Its unusual foliage makes an interesting addition to any garden, and it is suitable as a beautiful container plant, bonsai subject or for a striking feature in an oriental styled garden.

    This extremely hardy and drought resistant shrub is very useful and will grow in most challenging conditions. It gets a lovely twisted shape and stays small if not overwatered and over fertilized. Plant in sun or semi-shade.

    Size 2 to 3m

  240. Diospyros austro-africana

    Diospyros austro-africana is a very hardy, evergreen, attractive, much branched shrub, but can become a small tree in ideal growing conditions.

    The small leaves turn a blackish-red in winter.

    Tiny red flowers borne from August to November are followed by attractive red to black berries. (As with all Diospyros sp. sexes are on separate plants, therefore only female plants bear fruit).

    It attracts birds and insects.

    Its unusual foliage makes an interesting addition to any garden, and it is suitable as a beautiful container plant, bonsai subject or for a striking feature in an oriental styled garden.

    This extremely hardy and drought resistant shrub is very useful and will grow in most challenging conditions. It gets a lovely twisted shape and stays small if not overwatered and over fertilized. Plant in sun or semi-shade.

    Size 2 to 3m

  241. Greyia radlkoferi

    Greyia radlkoferi is a small, gnarled, hardy, deciduous tree that has a crooked main stem and rough fissured bark.

    The bright green leaves are velvety and turn red in autumn.

    The striking orange red flowers that adorn the tree from July to November are laden with nectar and attract insects and birds.

    Remove the dead leaves to keep looking neat and show off the flowers.

    A very decorative garden subject for a sunny or semi-shade position. Protect from frost when young.

    Size: 3 to 6m